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Table 161. Percentage of students at or above selected National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics achievement levels, by grade and selected student characteristics: Selected years, 1996 through 2011
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Grade and selected student characteristic 1996 2000 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011
At or above Basic1 At or above Profi-cient2 At or above Basic1 At or above Profi-cient2 At or above Basic1 At or above Profi-cient2 At or above Basic1 At or above Profi-cient2 At or above Basic1 At or above Profi-cient2 At or above Basic1 At or above Profi-cient2 At or above Basic1 At or above Profi-cient2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
4th grade, all students 63 (1.3) 21 (1.1) 65 (1.3) 24 (1.0) 77 (0.3) 32 (0.3) 80 (0.2) 36 (0.2) 82 (0.2) 39 (0.3) 82 (0.3) 39 (0.3) 82 (0.2) 40 (0.3)
Sex                                                        
Male 63 (1.5) 22 (1.2) 67 (1.4) 26 (1.2) 78 (0.4) 35 (0.4) 81 (0.2) 38 (0.2) 82 (0.2) 41 (0.3) 82 (0.3) 41 (0.4) 83 (0.3) 42 (0.4)
Female 63 (1.4) 20 (1.4) 64 (1.5) 22 (1.1) 76 (0.3) 30 (0.3) 80 (0.2) 34 (0.3) 82 (0.2) 37 (0.4) 82 (0.3) 37 (0.4) 82 (0.3) 39 (0.4)
                                                         
Race/ethnicity                                                        
White 76 (1.2) 27 (1.3) 78 (1.4) 31 (1.2) 87 (0.2) 43 (0.3) 90 (0.2) 47 (0.2) 91 (0.2) 51 (0.4) 91 (0.2) 51 (0.4) 91 (0.2) 52 (0.4)
Black 27 (2.0) 3 (0.6) 36 (1.9) 5 (0.8) 54 (0.6) 10 (0.3) 60 (0.5) 13 (0.3) 64 (0.6) 15 (0.4) 64 (0.6) 16 (0.5) 66 (0.6) 17 (0.5)
Hispanic 40 (2.7) 7 (1.4) 42 (2.6) 7 (1.0) 62 (0.7) 16 (0.5) 68 (0.5) 19 (0.3) 70 (0.5) 22 (0.4) 71 (0.7) 22 (0.4) 72 (0.5) 24 (0.5)
Asian/Pacific Islander 67 (5.7) 27 (5.0) (†) (†) 87 (0.8) 48 (1.9) 90 (0.5) 55 (1.1) 91 (0.7) 58 (1.3) 92 (0.6) 60 (1.5) 91 (0.6) 62 (1.6)
American Indian/Alaska Native 57 (7.5) (†) 40 (6.1) 8 (4.5) 64 (1.7) 17 (1.2) 68 (1.5) 21 (1.2) 70 (1.2) 25 (1.1) 66 (1.6) 21 (1.2) 66 (1.2) 22 (1.2)
                                                         
Eligibility for free or reduced-
     price lunch
                                                       
Eligible 40 (1.8) 8 (0.9) 43 (1.5) 8 (0.8) 62 (0.5) 15 (0.3) 67 (0.3) 19 (0.2) 70 (0.4) 22 (0.3) 70 (0.4) 22 (0.3) 72 (0.3) 24 (0.3)
Not eligible 76 (1.2) 27 (1.2) 78 (1.6) 32 (1.6) 88 (0.3) 45 (0.4) 90 (0.2) 49 (0.3) 91 (0.2) 53 (0.4) 91 (0.3) 54 (0.4) 92 (0.2) 57 (0.4)
Unknown 72 (3.0) 28 (4.1) 80 (2.2) 36 (2.2) 84 (0.9) 41 (1.2) 87 (0.7) 45 (1.2) 90 (0.9) 48 (1.5) 88 (1.3) 47 (1.7) 90 (0.8) 52 (1.4)
8th grade, all students 61 (1.0) 23 (1.0) 63 (0.9) 26 (0.8) 68 (0.3) 29 (0.3) 69 (0.2) 30 (0.2) 71 (0.3) 32 (0.3) 73 (0.3) 34 (0.3) 73 (0.2) 35 (0.2)
Sex                                                        
Male 62 (1.2) 25 (1.2) 64 (1.1) 27 (1.0) 69 (0.4) 30 (0.4) 70 (0.3) 31 (0.3) 72 (0.3) 34 (0.4) 73 (0.3) 36 (0.4) 73 (0.4) 36 (0.3)
Female 60 (1.2) 22 (1.2) 63 (1.1) 24 (0.9) 67 (0.4) 27 (0.3) 69 (0.3) 28 (0.3) 71 (0.3) 30 (0.3) 72 (0.4) 32 (0.4) 73 (0.2) 34 (0.3)
                                                         
