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Table 335. Statistical profile of persons receiving doctor's degrees, by field of study and selected characteristics: 2007-08 and 2008-09
Selected characteristic All fields, 2007-08 Field of study, 2008-09
All fields Educa-tion Engi-neering Human-ities Life sciences Physical sciences1 Social sciences and psychol-ogy Other fields
Total Mathe-matics Total Business and manage-ment
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Number of doctor's degrees conferred 48,802 49,562 6,531 7,634 4,899 11,402 8,331 1,554 7,836 2,929 1,403
                       
Sex (percent)2                      
Male 53.9 53.1 33.1 78.7 48.1 45.4 70.4 68.7 41.6 51.5 62.1
Female 46.1 46.8 66.9 21.3 51.8 54.5 29.4 31.1 58.4 48.5 37.9
                       
Race/ethnicity (percent)3                      
White 75.4 74.6 70.8 69.8 79.2 75.2 78.7 76.8 74.6 72.5 70.5
Black 6.6 6.9 14.5 4.3 4.3 5.4 3.1 3.2 6.8 9.6 9.4
Hispanic 5.7 5.8 6.9 5.0 6.6 5.0 4.2 4.7 7.1 5.1 5.2
Asian 8.3 8.3 3.9 16.3 5.2 10.3 9.9 10.9 6.3 8.9 11.0
American Indian/Alaska Native 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4
Two or more races 1.7 2.0 1.6 1.9 2.2 2.0 1.8 1.9 2.7 1.7 2.1
Other and unknown4 2.0 1.9 1.4 2.4 2.1 1.7 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.5
                       
Citizenship (percent)                      
U.S. citizen and permanent resident 63.1 65.0 85.2 41.2 79.2 68.3 53.0 49.7 71.5 62.6 55.3
Temporary visa holder 31.2 29.7 8.7 55.2 14.8 27.2 42.4 45.9 21.8 30.1 37.6
Unknown 5.7 5.3 6.0 3.6 6.0 4.6 4.6 4.4 6.7 7.2 7.1
                       
Median age at doctorate (years) 32.4 32.2 40.5 30.5 34.5 31.3 30.2 29.9 32.4 36.1 35.1
                       
Percent with bachelor's degree in                      
same field as doctorate 52.9 53.5 29.8 77.1 53.6 49.4 64.6 65.6 51.8 33.3 33.9
                       
Median time lapse (years) to doctorate                      
Since bachelor's degree completion 9.4 9.3 16.2 7.9 11.3 8.5 7.5 7.3 9.4 12.4 11.9
Since starting graduate school 7.7 7.7 12.3 6.7 9.5 7.0 6.7 6.7 7.7 9.7 9.1
                       
Postdoctoral plans (percent)5                      
Definite postdoctoral study6  24.7 26.4 4.0 24.2 8.4 44.5 39.7 33.4 23.9 4.6 2.0
Fellowship 13.2 14.1 1.5 8.0 7.0 26.3 16.9 19.6 16.5 2.8 1.3
Research associateship 10.4 11.2 1.4 15.4 0.9 16.2 22.2 13.0 5.4 1.4
Traineeship 0.3
Intern, clinical residency 0.5
Other7 0.2 1.1 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.0
Definite postdoctoral employment8  43.5 42.3 66.5 41.7 53.7 21.6 31.9 37.6 48.4 69.5 76.7
Educational institution9  22.6 22.6 34.5 7.4 46.1 11.2 11.7 22.5 31.0 55.8 63.1
Government 2.9 3.1 2.7 3.9 1.1 2.8 2.3 2.2 5.5 2.7
Industry, business 11.4 10.6 2.7 29.3 1.9 5.3 16.7 10.4 6.8 7.0 8.7
Nonprofit organization 2.0 2.0 3.1 0.9 2.7 1.8 0.8 1.2 3.3 2.8
Other and unknown 4.6 3.8 23.5 0.2 1.9 0.5 0.4 1.4 1.8 1.3 1.6
Seeking employment or study 27.9 27.3 26.3 30.5 34.3 26.7 25.7 26.6 24.9 23.2 18.7
Other/unknown 3.9 4.0 3.2 3.6 3.7 7.2 2.7 2.4 2.8 2.6 2.7
                       
