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Table 157. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics scale score, by age and selected student and school characteristics: Selected years, 1973 through 2008
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected student or school characteristic 1973 1978 1982 1986 1990 1992 1994 1996 1999 20041 20081
Previous format Revised format
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
9-year-olds                                                
All students 219 (0.8) 219 (0.8) 219 (1.1) 222 (1.0) 230 (0.8) 230 (0.8) 231 (0.8) 231 (0.8) 232 (0.8) 241 (0.9) 239 (0.9) 243 (0.8)
Sex                                                
Male 218 (0.7) 217 (0.7) 217 (1.2) 222 (1.1) 229 (0.9) 231 (1.0) 232 (1.0) 233 (1.2) 233 (1.0) 243 (1.1) 239 (1.0) 242 (0.9)
Female 220 (1.1) 220 (1.0) 221 (1.2) 222 (1.2) 230 (1.1) 228 (1.0) 230 (0.9) 229 (0.7) 231 (0.9) 240 (1.1) 240 (1.0) 243 (1.0)
                                                 
Race/ethnicity                                                
White 225 (1.0) 224 (0.9) 224 (1.1) 227 (1.1) 235 (0.8) 235 (0.8) 237 (1.0) 237 (1.0) 239 (0.9) 247 (0.9) 245 (0.8) 250 (0.8)
Black 190 (1.8) 192 (1.1) 195 (1.6) 202 (1.6) 208 (2.2) 208 (2.0) 212 (1.6) 212 (1.4) 211 (1.6) 224 (2.1) 221 (2.1) 224 (1.9)
Hispanic 202 (2.4) 203 (2.2) 204 (1.3) 205 (2.1) 214 (2.1) 212 (2.3) 210 (2.3) 215 (1.7) 213 (1.9) 230 (2.0) 229 (2.0) 234 (1.2)
                                                 
Region                                                
Northeast (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 245 (2.2) 244 (2.7) 250 (1.5)
Midwest (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 240 (1.5) 240 (1.9) 244 (1.2)
South (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 240 (1.8) 236 (1.5) 239 (1.9)
West (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 240 (2.4) 239 (2.0) 242 (1.2)
                                                 
13-year-olds                                                
All students 266 (1.1) 264 (1.1) 269 (1.1) 269 (1.2) 270 (0.9) 273 (0.9) 274 (1.0) 274 (0.8) 276 (0.8) 281 (1.0) 279 (1.0) 281 (0.9)
Sex                                                
Male 265 (1.3) 264 (1.3) 269 (1.4) 270 (1.1) 271 (1.2) 274 (1.1) 276 (1.3) 276 (0.9) 277 (0.9) 283 (1.2) 279 (1.0) 284 (1.0)
Female 267 (1.1) 265 (1.1) 268 (1.1) 268 (1.5) 270 (0.9) 272 (1.0) 273 (1.0) 272 (1.0) 274 (1.1) 279 (1.0) 278 (1.2) 279 (1.0)
                                                 
Race/ethnicity                                                
White 274 (0.9) 272 (0.8) 274 (1.0) 274 (1.3) 276 (1.1) 279 (0.9) 281 (0.9) 281 (0.9) 283 (0.8) 288 (0.9) 287 (0.9) 290 (1.2)
Black 228 (1.9) 230 (1.9) 240 (1.6) 249 (2.3) 249 (2.3) 250 (1.9) 252 (3.5) 252 (1.3) 251 (2.6) 262 (1.6) 257 (1.8) 262 (1.2)
Hispanic 239 (2.2) 238 (2.0) 252 (1.7) 254 (2.9) 255 (1.8) 259 (1.8) 256 (1.9) 256 (1.6) 259 (1.7) 265 (2.0) 264 (1.5) 268 (1.2)
                                                 
Parents' highest level                                                
of education                                                
Did not finish high school (†) 245 (1.2) 251 (1.4) 252 (2.3) 253 (1.8) 256 (1.0) 255 (2.1) 254 (2.4) 256 (2.8) 262 (2.2) 263 (1.9) 268 (1.3)
Graduated high school (†) 263 (1.0) 263 (0.8) 263 (1.2) 263 (1.2) 263 (1.2) 266 (1.1) 267 (1.1) 264 (1.1) 271 (1.7) 270 (1.3) 272 (1.1)
Some education after                                                
high school (†) 273 (1.2) 275 (0.9) 274 (0.8) 277 (1.0) 278 (1.0) 277 (1.6) 277 (1.4) 279 (0.9) 283 (1.0) 282 (1.4) 285 (1.1)
Graduated college (†) 284 (1.2) 282 (1.5) 280 (1.4) 280 (1.0) 283 (1.0) 285 (1.2) 283 (1.2) 286 (1.0) 292 (0.9) 289 (1.1) 291 (1.0)
                                                 
