Skip Navigation
small NCES header image
Table 257. Employees in degree-granting institutions, by sex, employment status, control and level of institution, and primary occupation: Selected years, fall 1989 through fall 2009
Sex, employment status, control and level of institution, and primary occupation 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 Percent change, 1999 to 2009
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
All institutions 2,473,116 2,545,235 2,602,612 2,662,075 2,752,504 2,883,175 3,083,353 3,187,907 3,379,087 3,561,428 3,723,419 29.1
Professional staff 1,531,071 1,595,460 1,687,287 1,744,867 1,835,916 1,950,861 2,132,150 2,268,268 2,459,885 2,629,401 2,782,149 42.6
Executive/administrative/managerial 144,670 144,755 143,675 147,445 151,363 159,888 152,038 184,913 196,324 217,518 230,579 44.2
Faculty (instruction/research/
     public service)
824,220 826,252 915,474 931,706 989,813 1,027,830 1,113,183 1,173,593 1,290,426 1,371,390 1,439,144 40.0
Graduate assistants 163,298 197,751 202,819 215,909 222,724 239,738 261,136 292,061 317,141 328,979 342,393 42.8
Other professional 398,883 426,702 425,319 449,807 472,016 523,405 605,793 617,701 655,994 711,514 770,033 47.1
Nonprofessional staff 942,045 949,775 915,325 917,208 916,588 932,314 951,203 919,639 919,202 932,027 941,270 1.0
                         
Males 1,212,924 1,227,591 1,256,037 1,274,676 1,315,311 1,365,812 1,451,773 1,496,867 1,581,498 1,650,350 1,709,636 25.2
Professional staff 880,766 895,591 930,933 946,134 982,870 1,026,882 1,105,053 1,160,417 1,240,030 1,302,131 1,353,915 31.8
Executive/administrative/managerial 87,951 85,423 82,748 82,127 81,931 83,883 79,348 91,604 95,223 102,258 106,892 27.4
Faculty (instruction/research/
     public service)
534,254 525,599 561,123 562,893 587,420 602,469 644,514 663,723 714,453 743,812 761,035 26.3
Graduate assistants 98,887 119,125 120,384 123,962 125,873 132,607 142,120 156,881 167,529 173,121 180,941 36.4
Other professional 159,674 165,444 166,678 177,152 187,646 207,923 239,071 248,209 262,825 282,940 305,047 46.7
Nonprofessional staff 332,158 332,000 325,104 328,542 332,441 338,930 346,720 336,450 341,468 348,219 355,721 5.0
                         
Females 1,260,192 1,317,644 1,346,575 1,387,399 1,437,193 1,517,363 1,631,580 1,691,040 1,797,589 1,911,078 2,013,783 32.7
Professional staff 650,305 699,869 756,354 798,733 853,046 923,979 1,027,097 1,107,851 1,219,855 1,327,270 1,428,234 54.6
Executive/administrative/managerial 56,719 59,332 60,927 65,318 69,432 76,005 72,690 93,309 101,101 115,260 123,687 62.7
Faculty (instruction/research/
     public service)
289,966 300,653 354,351 368,813 402,393 425,361 468,669 509,870 575,973 627,578 678,109 59.4
Graduate assistants 64,411 78,626 82,435 91,947 96,851 107,131 119,016 135,180 149,612 155,858 161,452 50.7
Other professional 239,209 261,258 258,641 272,655 284,370 315,482 366,722 369,492 393,169 428,574 464,986 47.4
Nonprofessional staff 609,887 617,775 590,221 588,666 584,147 593,384 604,483 583,189 577,734 583,808 585,549 -1.3
                         
Full-time 1,779,044 1,812,912 1,783,510 1,801,371 1,828,507 1,918,676 2,043,208 2,083,142 2,179,864 2,281,223 2,381,702 24.1
Professional staff 1,000,396 1,031,797 1,039,094 1,066,510 1,104,834 1,180,173 1,283,684 1,337,568 1,432,107 1,526,823 1,619,517 37.2
Executive/administrative/managerial 138,454 139,116 137,834 140,990 144,529 153,722 146,523 178,691 190,078 210,257 222,282 44.6
Faculty (instruction/research/
     public service)
524,426 535,623 545,706 550,822 568,719 590,937 617,868 630,092 675,624 703,463 728,977 23.4
Other professional 337,516 357,058 355,554 374,698 391,586 435,514 519,293 528,785 566,405 613,103 668,258 53.4
Nonprofessional staff 778,648 781,115 744,416 734,861 723,673 738,503 759,524 745,574 747,757 754,400 762,185 3.2
                         
