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Table 171. Percentage of students suspended and expelled from public elementary and secondary schools, by sex, race/ethnicity, and state: 2006
State Percent suspended1 Percent expelled2
Total Sex Race/ethnicity Total Sex Race/ethnicity
Male Female White Black Hispanic Asian/ Pacific Islander American Indian/Alaska Native Male Female White Black Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander American Indian/Alaska Native
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
United States 6.9 (0.04) 9.1 (0.06) 4.5 (0.03) 4.8 (0.04) 15.0 (0.14) 6.8 (0.07) 2.7 (0.04) 7.9   (0.49) 0.21   (0.003) 0.31   (0.004) 0.11   (0.002) 0.14   (0.002) 0.47   (0.011) 0.22   (0.004) 0.07   (0.002) 0.26   (0.013)
Alabama 10.1 (0.11) 13.3 (0.15) 6.8 (#) 5.8 (0.10) 18.3 (0.32) 4.3 (0.10) 3.2 (0.14) 4.8   (0.49) 0.18   (0.003) 0.24   (0.006) 0.11   (0.002) 0.09   (0.002) 0.33   (0.009) 0.16   (0.003) #   (†) 0.01   (0.001)
Alaska 5.9 (0.35) 8.0 (0.47) 3.6 (0.21) 4.6 (0.13) 10.0 (0.10) 5.9 (0.29) 4.6 (0.50) 8.2   (1.18) 0.13   (0.005) 0.20   (0.007) 0.07   (0.006) 0.13   (0.004) 0.45   (0.003) 0.16   (0.006) 0.13   (0.011) 0.10   (0.009)
Arizona 5.9 (0.14) 8.4 (0.19) 3.3 (0.09) 4.5 (0.10) 11.8 (0.27) 6.4 (0.14) 2.6 (0.05) 10.0   (2.19) 0.07   (0.004) 0.11   (0.008) 0.03   (0.001) 0.06   (0.008) 0.12   (0.006) 0.08   (0.004) 0.03   (#) 0.08   (0.015)
Arkansas 7.3 (0.30) 10.2 (0.43) 4.3 (0.17) 5.0 (0.28) 15.9 (0.96) 4.9 (0.48) 3.5 (0.35) 4.7   (0.63) 0.10   (0.009) 0.15   (0.012) 0.06   (0.008) 0.10   (0.010) 0.14   (0.016) 0.09 ! (0.025) 0.07 ! (0.031) 0.03   (0.002)
California 7.5 (0.18) 10.5 (0.25) 4.4 (0.12) 6.0 (0.18) 17.1 (0.82) 7.9 (0.22) 3.3 (0.13) 12.2   (2.33) 0.31   (0.010) 0.48   (0.015) 0.13   (0.005) 0.28   (0.013) 0.61   (0.030) 0.32   (0.013) 0.11   (0.006) 0.46   (0.068)
                                                                                   
Colorado 6.0 (0.09) 8.3 (0.13) 3.7 (0.06) 4.5 (0.09) 13.2 (0.05) 8.1 (0.14) 3.2 (0.03) 8.7   (0.89) 0.28   (0.008) 0.43   (0.012) 0.12   (0.007) 0.20   (0.007) 0.56   (0.005) 0.40   (0.022) 0.12   (0.003) 0.60   (0.138)
Connecticut 6.8 (0.52) 8.9 (0.65) 4.7 (0.39) 4.0 (0.37) 17.2 (2.39) 11.4 (1.39) 2.4 (0.22) 5.2   (0.95) 0.25   (0.026) 0.36   (0.034) 0.14   (0.022) 0.13   (0.016) 0.66   (0.126) 0.45   (0.079) 0.10   (0.017) 0.15 ! (0.069)
Delaware3 10.9 (†) 13.8 (†) 7.9 (†) 6.4 (†) 20.1 (†) 9.2 (†) 3.3 (†) 5.5   (†) 0.20   (†) 0.30   (†) 0.10   (†) 0.17   (†) 0.32   (†) 0.06   (†) 0.06   (†) 0.00   (†)
District of Columbia3 0.4 (†) 0.4 (†) 0.3 (†) 0.2 (†) 0.4 (†) 0.2 (†) 0.0 (†) 0.0   (†) 0.22   (†) 0.25   (†) 0.20   (†) 0.03   (†) 0.25   (†) 0.17   (†) 0.10   (†) 0.00   (†)
Florida 10.5 (0.14) 13.4 (0.17) 7.3 (0.11) 7.9 (0.16) 19.3 (0.34) 7.7 (0.08) 2.9 (0.03) 7.2   (0.59) 0.04   (0.003) 0.06   (0.004) 0.02   (0.001) 0.04   (0.003) 0.06   (0.005) 0.02   (0.001) 0.01   (#) 0.06   (0.012)
                                                                                   
