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Table 144. Average mathematics scale score, by grade and selected student and school characteristics: Selected years, 1990 through 2011
Grade and selected student or
school characteristic
19901 19921 1996 2000 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
4th grade, all students 213 (0.9) 220 (0.7) 224 (1.0) 226 (0.9) 235 (0.2) 238 (0.1) 240 (0.2) 240 (0.2) 241 (0.2)
Sex                                    
Male 214 (1.2) 221 (0.8) 224 (1.1) 227 (1.0) 236 (0.3) 239 (0.2) 241 (0.2) 241 (0.3) 241 (0.2)
Female 213 (1.1) 219 (1.0) 223 (1.1) 224 (0.9) 233 (0.2) 237 (0.2) 239 (0.2) 239 (0.3) 240 (0.2)
                                     
Race/ethnicity                                    
White 220 (1.0) 227 (0.8) 232 (1.0) 234 (0.8) 243 (0.2) 246 (0.1) 248 (0.2) 248 (0.2) 249 (0.2)
Black 188 (1.8) 193 (1.4) 198 (1.6) 203 (1.2) 216 (0.4) 220 (0.3) 222 (0.3) 222 (0.3) 224 (0.4)
Hispanic 200 (2.2) 202 (1.5) 207 (1.9) 208 (1.5) 222 (0.4) 226 (0.3) 227 (0.3) 227 (0.4) 229 (0.3)
Asian2 225 (4.1) 231 (2.1) 229 (4.2) (†) 246 (1.1) 251 (0.7) 253 (0.8) 255 (1.0) 257 (1.0)
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander [2] (†) [2] (†) [2] (†) [2] (†) [2] (†) [2] (†) [2] (†) [2] (†) 236 (2.1)
American Indian/Alaska Native (†) (†) 217 (5.6) 208 (3.5) 223 (1.0) 226 (0.9) 228 (0.7) 225 (0.9) 225 (0.9)
                                     
Eligibility for free or reduced-
   price lunch
                                   
Eligible (†) (†) 207 (1.3) 208 (0.9) 222 (0.3) 225 (0.2) 227 (0.2) 227 (0.2) 229 (0.2)
Not eligible (†) (†) 232 (0.8) 235 (1.1) 244 (0.3) 248 (0.2) 249 (0.2) 250 (0.3) 252 (0.2)
Unknown (†) (†) 231 (2.8) 237 (1.6) 241 (0.7) 244 (0.7) 246 (0.9) 246 (1.1) 249 (0.9)
                                     
Control of school                                    
Public 212 (1.1) 219 (0.8) 222 (1.1) 224 (1.0) 234 (0.2) 237 (0.2) 239 (0.2) 239 (0.2) 240 (0.2)
Private 224 (2.6) 228 (1.1) 235 (1.9) 238 (0.8) 244 (0.7) (†) 246 (0.8) 246 (0.8) 247 (0.8)
                                     
Amount of math homework teacher
   assigns per day
                                   
None (†) (†) 227 (5.4) 227 (2.4) 234 (1.0) (†) 236 (0.9) 236 (0.9) 234 (0.9)
15 minutes (†) (†) 227 (1.6) 229 (1.2) 237 (0.4) (†) 242 (0.2) 242 (0.3) 243 (0.3)
30 minutes (†) (†) 223 (1.9) 225 (1.4) 234 (0.4) (†) 239 (0.3) 239 (0.4) 240 (0.3)
45 minutes (†) (†) 217 (4.7) 214 (2.7) 229 (1.2) (†) 233 (0.9) 235 (1.0) 235 (1.1)
1 hour (†) (†) (†) 225 (4.7) 225 (2.2) (†) 233 (2.5) 228 (3.0) 230 (1.9)
More than 1 hour (†) (†) (†) (†) 217 (3.0) (†) 233 (4.4) 222 (5.9) 232 (2.5)
                                     
8th grade, all students 263 (1.3) 268 (0.9) 270 (0.9) 273 (0.8) 278 (0.3) 279 (0.2) 281 (0.3) 283 (0.3) 284 (0.2)
Sex                                    
Male 263 (1.6) 268 (1.1) 271 (1.1) 274 (0.9) 278 (0.3) 280 (0.2) 282 (0.3) 284 (0.3) 284 (0.3)
Female 262 (1.3) 269 (1.0) 269 (1.1) 272 (0.9) 277 (0.3) 278 (0.2) 280 (0.3) 282 (0.4) 283 (0.2)
                                     
