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Table 154. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) civics scale score and percentage of students attaining civics achievement levels, by grade level and selected student characteristics: 1998, 2006, and 2010
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected student characteristic Average scale score1 Percent of students attaining achievement levels
At or above Basic2 At or above Proficient3 At Advanced4
1998 2006 2010 1998 2010 1998 2010 1998 2010
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
4th-graders 150 (0.7) 154 (1.0) 157 (0.8) 69 (1.0) 77 (1.0) 23 (0.9) 27 (0.9) 2 (0.3) 2 (0.2)
Sex                                    
Male 149 (1.0) 153 (1.1) 153 (1.0) 68 (1.2) 73 (1.3) 22 (1.2) 24 (1.0) 2 (0.4) 1 (0.3)
Female 151 (0.9) 155 (1.1) 160 (0.8) 70 (1.0) 81 (1.0) 23 (1.2) 30 (1.2) 1 (0.4) 2 (0.3)
                                     
Race/ethnicity                                    
White 158 (0.9) 164 (0.9) 167 (0.8) 78 (1.3) 87 (0.9) 29 (1.2) 37 (1.3) 2 (0.4) 2 (0.3)
Black 130 (1.1) 140 (1.5) 143 (1.2) 45 (1.7) 62 (2.2) 7 (1.1) 12 (1.1) 1 (0.3) # (†)
Hispanic 123 (2.2) 138 (1.3) 140 (1.6) 40 (2.8) 58 (2.3) 6 (1.1) 10 (1.2) # (†) # (†)
Asian/Pacific Islander 147 (4.0) 154 (3.8) 164 (2.0) 66 (5.5) 82 (2.3) 20 (3.5) 37 (4.4) 2 (0.9) 3 (1.4)
American Indian/                                    
Alaska Native (†) 124 (7.6) 143 (7.0) (†) 63 (10.9) (†) 12 (7.4) (†) # (†)
                                     
Free or reduced-price lunch
     eligibility
                                   
Eligible 132 (0.9) 139 (1.1) 143 (0.9) 49 (1.3) 62 (1.3) 9 (0.9) 11 (0.9) # (†) # (†)
Not eligible 160 (1.1) 166 (0.8) 169 (0.8) 80 (1.4) 90 (0.9) 30 (1.3) 40 (1.4) 2 (0.5) 3 (0.4)
Unknown 154 (2.2) 167 (2.1) 171 (2.7) 72 (3.1) 89 (2.9) 27 (2.5) 44 (3.4) 2 (0.9) 5 (1.4)
                                     
8th-graders 150 (0.7) 150 (0.8) 151 (0.8) 70 (0.9) 72 (1.0) 22 (0.8) 22 (0.8) 2 (0.2) 1 (0.1)
Sex                                    
Male 148 (0.9) 149 (1.0) 150 (0.9) 67 (1.1) 70 (1.1) 22 (1.0) 22 (0.9) 2 (0.3) 1 (0.2)
Female 152 (0.8) 151 (0.8) 152 (0.8) 73 (1.2) 74 (1.1) 22 (1.1) 22 (0.9) 1 (0.3) 1 (0.2)
                                     
Race/ethnicity                                    
White 158 (0.9) 161 (0.8) 160 (0.8) 78 (1.1) 82 (1.0) 28 (1.0) 29 (1.0) 2 (0.3) 2 (0.2)
Black 131 (1.2) 133 (1.5) 135 (1.6) 49 (1.7) 53 (2.3) 7 (1.0) 9 (1.1) # (†) # (†)
Hispanic 127 (1.3) 131 (1.1) 137 (1.1) 44 (2.3) 56 (1.4) 7 (1.0) 11 (0.9) # (†) # (†)
Asian/Pacific Islander 151 (8.9) 154 (3.2) 158 (2.5) 69 (9.5) 78 (2.5) 25 (5.8) 30 (3.1) 3 (1.3) 2 (0.8)
American Indian/                                    
Alaska Native (†) 127 (7.3) 136 (12.6) (†) 56 (18.0) (†) 11 (6.0) (†) 1 (†)
                                     
Parents' highest level
     of education5
                                   
Did not finish high school 123 (3.2) 129 (1.6) 134 (1.3) 40 (3.8) 52 (2.1) 4 (1.2) 6 (1.2) # (†) # (†)
  Graduated high school 144 (1.2) 140 (1.3) 139 (1.1) 65 (2.0) 60 (1.8) 14 (1.4) 10 (0.7) # (†) # (†)
  Some education after
     high school
143 (1.0) 153 (1.0) 155 (1.1) 64 (1.5) 78 (1.5) 15 (1.2) 22 (1.3) 1 (0.2) 1 (0.4)
  Graduated college 160 (0.8) 162 (0.9) 162 (0.8) 80 (1.0) 83 (1.0) 32 (1.2) 32 (1.2) 3 (0.4) 2 (0.3)
                                     
