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Table 56. Enrollment of 3-, 4-, and 5-year-old children in preprimary programs, by level of program, control of program, and attendance status: Selected years, 1965 through 2011
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Age and year Total 3- to
5-year-old population (in thousands)
Total enrollment
(in thousands)
Percent enrolled Enrollment, by level and control (in thousands) Enrollment, by attendance status (in thousands) Full-day as a percent of total enrollment
Nursery school enrollment Kindergarten enrollment
Public Private Public Private Full-day Part-day
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Total, 3 to 5
years old
                                               
1965 12,549 (144.5) 3,407 (87.1) 27.1 (0.69) 127   (19.6) 393   (34.1) 2,291   (75.6) 596   (41.6) (†) (†) (†)
1970 10,949 (109.4) 4,104 (71.5) 37.5 (0.65) 332   (25.3) 762   (37.6) 2,498   (62.0) 511   (31.1) 698 (36.1) 3,405 (68.3) 17.0 (0.83)
1975 10,185 (105.8) 4,955 (71.2) 48.7 (0.70) 570   (32.7) 1,174   (45.5) 2,682   (62.7) 528   (31.6) 1,295 (47.4) 3,659 (68.3) 26.1 (0.88)
1980 9,284 (102.6) 4,878 (68.8) 52.5 (0.74) 628   (34.6) 1,353   (48.6) 2,438   (60.6) 459   (29.9) 1,551 (51.4) 3,327 (66.1) 31.8 (0.95)
1985 10,733 (115.6) 5,865 (77.6) 54.6 (0.72) 846   (42.0) 1,631   (56.0) 2,847   (68.8) 541   (34.1) 2,144 (62.3) 3,722 (74.2) 36.6 (0.95)
                                                 
1990 11,207 (124.2) 6,659 (82.3) 59.4 (0.73) 1,199   (51.8) 2,180   (66.4) 2,772   (72.3) 509   (34.9) 2,577 (70.6) 4,082 (80.7) 38.7 (0.95)
19951 12,518 (131.5) 7,739 (86.6) 61.8 (0.69) 1,950   (64.6) 2,381   (69.9) 2,800   (74.2) 608   (38.3) 3,689 (81.2) 4,051 (83.4) 47.7 (0.90)
20001 11,858 (133.0) 7,592 (86.3) 64.0 (0.70) 2,146   (69.2) 2,180   (69.7) 2,701   (75.4) 565   (38.3) 4,008 (85.1) 3,584 (82.6) 52.8 (0.95)
20051 12,134 (144.6) 7,801 (82.7) 64.3 (0.68) 2,409   (68.8) 2,120   (65.5) 2,804   (72.7) 468   (33.2) 4,548 (83.5) 3,253 (76.4) 58.3 (0.87)
20081 12,583 (147.1) 7,928 (84.8) 63.0 (0.67) 2,609   (71.2) 1,961   (63.7) 2,982   (74.7) 376   (29.9) 4,615 (84.7) 3,313 (77.4) 58.2 (0.87)
                                                 
20091 12,718 (147.8) 8,076 (85.0) 63.5 (0.67) 2,703   (72.3) 1,945   (63.6) 3,144   (76.2) 284   (26.1) 4,916 (86.0) 3,160 (76.3) 60.9 (0.85)
20101,2 12,949 (80.4) 8,246 (107.3) 63.7 (0.66) 2,749   (89.3) 2,048   (69.0) 3,080   (75.6) 369   (33.2) 4,813 (98.5) 3,432 (88.5) 58.4 (0.92)
20111,2 12,965 (81.8) 8,260 (105.0) 63.7 (0.72) 2,876   (74.5) 2,035   (79.7) 2,947   (74.4) 402   (38.3) 4,884 (107.6) 3,376 (87.0) 59.1 (0.98)
                                                 
3 years old                                                
1965 4,149 (84.9) 203 (24.3) 4.9 (0.59) 41   (11.1) 153   (21.2)   (†)   (†) (†) (†) (†)
1970 3,516 (63.2) 454 (28.1) 12.9 (0.80) 110   (14.6) 322   (24.1) 12 ! (4.9) 10 ! (4.5) 142 (16.5) 312 (23.8) 31.3 (3.07)
1975 3,177 (60.2) 683 (32.7) 21.5 (1.03) 179   (18.3) 474   (28.3) 11 ! (4.7) 18 ! (6.0) 259 (21.8) 423 (27.0) 37.9 (2.62)
1980 3,143 (60.7) 857 (35.7) 27.3 (1.14) 221   (20.5) 604   (31.6) 16 ! (5.7) 17 ! (5.9) 321 (24.3) 536 (30.2) 37.5 (2.36)
1985 3,594 (68.2) 1,035 (40.8) 28.8 (1.14) 278   (24.1) 679   (35.3) 52   (10.8) 26   (7.6) 350 (26.7) 685 (35.4) 33.8 (2.21)
                                                 
