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Digest of Education Statistics: 2011
Digest of Education Statistics: 2011

NCES 2012-001
May 2012

List of Tables by Chapter


Chapter 2. Elementary and Secondary Education


Enrollment

Table 35.Historical summary of public elementary and secondary school statistics: Selected years, 1869–70 through 2008–09
Table 36.Enrollment in public elementary and secondary schools, by state or jurisdiction: Selected years, fall 1990 through fall 2014
Table 37.Enrollment in public elementary and secondary schools, by level, grade, and state or jurisdiction: Fall 2009
Table 38.Enrollment in public elementary and secondary schools, by level, grade, and state or jurisdiction: Fall 2008
Table 39.Enrollment in public elementary and secondary schools, by level and grade: Selected years, fall 1980 through fall 2009
Table 40.Number and percentage of homeschooled students ages 5 through 17 with a grade equivalent of kindergarten through 12th grade, by selected child, parent, and household characteristics: 1999, 2003, and 2007
Table 41.Percentage distribution of students ages 5 through 17 attending kindergarten through 12th grade, by school type or participation in homeschooling and selected child, parent, and household characteristics: 1999, 2003, and 2007
Table 42.Average daily attendance in public elementary and secondary schools, by state or jurisdiction: Selected years, 1969-70 through 2008-09
Table 43.Average daily attendance (ADA) as a percentage of total enrollment, school day length, and school year length in public schools, by school level and state: 2003-04 and 2007-08
Table 44.Percentage distribution of enrollment in public elementary and secondary schools, by race/ethnicity and state or jurisdiction: Fall 1999 and fall 2009
Table 45.Number and percentage of public school students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch, by state: Selected years, 2000-01 through 2009-10
Table 46.Children 3 to 21 years old served under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Part B, by type of disability: Selected years, 1976-77 through 2009-10
Table 47.Percentage distribution of students 6 to 21 years old served under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Part B, by educational environment and type of disability: Selected years, fall 1989 through fall 2009
Table 48.Number and percentage of children served under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Part B, by age group and state or jurisdiction: Selected years, 1990–91 through 2009–10
Table 49.Number of gifted and talented students in public elementary and secondary schools, by sex, race/ethnicity, and state: 2004 and 2006
Table 50.Percentage of gifted and talented students in public elementary and secondary schools, by sex, race/ethnicity, and state: 2004 and 2006
Table 51.Enrollment in grades 9 through 12 in public and private schools compared with population 14 through 17 years of age: Selected years, 1889-90 through fall 2011
Table 52.Enrollment in foreign language courses compared with enrollment in grades 9 through 12 in public secondary schools: Selected years, fall 1948 through fall 2000

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Enrollment Status and Child Care Arrangements of Young Children

Table 53.Enrollment of 3-, 4-, and 5-year-old children in preprimary programs, by level of program, control of program, and attendance status: Selected years, 1965 through 2010
Table 54.Number of children under 6 years old and not yet enrolled in kindergarten, percentage in center-based programs, average weekly hours in nonparental care, and percentage in various types of primary care arrangements, by selected child and family characteristics: 2005
Table 55.Child care arrangements of 3- to 5-year-old children who are not yet in kindergarten, by age and race/ethnicity: Various years, 1991 through 2005
Table 56.Percentage distribution of children at about 2 and 4 years of age, by type of child care arrangement and selected child and family characteristics: 2003-04 and 2005-06
Table 57.Percentage distribution of quality rating of child care arrangements of children at about 4 years of age, by type of arrangement and selected child and family characteristics: 2005-06
Table 58.Children of prekindergarten through second-grade age, by enrollment status, selected maternal characteristics, and household income: 1995, 2001, and 2005

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Parent Involvement in Education

Table 59.Number of 3- to 5-year-olds not yet enrolled in kindergarten and percentage participating in home literacy activities with a family member, by type and frequency of activity and selected child and family characteristics: 1993, 2001, and 2007
Table 60.Percentage of kindergartners through fifth-graders whose parents reported doing education-related activities with their children in the past month, by selected child, parent, and school characteristics: 1999, 2003, and 2007
Table 61.Percentage of kindergartners through fifth-graders whose parents reported doing education-related activities with their children in the past week, by selected child, parent, and school characteristics: 1999, 2003, and 2007
Table 62.Percentage of elementary and secondary school children whose parents were involved in school activities, by selected child, parent, and school characteristics: 1999, 2003, and 2007

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Private Elementary and Secondary Schools

