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Table 53. Percentage of gifted and talented students in public elementary and secondary schools, by sex, race/ethnicity, and state: 2004 and 2006
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
State Total Sex Race/ethnicity
Male Female White Black Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander American Indian/Alaska Native
2004 2006 2004   2006 2004 2006 2004 2006 2004 2006 2004 2006 2004 2006 2004 2006
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
United States 6.7   (0.05) 6.7 (0.04) 6.3   (0.05) 6.3 (0.04) 7.0   (0.06) 7.0 (0.05) 7.9   (0.07) 8.0 (0.07) 3.5   (0.05) 3.6   (0.05) 4.3   (0.05) 4.2   (0.04) 11.9   (0.20) 13.1   (0.29) 5.2   (0.20) 5.2   (0.24)
Alabama 4.8   (0.11) 5.5 (0.06) 4.6   (0.11) 5.2 (0.06) 4.9   (0.11) 5.7 (0.07) 6.3   (0.16) 7.1 (0.11) 2.4   (0.09) 2.8   (0.06) 2.3   (0.17) 2.9   (0.09) 9.4   (0.50) 10.2   (0.45) 4.9   (0.54) 6.1   (0.43)
Alaska 4.1   (0.19) 4.1 (0.19) 3.9   (0.19) 4.0 (0.19) 4.2   (0.19) 4.3 (0.19) 5.8   (0.22) 5.8 (0.22) 2.1   (0.03) 2.5   (0.02) 2.3   (0.11) 2.5   (0.13) 4.5   (0.45) 5.0   (0.52) 1.0   (0.08) 1.1   (0.12)
Arizona 5.9   (0.17) 6.3 (0.11) 5.9   (0.17) 6.3 (0.12) 5.9   (0.17) 6.3 (0.11) 8.4   (0.26) 9.1 (0.21) 3.5   (0.14) 3.4   (0.06) 3.3   (0.13) 3.5   (0.07) 13.9   (0.54) 14.2   (0.21) 4.0   (1.09) 3.7   (0.92)
Arkansas 9.9   (0.65) 9.5 (0.43) 8.8   (0.63) 8.6 (0.41) 11.0   (0.67) 10.5 (0.50) 11.2   (0.80) 10.7 (0.53) 7.1   (0.90) 7.3   (0.73) 5.8 ! (2.39) 5.8 ! (2.29) 10.6   (0.78) 10.3   (0.62) 4.7   (1.21) 8.2   (1.35)
California 8.4   (0.18) 8.3 (0.21) 8.0   (0.16) 8.0 (0.21) 8.8   (0.20) 8.6 (0.23) 12.0   (0.36) 11.9 (0.42) 4.6   (0.16) 4.3   (0.16) 5.1   (0.13) 4.8   (0.11) 14.6   (0.56) 16.1   (0.89) 6.5   (0.56) 5.8   (0.62)
                                                                                         
Colorado 6.7   (0.11) 6.8 (0.11) 6.6   (0.11) 6.9 (0.11) 6.8   (0.12) 6.8 (0.11) 7.9   (0.14) 8.2 (0.16) 5.2   (0.03) 5.0   (0.02) 3.9   (0.14) 3.8   (0.07) 9.6   (0.11) 10.4   (0.09) 4.5   (0.39) 4.3   (0.29)
Connecticut 3.0   (0.32) 3.8 (0.41) 2.9   (0.31) 3.5 (0.40) 3.2   (0.34) 4.0 (0.44) 3.5   (0.38) 4.3 (0.44) 1.7   (0.44) 2.3   (0.59) 1.4   (0.33) 1.8   (0.42) 5.7   (0.68) 7.3   (0.95) 1.7   (0.44)   (†)
Delaware1 4.6   (†) 5.6 (†) 4.0   (†) 4.9 (†) 5.3   (†) 6.3 (†) 6.1   (†) 6.8 (†) 2.2   (†) 3.6   (†) 1.7   (†) 3.5   (†) 11.5   (†) 13.2   (†) 3.4   (†) 3.7   (†)
District of
     Columbia
  (†) (†)   (†) (†)   (†) (†)   (†) (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Florida 4.5   (0.06) 4.7 (0.05) 4.5   (0.06) 4.7 (0.05) 4.5   (0.05) 4.8 (0.05) 5.7   (0.11) 6.1 (0.10) 2.0   (0.02) 2.0   (0.02) 4.0   (0.02) 4.4   (0.03) 8.8   (0.08) 9.3   (0.06) 4.6   (0.12) 5.0   (0.15)
                                                                                         