Part-time 694,072 732,323 819,102 860,704 923,997 964,499 1,040,145 1,104,765 1,199,223 1,280,205 1,341,717 39.1
Professional staff 530,675 563,663 648,193 678,357 731,082 770,688 848,466 930,700 1,027,778 1,102,578 1,162,632 50.9
Executive/administrative/managerial 6,216 5,639 5,841 6,455 6,834 6,166 5,515 6,222 6,246 7,261 8,297 34.6
Faculty (instruction/research/
     public service)
299,794 290,629 369,768 380,884 421,094 436,893 495,315 543,501 614,802 667,927 710,167 62.5
Graduate assistants 163,298 197,751 202,819 215,909 222,724 239,738 261,136 292,061 317,141 328,979 342,393 42.8
Other professional 61,367 69,644 69,765 75,109 80,430 87,891 86,500 88,916 89,589 98,411 101,775 15.8
Nonprofessional staff 163,397 168,660 170,909 182,347 192,915 193,811 191,679 174,065 171,445 177,627 179,085 -7.6
                         
Public 4-year 1,307,524 1,341,914 1,333,533 1,383,476 1,418,661 1,470,842 1,558,576 1,569,870 1,656,709 1,741,699 1,803,724 22.6
Professional staff 791,319 826,633 855,913 893,345 932,972 987,622 1,069,161 1,115,312 1,200,168 1,278,894 1,336,958 35.4
Executive/administrative/managerial 64,343 63,674 59,678 60,590 61,984 64,336 60,245 70,397 74,241 81,364 84,355 31.1
Faculty (instruction/research/
     public service)
350,720 358,376 374,021 384,399 404,109 417,086 438,459 450,123 486,691 518,221 539,901 29.4
Graduate assistants 131,970 144,344 170,916 178,342 182,481 196,393 218,260 239,600 257,578 266,429 275,872 40.5
Other professional 244,286 260,239 251,298 270,014 284,398 309,807 352,197 355,192 381,658 412,880 436,830 41.0
Nonprofessional staff 516,205 515,281 477,620 490,131 485,689 483,220 489,415 454,558 456,541 462,805 466,766 -3.4
                         
Private 4-year 722,841 734,509 762,034 770,004 786,634 857,820 912,924 988,895 1,073,764 1,157,226 1,229,784 43.4
Professional staff 431,403 442,524 473,372 495,383 517,485 569,579 627,364 701,244 789,179 867,234 934,298 64.0
Executive/administrative/managerial 57,861 57,148 59,230 62,314 62,580 69,626 65,739 84,306 90,415 103,183 111,616 60.3
Faculty (instruction/research/
     public service)
232,980 232,893 251,948 262,660 278,541 296,737 325,713 364,166 430,305 472,628 498,582 68.0
Graduate assistants 22,231 23,989 28,880 33,853 36,064 38,597 41,611 52,101 59,147 62,550 66,521 72.3
Other professional 118,331 128,494 133,314 136,556 140,300 164,619 194,301 200,671 209,312 228,873 257,579 56.5
Nonprofessional staff 291,438 291,985 288,662 274,621 269,149 288,241 285,560 287,651 284,585 289,992 295,486 2.5
                         
Public 2-year 413,245 441,414 478,980 482,454 512,086 517,967 578,394 593,466 610,978 620,784 638,352 23.2
Professional staff 287,418 306,631 337,371 336,661 358,367 364,703 408,792 422,756 440,536 449,372 467,760 28.3
Executive/administrative/managerial 19,289 20,772 21,531 21,806 22,822 21,459 22,566 25,872 26,770 27,363 27,827 29.7
Faculty (instruction/research/
     public service)
226,578 222,532 276,413 272,434 290,451 296,239 332,665 341,643 354,497 358,925 373,778 26.2
Graduate assistants 8,928 29,216 2,762 3,401 3,561 4,170 1,215 323 374 0 0 -100.0
Other professional 32,623 34,111 36,665 39,020 41,533 42,835 52,346 54,918 58,895 63,084 66,155 54.4
Nonprofessional staff 125,827 134,783 141,609 145,793 153,719 153,264 169,602 170,710 170,442 171,412 170,592 11.3
                         
Private 2-year 29,506 27,398 28,065 26,141 35,123 36,546 33,459 35,676 37,636 41,719 51,559 41.1
Professional staff 20,931 19,672 20,631 19,478 27,092 28,957 26,833 28,956 30,002 33,901 43,133 49.0
Executive/administrative/managerial 3,177 3,161 3,236 2,735 3,977 4,467 3,488 4,338 4,898 5,608 6,781 51.8
Faculty (instruction/research/
     public service)
13,942 12,451 13,092 12,213 16,712 17,768 16,346 17,661 18,933 21,616 26,883 51.3
Graduate assistants 169 202 261 313 618 578 50 37 42 0 0 -100.0
Other professional 3,643 3,858 4,042 4,217 5,785 6,144 6,949 6,920 6,129 6,677 9,469 54.1
Nonprofessional staff 8,575 7,726 7,434 6,663 8,031 7,589 6,626 6,720 7,634 7,818 8,426 11.0
NOTE: Data through 1995 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. (See Appendix A: Guide to Sources for details.) Beginning in 2007, includes institutions with fewer than 15 full-time employees; these institutions did not report staff data prior to 2007. By definition, all graduate assistants are part time.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Fall Staff Survey" (IPEDS-S:89-99); and IPEDS Winter 2001-02 through Winter 2009-10, Human Resources component, Fall Staff section. (This table was prepared August 2010.)
Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.
National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education