Table 63.Number and percentage distribution of private elementary and secondary students, teachers, and schools, by orientation of school and selected school and student characteristics: Fall 1999, fall 2007, and fall 2009
Table 64.Private elementary and secondary enrollment, number of schools, and average tuition, by school level, orientation, and tuition: 1999–2000, 2003–04, and 2007-08
Table 65.Private elementary and secondary school full-time-equivalent (FTE) staff and student to FTE staff ratios, by orientation of school, school level, and type of staff: 2007-08
Table 66.Enrollment and instructional staff in Catholic elementary and secondary schools, by level: Selected years, 1919-20 through 2010-11
Table 67.Private elementary and secondary schools, enrollment, teachers, and high school graduates, by state: Selected years, 1999 through 2009

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Teachers and Other Staff

Table 68.Public elementary and secondary pupil/teacher ratios, by selected school characteristics: Fall 1989 through fall 2009
Table 69.Public and private elementary and secondary teachers, enrollment, and pupil/teacher ratios: Selected years, fall 1955 through fall 2020
Table 70.Public elementary and secondary teachers, by level and state or jurisdiction: Selected years, fall 2000 through fall 2009
Table 71.Teachers, enrollment, and pupil/teacher ratios in public elementary and secondary schools, by state or jurisdiction: Selected years, fall 2000 through fall 2009
Table 72.Highest degree earned, years of full-time teaching experience, and average class size for teachers in public elementary and secondary schools, by state: 2007-08
Table 73.Highest degree earned and years of full-time teaching experience for teachers in public and private elementary and secondary schools, by selected teacher characteristics: 1999-2000, 2003-04, and 2007-08
Table 74.Selected characteristics of public school teachers: Selected years, spring 1961 through spring 2006
Table 75.Percentage of public school teachers of grades 9 through 12, by field of main teaching assignment and selected demographic and educational characteristics: 2007-08
Table 76.Percentage of teachers indicating that certain issues are serious problems in their schools and that certain problems occur daily, by level and control of school: Selected years, 1987-88 through 2007–08
Table 77.Teachers' perceptions about teaching and school conditions, by control and level of school: Selected years, 1993–94 through 2007–08
Table 78.Mobility of public and private elementary and secondary teachers, by selected teacher and school characteristics: Selected years, 1987–88 through 2008–09
Table 79.Average base salary for full-time teachers in public elementary and secondary schools, by highest degree earned and years of full-time teaching: Selected years, 1990–91 through 2007–08
Table 80.Average salaries for full-time teachers in public and private elementary and secondary schools, by selected characteristics: 2007-08
Table 81.Average base salary for full-time public elementary and secondary school teachers with a bachelor's degree as their highest degree, by years of full-time teaching experience and state: 1993-94, 1999-2000, 2003-04, and 2007-08
Table 82.Average base salary for full-time public elementary and secondary school teachers with a master's degree as their highest degree, by years of full-time teaching experience and state: 1993-94, 1999-2000, 2003-04, and 2007-08
Table 83.Estimated average annual salary of teachers in public elementary and secondary schools: Selected years, 1959-60 through 2010-11
Table 84.Estimated average annual salary of teachers in public elementary and secondary schools, by state: Selected years, 1969-70 through 2010-11
Table 85.Staff employed in public elementary and secondary school systems, by functional area: Selected years, 1949-50 through fall 2009
Table 86.Staff employed in public elementary and secondary school systems, by type of assignment and state or jurisdiction: Fall 2009
Table 87.Staff employed in public elementary and secondary school systems, by type of assignment and state or jurisdiction: Fall 2008
Table 88.Staff, teachers, and teachers as a percentage of staff in public elementary and secondary school systems, by state or jurisdiction: Selected years, fall 2000 through fall 2009
Table 89.Staff, enrollment, and pupil/staff ratios in public elementary and secondary school systems, by state or jurisdiction: Selected years, fall 2000 through fall 2009
Table 90.Number, highest degree, experience, and salaries of principals in public and private elementary and secondary schools, by selected characteristics: 1993-94, 2003-04, and 2007-08

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Schools and School Districts