Primary work activity after doctorate (percent)10                      
Research and development 39.2 37.7 9.1 72.9 15.0 42.8 61.4 44.1 36.7 33.7 45.2
Teaching 35.7 36.5 38.9 8.5 72.2 31.5 25.8 47.4 38.3 48.4 41.6
Management or administration 14.2 14.5 41.9 5.7 7.1 11.2 4.4 2.3 7.7 10.4 8.3
Professional services 9.5 9.9 9.6 11.4 3.8 11.9 6.9 5.4 15.8 6.5 4.6
Other 1.3 1.4 0.6 1.4 1.9 2.6 1.5 0.8 1.5 1.0 0.3
                       
Employment location after doctorate (percent)11                      
New England 6.2 8.1 3.8 7.4 7.9 10.2 9.2 8.0 8.9 6.5 6.5
Middle Atlantic 13.6 13.4 12.3 12.8 16.2 12.0 13.8 18.4 14.5 14.3 14.3
East North Central 12.7 11.7 12.9 11.2 14.3 9.9 10.9 14.1 11.9 14.9 14.9
West North Central 6.3 5.7 9.8 3.3 6.3 6.3 3.3 4.0 5.4 5.5 5.5
South Atlantic 17.4 16.7 20.3 13.6 15.3 19.1 13.8 15.4 17.1 18.3 18.3
East South Central 4.8 3.7 6.7 2.5 4.9 3.4 2.6 2.9 3.1 4.2 4.2
West South Central 8.8 7.9 10.0 7.8 8.6 7.8 6.6 6.6 7.1 10.1 10.1
Mountain 5.4 5.6 8.2 6.4 5.0 5.0 5.3 4.0 4.5 3.4 3.4
Pacific and insular 15.6 16.7 11.7 23.1 11.6 16.9 21.6 12.0 14.2 9.5 9.5
Foreign 8.8 9.7 3.5 11.3 9.3 8.1 12.2 14.1 12.6 12.8 12.8
Region unknown 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
—Not available.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases).
1 Includes mathematics, computer science, physics and astronomy, chemistry, and earth, atmospheric, and marine sciences.
2 Distribution based on respondents reporting sex data.
3 Distribution based on U.S. citizens and permanent residents.
4 Includes Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders.
5 Percentages are based on only those doctorate recipients who responded to questions about postdoctoral plans.
6 Percentages are based on only those doctorate recipients who indicated definite postdoctoral plans for study and who indicated the type of study.
7 Other for 2008-09 includes respondents who indicated definite postgraduation study plans for traineeship, internship/clinical residency, or other study.
8 Percentages are based on only those doctorate recipients who indicated definite postdoctoral plans for employment and who indicated the sector of employment.
9 Includes 2-year, 4-year, and foreign colleges and universities, medical schools, and elementary/secondary schools.
10 Percentages are based on only those doctorate recipients who indicated definite postdoctoral plans for employment and who indicated their primary work activity.
11 Percentages are based on only those doctorate recipients who indicated definite postdoctoral plans for employment.
NOTE: The above classification of degrees by field differs somewhat from that in most publications of the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES). One major difference is that history is included under humanities rather than social sciences. Includes Ph.D., Ed.D., and comparable degrees at the doctoral level. Includes only graduates of research programs, which typically require the preparation and defense of a dissertation based on original research, or the planning and execution of an original project demonstrating substantial artistic or scholarly achievement. Excludes nonresearch professional practice doctor's degrees (e.g., M.D., D.D.S., and J.D.) that are conferred upon completion of a program providing the knowledge and skills for the recognition, credential, or license required for professional practice in such fields as health and theology. The number of doctor’s degrees in this table differs from that reported in the NCES Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), which includes both the research and nonresearch degrees. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: Doctorate Recipients From U.S. Universities: Summary Report 2008–09, Survey of Earned Doctorates, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Education, National Endowment for the Humanities, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. (This table was prepared July 2011.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
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