Skip Navigation
small NCES header image
Table 5. Number of educational institutions, by level and control of institution: Selected years, 1980-81 through 2010-11
Level and control of institution 1980-81 1990-91 1999-2000 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
All institutions 131,414 136,465 136,819 138,899 139,207 138,925
Elementary and secondary
      schools
106,746 109,228 125,007 130,007 130,407 132,436 132,656 132,183
Elementary 72,659 74,716 86,433 89,277 89,252 88,896 88,982 88,565
Secondary 24,856 23,602 24,903 24,884 25,476 26,925 27,575 27,427
Combined 5,202 8,847 12,197 14,430 13,931 14,964 14,837 14,895
Other1 4,029 2,063 1,474 1,416 1,749 1,651 1,262 1,296
                             
Public schools 85,982 84,538 92,012 93,273 94,112 95,615 95,726 96,513 97,382 98,793 98,916 98,706 98,817 98,817
Elementary 59,326 59,015 64,131 64,601 65,228 65,718 65,758 65,984 66,026 66,458 67,112 67,148 67,140 67,086
Secondary 22,619 21,135 22,365 21,994 22,180 22,599 22,782 23,445 23,998 23,920 24,643 24,348 24,651 24,544
Combined 1,743 2,325 4,042 5,096 5,288 5,552 5,437 5,572 5,707 5,984 5,899 5,623 5,730 6,137
Other1 2,294 2,063 1,474 1,582 1,416 1,746 1,749 1,512 1,651 2,431 1,262 1,587 1,296 1,050
                             
Private schools2 20,764 24,690 32,995 35,895 34,681 35,054 33,740 33,366
Elementary 13,333 15,701 22,302 24,049 23,494 22,870 21,870 21,425
Schools with highest
      grade of kindergarten
5,952 6,622 6,297 6,059 5,522 5,275
Secondary 2,237 2,467 2,538 2,704 2,694 2,927 2,932 2,776
Combined 3,459 6,522 8,155 9,142 8,494 9,257 8,938 9,165
Other1 1,735 (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (3)
Postsecondary Title IV
      institutions
6,407 6,479 6,458 6,354 6,412 6,383 6,463 6,536 6,551 6,632 6,742 7,021
Public 2,078 2,084 2,099 2,051 2,047 2,027 2,013 2,009 2,004 1,997 1,989 2,015
Private 4,329 4,395 4,359 4,303 4,365 4,356 4,450 4,527 4,547 4,635 4,753 5,006
Nonprofit 1,936 1,950 1,941 1,921 1,913 1,875 1,866 1,848 1,815 1,809 1,809 1,812
For-profit 2,393 2,445 2,418 2,382 2,452 2,481 2,584 2,679 2,732 2,826 2,944 3,194
                             
Title IV non-degree-                            
granting institutions 2,323 2,297 2,261 2,186 2,176 2,167 2,187 2,222 2,199 2,223 2,247 2,422
Public 396 386 386 339 327 327 320 321 319 321 317 359
Private 1,927 1,911 1,875 1,847 1,849 1,840 1,867 1,901 1,880 1,902 1,930 2,063
Nonprofit 255 255 265 256 249 238 219 208 191 180 185 182
For-profit 1,672 1,656 1,610 1,591 1,600 1,602 1,648 1,693 1,689 1,722 1,745 1,881
                             
Title IV degree-granting                            
institutions 3,231 3,559 4,084 4,182 4,197 4,168 4,236 4,216 4,276 4,314 4,352 4,409 4,495 4,599
2-year colleges 1,274 1,418 1,721 1,732 1,710 1,702 1,706 1,683 1,694 1,685 1,677 1,690 1,721 1,729
Public 945 972 1,068 1,076 1,085 1,081 1,086 1,061 1,053 1,045 1,032 1,024 1,000 978
Private 329 446 653 656 625 621 620 622 641 640 645 666 721 751
Nonprofit 182 167 150 144 135 127 118 112 113 107 92 92 85 87
For-profit 147 279 503 512 490 494 502 510 528 533 553 574 636 664
                             
4-year colleges 1,957 2,141 2,363 2,450 2,487 2,466 2,530 2,533 2,582 2,629 2,675 2,719 2,774 2,870
Public 552 595 614 622 628 631 634 639 640 643 653 652 672 678
Private 1,405 1,546 1,749 1,828 1,859 1,835 1,896 1,894 1,942 1,986 2,022 2,067 2,102 2,192
Nonprofit 1,387 1,482 1,531 1,551 1,541 1,538 1,546 1,525 1,534 1,533 1,532 1,537 1,539 1,543
For-profit 18 64 218 277 318 297 350 369 408 453 490 530 563 649
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
1 Includes special education, alternative, and other schools not classified by grade span. Because of changes in survey definitions, figures for "other" schools are not comparable from year to year.
2 Data for 1980-81 and 1990-91 include schools with first or higher grades. Data for 1997-98 and later years include schools with kindergarten or higher grades.
3 Included in the elementary, secondary, and combined categories.
NOTE: Postsecondary data for 1980-81 and 1990-91 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for Title IV degree-granting and non-degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey," 1989-90 through 2010-11; Private Schools in American Education; Statistics of Public Elementary and Secondary Day Schools, 1980-81; Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Private School Data File," 1990-91; Private School Universe Survey (PSS), 1995-96 through 2009-10; Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Institutional Characteristics of Colleges and Universities" survey, 1980-81; Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Institutional Characteristics Survey" (IPEDS-IC:90-99); and IPEDS Fall 2001 through Fall 2010, Institutional Characteristics component. (This table was prepared December 2012.)
Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.
National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education