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table 27. Number and percentage of children under age 18 living in poverty, by family structure and race/ethnicity with selected subgroups: 2006 and 2011
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Year and race/ethnicity Number of
related children1
living in poverty
(in thousands)
Percent of related children1 living in poverty
Total, all families Married-couple
household2
Mother-only household,
no spouse present2
Father-only household,
no spouse present2
1 2 3 4 5 6
2006                          
Total 12,871 (82.7) 17.9 (0.11) 8.3   (0.08) 42.1   (0.24) 21.2   (0.37)
White 4,245 (46.3) 10.3 (0.11) 4.9   (0.08) 32.0   (0.33) 16.0   (0.45)
Black 3,634 (38.0) 35.0 (0.32) 11.5   (0.40) 49.6   (0.43) 31.4   (1.09)
                           
Hispanic 4,027 (37.6) 27.6 (0.24) 18.3   (0.30) 49.3   (0.43) 25.2   (0.77)
Mexican 2,936 (33.7) 29.2 (0.29) 21.2   (0.37) 51.2   (0.54) 26.4   (0.95)
Puerto Rican 398 (13.1) 31.5 (0.83) 10.6   (0.96) 52.3   (1.11) 28.5   (3.20)
Cuban 45 (4.1) 14.8 (1.26) 6.3   (1.13) 37.3   (3.06) 12.5   (3.58)
Dominican 113 (6.0) 31.6 (1.50) 12.0   (1.57) 49.8   (2.31) 23.1   (4.85)
Salvadoran 82 (6.1) 21.5 (1.34) 14.4   (1.79) 39.1   (2.64) 19.9   (3.42)
Other Central American 130 (8.7) 25.0 (1.52) 15.4   (1.54) 45.9   (2.52) 21.8   (3.86)
South American 76 (6.5) 13.5 (1.07) 7.8   (0.96) 32.1   (2.72) 14.8   (3.70)
Other Hispanic or Latino 248 (9.5) 21.8 (0.75) 10.6   (0.75) 43.7   (1.48) 23.6   (2.56)
                           
Asian 318 (12.7) 11.3 (0.43) 9.0   (0.41) 28.5   (1.69) 13.2   (1.40)
Asian Indian 50 (4.1) 8.7 (0.65) 7.4   (0.66) 30.0   (4.97) 9.1 ! (3.25)
Chinese3 68 (4.7) 10.7 (0.69) 8.3   (0.67) 29.4   (3.16) 13.2   (3.11)
Filipino 22 (2.3) 5.1 (0.52) 2.5   (0.47) 16.3   (2.71) 10.6 ! (3.25)
Japanese 3 (0.8) 3.5 (0.91) 1.9 ! (0.80) 8.5 ! (3.41) 22.7 ! (10.77)
Korean 31 (2.9) 11.3 (0.97) 9.1   (0.96) 35.9   (5.01) 6.6 ! (3.22)
Vietnamese 55 (4.9) 16.2 (1.29) 13.2   (1.34) 30.3   (3.96) 19.1   (4.08)
Other Asian 89 (8.0) 19.4 (1.57) 16.7   (1.67) 37.9   (4.44) 14.4   (3.03)
                           
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 24 (3.1) 23.3 (2.70) 20.3   (3.46) 33.2   (6.30) 20.5 ! (6.69)
American Indian/Alaska Native 196 (8.5) 35.1 (1.31) 19.6   (1.51) 52.7   (2.00) 41.2   (3.83)
                           
Two or more races 378 (11.6) 18.8 (0.51) 6.0   (0.42) 40.4   (1.08) 20.2   (1.96)
White and Black 206 (9.3) 26.8 (1.08) 8.6   (1.15) 42.5   (1.57) 24.4   (3.91)
White and Asian 30 (2.3) 6.0 (0.43) 2.7   (0.41) 25.5   (2.40) 10.3   (2.98)
White and American Indian/Alaska Native 57 (3.4) 18.6 (1.02) 8.8   (0.94) 42.2   (2.54) 20.0   (3.63)
Other two or more races 84 (5.2) 19.5 (1.01) 6.0   (0.79) 40.5   (2.03) 20.4   (3.88)
2011                          
Total 15,947 (97.0) 22.0 (0.13) 11.2   (0.11) 45.3   (0.25) 27.1   (0.32)
White 5,013 (46.4) 13.0 (0.12) 6.8   (0.10) 35.5   (0.33) 20.3   (0.43)
Black 3,859 (36.7) 38.7 (0.32) 15.1   (0.48) 52.0   (0.41) 36.0   (0.96)
                           