Table 91.Number of public school districts and public and private elementary and secondary schools: Selected years, 1869-70 through 2009-10
Table 92.Number and enrollment of regular public school districts, by enrollment size of district: Selected years, 1979-80 through 2009-10
Table 93.Number of public elementary and secondary education agencies, by type of agency and state or jurisdiction: 2008-09 and 2009-10
Table 94.Public elementary and secondary enrollment, student race/ethnicity, schools, school size, and pupil/teacher ratios, by type of locale: 2008-09 and 2009-10
Table 95.Selected statistics on enrollment, teachers, dropouts, and graduates in public school districts enrolling more than 15,000 students: Selected years, 1990 through 2009
Table 96.Revenues, expenditures, poverty rate, and Title I allocations of public school districts enrolling more than 15,000 students: 2008–09 and fiscal year 2011
Table 97.Enrollment, poverty, and federal funds for the 100 largest school districts, by enrollment size in 2009: Fall 2009, 2008-09, and federal fiscal year 2011
Table 98.Public elementary and secondary schools, by level of school: Selected years, 1967-68 through 2009-10
Table 99.Number and percentage distribution of public elementary and secondary schools and enrollment, by level, type, and enrollment size of school: 2007-08, 2008-09, and 2009-10
Table 100.Average enrollment and percentage distribution of public elementary and secondary schools, by level, type, and enrollment size: Selected years, 1982-83 through 2009-10
Table 101.Number and enrollment of public elementary and secondary schools, by school type, level, and charter and magnet status: Selected years, 1990-91 through 2009-10
Table 102.Public elementary and secondary school students, by racial/ethnic enrollment concentration of school: Fall 1995, fall 2000, and fall 2009
Table 103.Public elementary and secondary schools, by level, type, and state or jurisdiction: 1990-91, 2000-01, and 2009-10
Table 104.Public elementary schools, by grade span, average school size, and state or jurisdiction: 2009-10
Table 105.Public secondary schools, by grade span, average school size, and state or jurisdiction: 2009-10
Table 106.Number and enrollment of traditional public and public charter elementary and secondary schools and percentages of students, teachers, and schools, by selected characteristics: 2007-08
Table 107.Percentage of public schools with permanent and portable (temporary) buildings and with environmental factors that interfere with instruction in classrooms, by selected school characteristics, type of factor, and extent of interference: 2005
Table 108.Percentage of public schools with enrollment under, at, or over capacity, by selected school characteristics: 1999 and 2005

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Computers and Technology

Table 109.Number and internet access of instructional computers and rooms in public schools, by selected school characteristics: Selected years, 1995 through 2008
Table 110.Percentage of public school districts with students enrolled in technology-based distance education courses and number of enrollments in such courses, by instructional level and district characteristics: 2002-03, 2004–05, and 2009-10

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High School Completers and Dropouts

Table 111.High school graduates, by sex and control of school: Selected years, 1869-70 through 2020-21
Table 112.Public high school graduates, by state or jurisdiction: Selected years, 1980-81 through 2009-10
Table 113.Averaged freshman graduation rates for public secondary schools, by state or jurisdiction: Selected years, 1990-91 through 2008-09
Table 114.Public high school graduates and dropouts, by race/ethnicity and state or jurisdiction: 2008-09
Table 115.General Educational Development (GED) test takers and test passers, by age: 1971 through 2010
Table 116.Percentage of high school dropouts among persons 16 through 24 years old (status dropout rate), by sex and race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1960 through 2010
Table 117.Percentage of high school dropouts among persons 16 through 24 years old (status dropout rate), by income level, and percentage distribution of status dropouts, by labor force status and educational attainment: 1970 through 2010
Table 118.Number of 14- through 21-year-old students served under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Part B, who exited school, by exit reason, age, and type of disability: 2007-08 and 2008-09