Georgia 8.9   (0.30) 9.3 (0.35) 8.3   (0.29) 8.6 (0.33) 9.5   (0.31) 10.0 (0.39) 13.6   (0.59) 14.1 (0.69) 3.7   (0.15) 4.1   (0.15) 2.6   (0.25) 3.1   (0.17) 18.8   (0.41) 19.3   (0.71) 7.6   (0.49) 9.6   (0.65)
Hawaii2 5.7   (0.57) 6.2 (†) 4.4   (0.42) 5.1 (†) 7.0   (0.74) 7.5 (†) 7.7   (0.95) 9.7 (†) 2.9   (0.53) 2.9   (†) 2.6   (0.36) 3.9   (†) 5.5   (0.59) 5.8   (†) 4.3   (0.76) 4.8   (†)
Idaho 3.9   (0.23) 4.2 (0.20) 3.9   (0.21) 4.3 (0.20) 3.9   (0.24) 4.1 (0.21) 4.4   (0.26) 4.7 (0.23) 1.7   (0.20) 2.0   (0.14) 0.9   (0.13) 1.3   (0.12) 6.9   (0.38) 6.1   (0.46) 1.2   (0.28) 1.0   (0.23)
Illinois 5.4   (0.22) 5.8 (0.24) 5.0   (0.20) 5.4 (0.23) 5.8   (0.24) 6.3 (0.28) 6.7   (0.33) 7.0 (0.39) 2.5   (0.18) 4.2   (0.40) 2.8   (0.13) 3.1   (0.08) 13.1   (0.98) 13.3   (0.97) 5.4   (1.15) 5.1   (0.83)
Indiana 7.1   (0.49) 7.9 (0.40) 6.3   (0.44) 7.0 (0.36) 7.9   (0.55) 8.8 (0.49) 7.7   (0.52) 8.7 (0.50) 3.8   (0.78) 4.1   (0.54) 3.8   (0.66) 3.9   (0.39) 15.5   (2.71) 14.1   (2.08) 6.7   (1.64) 3.9   (0.56)
                                                                                         
Iowa 8.5   (0.38) 8.2 (0.26) 8.2   (0.37) 7.9 (0.25) 8.9   (0.40) 8.5 (0.29) 9.0   (0.41) 8.8 (0.30) 4.6   (0.33) 3.9   (0.11) 3.7   (0.61) 3.1   (0.38) 13.5   (1.10) 12.2   (0.97) 3.6   (0.35) 2.9   (0.25)
Kansas 3.3   (0.11) 3.0 (0.12) 3.5   (0.11) 3.2 (0.13) 3.1   (0.11) 2.9 (0.12) 3.9   (0.15) 3.6 (0.16) 1.1   (0.05) 1.0   (0.04) 1.0   (0.08) 0.8   (0.04) 5.5   (0.17) 5.4   (0.25) 1.5   (0.19) 1.8   (0.20)
Kentucky 13.0   (0.54) 14.6 (0.50) 11.9   (0.51) 13.2 (0.47) 14.2   (0.57) 16.1 (0.60) 14.2   (0.62) 15.8 (0.64) 5.2   (0.54) 7.0   (0.60) 4.6   (0.46) 5.7   (0.38) 20.2   (1.48) 21.3   (1.14) 6.6   (1.24) 7.2   (0.96)
Louisiana 3.9   (0.32) 3.4 (0.13) 3.8   (0.31) 3.2 (0.13) 4.0   (0.34) 3.5 (0.14) 5.5   (0.60) 4.8 (0.26) 1.9   (0.07) 1.6   (0.04) 4.2   (0.34) 3.3   (0.12) 11.7   (0.91) 11.7   (0.34) 2.6 ! (1.04) 2.7   (0.78)
Maine 3.0   (0.36) 3.2 (0.19) 2.9   (0.33) 3.1 (0.18) 3.2   (0.39) 3.4 (0.22) 3.1   (0.37) 3.3 (0.20) 1.3   (0.22) 1.1   (0.12) 1.2   (0.27) 2.3   (0.54) 3.8   (0.80) 5.6   (0.60) 0.8 ! (0.35) 3.1 ! (1.29)
                                                                                         
