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Table 82. Percentage of public school teachers of grades 9 through 12, by field of main teaching assignment and selected demographic and educational characteristics: 2007-08
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected demographic and educational characteristic Total Field of main teaching assignment
Arts and music English or language arts Foreign languages Health and physical education Mathematics Natural sciences Social sciences Special education Vocational/ technical All other
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Number of teachers (in thousands) 1,082.3   (27.39) 81.1   (3.53) 172.2   (7.55) 64.2   (3.54) 72.1   (3.75) 144.8   (5.73) 125.1   (6.14) 123.9   (5.31) 110.1   (4.91) 138.4   (4.90) 50.6   (3.27)
                                                                   
Total 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†)
                                                                   
Sex                                                                  
Male 42.0   (0.64) 43.6   (2.02) 24.6   (1.28) 21.3   (1.81) 62.3   (2.08) 43.2   (1.79) 46.2   (1.52) 64.1   (1.68) 27.5   (1.60) 48.5   (1.48) 41.5   (2.90)
Female 58.0   (0.64) 56.4   (2.02) 75.4   (1.28) 78.7   (1.81) 37.7   (2.08) 56.8   (1.79) 53.8   (1.52) 35.9   (1.68) 72.5   (1.60) 51.5   (1.48) 58.5   (2.90)
                                                                   
Race/ethnicity                                                                  
White 83.5   (0.87) 89.8   (1.24) 83.5   (1.51) 71.4   (2.56) 86.1   (2.09) 81.2   (1.47) 86.4   (1.26) 86.5   (1.27) 83.9   (1.65) 85.3   (1.58) 72.0   (3.38)
Black 6.9   (0.65) 4.8   (0.77) 8.2   (1.22) 2.7   (0.75) 6.7   (1.36) 7.3   (0.95) 5.5   (0.78) 5.3   (0.74) 9.0   (1.24) 8.7   (1.22) 9.3   (1.39)
Hispanic 6.6   (0.70) 3.2   (0.97) 5.8   (0.90) 22.5   (2.72) 5.6   (1.37) 6.9   (1.12) 4.2   (0.87) 5.7   (1.19) 4.9   (1.00) 3.8   (0.78) 14.7   (3.14)
Asian 1.3   (0.34) 0.5 ! (0.23) 1.1 ! (0.43) 2.0 ! (0.99)   (†) 2.9 ! (0.98) 2.0 ! (0.71) 1.1 ! (0.39) 0.7 ! (0.31)   (†)   (†)
Pacific Islander 0.2 ! (0.07)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/
    Alaska Native
0.5   (0.08)   (†) 0.4   (0.11) 0.3 ! (0.15) 0.6 ! (0.28) 0.4 ! (0.13) 0.7 ! (0.32) 0.6 ! (0.31) 0.5 ! (0.15) 0.5 ! (0.17) 0.9 ! (0.35)
Two or more races 0.9   (0.13) 0.8 ! (0.27) 0.8   (0.21)   (†)   (†) 1.1 ! (0.44) 0.8 ! (0.30) 0.6 ! (0.25) 0.8 ! (0.30) 0.9   (0.27)   (†)
                                                                   
Age                                                                  
Under 30 years 17.4   (0.49) 18.8   (2.05) 20.7   (1.41) 18.8   (1.94) 16.2   (1.56) 21.6   (1.54) 17.2   (1.58) 19.9   (1.40) 13.8   (1.41) 11.7   (0.78) 8.8   (1.66)
30 to 39 years 25.9   (0.46) 22.3   (1.90) 28.4   (1.41) 25.7   (1.92) 31.1   (2.10) 25.6   (1.38) 25.9   (1.57) 31.6   (1.40) 26.3   (1.64) 19.5   (1.24) 19.6   (2.98)
40 to 49 years 22.8   (0.45) 22.6   (1.78) 18.6   (1.21) 17.3   (1.48) 25.0   (1.81) 25.0   (1.57) 25.2   (1.42) 19.4   (1.21) 23.1   (1.24) 27.2   (1.45) 25.5   (2.50)
50 to 59 years 26.4   (0.55) 30.3   (2.86) 23.7   (1.25) 26.4   (1.71) 23.5   (1.92) 21.3   (1.55) 24.7   (1.39) 23.4   (1.34) 29.5   (1.84) 32.9   (1.59) 35.0   (3.13)
60 years and over 7.5   (0.32) 6.0   (0.95) 8.5   (0.80) 11.8   (1.75) 4.2   (1.05) 6.4   (0.71) 7.0   (0.76) 5.7   (0.76) 7.3   (0.92) 8.8   (0.97) 11.1   (1.88)
                                                                   
