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Table 160. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics scale score, by grade and selected student and school characteristics: Selected years, 1990 through 2011
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Grade and selected student or
school characteristic
19901 19921 1996 2000 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
4th grade, all students 213 (0.9) 220 (0.7) 224 (1.0) 226 (0.9) 235 (0.2) 238 (0.1) 240 (0.2) 240 (0.2) 241 (0.2)
Sex                                    
Male 214 (1.2) 221 (0.8) 224 (1.1) 227 (1.0) 236 (0.3) 239 (0.2) 241 (0.2) 241 (0.3) 241 (0.2)
Female 213 (1.1) 219 (1.0) 223 (1.1) 224 (0.9) 233 (0.2) 237 (0.2) 239 (0.2) 239 (0.3) 240 (0.2)
Gap between female and male score -1 (1.7) -2 (1.2) # (†) -3 (1.4) -3 (0.3) -3 (0.2) -2 (0.3) -2 (0.4) -1 (0.3)
                                     
Race/ethnicity                                    
White 220 (1.0) 227 (0.8) 232 (1.0) 234 (0.8) 243 (0.2) 246 (0.1) 248 (0.2) 248 (0.2) 249 (0.2)
Black 188 (1.8) 193 (1.4) 198 (1.6) 203 (1.2) 216 (0.4) 220 (0.3) 222 (0.3) 222 (0.3) 224 (0.4)
Hispanic 200 (2.2) 202 (1.5) 207 (1.9) 208 (1.5) 222 (0.4) 226 (0.3) 227 (0.3) 227 (0.4) 229 (0.3)
Asian2 225 (4.1) 231 (2.1) 229 (4.2) (†) 246 (1.1) 251 (0.7) 253 (0.8) 255 (1.0) 257 (1.0)
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander [2] (†) [2] (†) [2] (†) [2] (†) [2] (†) [2] (†) [2] (†) [2] (†) 236 (2.1)
American Indian/Alaska Native (†) (†) 217 (5.6) 208 (3.5) 223 (1.0) 226 (0.9) 228 (0.7) 225 (0.9) 225 (0.9)
                                     
Gap between White and Black score 32 (2.0) 35 (1.6) 34 (1.8) 31 (1.5) 27 (0.4) 26 (0.3) 26 (0.4) 26 (0.4) 25 (0.4)
Gap between White and Hispanic score 20 (2.4) 25 (1.7) 25 (2.1) 27 (1.7) 22 (0.5) 20 (0.3) 21 (0.4) 21 (0.5) 20 (0.4)
                                     
Percentage of students in school

                                   
eligible for free or reduced-price                                    
lunch                                    
0-25 percent (low poverty) (†) (†) (†) 239 (1.2) 247 (0.3) 250 (0.3) 252 (0.3) 254 (0.4) 255 (0.4)
26-50 percent (†) (†) (†) 227 (1.2) 237 (0.3) 240 (0.3) 242 (0.3) 242 (0.4) 245 (0.4)
51-75 percent (†) (†) (†) 216 (1.5) 229 (0.4) 232 (0.3) 234 (0.3) 234 (0.4) 237 (0.3)
76-100 percent (high poverty) (†) (†) (†) 205 (1.2) 216 (0.5) 220 (0.3) 222 (0.4) 223 (0.4) 226 (0.3)
Gap between low-poverty and high-
     poverty score
(†) (†) (†) 34 (1.7) 31 (0.6) 30 (0.4) 30 (0.5) 31 (0.6) 29 (0.6)
                                     
English language learner (ELL) status                                    
ELL (†) (†) 201 (3.6) 199 (2.0) 214 (0.6) 216 (0.5) 217 (0.5) 218 (0.6) 219 (0.5)
Non-ELL (†) (†) 225 (0.9) 227 (0.8) 237 (0.2) 240 (0.1) 242 (0.2) 242 (0.2) 243 (0.2)
Gap between non-ELL and ELL score (†) (†) 24 (3.7) 28 (2.1) 23 (0.6) 24 (0.5) 25 (0.5) 24 (0.7) 24 (0.5)
                                     
8th grade, all students 263 (1.3) 268 (0.9) 270 (0.9) 273 (0.8) 278 (0.3) 279 (0.2) 281 (0.3) 283 (0.3) 284 (0.2)
Sex                                    
Male 263 (1.6) 268 (1.1) 271 (1.1) 274 (0.9) 278 (0.3) 280 (0.2) 282 (0.3) 284 (0.3) 284 (0.3)
Female 262 (1.3) 269 (1.0) 269 (1.1) 272 (0.9) 277 (0.3) 278 (0.2) 280 (0.3) 282 (0.4) 283 (0.2)
Gap between female and male score -1 (2.1) 1 (1.5) -2 (1.5) -2 (1.3) -2 (0.4) -2 (0.3) -2 (0.4) -2 (0.5) -1 (0.4)
                                     