Maryland1 13.8   (†) 16.1 (†) 12.9   (†) 15.0 (†) 14.7   (†) 17.2 (†) 17.0   (†) 21.1 (†) 6.7   (†) 7.0   (†) 14.5   (†) 14.7   (†) 33.8   (†) 37.8   (†) 9.8   (†) 12.6   (†)
Massachusetts 0.8   (0.13) 0.7 (0.10) 0.7   (0.12) 0.6 (0.08) 0.9   (0.14) 0.8 (0.15) 0.8   (0.14) 0.6 (0.12) 0.7   (0.13) 0.7   (0.05) 0.8   (0.21) 0.5   (0.04) 1.9   (0.30) 1.7   (0.24) 0.9   (0.25) 0.5   (0.13)
Michigan 3.9   (0.37) 3.4 (0.29) 3.6   (0.35) 3.2 (0.28) 4.3   (0.40) 3.7 (0.32) 4.1   (0.41) 3.8 (0.34) 3.0   (0.62) 1.9   (0.44) 2.7   (0.54) 1.4   (0.18) 10.1   (1.56) 8.1   (1.30) 1.4   (0.25) 1.2   (0.19)
Minnesota 8.1   (0.37) 8.8 (0.28) 7.7   (0.36) 8.4 (0.26) 8.6   (0.38) 9.2 (0.32) 8.3   (0.44) 8.8 (0.36) 5.2   (0.34) 6.7   (0.11) 4.5   (0.20) 5.4   (0.18) 13.7   (0.33) 16.5   (0.25) 3.8   (0.57) 4.6   (0.54)
Mississippi 6.0   (0.19) 6.1 (0.20) 5.7   (0.18) 5.8 (0.19) 6.3   (0.22) 6.4 (0.22) 9.1   (0.38) 9.6 (0.41) 3.3   (0.21) 2.9   (0.11) 5.0   (0.43) 4.5   (0.37) 10.7   (0.48) 13.5   (1.47) 3.7   (0.93) 3.7   (0.64)
                                                                                         
Missouri 3.8   (0.12) 3.6 (0.11) 3.8   (0.12) 3.5 (0.11) 3.8   (0.13) 3.6 (0.11) 4.3   (0.15) 4.0 (0.14) 1.7   (0.05) 1.5   (0.08) 1.4   (0.10) 1.3   (0.09) 9.0   (0.33) 9.1   (0.36) 2.0   (0.22) 2.4   (0.20)
Montana 5.6   (0.28) 5.2 (0.20) 5.4   (0.26) 5.0 (0.20) 5.9   (0.31) 5.3 (0.21) 6.0   (0.31) 5.7 (0.24) 2.8   (0.21) 2.2   (0.22) 3.3   (0.22) 3.9   (0.29) 9.9   (0.77) 8.2   (0.62) 2.9   (0.38) 2.1   (0.23)
Nebraska 11.4   (0.31) 11.4 (0.24) 10.9   (0.30) 11.0 (0.24) 11.9   (0.32) 11.8 (0.27) 12.8   (0.38) 13.3 (0.33) 6.4   (0.06) 4.8   (0.05) 4.5   (0.32) 3.9   (0.24) 17.0   (0.25) 18.2   (0.28) 4.6   (0.94) 3.1   (0.36)
Nevada2 1.9   (0.01) 1.9 (†) 2.1   (0.01) 1.9 (†) 1.8   (0.01) 1.9 (†) 2.8   (0.01) 3.0 (†) 0.8   (#) 0.9   (†) 0.8   (0.01) 0.8   (†) 2.8   (0.02) 3.1   (†) 1.0   (0.07) 1.1   (†)
New Hampshire 2.3   (0.55) 2.6 (0.54) 2.1   (0.49) 2.5 (0.56) 2.5   (0.62) 2.7 (0.54) 2.3   (0.56) 2.6 (0.58) 0.6   (0.11) 1.1   (0.19) 1.0   (0.20) 0.9   (0.10) 5.8   (1.25) 5.9   (1.07) 0.9   (0.09)   (†)
                                                                                         