Georgia 8.8 (0.23) 11.4 (0.29) 6.1 (0.16) 4.8 (0.21) 15.0 (0.36) 5.4 (0.27) 2.1 (0.07) 3.7   (0.21) 0.23   (0.011) 0.33   (0.017) 0.12   (0.006) 0.18   (0.013) 0.32   (0.015) 0.11   (0.011) 0.04   (0.005) 0.08 ! (0.035)
Hawaii3 5.5 (†) 7.2 (†) 3.6 (†) 4.9 (†) 7.0 (†) 5.7 (†) 5.5 (†) 6.0   (†) 0.00   (†) 0.00   (†) 0.00   (†) 0.00   (†) 0.00   (†) 0.00   (†) 0.00   (†) 0.00   (†)
Idaho 3.6 (0.18) 5.3 (0.26) 1.7 (0.10) 3.3 (0.19) 3.5 (0.21) 5.1 (0.29) 1.6 (0.07) 8.6 ! (2.90) 0.09   (0.005) 0.14   (0.008) 0.03   (0.004) 0.07   (0.005) #   (†) 0.20   (0.018) #   (†) 0.37   (0.111)
Illinois 6.4 (0.15) 8.4 (0.20) 4.4 (0.10) 3.8 (0.17) 14.5 (0.53) 6.0 (0.19) 1.7 (0.08) 2.9   (0.41) 0.14   (0.007) 0.20   (0.008) 0.07   (0.006) 0.08   (0.011) 0.32   (0.011) 0.11   (0.004) 0.03   (0.005) 0.07   (0.008)
Indiana 7.4 (0.28) 9.9 (0.37) 4.7 (0.20) 6.0 (0.27) 17.3 (1.18) 7.4 (0.87) 1.8 (0.24) 6.1   (0.70) 0.63   (0.039) 0.85   (0.053) 0.40   (0.028) 0.54   (0.039) 1.24   (0.111) 0.70   (0.077) 0.19   (0.038) 0.60 ! (0.168)
                                                                                   
Iowa 3.0 (0.11) 4.0 (0.14) 1.9 (0.08) 2.4 (0.11) 11.4 (0.31) 3.2 (0.27) 1.6 (0.18) 5.2   (0.25) 0.04   (0.008) 0.07   (0.013) 0.01   (0.004) 0.04   (0.008) 0.07   (0.012) 0.06 ! (0.022) 0.01   (0.001)   (†)
Kansas 5.1 (0.18) 6.9 (0.26) 3.1 (0.11) 3.8 (0.20) 14.6 (0.27) 6.6 (0.22) 2.9 (0.10) 5.8   (0.59) 0.18   (0.014) 0.25   (0.015) 0.10   (0.013) 0.12   (0.017) 0.68   (0.019) 0.19   (0.011) 0.12   (0.013) 0.20 ! (0.090)
Kentucky 6.6 (0.36) 8.7 (0.48) 4.3 (0.24) 5.8 (0.33) 13.3 (1.27) 4.0 (0.33) 1.5 (0.19) 3.8   (0.89) 0.08   (0.017) 0.11   (0.021) 0.05 ! (0.014) 0.07   (0.012)   (†)   (†) 0.03 ! (0.013) #   (†)
Louisiana 10.3 (0.41) 13.2 (0.51) 7.3 (0.31) 7.1 (0.56) 14.6 (0.48) 4.7 (0.16) 2.6 (0.14) 6.8 ! (2.24) 0.89   (0.037) 1.23   (0.054) 0.52   (0.021) 0.45   (0.039) 1.42   (0.056) 0.47   (0.020) 0.17   (0.011) 0.39   (0.109)
Maine 4.6 (0.28) 6.6 (0.41) 2.4 (0.15) 4.5 (0.28) 9.0 (0.38) 5.7 (1.11) 2.9 (0.18) 6.4   (1.13) 0.09   (0.012) 0.13   (0.015) 0.04 ! (0.011) 0.09   (0.012) 0.09 ! (0.022) 0.05   (0.002)   (†) #   (†)
                                                                                   
