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Table 87. Average salaries for full-time teachers in public and private elementary and secondary schools, by selected characteristics: 2007-08
[Amounts in current dollars. Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected characteristic Number of full-time teachers (in thousands) Total school-year and summer earned income from school and non-school sources Base salary School year supplemental contract1 School year income from merit pay bonus and state supplements Job outside the school system during the school year Supplemental school system contract during summer2 Employed in a non-school job during the summer
Number of teachers (in thousands) Average supplement Number of teachers (in thousands) Average amount Number of teachers (in thousands) Average income Number of teachers (in thousands) Average supplement Number of teachers (in thousands) Average income
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Public schools                                                                  
Total 3,114.7 (41.11) $53,230 (233) $49,630 (203) 1,360.8 (24.34) $2,590 (46) 500.3   (13.62) $2,030   (62) 507.2   (15.00) $5,260   (187) 670.6   (16.34) $2,530 (56) 530.3   (14.01) $4,410   (177)
Sex                                                                  
Males 772.9 (19.75) 56,890 (422) 50,630 (353) 447.1 (12.76) 3,920 (85) 107.6   (5.71) 2,360   (169) 185.5   (7.20) 6,540   (350) 185.3   (8.15) 3,140 (120) 201.6   (6.89) 5,170   (264)
Females 2,341.8 (31.93) 52,020 (230) 49,300 (211) 913.6 (17.88) 1,940 (47) 392.7   (12.20) 1,940   (69) 321.7   (11.95) 4,530   (207) 485.3   (13.51) 2,300 (58) 328.8   (10.97) 3,940   (232)
                                                                   
Race/ethnicity                                                                  
White 2,571.2 (37.12) 53,230 (268) 49,630 (233) 1,149.6 (23.34) 2,570 (51) 398.2   (11.14) 2,050   (76) 424.8   (13.04) 5,230   (202) 512.1   (12.64) 2,450 (62) 452.8   (13.03) 4,460   (192)
Black 226.4 (15.06) 52,460 (674) 49,050 (642) 86.9 (6.25) 2,630 (145) 40.9   (4.93) 1,840   (228) 39.1   (5.40) 4,410   (462) 69.0   (5.97) 2,820 (158) 33.9   (4.56) 3,260   (442)
Hispanic 228.1 (15.06) 53,200 (820) 49,360 (725) 88.9 (8.58) 2,880 (297) 46.0   (6.67) 1,880   (203) 30.2   (3.79) 7,110   (814) 63.9   (7.46) 2,720 (188) 30.7   (3.71) 4,760   (736)
Asian 38.6 (6.91) 58,970 (1,354) 55,870 (1,273) 13.8 (2.83) 2,300 (688) 6.1 ! (2.22) 2,640   (563) 4.2   (1.14) 3,620   (679) 11.8   (3.00) 2,970 (317) 3.8 ! (1.21) 5,670   (1,494)
Pacific Islander 6.2 (1.25) 53,660 (2,837) 50,390 (2,835) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 2.3 ! (0.77) 2,810 (624)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska
    Native
15.1 (1.66) 47,350 (1,601) 44,450 (1,658) 6.0 (0.95) 2,220 (336) 2.9   (0.84) 1,680   (339) 2.4 ! (0.77) 3,730   (576) 3.2   (0.79) 2,300 (238) 2.4   (0.50) 4,060   (1,180)
Two or more races 28.0 (2.93) 54,620 (2,025) 50,100 (1,739) 12.7 (2.03) 2,780 (382) 5.9   (1.34) 2,330   (337) 5.2   (1.24) 5,250 ! (1,729) 7.7   (1.93) 3,090 (350) 5.6   (1.19) 4,810 ! (1,464)
                                                                   