                                                                   
Age at which first began to
   teach full time or part time
                                                                 
25 years or under 52.2   (0.70) 59.7   (2.34) 55.8   (1.69) 52.1   (2.59) 62.8   (2.29) 57.6   (1.89) 50.0   (1.71) 52.6   (1.72) 47.6   (1.79) 43.7   (1.58) 36.0   (2.86)
26 to 35 years 29.9   (0.55) 26.1   (1.82) 29.2   (1.49) 29.9   (2.46) 31.0   (2.36) 24.6   (1.70) 33.3   (1.47) 33.8   (1.69) 32.6   (1.64) 29.9   (1.40) 27.8   (2.92)
36 to 45 years 12.7   (0.43) 10.0   (1.19) 10.8   (0.90) 11.9   (1.41) 5.0   (1.01) 12.9   (1.17) 11.4   (1.10) 10.3   (0.90) 12.2   (1.16) 19.3   (1.23) 26.9   (3.46)
46 to 55 years 4.4   (0.24) 4.1   (0.87) 3.8   (0.55) 5.1   (1.31) 1.0 ! (0.48) 3.7   (0.64) 4.5   (0.75) 2.8   (0.54) 6.7   (0.93) 6.1   (0.75) 7.8   (1.37)
56 years or over 0.7   (0.10)   (†) 0.5 ! (0.22) 0.9 ! (0.37)   (†) 1.1   (0.33) 0.8 ! (0.26) 0.5 ! (0.21) 0.8 ! (0.30) 1.1 ! (0.41) 1.5 ! (0.54)
                                                                   
Years of full-time teaching
   experience
                                                                 
Less than 3 years 13.6   (0.43) 15.8   (2.13) 14.5   (1.03) 13.8   (1.43) 10.8   (1.22) 13.7   (1.15) 14.3   (1.56) 12.3   (1.24) 12.6   (1.51) 14.1   (1.14) 12.4   (1.85)
3 to 9 years 33.5   (0.56) 27.7   (2.04) 36.5   (1.64) 35.4   (2.30) 30.1   (1.99) 35.0   (1.50) 32.6   (1.46) 35.9   (1.67) 35.0   (1.51) 29.6   (1.27) 33.9   (3.15)
10 to 20 years 29.1   (0.55) 29.0   (1.95) 25.3   (1.25) 26.9   (2.22) 30.3   (1.90) 31.7   (1.50) 31.8   (1.63) 29.6   (1.48) 28.1   (1.73) 28.8   (1.28) 31.4   (2.59)
Over 20 years 23.8   (0.53) 27.4   (2.89) 23.8   (1.03) 23.9   (2.24) 28.8   (1.73) 19.6   (1.28) 21.3   (1.24) 22.2   (1.16) 24.4   (1.55) 27.5   (1.38) 22.3   (3.07)
                                                                   
Highest degree earned                                                                  
Less than bachelor's degree 2.0   (0.16)   (†) 0.3 ! (0.11)   (†)   (†)   (†) 0.6 ! (0.24) 0.6 ! (0.27)   (†) 10.5   (0.83) 5.7   (0.94)
Bachelor's degree 44.5   (0.79) 49.6   (2.20) 45.0   (1.49) 44.9   (2.33) 52.7   (2.00) 47.2   (1.77) 38.9   (2.03) 45.4   (1.62) 39.6   (1.70) 43.7   (1.43) 39.2   (3.17)
Master's degree 46.0   (0.81) 44.3   (2.00) 46.1   (1.53) 45.9   (2.49) 41.0   (2.28) 47.5   (1.65) 51.4   (1.89) 46.7   (1.61) 50.3   (1.34) 38.6   (1.41) 46.2   (3.50)
Education specialist1 6.0   (0.28) 4.7   (1.06) 7.1   (0.74) 6.8   (1.02) 5.3   (0.91) 4.2   (0.75) 6.1   (0.81) 4.9   (0.61) 8.6   (1.03) 5.9   (0.75) 7.4   (1.45)
Doctor's degree 1.5   (0.14) 0.9   (0.25) 1.5   (0.34) 1.8 ! (0.65)   (†) 0.9   (0.23) 3.0   (0.64) 2.4   (0.55)   (†) 1.2 ! (0.46) 1.5 ! (0.52)
                                                                   