Race/ethnicity                                    
White 270 (1.3) 277 (1.0) 281 (1.1) 284 (0.8) 288 (0.3) 289 (0.2) 291 (0.3) 293 (0.3) 293 (0.2)
Black 237 (2.7) 237 (1.3) 240 (1.9) 244 (1.2) 252 (0.5) 255 (0.4) 260 (0.4) 261 (0.5) 262 (0.5)
Hispanic 246 (4.3) 249 (1.2) 251 (1.7) 253 (1.3) 259 (0.6) 262 (0.4) 265 (0.4) 266 (0.6) 270 (0.5)
Asian2 275 (5.0) 290 (5.9) (†) 288 (3.5) 291 (1.3) 295 (0.9) 297 (0.9) 301 (1.2) 305 (1.1)
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander [2] (†) [2] (†) [2] (†) [2] (†) [2] (†) [2] (†) [2] (†) [2] (†) 269 (2.4)
American Indian/Alaska Native (†) (†) (†) 259 (7.5) 263 (1.8) 264 (0.9) 264 (1.2) 266 (1.1) 265 (0.9)
                                     
Gap between White and Black score 33 (3.0) 40 (1.7) 41 (2.2) 40 (1.5) 35 (0.6) 34 (0.4) 32 (0.5) 32 (0.5) 31 (0.5)
Gap between White and Hispanic score 24 (4.5) 28 (1.5) 30 (2.0) 31 (1.6) 29 (0.7) 27 (0.5) 26 (0.5) 26 (0.6) 23 (0.5)
                                     
Percentage of students in school
eligible for free or reduced-price
lunch
                                   
0-25 percent (low poverty) (†) (†) (†) 287 (1.1) 291 (0.4) 293 (0.4) 296 (0.4) 298 (0.5) 300 (0.5)
26-50 percent (†) (†) (†) 270 (1.4) 278 (0.4) 280 (0.3) 282 (0.4) 284 (0.5) 287 (0.5)
51-75 percent (†) (†) (†) 260 (1.8) 266 (0.7) 268 (0.4) 271 (0.6) 274 (0.7) 276 (0.7)
76-100 percent (high poverty) (†) (†) (†) 246 (2.2) 251 (0.7) 254 (0.6) 259 (0.7) 260 (0.7) 264 (0.7)
Gap between low-poverty and high-
     poverty score
(†) (†) (†) 41 (2.4) 40 (0.8) 38 (0.7) 37 (0.8) 38 (0.8) 36 (0.9)
                                     
English language learner (ELL) status                                    
ELL (†) (†) 226 (3.2) 234 (2.7) 242 (1.0) 244 (0.8) 246 (0.8) 243 (0.9) 244 (1.0)
Non-ELL (†) (†) 272 (1.0) 274 (0.8) 279 (0.3) 281 (0.2) 283 (0.3) 285 (0.3) 286 (0.2)
Gap between non-ELL and ELL score (†) (†) 46 (3.4) 40 (2.8) 38 (1.0) 37 (0.8) 38 (0.8) 42 (0.9) 42 (1.0)
                                     
12th grade, all students [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 150 (0.6) (†) 153 (0.7) (†)
Sex                                    
Male [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 151 (0.7) (†) 155 (0.9) (†)
Female [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 149 (0.7) (†) 152 (0.7) (†)
Gap between female and male score [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) -3 (1.0) (†) -3 (1.1) (†)
                                     
Race/ethnicity                                    
White [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 157 (0.6) (†) 161 (0.6) (†)
Black [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 127 (1.1) (†) 131 (0.8) (†)
Hispanic [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 133 (1.3) (†) 138 (0.8) (†)
Asian/Pacific Islander [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 163 (2.0) (†) 175 (2.7) (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 134 (4.1) (†) 144 (2.8) (†)
                                     
Gap between White and Black score [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 31 (1.2) (†) 30 (1.0) (†)
Gap between White and Hispanic score [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 24 (1.4) (†) 23 (1.0) (†)
                                     
Percentage of students in school
eligible for free or reduced-price
lunch
                                   
0-25 percent (low poverty) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 158 (1.0) (†) 166 (1.3) (†)
26-50 percent [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 147 (1.0) (†) 150 (0.7) (†)
51-75 percent [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 136 (1.3) (†) 140 (1.2) (†)
76-100 percent (high poverty) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 122 (2.7) (†) 130 (1.7) (†)
Gap between low-poverty and high-
     poverty score
[3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 36 (2.8) (†) 36 (2.1) (†)
                                     
English language learner (ELL) status                                    
ELL [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 120 (2.5) (†) 117 (1.7) (†)
Non-ELL [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 151 (0.6) (†) 154 (0.7) (†)
Gap between non-ELL and ELL score [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 31 (2.5) (†) 38 (1.9) (†)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 Accommodations were not permitted for this assessment.
2 For assessment years prior to 2011, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander students are included with Asian students.
3 Because of major changes to the framework and content of the grade 12 assessment, scores from 2005 and later assessment years cannot be compared with scores from earlier assessment years. Therefore, this table does not include scores from the earlier grade 12 assessment years (1990, 1992, 1996, and 2000). For data pertaining to comparisons between earlier years, see the Digest of Education Statistics 2009, table 138 (http://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d09/tables/dt09_138.asp).
NOTE: For the grade 4 and grade 8 assessments, scale ranges from 0 to 500. For the grade 12 assessment, scale ranges from 0 to 300. Includes public and private schools. For 1996 and later years, includes students tested with accommodations (1 to 12 percent of all students, depending on grade level and year); excludes only those students with disabilities and English language learners who were unable to be tested even with accommodations (2 to 4 percent of all students). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Gaps are computed based on unrounded scores.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 1990, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, and 2011 Mathematics Assessments, retrieved November 2, 2011, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared July 2012.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education