Maryland3  7.1 (†) 8.9 (†) 5.2 (†) 5.8 (†) 8.2 (†) 12.9 (†) 2.2 (†) 8.5   (†) 0.18   (†) 0.27   (†) 0.09   (†) 0.08   (†) 0.31   (†) 0.27   (†) 0.03   (†) 0.09   (†)
Massachusetts 5.6 (0.28) 7.1 (0.35) 3.9 (0.22) 4.2 (0.25) 10.3 (0.50) 12.0 (1.18) 2.5 (0.25) 5.0   (0.63) 0.06   (0.004) 0.09   (0.006) 0.03   (0.003) 0.03   (0.005) 0.24   (0.013) 0.13   (0.009) 0.02   (0.003) 0.04   (0.003)
Michigan 8.2 (0.34) 10.8 (0.43) 5.4 (0.27) 6.1 (0.27) 17.8 (1.48) 7.4 (0.83) 2.2 (0.34) 6.8   (1.08) 0.13   (0.010) 0.19   (0.014) 0.07   (0.006) 0.09   (0.007) 0.32   (0.040) 0.15   (0.023) 0.06   (0.012) 0.12 ! (0.041)
Minnesota 3.7 (0.10) 5.0 (0.14) 2.4 (0.07) 2.4 (0.09) 14.4 (0.33) 5.4 (0.28) 2.5 (0.05) 10.0   (1.43) 0.03   (0.002) 0.05   (0.004) 0.01   (0.001) 0.02   (0.002) 0.08   (0.002) 0.04   (0.007) 0.01   (0.002) 0.14 ! (0.048)
Mississippi 10.2 (0.33) 13.3 (0.41) 7.0 (0.24) 5.5 (0.26) 14.8 (0.55) 4.3 (0.44) 3.0 (0.47) 12.7   (3.08) 0.29   (0.015) 0.42   (0.025) 0.16   (0.006) 0.12   (0.020) 0.46   (0.019) 0.07   (0.007) 0.08   (0.013) 0.09   (0.009)
                                                                                   
Missouri 7.3 (0.24) 9.8 (0.32) 4.6 (0.16) 4.6 (0.19) 20.2 (1.07) 5.4 (0.32) 2.9 (0.10) 7.0   (0.51) 0.03   (0.004) 0.05   (0.005) 0.01   (0.003) 0.03   (0.005) 0.04   (0.003) 0.02   (0.001) 0.01   (#) #   (†)
Montana 4.5 (0.18) 6.1 (0.24) 2.7 (0.12) 3.7 (0.17) 4.9 (0.27) 3.5 (0.19) 2.3 (0.16) 9.6   (1.05) 0.07   (0.007) 0.12   (0.013) 0.02   (0.005) 0.05   (0.007) #   (†) #   (†) #   (†) 0.24   (0.040)
Nebraska 3.7 (0.08) 4.9 (0.11) 2.4 (0.05) 2.6 (0.06) 12.6 (0.05) 5.0 (0.30) 1.9 (0.04) 6.7   (0.89) 0.23   (0.005) 0.32   (0.008) 0.12   (0.002) 0.13   (0.004) 0.92   (0.004) 0.32   (0.018) 0.13   (0.001) 0.76   (0.121)
Nevada3  7.4 (†) 9.5 (†) 5.2 (†) 5.1 (†) 15.5 (†) 8.5 (†) 3.9 (†) 6.6   (†) 0.36   (†) 0.55   (†) 0.16   (†) 0.26   (†) 0.86   (†) 0.35   (†) 0.22   (†) 0.36   (†)
New Hampshire 5.6 (0.32) 7.2 (0.46) 3.9 (0.18) 5.4 (0.33) 8.7 (0.32) 12.1 (0.23) 2.2 (0.19) 4.8   (0.45) 0.06 ! (0.021) 0.08 ! (0.024) 0.04 ! (0.020) 0.06 ! (0.021) 0.28   (0.065) 0.07   (0.001) 0.03   (0.001) 0.17   (0.011)
                                                                                   
