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Table 434. Collections, staff, and operating expenditures of degree-granting institution libraries: Selected years, 1976-77 through 2007-08
Collections, staff, and operating expenditures 1976-771 1981-82 1987-88 1991-92 1994-95 1996-97 1997-98 1999-2000 2001-02 2003-04 2005-06 2007-08
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Number of libraries 3,058   3,104   3,438 3,274 3,303 3,408 3,658   3,527   3,568   3,653   3,617   3,827  
Number of circulation transactions (in thousands)     231,503 230,733 216,067   193,948   189,248   200,204   187,236   178,766  
                                         
Enrollment (in thousands)                                        
Total enrollment2 11,121   12,372   12,767 14,359 14,279 14,300 14,502   14,791   15,928   16,911   17,487   18,248  
Full-time-equivalent enrollment2 8,313   9,015   9,230 10,361 10,348 10,402 10,615   10,944   11,766   12,688   13,201   13,783  
                                         
Collections (in thousands)                                        
Number of volumes at end of year 481,442   567,826   718,504 749,429 776,447 806,717 878,906 3  913,547   954,030   982,590   1,015,658   1,052,531  
Number of volumes added during year 22,367   19,507   21,907 20,982 21,544 21,346 24,551   24,436   24,574   24,615   22,241   23,990  
Number of serial subscriptions at end of year 4,670   4,890   6,416 6,966 6,212 5,709 10,908 4  7,499 5  9,855 4  12,764 4  16,361 4  25,342 4 
Microform units at end of year     1,062,082   1,111,389   1,143,678   1,173,287   1,166,295   1,157,365  
Electronic units at end of year6     465 983 3,473            
E-books at end of year         10,318   32,775   64,366   102,502  
                                         
Full-time-equivalent (FTE) library staff                                        
Total staff in regular positions7 57,087   58,476   67,251 67,166 67,433 67,581 68,337   69,123   69,526   69,047   69,615   69,328  
Librarians and professional staff 23,308   23,816   25,115 26,341 26,726 27,268 30,041   31,001   32,053   32,280   33,265   34,520  
Other paid staff 33,779   34,660   40,733 40,421 40,381 40,022 38,026   37,893   37,473   36,767   36,350   34,808  
Contributed services     1,403 404 326 291 270   229          
Student assistants     33,821 29,075 28,411 27,998 28,373   26,518   25,305   25,038   23,976   24,110  
FTE student enrollment per FTE staff member 146   154   137 154 153 154 155   158   169   184   190   199  
Hours of student and other assistance
   (in thousands)
39,950   40,068              
                                         
Library operating expenditures8                                        
Total operating expenditures (in thousands) $1,259,637   $1,943,769   $2,770,075 $3,648,654 $4,013,333 $4,301,815 $4,592,657   $5,023,198   $5,416,716   $5,751,247   $6,234,192   $6,785,542  
Salaries and wages 608,173 9  914,379 9  1,451,551 1,889,368 2,021,233 2,147,842 2,314,380   2,430,541   2,753,404   2,913,221   3,102,561   3,342,082  
Student hourly wages 68,683   100,847   (10) (10) (10) (10) (10)   (10)   (10)   (10)   (10)   (10)  
Fringe benefits 89,917   167,515     271,954          
Preservation 22,521   30,351   34,144 43,126 46,554 45,610 42,919   43,832   46,499   42,976   41,102   41,591  
Furniture/equipment     55,915 56,128 57,013   63,459          
Computer hardware/software     128,128 157,949 164,379   160,294   155,791   143,042   153,002   158,698  
Bibliographic utilities/networks/consortia     81,106 85,113 89,618   90,264   92,242   101,293   106,268   113,427  
Information resources 373,699   561,199   891,281 1,197,293 1,348,933 1,499,249 1,600,995   1,822,277   1,944,490   2,114,555   2,334,382   2,621,491  
Books and serial backfiles—paper     514,048   552,100   563,007   550,599   572,228   611,192  
Books and serial backfiles—electronic     28,061   33,888   44,792   65,597   93,778   133,586  
Current serials—paper     849,399   945,958   926,105   883,534   830,137   699,906  
Current serials—electronic     125,470   203,371   297,657   480,138   691,585   1,004,393  
Audiovisual materials     23,879 28,753 28,879 30,623   32,039   37,041   35,216   39,029   43,849  
Document delivery/interlibrary loan     12,238 17,645 19,309   20,540   22,913   24,823   26,513   30,496  
Other collection expenditures 373,699   561,199   891,281 1,173,414 1,307,942 1,452,725 34,086   34,381   52,976   74,648   81,113   98,069  
Other library operating expenditures 96,643   169,478   393,099 518,867 331,463 309,925 323,354   140,579   424,290   436,160   496,877   508,253  
Operating expenditures per FTE student in
   current dollars
152   216   300 352 388 414 433   459   460   453   472   492  
Operating expenditures per FTE student in
   constant 2009-10 dollars11
560   497   562 552 559 564 580   588   560   528   514   504  
                                         
Operating expenditures (percentage distribution) 100.0   100.0   100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0  
Salaries and wages 48.3   47.0   52.4 51.8 50.4 49.9 50.4   48.4   50.8   50.7   49.8   49.3  
Student hourly wages 5.5   5.2   (10) (10) (10) (10) (10)   (10)   (10)   (10)   (10)   (10)  
Fringe benefits 7.1   8.6     5.4          
Preservation 1.8   1.6   1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 0.9   0.9   0.9   0.7   0.7   0.6  
Information resources 29.7   28.9   32.2 32.8 33.6 34.9 34.9   36.3   35.9   36.8   37.4   38.6  
Other12 7.7   8.7   14.2 14.2 14.9 14.2 13.8   9.0   12.4   11.8   12.1   11.5  
                                         
Library operating expenditures as percent of
   total institutional expenditures for
   educational and general purposes
3.8   3.5   3.2 3.0 2.8            
—Not available.
1 Includes data for U.S. territories.
2 Fall enrollment for the academic year specified.
3 Includes data for schools newly added to the survey system, so end of year figure for 1997-98 exceeds total of volumes added during the year plus end of year value from 1996-97.
4 Includes microform and electronic serials.
5 Includes microform serials.
6 Electronic files, formerly labeled "Computer files."
7 Excludes student assistants.
8 Excludes capital outlay.      
9 Includes salary equivalents of contributed services staff.
10 Included under salaries and wages.
11 Constant dollars based on the Consumer Price Index, prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, adjusted to a school-year basis.
12 Includes furniture/equipment, computer hardware/software, and utilities/networks/consortia as well as expenditures classified as "other library operating expenditures."
NOTE: Data through 1995 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. (See Appendix A: Guide to Sources for details.) Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Library Statistics of Colleges and Universities, selected years, 1976-77 through 1981-82; 1987-88 through 2005-06 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, "Academic Libraries Survey" (IPEDS-L:88-98), "Fall Enrollment Survey" (IPEDS-EF:87-99), and Spring 2002 through Spring 2006; Academic Libraries Survey (ALS), 2000 through 2008; and Academic Libraries: 2008 (NCES 2010-348). (This table was prepared May 2010.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education