Age                                                                  
Less than 30 567.6 (19.54) 43,560 (255) 39,820 (244) 280.6 (12.13) 2,400 (99) 83.4   (5.38) 1,540   (94) 103.9   (7.06) 3,800   (313) 155.3   (8.27) 2,280 (93) 157.0   (8.69) 3,630   (207)
30 to 39 823.8 (16.43) 50,050 (301) 46,380 (266) 387.4 (10.56) 2,670 (87) 119.6   (6.46) 1,820   (101) 136.6   (7.22) 5,210   (311) 183.6   (8.28) 2,420 (75) 145.7   (6.89) 4,250   (324)
40 to 49 737.2 (18.27) 54,410 (378) 50,920 (341) 322.1 (10.62) 2,640 (99) 133.2   (7.60) 1,810   (101) 114.6   (6.96) 5,260   (347) 149.5   (7.51) 2,500 (90) 112.3   (6.17) 4,490   (298)
50 or more 986.1 (24.78) 60,570 (384) 57,010 (361) 370.7 (13.81) 2,610 (89) 164.1   (6.59) 2,600   (142) 152.1   (7.81) 6,310   (435) 182.2   (6.79) 2,880 (121) 115.2   (7.12) 5,590   (588)
                                                                   
Years of full-time teaching                                                                  
experience                                                                  
1 year or less 211.5 (12.03) 42,210 (378) 38,210 (332) 74.0 (6.01) 1,990 (119) 25.8   (3.02) 1,610   (182) 35.9   (4.64) 4,790   (593) 42.1   (3.70) 2,730 (180) 73.1   (5.23) 5,090   (343)
2 to 4 years 536.7 (17.78) 43,490 (301) 39,940 (246) 248.2 (9.67) 2,390 (117) 85.6   (5.46) 1,580   (125) 90.7   (5.77) 4,800   (392) 134.5   (8.28) 2,430 (100) 115.5   (7.02) 3,570   (321)
5 to 9 years 705.6 (16.60) 49,120 (280) 45,590 (241) 341.4 (10.63) 2,490 (89) 104.9   (7.57) 1,850   (152) 120.0   (6.56) 4,880   (323) 169.2   (8.78) 2,280 (79) 121.5   (6.57) 3,900   (279)
10 to 14 years 508.3 (14.87) 54,150 (392) 50,470 (377) 226.8 (9.51) 2,750 (123) 78.9   (4.88) 2,100   (116) 84.0   (5.13) 5,680   (403) 104.1   (6.01) 2,540 (105) 74.5   (4.49) 4,630   (362)
15 to 19 years 350.7 (12.95) 58,260 (518) 55,000 (484) 150.5 (7.35) 2,660 (139) 57.8   (4.70) 2,040   (166) 51.1   (5.00) 4,850   (500) 69.1   (5.80) 2,610 (134) 44.7   (4.14) 4,440   (517)
20 to 24 years 288.1 (11.95) 61,210 (650) 57,830 (636) 120.8 (7.72) 2,610 (163) 52.2   (4.68) 1,980   (166) 45.3   (3.92) 4,700   (466) 53.9   (5.32) 2,630 (182) 40.5   (4.31) 4,950   (926)
25 to 29 years 221.9 (8.61) 63,860 (772) 60,260 (740) 86.9 (6.23) 2,980 (199) 40.8   (3.93) 2,300   (349) 34.3   (4.06) 5,940   (741) 47.7   (4.00) 2,810 (248) 26.8   (2.68) 4,020   (412)
30 or more years 291.8 (12.05) 65,470 (711) 61,380 (617) 112.2 (7.66) 3,000 (165) 54.1   (4.03) 3,000   (301) 45.8   (4.09) 7,300   (1,102) 50.0   (3.80) 2,980 (184) 33.8   (3.37) 6,770   (1,159)
                                                                   
Highest degree earned                                                                  
Less than bachelor's degree 24.1 (2.10) 53,880 (2,123) 47,210 (1,680) 9.1 (1.15) 2,610 (355) 3.3   (0.50) 2,390   (670) 4.8   (0.72) 11,440   (2,984) 5.7   (0.94) 4,820 (1,022) 5.2   (0.68) 9,030 ! (2,878)
Bachelor's degree 1,500.7 (27.51) 47,060 (233) 43,650 (220) 644.8 (17.50) 2,490 (61) 260.1   (10.37) 1,660   (76) 233.5   (8.92) 4,800   (209) 322.6   (11.72) 2,370 (71) 300.2   (10.86) 4,020   (188)
Master's degree 1,374.4 (25.18) 58,460 (324) 54,810 (281) 616.8 (14.27) 2,650 (67) 205.4   (6.86) 2,380   (110) 226.1   (9.66) 5,320   (318) 293.6   (11.50) 2,610 (85) 198.0   (9.62) 4,730   (313)
Education specialist3 189.5 (8.04) 62,410 (805) 58,420 (722) 78.8 (5.08) 2,850 (240) 26.9   (2.96) 2,720   (390) 35.2   (3.17) 6,250   (799) 41.8   (3.95) 2,660 (168) 23.7   (2.09) 5,360   (1,436)
Doctor's degree 25.9 (2.59) 65,560 (1,981) 59,150 (1,620) 11.2 (1.74) 2,910 (383) 4.5   (1.14) 2,580   (621) 7.6   (1.49) 9,480   (1,806) 6.8   (1.24) 4,200 (703) 3.3   (0.76) 6,520 ! (3,255)
                                                                   