New Jersey 5.7 (0.26) 7.5 (0.33) 3.7 (0.19) 3.7 (0.30) 12.4 (0.79) 6.9 (0.51) 1.4 (0.13) 3.7   (0.70) 0.02 ! (0.008) 0.03 ! (0.016) #   (†) 0.01 ! (0.006) 0.03 ! (0.009) 0.03 ! (0.015)   (†) #   (†)
New Mexico 5.3 (0.20) 6.9 (0.26) 3.5 (0.14) 4.0 (0.19) 7.0 (0.21) 5.4 (0.31) 2.5 (0.12) 8.3   (0.47) 0.07   (0.005) 0.12   (0.009) 0.03   (0.002) 0.03   (0.003) 0.13   (0.002) 0.06   (0.006) 0.17   (0.006) 0.22   (0.030)
New York 3.8 (0.14) 5.1 (0.17) 2.5 (0.11) 3.4 (0.14) 7.3 (0.45) 2.8 (0.15) 0.7 (0.05) 4.5   (0.97) 0.03   (0.006) 0.05   (0.010) 0.01   (0.003) 0.04   (0.010) 0.04 ! (0.014) 0.01   (0.002) #   (†)   (†)
North Carolina 10.8 (0.52) 14.3 (0.66) 7.0 (0.37) 6.5 (0.33) 20.0 (1.06) 7.2 (0.40) 2.7 (0.19)   (†) 0.14 ! (0.060) 0.21 ! (0.081)   (†) 0.04   (0.007)   (†) 0.05   (0.007) 0.03   (0.004)   (†)
North Dakota 2.2 (0.17) 2.9 (0.21) 1.4 (0.13) 1.5 (0.10) 5.0 (0.16) 3.1 (0.35) 2.0 (0.12) 8.0   (1.80) 0.02   (0.006) 0.05   (0.008) #   (†) 0.01   (0.002) 0.05   (0.001) #   (†) #   (†) 0.12 ! (0.061)
                                                                                   
Ohio 6.2 (0.24) 8.2 (0.30) 4.2 (0.17) 4.6 (0.21) 14.6 (0.99) 6.0 (0.83) 2.1 (0.24) 3.7   (0.45) 0.47   (0.020) 0.61   (0.026) 0.32   (0.014) 0.20   (0.016) 1.69   (0.091) 0.72   (0.078) 0.09   (0.014) 0.21 ! (0.038)
Oklahoma 4.9 (0.17) 6.7 (0.24) 3.0 (0.11) 3.9 (0.18) 12.1 (0.60) 5.3 (0.18) 1.8 (0.07) 4.0   (0.24) 0.34   (0.013) 0.47   (0.019) 0.21   (0.008) 0.28   (0.014) 0.94   (0.039) 0.23   (0.014) 0.16   (0.039) 0.29   (0.021)
Oregon 4.9 (0.18) 7.1 (0.26) 2.7 (0.15) 4.8 (0.19) 8.8 (0.24) 5.5 (0.37) 2.1 (0.08) 7.2   (0.57) 0.34   (0.025) 0.52   (0.044) 0.15   (0.010) 0.32   (0.026) 0.58   (0.093) 0.41   (0.015) 0.18   (0.028) 0.47   (0.070)
Pennsylvania 6.8 (0.37) 8.7 (0.45) 4.8 (0.29) 4.2 (0.23) 18.9 (1.41) 8.7 (0.79) 2.7 (0.46) 3.4   (0.64) 0.16   (0.008) 0.22   (0.011) 0.10   (0.005) 0.09   (0.007) 0.52   (0.031) 0.21   (0.017) 0.06   (0.013) 0.04   (0.002)
Rhode Island 8.4 (0.74) 10.7 (1.00) 5.9 (0.47) 6.7 (0.83) 14.6 (2.07) 12.6 (0.65) 7.2 (0.73) 11.8   (2.92) #   (†) #   (†) #   (†) #   (†) #   (†) #   (†) #   (†) #   (†)
                                                                                   
