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Table 57. Percentage of 3-, 4-, and 5-year-old children enrolled in preprimary programs, by attendance status, level of program, and selected child and family characteristics: 2011
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected child and family characteristics Total 3- to 5-year-old population (in thousands) Total enrollment (in thousands) Percent of 3- to 5-year-old population enrolled Percentage distribution of enrollment
Total Full-day Part-day
Total Nursery school Kindergarten Total Nursery school Kindergarten Full-day Part-day
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Total 12,965 (81.8) 8,260 (105.0) 63.7 (0.72) 37.7 (0.79) 18.0 (0.65) 19.7   (0.49) 26.0 (0.66) 19.9   (0.60) 6.1   (0.38) 59.1 (0.98) 40.9 (0.98)
                                                   
Sex                                                  
  Male 6,618 (64.1) 4,244 (82.6) 64.1 (1.04) 38.4 (1.06) 18.5 (0.89) 19.9   (0.68) 25.7 (0.91) 19.7   (0.85) 6.0   (0.48) 59.9 (1.30) 40.1 (1.30)
  Female 6,347 (81.6) 4,016 (81.4) 63.3 (0.99) 36.9 (1.06) 17.4 (0.89) 19.5   (0.69) 26.4 (0.97) 20.0   (0.87) 6.3   (0.52) 58.3 (1.40) 41.7 (1.40)
                                                   
Age of child                                                  
3 years old 4,292 (96.0) 1,651 (67.8) 38.5 (1.19) 21.6 (1.11) 20.2 (1.10) 1.4   (0.32) 16.8 (1.08) 16.4   (1.06) 0.5 ! (0.16) 56.2 (2.37) 43.8 (2.37)
4 years old 4,473 (76.0) 2,946 (76.8) 65.9 (1.28) 31.1 (1.29) 25.5 (1.24) 5.7   (0.63) 34.7 (1.15) 32.6   (1.17) 2.1   (0.32) 47.3 (1.60) 52.7 (1.60)
5 years old 4,201 (69.1) 3,663 (67.6) 87.2 (0.85) 61.0 (1.34) 7.8 (0.75) 53.3   (1.31) 26.2 (1.20) 9.9   (0.83) 16.3   (1.14) 70.0 (1.36) 30.0 (1.36)
                                                   
Race/ethnicity of child                                                  
White 6,628 (50.7) 4,443 (72.1) 67.0 (0.91) 37.3 (1.00) 18.1 (0.84) 19.2   (0.63) 29.7 (0.99) 23.2   (0.91) 6.6   (0.54) 55.6 (1.32) 44.4 (1.32)
Black 1,760 (53.7) 1,149 (50.6) 65.3 (2.22) 48.0 (2.24) 25.8 (1.84) 22.3   (1.72) 17.3 (1.63) 14.9   (1.59) 2.3   (0.61) 73.6 (2.34) 26.4 (2.34)
Hispanic 3,367 (40.5) 1,878 (48.1) 55.8 (1.37) 32.8 (1.24) 13.4 (1.15) 19.4   (0.98) 23.0 (1.18) 16.5   (1.06) 6.5   (0.73) 58.8 (1.80) 41.2 (1.80)
Asian 569 (30.1) 365 (28.1) 64.2 (3.33) 36.3 (3.16) 15.8 (2.25) 20.4   (2.66) 27.9 (3.53) 20.0   (3.24) 7.9   (1.89) 56.5 (4.61) 43.5 (4.61)
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)   (†) (†)   (†)   (†) (†) (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 96 (18.5) 70 (15.9) 72.9 (8.10) 53.1 (9.57) 33.9 (7.92) 19.2 ! (6.14) 19.8 (5.52) 16.9 ! (5.38) 2.9 ! (1.93) 72.8 (8.06) 27.2 (8.06)
Two or more races 514 (33.0) 331 (28.6) 64.3 (3.40) 38.5 (3.64) 20.5 (3.68) 17.9   (2.55) 25.9 (3.34) 16.5   (2.68) 9.4   (2.13) 59.8 (4.76) 40.2 (4.76)
                                                   
Number of parents or
    guardians in household
                                                 
One parent or guardian 3,784 (101.0) 2,347 (77.9) 62.0 (1.35) 42.8 (1.43) 20.4 (1.28) 22.4   (0.99) 19.2 (1.19) 14.6   (0.97) 4.6   (0.65) 69.1 (1.79) 30.9 (1.79)
Two parents or guardians 9,181 (110.3) 5,913 (107.2) 64.4 (0.89) 35.5 (0.97) 17.0 (0.76) 18.5   (0.60) 28.9 (0.85) 22.1   (0.80) 6.8   (0.45) 55.2 (1.24) 44.8 (1.24)
                                                   