1990 3,692 (72.7) 1,205 (45.1) 32.6 (1.22) 347   (28.1) 840   (40.3) 11 ! (5.4)   (†) 447 (31.4) 758 (38.9) 37.1 (2.20)
19951 4,148 (77.4) 1,489 (49.2) 35.9 (1.19) 511   (33.7) 947   (43.0) 15 ! (6.1) 17 ! (6.5) 754 (39.6) 736 (39.2) 50.6 (2.06)
20001 3,929 (78.2) 1,541 (50.5) 39.2 (1.29) 644   (38.3) 854   (42.7) 27 ! (8.5) 16 ! (6.7) 761 (40.9) 779 (41.3) 49.4 (2.10)
20051 4,151 (86.3) 1,715 (49.7) 41.3 (1.20) 777   (39.4) 869   (41.1) 54   (11.4) 15 ! (6.0) 901 (41.6) 814 (40.1) 52.5 (1.89)
20081 4,204 (86.9) 1,655 (49.6) 39.4 (1.18) 755   (39.0) 802   (39.9) 90   (14.7)   (†) 852 (40.8) 803 (39.9) 51.5 (1.92)
                                                 
20091 4,361 (88.4) 1,776 (50.8) 40.7 (1.17) 837   (40.7) 861   (41.2) 61   (12.2) 17 ! (6.5) 1,024 (43.8) 752 (39.1) 57.7 (1.84)
20101,2 4,492 (59.4) 1,718 (59.5) 38.2 (1.25) 824   (48.3) 818   (42.9) 54   (15.3) 22 ! (7.9) 861 (50.1) 857 (46.3) 50.1 (2.21)
20111,2 4,292 (96.0) 1,651 (67.8) 38.5 (1.19) 771   (49.0) 798   (47.0) 53   (12.6) 28 ! (8.7) 928 (53.1) 723 (50.9) 56.2 (2.37)
                                                 
4 years old                                                
1965 4,238 (85.8) 683 (41.8) 16.1 (0.99) 68   (14.3) 213   (24.9) 284   (28.4) 118   (18.7) (†) (†) (†)
1970 3,620 (64.1) 1,007 (38.0) 27.8 (1.05) 176   (18.3) 395   (26.5) 318   (24.0) 117   (15.0) 230 (20.7) 776 (34.8) 22.8 (1.87)
1975 3,499 (63.1) 1,418 (41.0) 40.5 (1.17) 332   (24.5) 644   (32.3) 313   (23.8) 129   (15.7) 411 (26.9) 1,008 (37.8) 29.0 (1.70)
1980 3,072 (60.0) 1,423 (39.5) 46.3 (1.29) 363   (25.6) 701   (33.3) 239   (21.2) 120   (15.4) 467 (28.5) 956 (36.7) 32.8 (1.78)
1985 3,598 (68.2) 1,766 (45.1) 49.1 (1.25) 496   (31.1) 859   (38.5) 276   (24.0) 135   (17.1) 643 (34.6) 1,123 (41.8) 36.4 (1.72)
                                                 
1990 3,723 (73.0) 2,087 (48.0) 56.1 (1.29) 695   (37.7) 1,144   (44.6) 157   (19.4) 91   (14.9) 716 (38.1) 1,371 (46.6) 34.3 (1.65)
19951 4,145 (77.4) 2,553 (49.9) 61.6 (1.20) 1,054   (44.6) 1,208   (46.6) 207   (22.3) 84   (14.5) 1,104 (45.3) 1,449 (48.9) 43.3 (1.56)
20001 3,940 (78.3) 2,556 (49.5) 64.9 (1.26) 1,144   (47.0) 1,121   (46.8) 227   (24.2) 65   (13.2) 1,182 (47.5) 1,374 (49.4) 46.2 (1.63)
20051 4,028 (85.1) 2,668 (47.0) 66.2 (1.17) 1,295   (46.4) 1,083   (44.1) 215   (22.3) 75   (13.5) 1,332 (46.8) 1,336 (46.8) 49.9 (1.52)
20081 4,241 (87.2) 2,804 (48.3) 66.1 (1.14) 1,525   (48.9) 995   (43.2) 234   (23.3) 49   (10.9) 1,332 (47.3) 1,472 (48.6) 47.5 (1.48)
                                                 