Instructional level                                                                  
Elementary 1,539.7 (33.95) 51,660 (375) 49,220 (353) 504.8 (19.48) 1,630 (70) 244.2   (11.12) 1,940   (108) 203.9   (10.27) 4,730   (321) 314.5   (13.18) 2,190 (67) 220.1   (9.27) 3,700   (241)
Secondary 1,575.0 (36.69) 54,770 (305) 50,020 (276) 856.0 (21.49) 3,160 (58) 256.1   (10.51) 2,110   (90) 303.4   (11.10) 5,620   (221) 356.1   (12.47) 2,830 (83) 310.2   (10.42) 4,920   (236)
                                                                   
School locale                                                                  
City 819.6 (29.02) 54,880 (463) 51,230 (432) 330.7 (14.47) 2,600 (106) 139.0   (8.13) 2,190   (151) 128.2   (8.36) 5,710   (404) 192.7   (12.64) 2,840 (100) 137.1   (7.42) 4,110   (304)
Suburban 1,083.3 (36.37) 57,920 (512) 54,220 (468) 499.7 (20.06) 2,610 (82) 153.4   (10.40) 2,000   (109) 180.4   (9.12) 5,210   (323) 233.1   (12.02) 2,540 (84) 178.6   (8.44) 4,830   (460)
Town 431.4 (24.40) 48,520 (581) 45,190 (540) 180.9 (10.74) 2,610 (113) 69.5   (5.80) 1,970   (236) 69.4   (5.63) 4,780   (414) 89.1   (6.65) 2,090 (94) 73.6   (5.59) 4,230   (406)
Rural 780.4 (36.37) 47,600 (378) 44,020 (324) 349.5 (17.72) 2,550 (108) 138.4   (9.26) 1,910   (92) 129.1   (10.51) 5,140   (369) 155.8   (9.08) 2,390 (117) 141.1   (10.21) 4,250   (208)
                                                                   
Private schools                                                                  
Total 386.8 (9.06) $39,690 (403) $36,250 (323) 108.5 (5.02) $2,700 (132) 31.2   (2.82) $1,870   (195) 75.5   (3.86) $5,910   (394) 84.8   (4.12) $3,090 (159) 74.8   (3.90) $3,660   (266)
Sex                                                                  
Males 98.6 (3.84) 46,900 (853) 40,490 (709) 42.8 (3.21) 3,030 (163) 8.6   (1.26) 2,860   (551) 28.0   (2.08) 8,850   (932) 30.8   (2.65) 3,260 (266) 26.9   (1.86) 4,860   (532)
Females 288.2 (7.51) 37,220 (417) 34,800 (347) 65.7 (3.48) 2,480 (213) 22.6   (2.44) 1,490   (190) 47.5   (2.92) 4,180   (307) 54.0   (2.93) 3,000 (194) 48.0   (3.00) 2,990   (237)
                                                                   