Hispanic 5,741 (47.8) 33.7 (0.28) 23.3   (0.32) 51.8   (0.43) 34.4   (0.78)
Mexican 4,221 (41.2) 35.4 (0.33) 26.4   (0.38) 53.3   (0.53) 35.4   (0.92)
Puerto Rican 568 (13.0) 36.3 (0.75) 14.0   (0.92) 55.1   (1.21) 37.1   (2.77)
Cuban 86 (5.8) 22.4 (1.43) 13.0   (1.34) 42.3   (2.94) 25.0   (4.04)
Dominican 164 (7.2) 37.2 (1.35) 18.8   (1.74) 52.4   (2.06) 26.4   (4.17)
Salvadoran 168 (8.8) 29.5 (1.39) 20.4   (1.64) 46.8   (2.47) 26.4   (4.14)
Other Central American 244 (11.2) 33.9 (1.21) 22.2   (1.51) 49.5   (2.15) 43.6   (3.79)
South American 117 (5.7) 15.9 (0.77) 10.2   (0.79) 29.9   (2.02) 22.2   (3.95)
Other Hispanic or Latino 171 (8.6) 24.1 (1.04) 12.1   (1.13) 44.7   (1.74) 27.5   (3.79)
                           
Asian 392 (11.3) 12.5 (0.35) 9.4   (0.39) 30.7   (1.28) 22.3   (2.09)
Asian Indian 48 (3.6) 6.7 (0.50) 5.9   (0.50) 22.7   (3.77) 12.2 ! (4.08)
Chinese3 68 (4.0) 10.1 (0.60) 7.6   (0.52) 26.4   (2.44) 22.9   (4.77)
Filipino 29 (3.2) 6.8 (0.74) 3.9   (0.72) 18.8   (2.53) 8.8 ! (2.69)
Japanese 6 (1.2) 7.5 (1.45) 3.8   (0.94) 31.8 ! (10.93)   (†)
Korean 31 (2.9) 12.0 (1.06) 8.7   (1.09) 37.8   (4.51) 23.0 ! (8.20)
Vietnamese 67 (3.7) 17.0 (0.88) 12.5   (0.95) 36.2   (3.29) 21.5   (4.62)
Other Asian 144 (8.0) 24.1 (1.18) 19.9   (1.40) 40.3   (2.93) 32.8   (4.79)
                           
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 39 (4.0) 30.2 (2.63) 26.5   (3.20) 45.6   (5.45) 18.9 ! (7.23)
American Indian/Alaska Native 200 (5.8) 35.7 (0.95) 19.5   (1.30) 51.9   (1.40) 38.9   (2.54)
                           
Two or more races 653 (16.5) 22.3 (0.51) 9.2   (0.45) 43.6   (0.98) 25.3   (1.89)
White and Black 375 (12.4) 31.1 (0.82) 11.7   (0.89) 46.5   (1.21) 32.7   (3.10)
White and Asian 70 (5.2) 9.1 (0.68) 6.1   (0.64) 29.1   (2.94) 8.0   (1.78)
White and American Indian/Alaska Native 81 (4.8) 21.8 (1.24) 10.4   (0.89) 44.1   (2.64) 25.3   (3.21)
Other two or more races 127 (7.0) 21.7 (0.99) 10.3   (0.95) 41.3   (2.08) 20.4   (3.29)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 Related children in a family include all children in the household who are related to the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption (except a child who is the spouse of the householder). The householder is the person (or one of the people) who owns or rents (maintains) the housing unit. This table includes only children related to the householder. It excludes unrelated children and householders who are themselves under the age of 18.
2 To determine family structure, children are classified by their parents’ marital status or, if no parents are present in the household, by the marital status of the householder who is related to the children. Mother-only households are those that have only a female householder, and father-only households are those that have only a male householder.
3 Excludes Taiwanese. Taiwanese is included in "Other Asian."
NOTE: Data may differ from Current Population Survey data that are shown in other tables. American Community Survey respondents were interviewed throughout the given year and reported the income they received during the previous 12 months. For information about how the Census Bureau determines who is in poverty, see http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/about/overview/measure.html. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 2006 and 2011. (This table was prepared February 2013.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
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