New Jersey 6.9   (0.38) 7.0 (0.35) 6.2   (0.34) 6.1 (0.31) 7.7   (0.42) 7.9 (0.43) 8.4   (0.53) 8.4 (0.55) 3.3   (0.35) 3.5   (0.36) 3.4   (0.39) 3.5   (0.33) 12.2   (1.13) 13.9   (1.50) 3.3   (0.59) 4.8   (0.61)
New Mexico 10.7   (0.26) 4.0 (0.14) 10.9   (0.27) 4.1 (0.15) 10.5   (0.26) 3.8 (0.14) 12.6   (0.42) 7.1 (0.31) 9.6   (0.18) 2.8   (0.11) 11.4   (0.37) 2.4   (0.11) 13.6   (1.09) 12.0   (1.34) 2.2   (0.17) 2.1   (0.15)
New York 2.2   (0.18) 2.9 (0.13) 2.0   (0.17) 2.6 (0.12) 2.3   (0.19) 3.2 (0.15) 3.4   (0.31) 3.3 (0.23) 0.8   (0.07) 2.4   (0.09) 0.4   (0.04) 1.5   (0.04) 1.7   (0.18) 5.5   (0.19) 1.4   (0.29) 1.5   (0.25)
North Carolina 10.9   (0.83) 10.8 (0.42) 10.3   (0.81) 10.2 (0.40) 11.6   (0.85) 11.3 (0.47) 15.7   (1.17) 15.4 (0.68) 3.9   (0.27) 4.3   (0.20) 3.0   (0.29) 3.1   (0.18) 16.5   (2.76) 17.3   (0.98) 6.3   (1.39)   (†)
North Dakota 3.1   (0.30) 2.8 (0.18) 3.0   (0.30) 2.9 (0.19) 3.2   (0.32) 2.8 (0.18) 2.8   (0.23) 2.8 (0.15) 2.3   (0.05) 1.7   (0.09) 1.5   (0.23) 1.4   (0.13) 8.1   (0.38) 5.4   (0.26) 7.0 ! (3.34) 3.3 ! (1.46)
                                                                                         
Ohio 7.4   (0.40) 7.3 (0.33) 7.3   (0.40) 7.2 (0.34) 7.6   (0.40) 7.4 (0.35) 7.6   (0.48) 7.8 (0.42) 6.5   (0.37) 4.7   (0.37) 3.5   (0.26) 3.3   (0.28) 13.6   (1.44) 14.0   (1.64) 5.6   (0.62) 5.4   (0.60)
Oklahoma 14.0   (0.45) 13.7 (0.39) 13.1   (0.41) 13.0 (0.36) 15.0   (0.50) 14.4 (0.47) 16.6   (0.56) 16.2 (0.55) 7.7   (0.22) 7.4   (0.23) 7.0   (0.27) 6.8   (0.23) 23.6   (0.56) 21.5   (0.60) 11.3   (0.67) 11.8   (0.72)
Oregon 7.1   (0.20) 6.9 (0.16) 7.3   (0.20) 7.2 (0.17) 6.9   (0.21) 6.6 (0.16) 8.0   (0.24) 8.0 (0.22) 3.6   (0.05) 3.5   (0.09) 1.8   (0.10) 2.0   (0.09) 11.6   (0.14) 11.1   (0.21) 3.6   (0.42) 3.9   (0.31)
Pennsylvania 4.8   (0.19) 4.5 (0.17) 4.9   (0.20) 4.5 (0.17) 4.8   (0.19) 4.5 (0.18) 5.3   (0.23) 5.0 (0.22) 2.7   (0.16) 2.4   (0.15) 1.8   (0.38) 1.7   (0.12) 9.5   (0.87) 9.7   (0.96) 2.2   (0.35) 1.9   (0.36)
Rhode Island 1.8   (0.38) 1.4 (0.21) 1.6   (0.35) 1.2 (0.18) 2.1   (0.41) 1.6 (0.24) 2.0   (0.44) 1.5 (0.25) 1.5   (0.47) 1.2   (0.34) 1.2   (0.48) 1.0   (0.13) 2.2   (0.60) 2.3   (0.30) 0.9 ! (0.34) 0.3 ! (0.10)
                                                                                         