Major field of study in bachelor's
   or higher degree2
                                                                 
Arts and music 8.9   (0.33) 90.3   (1.93) 4.7   (0.51) 3.0   (0.73) 1.1 ! (0.38) 1.6   (0.36) 0.9 ! (0.35) 1.6   (0.45) 2.0   (0.48) 2.2   (0.54) 3.1   (0.84)
Education, elementary instruction 6.0   (0.31)   (†) 5.2   (0.66) 4.7   (1.21) 3.1   (0.76) 3.8   (0.53) 1.2   (0.32) 1.5   (0.40) 22.5   (1.38) 4.0   (0.61) 16.8   (2.91)
Education, secondary instruction 17.2   (0.53) 7.2   (1.00) 22.4   (1.10) 20.6   (1.99) 5.7   (0.97) 21.8   (1.14) 27.0   (1.38) 28.7   (1.44) 4.4   (0.69) 9.5   (0.92) 10.4   (1.66)
Education, special education 10.4   (0.34) 1.1 ! (0.40) 6.2   (0.71) 2.8   (0.73) 3.3   (0.77) 3.8   (0.57) 1.5   (0.37) 2.7   (0.42) 72.0   (1.52) 2.6   (0.52) 6.2   (1.49)
Education, other 15.0   (0.44) 10.3   (1.23) 15.2   (1.13) 14.1   (1.61) 17.1   (1.55) 15.0   (1.12) 15.9   (1.12) 17.8   (1.33) 14.1   (1.23) 13.3   (1.06) 17.4   (2.20)
English and language arts 18.2   (0.47) 4.5   (0.82) 81.7   (1.14) 16.0   (1.76) 3.3   (0.97) 3.0   (0.51) 1.8   (0.46) 6.2   (0.88) 10.7   (1.08) 3.9   (0.69) 18.1   (2.56)
Foreign languages 6.5   (0.31) 1.0   (0.29) 3.9   (0.71) 79.9   (1.81)   (†) 1.6 ! (0.52) 1.2 ! (0.40) 1.2   (0.33) 1.3 ! (0.43)   (†) 8.1   (1.62)
Health and physical education 10.5   (0.41) 1.5   (0.44) 2.0   (0.43) 2.0 ! (0.62) 88.5   (1.46) 5.6   (0.73) 7.8   (0.77) 8.5   (1.03) 5.4   (0.79) 3.4   (0.56) 10.1   (1.25)
Mathematics 10.3   (0.34) 2.5 ! (0.80) 0.7 ! (0.32) 1.8 ! (0.58) 1.3 ! (0.42) 67.3   (1.64) 3.2 ! (1.39)   (†) 1.0 ! (0.36) 1.0   (0.30) 3.8   (0.98)
Natural sciences 12.7   (0.53) 1.0 ! (0.35) 0.5   (0.14) 1.4 ! (0.58) 2.0   (0.59) 10.3   (1.68) 83.5   (1.17) 1.4   (0.34) 4.1   (0.94) 3.4   (0.62) 6.2   (1.21)
Social sciences 19.6   (0.44) 4.1   (0.83) 13.0   (0.90) 15.6   (1.72) 7.5   (1.19) 8.3   (0.70) 7.5   (1.02) 82.8   (1.29) 24.8   (1.61) 7.3   (0.89) 19.2   (1.95)
Vocational/technical education 16.0   (0.49) 3.6   (0.86) 4.0   (0.68) 3.7   (0.81) 4.3   (0.94) 13.3   (1.31) 7.9   (0.90) 5.8   (0.88) 8.8   (0.88) 73.6   (1.21) 19.0   (2.81)
Other field 8.6   (0.34) 5.4   (0.91) 9.9   (0.81) 12.8   (1.62) 5.2   (1.15) 9.5   (1.04) 6.3   (1.08) 6.9   (0.87) 7.1   (0.82) 5.4   (0.62) 28.3   (3.14)
No degree 2.0   (0.16)   (†) 0.3 ! (0.11)   (†)   (†)   (†) 0.6 ! (0.24) 0.6 ! (0.27)   (†) 10.5   (0.83) 5.7   (0.94)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Education specialist degrees or certificates are generally awarded for 1 year's work beyond the master's level. Includes certificates of advanced graduate studies.
2 Data may sum to more than 100 percent because (1) a teacher who reported more than one major is represented in more than one field of study and (2) a teacher with multiple degrees in different fields of study is represented in more than one field of study.
NOTE: Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public Teacher Questionnaire," 2007-08. (This table was prepared October 2009.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education