Race/ethnicity                                                        
White 73 (1.3) 30 (1.3) 76 (0.9) 34 (1.0) 80 (0.3) 37 (0.4) 80 (0.2) 39 (0.3) 82 (0.3) 42 (0.3) 83 (0.3) 44 (0.4) 84 (0.3) 44 (0.3)
Black 25 (1.8) 4 (0.8) 31 (1.5) 5 (0.6) 39 (0.8) 7 (0.3) 42 (0.5) 9 (0.3) 47 (0.7) 11 (0.3) 50 (0.6) 12 (0.5) 51 (0.6) 13 (0.4)
Hispanic 39 (2.0) 8 (1.1) 41 (1.9) 8 (1.0) 48 (0.8) 12 (0.5) 52 (0.6) 13 (0.4) 55 (0.7) 15 (0.4) 57 (0.8) 17 (0.6) 61 (0.7) 20 (0.6)
Asian/Pacific Islander (†) (†) 75 (2.8) 41 (4.4) 78 (1.1) 43 (1.3) 81 (0.8) 47 (1.2) 83 (0.8) 50 (1.1) 85 (1.0) 54 (1.8) 86 (1.0) 55 (1.2)
American Indian/Alaska Native (†) (†) 47 (10.4) (†) 52 (2.7) 15 (1.7) 53 (1.3) 14 (1.2) 53 (1.8) 16 (1.2) 56 (1.5) 18 (1.3) 55 (1.5) 17 (1.2)
                                                         
Eligibility for free or reduced-                                                        
price lunch                                                        
Eligible 38 (2.1) 8 (1.2) 41 (1.3) 9 (0.8) 48 (0.5) 12 (0.4) 51 (0.4) 13 (0.2) 55 (0.5) 15 (0.3) 57 (0.5) 17 (0.3) 59 (0.4) 19 (0.3)
Not eligible 69 (1.5) 28 (1.3) 74 (1.1) 34 (1.3) 79 (0.3) 37 (0.4) 79 (0.2) 39 (0.3) 81 (0.3) 42 (0.4) 83 (0.3) 45 (0.4) 84 (0.2) 47 (0.4)
Unknown 70 (2.6) 30 (2.6) 67 (2.0) 29 (1.5) 75 (1.1) 36 (1.2) 79 (1.1) 40 (1.4) 81 (1.7) 43 (1.7) 83 (1.3) 48 (1.9) 85 (0.9) 48 (1.5)
12th grade, all students [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) (†) 61 (0.8) 23 (0.7) (†) (†) 64 (0.8) 26 (0.8) (†) (†)
Sex                                                        
Male [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) (†) 62 (0.9) 25 (1.0) (†) (†) 65 (0.9) 28 (1.0) (†) (†)
Female [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) (†) 60 (1.0) 21 (0.8) (†) (†) 63 (0.8) 24 (0.8) (†) (†)
                                                         
Race/ethnicity                                                        
White [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) (†) 70 (0.8) 29 (0.8) (†) (†) 75 (0.7) 33 (0.8) (†) (†)
Black [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) (†) 30 (1.7) 6 (0.8) (†) (†) 37 (1.2) 6 (0.6) (†) (†)
Hispanic [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) (†) 40 (2.1) 8 (1.0) (†) (†) 45 (1.1) 11 (0.8) (†) (†)
Asian/Pacific Islander [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) (†) 73 (2.6) 36 (3.0) (†) (†) 84 (1.9) 52 (3.4) (†) (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) (†) 42 (8.6) 6 (2.9) (†) (†) 56 (5.4) 12 (3.3) (†) (†)
                                                         
Eligibility for free or reduced-                                                        
price lunch                                                        
Eligible [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) (†) 39 (1.6) 8 (1.0) (†) (†) 45 (1.1) 10 (0.6) (†) (†)
Not eligible [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) (†) 66 (0.9) 27 (0.9) (†) (†) 72 (0.7) 32 (1.1) (†) (†)
Unknown [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) (†) 75 (2.7) 35 (2.3) (†) (†) 71 (3.3) 32 (3.0) (†) (†)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 Basic denotes partial mastery of the knowledge and skills that are fundamental for proficient work.
2 Proficient represents solid academic performance. Students reaching this level have demonstrated competency over challenging subject matter.
3 Because of major changes to the framework and content of the grade 12 assessment, results from 2005 and later assessment years cannot be compared with results from earlier assessment years. Therefore, this table excludes grade 12 results from 1996 and 2000.
NOTE: Includes public and private schools. Includes students tested with accommodations (1 to 12 percent of all students, depending on grade level and year); excludes only those students with disabilities and English language learners who were unable to be tested even with accommodations (2 to 4 percent of all students). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 1996, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, and 2011 Mathematics Assessments, retrieved August 8, 2012, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared August 2012.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education