Race/ethnicity                                                                  
White 333.1 (8.19) 39,930 (429) 36,580 (363) 94.7 (4.61) 2,580 (131) 28.1   (2.66) 1,960   (222) 65.9   (3.14) 5,900   (431) 67.6   (4.08) 2,990 (171) 65.2   (3.39) 3,560   (273)
Black 16.5 (1.95) 34,380 (1,330) 30,310 (1,111) 3.2 (0.68) 3,990 (591)   (†)   (†) 3.4   (0.83) 4,330   (1,190) 6.6   (0.92) 3,890 (726) 3.4   (0.81) 4,220 ! (1,282)
Hispanic 23.1 (1.71) 38,200 (1,626) 34,080 (1,232) 6.3 (0.95) 4,420 (1,099)   (†)   (†) 4.3   (0.80) 6,300   (1,187) 6.5   (0.90) 2,660 (449) 4.2   (0.78) 4,810   (1,305)
Asian 8.4 (1.10) 41,310 (1,909) 37,850 (1,822) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
Two or more races 2.7 (0.51) 46,710 (3,841) 43,260 (3,363) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                   
Age                                                                  
Less than 30 69.4 (3.65) 34,170 (575) 30,260 (483) 21.6 (1.73) 2,320 (154) 5.5   (0.89) 1,380 ! (564) 15.7   (1.64) 4,800   (778) 20.3   (1.83) 2,980 (238) 23.0   (1.72) 3,510   (239)
30 to 39 89.2 (4.55) 38,500 (718) 34,840 (652) 25.6 (2.42) 3,150 (268) 6.6   (1.04) 1,710   (396) 18.0   (1.66) 5,790   (1,420) 22.3   (2.38) 2,790 (237) 17.3   (1.80) 3,900   (501)
40 to 49 89.2 (3.00) 38,760 (676) 35,280 (551) 24.3 (1.84) 2,480 (326) 8.7   (1.69) 1,480   (253) 17.7   (1.97) 6,350   (641) 15.8   (1.62) 3,880 (570) 16.7   (1.50) 3,800   (537)
50 or more 139.0 (5.09) 43,780 (647) 40,750 (599) 37.0 (2.81) 2,750 (294) 10.4   (1.45) 2,560   (461) 24.1   (1.69) 6,400   (635) 26.3   (2.17) 2,970 (233) 17.8   (1.48) 3,500   (745)
                                                                   
Years of full-time teaching                                                                  
experience                                                                  
1 year or less 40.0 (2.31) 32,120 (784) 28,260 (660) 9.2 (1.04) 2,200 (220) 3.5   (0.82) 1,470   (348) 7.8   (0.99) 5,960   (1,118) 9.1   (1.09) 3,290 (405) 13.0   (1.11) 4,080   (402)
2 to 4 years 74.3 (3.72) 34,220 (868) 30,890 (626) 20.1 (2.24) 2,370 (229) 6.5   (1.16) 1,330 ! (522) 16.1   (1.44) 5,250   (631) 17.7   (2.29) 2,920 (422) 16.6   (1.42) 3,390   (546)
5 to 9 years 83.6 (4.32) 38,110 (707) 34,620 (577) 23.6 (1.83) 2,420 (177) 6.4   (0.94) 1,360   (396) 17.9   (2.13) 6,530   (1,418) 19.0   (1.66) 2,960 (215) 17.1   (1.89) 3,090   (305)
10 to 14 years 60.1 (3.16) 41,310 (687) 37,510 (666) 18.5 (2.04) 3,250 (419) 5.5   (1.27) 1,850   (425) 11.8   (1.36) 5,200   (847) 13.4   (1.34) 3,360 (490) 11.9   (1.26) 4,370   (869)
15 to 19 years 33.0 (2.35) 42,740 (1,121) 39,220 (896) 9.8 (1.13) 2,900 (544)   (†)   (†) 6.1   (1.08) 6,620   (1,385) 7.2   (1.05) 3,590 (675) 4.2   (0.79) 4,520   (1,257)
20 to 24 years 31.3 (2.46) 43,880 (1,482) 41,180 (1,480) 9.4 (1.70) 2,890 (481)   (†)   (†) 4.9   (0.73) 4,570   (702) 6.6   (1.27) 2,960 (453) 4.0   (0.78) 2,820   (547)
25 to 29 years 25.2 (1.87) 42,910 (1,133) 40,460 (950) 6.5 (0.85) 2,150 (525)   (†)   (†) 3.5   (0.55) 6,920   (1,902) 4.7   (0.74) 2,100 (233) 3.2   (0.50) 2,940   (641)
30 or more years 39.3 (2.56) 50,560 (1,309) 46,840 (1,212) 11.5 (1.62) 3,340 (532) 3.3   (0.74) 4,380   (1,058) 7.3   (0.95) 6,760   (1,386) 7.1   (1.03) 3,420 (692) 4.9   (0.86) 4,250 ! (1,569)
                                                                   