Region                                                
Northeast (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 285 (2.3) 282 (2.8) 285 (1.8)
Midwest (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 283 (2.2) 281 (1.7) 284 (2.2)
South (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 277 (1.6) 276 (1.8) 281 (1.8)
West (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 281 (1.8) 278 (1.9) 278 (1.1)
                                                 
17-year-olds                                                
All students 304 (1.1) 300 (1.0) 298 (0.9) 302 (0.9) 305 (0.9) 307 (0.9) 306 (1.0) 307 (1.2) 308 (1.0) 307 (0.8) 305 (0.7) 306 (0.6)
Sex                                                
Male 309 (1.2) 304 (1.0) 301 (1.0) 305 (1.2) 306 (1.1) 309 (1.1) 309 (1.4) 310 (1.3) 310 (1.4) 308 (1.0) 307 (0.9) 309 (0.7)
Female 301 (1.1) 297 (1.0) 296 (1.0) 299 (1.0) 303 (1.1) 305 (1.1) 304 (1.1) 305 (1.4) 307 (1.0) 305 (0.9) 304 (0.8) 303 (0.8)
                                                 
Race/ethnicity                                                
White 310 (1.1) 306 (0.9) 304 (0.9) 308 (1.0) 309 (1.0) 312 (0.8) 312 (1.1) 313 (1.4) 315 (1.1) 313 (0.7) 311 (0.7) 314 (0.7)
Black 270 (1.3) 268 (1.3) 272 (1.2) 279 (2.1) 289 (2.8) 286 (2.2) 286 (1.8) 286 (1.7) 283 (1.5) 285 (1.6) 284 (1.4) 287 (1.2)
Hispanic 277 (2.2) 276 (2.3) 277 (1.8) 283 (2.9) 284 (2.9) 292 (2.6) 291 (3.7) 292 (2.1) 293 (2.5) 289 (1.8) 292 (1.2) 293 (1.1)
                                                 
Parents' highest level                                                
of education                                                
Did not finish high school (†) 280 (1.2) 279 (1.0) 279 (2.3) 285 (2.2) 285 (2.3) 284 (2.4) 281 (2.4) 289 (1.8) 287 (2.4) 287 (1.2) 292 (1.3)
Graduated high school (†) 294 (0.8) 293 (0.8) 293 (1.0) 294 (0.9) 298 (1.7) 295 (1.1) 297 (2.4) 299 (1.6) 295 (1.1) 294 (0.9) 296 (1.2)
Some education after                                                
high school (†) 305 (0.9) 304 (0.9) 305 (1.2) 308 (1.0) 308 (1.1) 305 (1.3) 307 (1.5) 308 (1.6) 306 (1.1) 305 (0.9) 306 (0.8)
Graduated college (†) 317 (1.0) 312 (1.0) 314 (1.4) 316 (1.3) 316 (1.0) 318 (1.4) 317 (1.3) 317 (1.2) 317 (0.9) 315 (0.9) 316 (0.7)
                                                 
Region                                                
Northeast (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 313 (1.3) 308 (1.5) 307 (1.4)
Midwest (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 313 (1.0) 310 (1.3) 309 (1.6)
South (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 301 (1.6) 299 (1.3) 304 (1.0)
West (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 305 (3.0) 308 (1.9) 305 (1.3)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
1 In 2004, two assessments were conducted--one using the same format that was used in previous assessments, and one using a revised assessment format that provides accommodations for students with disabilities and for English language learners. The 2004 data in column 11 are for the format that was used in previous assessment years, while the 2004 data in column 12 are for the revised format. In 2008, only the revised format was used.
NOTE: Scale ranges from 0 to 500. Students scoring 150 (or higher) know some basic addition and subtraction facts. Students scoring 200 have a considerable understanding of two-digit numbers and know some basic multiplication and division facts. Students scoring 250 have an initial understanding of the four basic operations and are developing an ability to analyze simple logical relations. Students scoring 300 can perform reasoning and problem solving involving fractions, decimals, percents, elementary geometry, and simple algebra. Students scoring 350 can perform reasoning and problem solving involving geometry, algebra, and beginning statistics and probability. Includes public and private schools. Excludes persons not enrolled in school and students who were unable to be tested due to limited proficiency in English or due to a disability. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Totals include other racial/ethnic groups not shown separately.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), NAEP 2004 Trends in Academic Progress; and 2008 NAEP Long-Term Trend Mathematics Assessment, retrieved May 4, 2009, and November 12, 2012, from the Long-Term Trend NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared November 2012.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education