20091 4,176 (86.6) 2,698 (48.4) 64.6 (1.16) 1,512   (48.6) 905   (41.7) 256   (24.3) 25 ! (7.8) 1,372 (47.5) 1,326 (47.1) 50.9 (1.51)
20101,2 4,358 (57.7) 2,988 (67.2) 68.6 (1.25) 1,587   (67.0) 1,016   (44.8) 331   (35.5) 55   (12.1) 1,405 (55.6) 1,584 (62.1) 47.0 (1.61)
20111,2 4,473 (76.0) 2,946 (76.8) 65.9 (1.28) 1,624   (61.0) 976   (56.1) 284   (28.2) 62   (15.3) 1,392 (63.7) 1,553 (56.7) 47.3 (1.60)
                                                 
5 years old3                                                
1965 4,162 (85.1) 2,521 (55.1) 60.6 (1.32) 18 ! (7.4) 27 ! (9.1) 2,002   (56.3) 474   (35.8) (†) (†) (†)
1970 3,814 (65.8) 2,643 (40.2) 69.3 (1.05) 45   (9.4) 45   (9.4) 2,168   (43.2) 384   (26.2) 326 (24.4) 2,317 (42.5) 12.3 (0.90)
1975 3,509 (63.2) 2,854 (32.6) 81.3 (0.93) 59   (10.7) 57   (10.6) 2,358   (39.2) 381   (26.0) 625 (32.0) 2,228 (40.2) 21.9 (1.09)
1980 3,069 (60.0) 2,598 (28.6) 84.7 (0.93) 44   (9.4) 48   (9.8) 2,183   (35.9) 322   (24.3) 763 (34.2) 1,835 (38.8) 29.4 (1.28)
1985 3,542 (67.7) 3,065 (30.6) 86.5 (0.86) 73   (12.7) 94   (14.4) 2,519   (40.6) 379   (27.7) 1,151 (41.9) 1,914 (44.6) 37.6 (1.32)
                                                 
1990 3,792 (73.7) 3,367 (30.8) 88.8 (0.81) 157   (19.4) 196   (21.6) 2,604   (45.2) 411   (30.3) 1,414 (47.2) 1,953 (48.7) 42.0 (1.35)
19951 4,224 (78.1) 3,697 (34.2) 87.5 (0.81) 385   (29.8) 226   (23.3) 2,578   (50.5) 507   (33.7) 1,830 (51.3) 1,867 (51.4) 49.5 (1.31)
20001 3,989 (78.7) 3,495 (34.3) 87.6 (0.86) 359   (29.8) 206   (23.1) 2,447   (50.8) 484   (34.1) 2,065 (52.1) 1,431 (50.0) 59.1 (1.37)
20051 3,955 (84.3) 3,418 (33.7) 86.4 (0.85) 337   (27.5) 168   (19.9) 2,535   (47.3) 378   (29.0) 2,316 (48.5) 1,102 (44.2) 67.7 (1.25)
20081 4,137 (86.2) 3,470 (37.1) 83.9 (0.90) 329   (27.2) 163   (19.6) 2,659   (48.3) 320   (26.9) 2,432 (49.6) 1,038 (43.7) 70.1 (1.22)
                                                 
20091 4,180 (86.6) 3,601 (35.0) 86.1 (0.84) 354   (28.2) 179   (20.5) 2,827   (47.4) 242   (23.6) 2,519 (49.6) 1,082 (44.3) 70.0 (1.20)
20101,2 4,099 (57.9) 3,540 (56.2) 86.3 (0.92) 338   (28.6) 214   (23.5) 2,695   (58.4) 292   (30.3) 2,548 (60.1) 992 (44.6) 72.0 (1.20)
20111,2 4,201 (69.1) 3,663 (67.6) 87.2 (0.85) 481   (36.4) 261   (29.4) 2,610   (67.6) 312   (31.4) 2,564 (67.6) 1,099 (54.3) 70.0 (1.36)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is 50 percent or greater.
1 Beginning in 1994, preprimary enrollment data were collected using new procedures. Data may not be comparable to figures for earlier years.
2 Beginning in 2010, standard errors were computed using replicate weights, which produced more precise values than the methodology used in prior years.
3 Enrollment data include only those students in preprimary programs.
NOTE: Preprimary programs provide educational experiences for children and include kindergarten, preschool, and nursery school programs. Enrollment data for 5-year-olds include only those students in preprimary programs and do not include those enrolled in primary programs. Data are based on sample surveys of the civilian noninstitutional population. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Preprimary Enrollment, 1965, 1970, and 1975. U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Survey (CPS), October, 1980 through 2011. (This table was prepared June 2012.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
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