Highest degree earned                                                                  
Less than bachelor's degree 27.2 (1.84) 26,670 (1,126) 23,610 (938) 3.4 (0.74) 4,260 (1,195)   (†)   (†) 4.8   (0.75) 5,740   (1,052) 5.9   (0.98) 3,300 (510) 5.9   (0.95) 3,440   (591)
Bachelor's degree 217.1 (6.33) 36,880 (418) 33,770 (343) 56.7 (3.30) 2,720 (161) 17.4   (1.92) 1,700   (220) 40.4   (2.78) 4,840   (323) 44.6   (2.70) 3,160 (235) 45.2   (2.77) 3,540   (243)
Master's degree 124.3 (4.85) 45,340 (755) 41,660 (605) 42.7 (3.43) 2,520 (179) 11.2   (1.58) 1,760   (338) 25.1   (1.93) 6,260   (758) 29.5   (2.62) 3,000 (235) 20.2   (1.50) 4,130   (769)
Education specialist3 10.1 (1.17) 50,880 (2,803) 43,560 (1,626) 2.8 (0.56) 2,850 (604)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 2.7   (0.66) 2,420 (420) 2.3   (0.66) 3,460   (696)
Doctor's degree 8.0 (1.35) 57,490 (3,479) 52,660 (3,187) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                   
Instructional level                                                                  
Elementary 209.1 (5.99) 35,730 (399) 33,160 (354) 37.6 (2.62) 2,640 (290) 14.3   (1.86) 1,560   (258) 34.6   (2.29) 4,870   (339) 40.3   (2.34) 3,280 (249) 36.5   (2.18) 3,230   (221)
Secondary 177.7 (6.87) 44,350 (689) 39,890 (581) 71.0 (4.54) 2,730 (143) 16.9   (2.01) 2,130   (330) 40.8   (2.96) 6,790   (735) 44.4   (3.16) 2,930 (202) 38.3   (2.98) 4,080   (441)
                                                                   
School locale                                                                  
City 163.5 (6.43) 41,770 (580) 38,240 (500) 50.5 (3.70) 2,680 (143) 14.8   (1.97) 2,110   (312) 31.9   (2.45) 5,710   (489) 40.1   (3.04) 3,210 (250) 26.6   (2.02) 3,720   (385)
Suburban 140.6 (5.91) 41,730 (658) 38,100 (583) 40.2 (2.98) 2,740 (288) 10.1   (1.41) 1,560   (242) 27.3   (2.04) 6,670   (932) 30.8   (2.43) 3,130 (300) 27.9   (2.36) 3,790   (512)
Town 29.8 (2.46) 31,040 (1,010) 28,600 (1,016) 7.4 (1.16) 2,550 (564)   (†) 1,180 ! (372) 5.7   (0.94) 3,920   (501) 5.0   (0.86) 2,470 (521) 7.3   (1.06) 2,400   (416)
Rural 52.9 (3.62) 32,660 (1,059) 29,450 (932) 10.5 (1.42) 2,770 (312) 3.7   (0.89) 2,230 ! (734) 10.5   (1.28) 5,620   (744) 9.0   (1.41) 2,770 (250) 13.0   (1.66) 3,980   (519)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 Includes compensation for extracurricular or additional activities such as coaching, student activity sponsorship, or teaching evening classes.
2 Includes teaching summer sessions and other non-teaching jobs at any school.
3 Education specialist degrees or certificates are generally awarded for 1 year’s work beyond the master’s level. Includes certificates of advanced graduate studies.
NOTE: This table includes regular full-time teachers only; it excludes other staff even when they have full-time teaching duties (regular part-time teachers, itinerant teachers, long-term substitutes, administrators, library media specialists, other professional staff, and support staff). Elementary schools are those with any of grades kindergarten through grade 6 and none of grades 9 through 12. Secondary schools have any of grades 7 through 12, and none of grades kindergarten through grade 6. Combined schools have both elementary and secondary grades, or have all students in ungraded classrooms. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and missing values in cells with too few cases to report.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public Teacher Questionnaire" and "Private Teacher Questionnaire," 2007-08. (This table was prepared October 2009.)
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No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.
National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education