South Carolina 11.9 (0.44) 15.1 (0.56) 8.6 (0.33) 6.9 (0.36) 19.2 (0.89) 6.5 (1.05) 2.9 (0.31) 9.6 ! (4.26) 0.73   (0.043) 1.03   (0.063) 0.40   (0.026) 0.37   (0.029) 1.26   (0.091) 0.20   (0.035) 0.19   (0.047) 0.42 ! (0.169)
South Dakota 2.7 (0.16) 3.7 (0.22) 1.6 (0.11) 1.9 (0.12) 7.1 (0.24) 4.3 (0.16) 3.0 (0.19) 6.8   (1.19) 0.11 ! (0.045) 0.16 ! (0.066) 0.05 ! (0.024)   (†) 0.08 ! (0.038)   (†) #   (†) 0.55 ! (0.221)
Tennessee 7.2 (0.26) 9.6 (0.35) 4.8 (0.17) 5.5 (0.27) 12.8 (0.38) 5.4 (0.22) 2.7 (0.15) 3.4   (0.36) 0.32   (0.010) 0.47   (0.016) 0.15   (0.006) 0.19   (0.011) 0.70   (0.011) 0.29   (0.011) 0.17   (0.009) 0.29   (0.014)
Texas 5.6 (0.06) 7.4 (0.08) 3.6 (0.04) 2.9 (0.06) 12.7 (0.24) 5.7 (0.08) 1.6 (0.01) 3.1   (0.10) 0.26   (0.005) 0.39   (0.008) 0.13   (0.002) 0.16   (0.007) 0.58   (0.016) 0.26   (0.005) 0.08   (#) 0.20   (0.004)
Utah 3.2 (0.04) 4.5 (0.05) 1.9 (0.03) 2.4 (0.03) 7.8 (0.04) 6.7 (0.07) 4.2 (0.04) 6.9   (0.09) 0.05   (0.001) 0.07   (0.002) 0.02   (#) 0.04   (0.001) 0.22   (0.001) 0.06   (0.002) 0.09   (#) 0.19   (0.020)
                                                                                   
Vermont 4.0 (0.18) 5.5 (0.25) 2.4 (0.12) 4.0 (0.18) 5.8 (0.50) 4.1 (0.55) 1.8 (0.23) 5.7   (0.77) 0.05 ! (0.019) 0.08 ! (0.031) 0.02 ! (0.006) 0.05 ! (0.020)   (†)   (†) #   (†) #   (†)
Virginia 7.2 (0.24) 9.4 (0.31) 4.9 (0.18) 4.7 (0.17) 13.9 (0.73) 5.6 (0.21) 2.1 (0.06) 4.0   (0.34) 0.09   (0.014) 0.15   (0.025) 0.03   (0.003) 0.08 ! (0.022) 0.12   (0.013) 0.09   (0.005) 0.06   (0.003) 0.10 ! (0.045)
Washington 5.9 (0.15) 8.6 (0.21) 3.2 (0.08) 5.3 (0.17) 12.0 (0.09) 7.2 (0.39) 3.7 (0.05) 11.3   (1.36) 0.34   (0.014) 0.53   (0.021) 0.14   (0.007) 0.31   (0.016) 0.48   (0.010) 0.50   (0.035) 0.16   (0.002) 0.69   (0.130)
West Virginia 10.2 (1.02) 13.8 (1.31) 6.4 (0.70) 9.7 (0.91) 21.5 (4.03) 11.2 (3.07) 2.4 (0.54) 8.2   (1.98) 0.07   (0.012) 0.09   (0.015) 0.04   (0.010) 0.07   (0.011) 0.09 ! (0.034)   (†) #   (†) #   (†)
Wisconsin 5.0 (0.16) 6.3 (0.20) 3.6 (0.13) 2.7 (0.12) 19.7 (0.60) 7.5 (0.18) 2.1 (0.07) 13.5 ! (5.23) 0.17   (0.008) 0.23   (0.012) 0.10   (0.006) 0.12   (0.009) 0.47   (0.016) 0.22   (0.020) 0.06   (0.008) 0.30 ! (0.105)
Wyoming 2.8 (0.34) 4.0 (0.33) (†) 2.7 (0.34) 3.2 (0.26) 3.1 (0.43) 1.7 (0.26) 6.4   (1.37) 0.11   (0.018) 0.18   (0.027) 0.03 ! (0.010) 0.11   (0.021) 0.23   (0.006) 0.09   (0.005) 0.10   (0.007) #   (†)
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
!Interpret data with cautionThe coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is 30 percent or greater.
‡Reporting standards not metThe coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is 50 percent or greater.
1 A student is counted only once, even if suspended more than once during the same school year.
2 A student is counted only once, even if expelled more than once during the same school year.
3 Data are based on universe counts of schools and school districts; therefore, these figures do not have standard errors.
NOTE: Suspension is excluding a student from school for disciplinary reasons for 1 school day or longer. Expulsion is the exclusion of a student from school for disciplinary reasons that results in the studentís removal from school attendance rolls or that meets the criteria for expulsion as defined by the appropriate state or local school authority. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights, Civil Rights Data Collection: 2006. (This table was prepared May 2008.)
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