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Educational Achievement

Table 119.Percentage of children demonstrating specific cognitive and motor skills at about 9 months of age, by child's age and selected characteristics: 2001-02
Table 120.Percentage of children demonstrating specific cognitive skills, motor skills, and secure emotional attachment to parents at about 2 years of age, by selected characteristics: 2003-04
Table 121.Children's reading, language, mathematics, color knowledge, and fine motor skills at about 4 years of age, by age of child and selected characteristics: 2005-06
Table 122.Children's reading, mathematics, and fine motor scale scores at kindergarten entry, by age of child and selected characteristics: 2006-07 and 2007-08
Table 123.Mean reading scale scores and specific reading skills of fall 1998 first-time kindergartners, by time of assessment and selected characteristics: Selected years, fall 1998 through spring 2007
Table 124.Mean mathematics and science scale scores and specific mathematics skills of fall 1998 first-time kindergartners, by time of assessment and selected characteristics: Selected years, fall 1998 through spring 2007
Table 125.Average reading scale score, by age and selected student and school characteristics: Selected years, 1971 through 2008
Table 126.Average reading scale score and standard deviation, by sex, race/ethnicity, percentile, and grade: Selected years, 1992 through 2011
Table 127.Average reading scale score, by grade and selected student and school characteristics: Selected years, 1992 through 2011
Table 128. Average reading scale scores and percentage distribution of 9-, 13-, and 17-year-olds, by amount of reading for school, frequency of reading for fun, and time spent doing homework and watching TV/video: Selected years, 1984 through 2008
Table 129.Percentage of students at or above selected reading score levels, by age, sex, and race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1971 through 2008
Table 130.Average reading scale score of 4th-grade public school students and percentage attaining reading achievement levels, by state: Selected years, 1992 through 2011
Table 131.Average reading scale score and percentage of 4th-grade public school students, by race/ethnicity and state: 2011
Table 132.Average reading scale score of 8th-grade public school students and percentage attaining reading achievement levels, by locale and state: Selected years, 2003 through 2011
Table 133.Average reading scale scores of 4th- and 8th-grade public school students and percentage at or above selected reading achievement levels, by race/ethnicity and jurisdiction or specific urban district: 2007, 2009, and 2011
Table 134.Average reading scale scores of 4th- and 8th-graders in public schools and percentage scoring at or above selected reading achievement levels, by English language learner (ELL) status and state: 2011
Table 135.Average writing scale score and percentage of students attaining writing achievement levels, by selected student characteristics and grade level: 2002 and 2007
Table 136.Average arts scale score of 8th-graders, percentage distribution by frequency of instruction, and percentage participating in selected activities, by subject and selected student and school characteristics: 2008
Table 137.Average U.S. history scale score, standard deviation, and percentage of students attaining U.S. history achievement levels, by grade level, selected student characteristics, and percentile: Selected years, 1994 through 2010
Table 138.Average civics scale score and percentage of students attaining civics achievement levels, by grade level and selected student characteristics: 1998, 2006, and 2010
Table 139.Average economics scale score of 12th-graders, percentage attaining economics achievement levels, and percentage with different levels of economics coursework, by selected student and school characteristics: 2006
Table 140.Average geography scale score, standard deviation, and percentage of students attaining geography achievement levels, by grade level, selected student characteristics, and percentile: 1994, 2001, and 2010
Table 141.Average mathematics scale score, by age and selected student and school characteristics: Selected years, 1973 through 2008
Table 142.Percentage of students at or above selected mathematics proficiency levels, by age, sex, and race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1978 through 2008
Table 143.Mathematics performance of 17-year-olds, by highest mathematics course taken, sex, and race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1978 through 2008
Table 144.Average mathematics scale score, by grade and selected student and school characteristics: Selected years, 1990 through 2011
Table 145.Average mathematics scale score of 8th-graders and percentage reporting various attitudes toward mathematics work, by frequency of attitude and selected student and school characteristics: 2011
Table 146.Average mathematics scale score of 4th-grade public school students and percentage attaining mathematics achievement levels, by state: Selected years, 1992 through 2011
Table 147.Average mathematics scale score of 8th-grade public school students and percentage attaining mathematics achievement levels, by state: Selected years, 1990 through 2011
Table 148.Average mathematics scale score of 8th-grade public school students, by race/ethnicity, level of parental education, and state: 2011
Table 149.Average mathematics scale scores of 4th- and 8th-grade public school students and percentage at or above selected mathematics achievement levels, by race/ethnicity and jurisdiction or specific urban district: 2007, 2009, and 2011
Table 150.Average science scale score, standard deviation, and percentage of students attaining science achievement levels, by grade level, selected student and school characteristics, and percentile: 2009
Table 151.Average science scale scores of 4th- and 8th-grade public school students, by race/ethnicity and state: 2009
Table 152.Average science scale scores of 12th-graders reporting various educational goals and attitudes toward science, and percentages of students reporting these goals and attitudes, by selected student characteristics: 2009
Table 153.SAT mean scores of college-bound seniors, by race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1986-87 through 2010-11
Table 154.SAT mean scores of college-bound seniors, by sex: 1966-67 through 2010-11
Table 155.SAT mean scores and percentage distribution of college-bound seniors, by selected student characteristics: Selected years, 1995-96 through 2010-11
Table 156.SAT mean scores of college-bound seniors and percentage of graduates taking SAT, by state: Selected years, 1995-96 through 2010-11
Table 157.ACT score averages and standard deviations, by sex and race/ethnicity, and percentage of ACT test takers, by selected composite score ranges and planned fields of study: Selected years, 1995 through 2011
Table 158.Percentage distribution of elementary and secondary school children, by average grades and selected child and school characteristics: 1996, 2003, and 2007