Free or reduced-price lunch
     eligibility
                                   
Eligible 131 (1.1) 132 (1.0) 136 (0.9) 48 (1.6) 54 (1.4) 8 (0.8) 9 (0.6) # (0.2) # (†)
Not eligible 157 (1.0) 160 (0.8) 163 (0.7) 78 (1.2) 85 (0.8) 27 (1.2) 31 (1.0) 2 (0.3) 2 (0.3)
Unknown 156 (2.2) 171 (2.4) 166 (2.3) 76 (2.7) 88 (2.5) 29 (2.1) 35 (3.5) 3 (0.6) 3 (0.9)
                                     
12th-graders 150 (0.8) 151 (0.9) 148 (0.8) 65 (0.9) 64 (1.0) 26 (0.9) 24 (0.9) 4 (0.4) 4 (0.3)
Sex                                    
Male 148 (1.1) 150 (1.1) 148 (0.9) 62 (1.2) 63 (1.0) 27 (1.2) 25 (0.9) 5 (0.6) 5 (0.5)
Female 152 (0.8) 152 (1.0) 148 (0.9) 68 (1.2) 64 (1.3) 26 (1.1) 22 (1.1) 3 (0.4) 3 (0.4)
                                     
Race/ethnicity                                    
White 157 (1.0) 158 (1.0) 156 (0.9) 73 (1.1) 73 (1.0) 32 (1.3) 30 (1.1) 5 (0.6) 5 (0.4)
Black 130 (1.6) 131 (1.4) 127 (1.6) 41 (2.0) 38 (1.9) 9 (1.3) 8 (0.9) 1 (0.3) 1 (0.2)
Hispanic 132 (1.1) 134 (1.1) 137 (1.4) 45 (1.9) 50 (1.8) 10 (1.2) 13 (1.4) 1 (0.3) 2 (0.4)
Asian/Pacific Islander 149 (5.2) 155 (3.1) 153 (2.6) 63 (4.8) 70 (3.1) 27 (6.6) 29 (2.8) 5 (2.3) 5 (1.4)
American Indian/                                    
Alaska Native (†) 131 (3.5) 134 (14.6) (†) 47 (17.3) (†) 16 (9.0) (†) 1 (†)
                                     
Parents' highest level
     of education5
                                   
Did not finish high school 124 (2.1) 126 (1.8) 128 (1.4) 38 (2.6) 40 (2.3) 6 (1.6) 8 (1.2) # (†) # (†)
  Graduated high school 140 (1.2) 138 (1.0) 137 (1.2) 54 (1.8) 51 (1.7) 14 (1.4) 13 (1.1) # (†) 1 (0.4)
  Some education after
     high school
145 (1.1) 150 (0.9) 147 (1.1) 60 (1.3) 63 (1.5) 20 (1.4) 20 (1.4) 2 (0.4) 3 (0.6)
  Graduated college 160 (0.9) 162 (1.1) 158 (0.9) 75 (1.0) 75 (1.0) 36 (1.3) 33 (1.2) 7 (0.8) 6 (0.5)
                                     
Free or reduced-price lunch
     eligibility
                                   
Eligible 130 (1.4) 133 (1.0) 132 (1.0) 42 (2.1) 44 (1.4) 10 (1.7) 11 (0.8) 1 (0.4) 1 (0.2)
Not eligible 153 (1.0) 156 (1.0) 155 (0.9) 69 (1.1) 72 (1.0) 29 (1.3) 29 (1.2) 5 (0.5) 5 (0.4)
Unknown 153 (1.3) 160 (2.4) 159 (3.3) 68 (1.6) 75 (3.3) 29 (1.5) 35 (3.7) 5 (0.7) 7 (1.6)
#Rounds to zero.
†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 Scale ranges from 0 to 300 for all three grades, but scores cannot be compared across grades. For example, the average score of 167 for White 4th-graders in 2010 does not denote higher performance than the score of 160 for White 8th-graders.
2 Basic denotes partial mastery of the knowledge and skills that are fundamental for proficient work at a given grade.
3 Proficient represents solid academic performance. Students reaching this level have demonstrated competency over challenging subject matter.
4 Advanced signifies superior performance for a given grade.
5 These data are based on students' responses to questions about their parents' education level. Because the wording of the questions was different in 1998 than in the later assesssment years, data from 1998 are not directly comparable to data from 2006 and 2010.
NOTE: Includes students tested with accommodations (1 to 13 percent of all students, depending on grade level and year); excludes only those students with disabilities and English language learners who were unable to be tested even with accommodations (1 to 5 percent of all students). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 1998, 2006, and 2010 Civics Assessments, retrieved May 25, 2011, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared May 2011.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education