Mother's current
    employment status1
                                                 
Employed 7,149 (123.3) 4,868 (105.6) 68.1 (0.95) 43.8 (1.06) 22.7 (0.89) 21.1   (0.74) 24.3 (0.88) 18.5   (0.77) 5.9   (0.44) 64.3 (1.22) 35.7 (1.22)
Unemployed 821 (55.7) 460 (41.1) 56.0 (3.09) 36.1 (3.15) 12.7 (2.39) 23.3   (2.36) 19.9 (2.47) 15.1   (2.16) 4.8   (1.28) 64.4 (4.11) 35.6 (4.11)
Not in the labor force 4,538 (114.2) 2,653 (87.6) 58.5 (1.21) 28.2 (1.14) 11.1 (0.85) 17.1   (0.79) 30.3 (1.13) 23.5   (1.09) 6.8   (0.68) 48.2 (1.64) 51.8 (1.64)
No mother in household 458 (39.8) 278 (32.0) 60.9 (4.19) 39.7 (4.35) 23.3 (3.79) 16.4   (2.95) 21.2 (3.44) 15.0   (2.93) 6.2 ! (1.93) 65.2 (5.31) 34.8 (5.31)
                                                   
Father's current
    employment status1
                                                 
Employed 8,458 (119.3) 5,499 (98.8) 65.0 (0.92) 36.7 (1.03) 17.8 (0.83) 18.8   (0.65) 28.3 (0.89) 21.7   (0.83) 6.6   (0.45) 56.4 (1.29) 43.6 (1.29)
Unemployed 586 (46.6) 325 (35.5) 55.5 (3.68) 30.0 (3.43) 12.1 (2.61) 17.9   (2.46) 25.5 (3.35) 19.7   (3.13) 5.8   (1.52) 54.1 (5.09) 45.9 (5.09)
Not in the labor force 595 (45.7) 367 (35.5) 61.7 (3.39) 28.1 (3.42) 14.7 (2.87) 13.4   (2.46) 33.6 (3.65) 23.8   (3.26) 9.8   (2.25) 45.5 (5.04) 54.5 (5.04)
No father in household 3,326 (97.7) 2,068 (73.1) 62.2 (1.40) 43.3 (1.41) 20.0 (1.31) 23.3   (1.05) 18.9 (1.27) 14.6   (1.05) 4.4   (0.69) 69.6 (1.84) 30.4 (1.84)
                                                   
Every parent or guardian
    employed1
4,563 (116.7) 3,181 (95.2) 69.7 (1.15) 43.6 (1.37) 23.2 (1.11) 20.4   (1.02) 26.2 (1.09) 19.5   (0.91) 6.6   (0.57) 62.5 (1.53) 37.5 (1.53)
No parent or guardian
    employed1
1,921 (69.9) 1,073 (53.7) 55.9 (1.97) 33.4 (1.91) 13.6 (1.25) 19.8   (1.52) 22.5 (1.68) 16.2   (1.38) 6.3   (1.11) 59.7 (2.65) 40.3 (2.65)
                                                   
Highest educational attainment of parents
    or guardians1
                                                 
Less than high school 1,441 (76.2) 765 (47.6) 53.1 (2.45) 37.2 (2.42) 13.6 (1.79) 23.6   (2.03) 15.9 (1.69) 11.9   (1.60) 4.0   (0.81) 70.0 (2.97) 30.0 (2.97)
High school/GED 3,037 (100.2) 1,751 (76.0) 57.7 (1.65) 34.1 (1.66) 14.9 (1.25) 19.2   (1.28) 23.5 (1.45) 17.8   (1.23) 5.7   (0.68) 59.2 (2.27) 40.8 (2.27)
Vocational/technical or some college 2,371 (83.6) 1,447 (67.8) 61.1 (1.89) 38.4 (1.96) 17.7 (1.47) 20.7   (1.43) 22.7 (1.65) 16.8   (1.31) 5.9   (1.04) 62.9 (2.48) 37.1 (2.48)
Associate's degree 1,506 (71.5) 945 (54.7) 62.8 (2.22) 35.2 (1.96) 19.4 (1.61) 15.8   (1.49) 27.6 (1.88) 22.1   (1.86) 5.4   (1.01) 56.1 (2.50) 43.9 (2.50)
Bachelor's degree 2,642 (90.5) 1,872 (77.3) 70.9 (1.62) 38.2 (1.68) 18.5 (1.45) 19.7   (1.19) 32.6 (1.63) 25.4   (1.48) 7.2   (0.82) 54.0 (2.05) 46.0 (2.05)
Graduate or professional degree 1,969 (76.6) 1,480 (67.8) 75.2 (1.89) 43.8 (2.26) 24.5 (1.80) 19.3   (1.64) 31.4 (1.91) 23.6   (1.75) 7.8   (1.04) 58.2 (2.46) 41.8 (2.46)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Data pertain only to parents or guardians who live in the household with the child.
NOTE: Preprimary programs provide educational experiences for children and include kindergarten, preschool, and nursery school programs. Enrollment data for 5-year-olds include only those students in preprimary programs and do not include those enrolled in primary programs. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Data are based on sample surveys of the civilian noninstitutional population. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Survey (CPS), October, 2011. (This table was prepared June 2012.)
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