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Coursetaking

Table 159.Average number of Carnegie units earned by public high school graduates in various subject fields, by sex and race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1982 through 2009
Table 160.Average number of Carnegie units earned by public high school graduates in career/technical education courses in various occupational fields, by sex and race/ethnicity, and percentage distribution of students, by units earned: Selected years, 2000 through 2009
Table 161.Percentage of public and private high school graduates taking selected mathematics and science courses in high school, by sex and race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1982 through 2009
Table 162.Percentage of public and private high school graduates earning minimum credits in selected combinations of academic courses, by sex and race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1982 through 2009
Table 163.Number and percentage of public high school graduates taking dual credit, Advanced Placement (AP), and International Baccalaureate (IB) courses in high school and average Carnegie units earned, by selected student and school characteristics: 2005 and 2009

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Student Activities and Behavior

Table 164.Percentage of high school seniors who say they engage in various activities, by selected student and school characteristics: 1992 and 2004
Table 165.Percentage of high school seniors who participate in various school-sponsored extracurricular activities, by selected student characteristics: 1992 and 2004
Table 166.Percentage of elementary and secondary school students who do homework outside of school, whose parents check that homework is done, and whose parents help with homework, by frequency and selected student and school characteristics: 2003 and 2007
Table 167.Tenth-graders' attendance patterns, by selected student and school characteristics: 1990 and 2002
Table 168.Percentage of schools with various security measures, by school control and selected characteristics: 2007-08
Table 169.Number and percentage of public schools reporting crime incidents, and number and rate of incidents, by school characteristics and type of incident: 1999-2000, 2007-08, and 2009-10
Table 170.Number of students suspended and expelled from public elementary and secondary schools, by sex, race/ethnicity, and state: 2006
Table 171.Percentage of students suspended and expelled from public elementary and secondary schools, by sex, race/ethnicity, and state: 2006
Table 172.Percentage of students in grades 9 through 12 who reported experience with drugs and violence on school property, by race/ethnicity, grade, and sex: Selected years, 1997 through 2009
Table 173.Percentage of 12- to 17-year-olds reporting use of illicit drugs, alcohol, and cigarettes during the past 30 days and the past year, by substance used, sex, and race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1985 through 2009
Table 174.Percentage of high school seniors reporting drug use, by type of drug and reporting period: Selected years, 1975 through 2010

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State Regulations

Table 175.Age range for compulsory school attendance and special education services, and policies on year-round schools and kindergarten programs, by state: Selected years, 2000 through 2011
Table 176.Minimum amount of instructional time per year and policy on textbook selection, by state: 2000, 2006, 2008, and 2011
Table 177.Credit requirements and exit exam requirements for a standard high school diploma and the use of other high school completion credentials, by state: 2008 and 2011
Table 178.States that use criterion-referenced tests (CRTs) aligned to state standards, by subject area and level: 2006-07
Table 179.States requiring testing for initial certification of elementary and secondary teachers, by skills or knowledge assessment and state: 2010 and 2011

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Revenues and Expenditures

Table 180.Revenues for public elementary and secondary schools, by source of funds: Selected years, 1919-20 through 2008-09
Table 181.Revenues for public elementary and secondary schools, by source and state or jurisdiction: 2008-09
Table 182.Revenues for public elementary and secondary schools, by source and state or jurisdiction: 2007-08
Table 183.Summary of expenditures for public elementary and secondary education, by purpose: Selected years, 1919-20 through 2008-09
Table 184.Students transported at public expense and current expenditures for transportation: Selected years, 1929-30 through 2008-09
Table 185.Current expenditures for public elementary and secondary education, by state or jurisdiction: Selected years, 1969-70 through 2008-09
Table 186.Total expenditures for public elementary and secondary education, by function and state or jurisdiction: 2008-09
Table 187.Total expenditures for public elementary and secondary education, by function and state or jurisdiction: 2007-08
Table 188.Total expenditures for public elementary and secondary education, by function and subfunction: Selected years, 1990-91 through 2008-09
Table 189.Expenditures for instruction in public elementary and secondary schools, by subfunction and state or jurisdiction: 2007-08 and 2008-09
Table 190.Public elementary and secondary revenues and expenditures, by type of locale: 2008-09
Table 191.Total and current expenditures per pupil in public elementary and secondary schools: Selected years, 1919-20 through 2008-09
Table 192.Total and current expenditures per pupil in fall enrollment in public elementary and secondary education, by function and state or jurisdiction: 2008-09
Table 193.Total and current expenditures per pupil in fall enrollment in public elementary and secondary education, by function and state or jurisdiction: 2007-08
Table 194.Current expenditure per pupil in fall enrollment in public elementary and secondary schools, by state or jurisdiction: Selected years, 1969-70 through 2008-09
Table 195.Current expenditure per pupil in average daily attendance in public elementary and secondary schools, by state or jurisdiction: Selected years, 1969-70 through 2008-09

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