South Carolina 12.7   (0.98) 11.0 (0.57) 11.7   (0.89) 10.1 (0.52) 13.9   (1.07) 11.9 (0.68) 17.8   (1.29) 15.9 (0.95) 5.9   (0.70) 5.1   (0.39) 5.1   (0.93) 4.6   (0.56) 21.6   (3.32) 19.3   (2.33) 8.3   (1.29) 8.2   (2.52)
South Dakota 2.2   (0.20) 2.7 (0.17) 2.3   (0.20) 2.8 (0.18) 2.1   (0.20) 2.5 (0.18) 2.4   (0.21) 2.9 (0.19) 1.2   (0.16) 0.9   (0.03) 0.6   (0.12) 0.7   (0.04) 3.3   (0.37) 4.2   (0.31)   (†) 1.4 ! (0.70)
Tennessee 3.3   (0.18) 1.7 (0.10) 3.1   (0.18) 1.7 (0.10) 3.5   (0.18) 1.7 (0.09) 2.9   (0.21) 2.0 (0.13) 4.5   (0.15) 0.7   (0.03) 1.6   (0.15) 0.6   (0.04) 7.9   (0.77) 4.2   (0.37) 2.9   (0.41) 1.4   (0.20)
Texas 8.0   (0.10) 7.6 (0.07) 7.5   (0.10) 7.2 (0.07) 8.5   (0.11) 8.0 (0.08) 11.2   (0.21) 10.8 (0.17) 4.9   (0.14) 4.4   (0.11) 5.6   (0.12) 5.5   (0.07) 16.4   (0.28) 16.0   (0.13) 7.1   (0.27) 7.1   (0.24)
Utah 4.6   (0.29) 5.0 (0.05) 4.3   (0.28) 4.6 (0.05) 5.0   (0.29) 5.5 (0.06) 4.5   (0.29) 4.9 (0.06) 5.1   (0.26) 4.6   (0.03) 4.4   (0.37) 4.1   (0.05) 11.7   (0.81) 12.0   (0.06) 2.6   (0.36) 2.7   (0.03)
                                                                                         
Vermont 0.8   (0.17) 0.8 (0.15) 0.8   (0.17) 0.9 (0.16) 0.9   (0.17) 0.8 (0.15) 0.8   (0.17) 0.8 (0.15) 0.4 ! (0.16) 0.5 ! (0.16) #   (†) 1.3 ! (0.57) 0.2 ! (0.10) 1.4 ! (0.41) #   (†) #   (†)
Virginia 12.1   (0.38) 12.6 (0.32) 11.5   (0.36) 12.0 (0.30) 12.8   (0.40) 13.3 (0.37) 14.9   (0.55) 15.6 (0.50) 4.6   (0.21) 5.2   (0.35) 6.7   (0.65) 7.5   (0.23) 24.5   (0.83) 26.4   (0.46) 8.3   (2.41) 13.3   (2.61)
Washington 3.8   (0.10) 3.9 (0.13) 3.6   (0.10) 3.7 (0.12) 3.9   (0.10) 4.1 (0.16) 4.2   (0.14) 4.4 (0.19) 1.4   (0.02) 1.4   (0.02) 1.8   (0.12) 1.7   (0.09) 5.0   (0.09) 5.8   (0.12) 1.6   (0.28) 1.4   (0.10)
West Virginia 2.2   (0.19) 2.2 (0.21) 2.3   (0.20) 2.2 (0.22) 2.0   (0.18) 2.1 (0.21) 2.2   (0.19) 2.2 (0.21) 1.4   (0.17) 1.6   (0.32) 1.6   (0.37) 0.9   (0.23) 9.3   (1.90) 10.9   (2.21) 3.9 ! (1.25) 2.9   (0.82)
Wisconsin 6.8   (0.47) 6.4 (0.35) 6.4   (0.44) 6.1 (0.33) 7.3   (0.51) 6.8 (0.41) 7.8   (0.55) 7.1 (0.45) 2.0   (0.21) 3.7   (0.25) 2.4   (0.23) 3.5   (0.21) 6.7   (0.55) 6.1   (0.44) 4.6 ! (2.04) 3.2 ! (1.23)
Wyoming 3.2 ! (1.04) 2.2 (0.35) 2.8 ! (0.90) 2.0 (0.32) 3.7 ! (1.19) 2.3 (0.39) 3.5 ! (1.14) 2.3 (0.39) 1.5 ! (0.47) 2.0   (0.19) 1.2   (0.29) 0.9   (0.11) 3.6   (0.31) 6.7   (1.35)   (†) 1.0   (0.16)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Data are based on universe counts of schools and school districts; therefore, these figures do not have standard errors.
2 Data for 2006 are based on universe counts of schools and school districts; therefore, these figures do not have standard errors.
NOTE: Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights, Civil Rights Data Collection: 2004 and 2006. (This table was prepared June 2008.)
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