Race/ethnicity                                    
White 270 (1.3) 277 (1.0) 281 (1.1) 284 (0.8) 288 (0.3) 289 (0.2) 291 (0.3) 293 (0.3) 293 (0.2)
Black 237 (2.7) 237 (1.3) 240 (1.9) 244 (1.2) 252 (0.5) 255 (0.4) 260 (0.4) 261 (0.5) 262 (0.5)
Hispanic 246 (4.3) 249 (1.2) 251 (1.7) 253 (1.3) 259 (0.6) 262 (0.4) 265 (0.4) 266 (0.6) 270 (0.5)
Asian2 275 (5.0) 290 (5.9) (†) 288 (3.5) 291 (1.3) 295 (0.9) 297 (0.9) 301 (1.2) 305 (1.1)
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander [2] (†) [2] (†) [2] (†) [2] (†) [2] (†) [2] (†) [2] (†) [2] (†) 269 (2.4)
American Indian/Alaska Native (†) (†) (†) 259 (7.5) 263 (1.8) 264 (0.9) 264 (1.2) 266 (1.1) 265 (0.9)
                                     
Eligibility for free or reduced-
   price lunch
                                   
Eligible (†) (†) 250 (1.7) 253 (1.1) 259 (0.4) 262 (0.3) 265 (0.3) 266 (0.3) 269 (0.3)
Not eligible (†) (†) 277 (1.3) 283 (1.1) 287 (0.3) 288 (0.2) 291 (0.3) 294 (0.3) 296 (0.3)
Unknown (†) (†) 279 (2.3) 276 (1.6) 285 (1.0) 289 (1.2) 291 (1.7) 295 (1.4) 296 (1.1)
                                     
Parents' highest level of education                                    
Did not finish high school 242 (2.0) 249 (1.7) 250 (2.0) 253 (1.4) 257 (0.6) 259 (0.5) 263 (0.5) 265 (0.6) 265 (0.6)
Graduated high school 255 (1.6) 257 (1.2) 260 (1.3) 261 (1.0) 267 (0.4) 267 (0.3) 270 (0.4) 270 (0.5) 271 (0.4)
Some education after high school 267 (1.6) 271 (1.1) 277 (1.2) 277 (1.1) 280 (0.4) 280 (0.3) 283 (0.4) 284 (0.4) 285 (0.3)
Graduated college 274 (1.5) 281 (1.2) 281 (1.2) 286 (1.0) 288 (0.3) 290 (0.2) 292 (0.3) 295 (0.3) 295 (0.3)
                                     
Control of school                                    
Public 262 (1.4) 267 (1.0) 269 (1.0) 272 (0.9) 276 (0.3) 278 (0.2) 280 (0.3) 282 (0.3) 283 (0.2)
Private 271 (2.5) 281 (2.2) 285 (1.8) 286 (1.2) 292 (1.2) (†) 293 (1.3) 296 (1.2) 296 (0.9)
                                     
Amount of math homework teacher
   assigns per day
                                   
None (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 263 (2.0) 264 (1.8)
Less than 1 hour (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 284 (0.3) 285 (0.3)
About 1 hour (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 284 (0.8) 287 (0.7)
About 2-3 hours (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 274 (3.0) 277 (3.3)
More than 3 hours (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 269 (5.0) 264 (2.9)
                                     
12th grade, all students [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 150 (0.6) (†) 153 (0.7) (†)
Sex                                    
Male [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 151 (0.7) (†) 155 (0.9) (†)
Female [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 149 (0.7) (†) 152 (0.7) (†)
                                     
Race/ethnicity                                    
White [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 157 (0.6) (†) 161 (0.6) (†)
Black [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 127 (1.1) (†) 131 (0.8) (†)
Hispanic [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 133 (1.3) (†) 138 (0.8) (†)
Asian/Pacific Islander [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 163 (2.0) (†) 175 (2.7) (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 134 (4.1) (†) 144 (2.8) (†)
                                     
Eligibility for free or reduced-
   price lunch
                                   
Eligible [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 132 (1.1) (†) 137 (0.8) (†)
Not eligible [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 155 (0.7) (†) 160 (0.8) (†)
Unknown [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 162 (1.8) (†) 159 (2.6) (†)
                                     
Parents' highest level of education                                    
Did not finish high school [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 130 (1.5) (†) 135 (1.0) (†)
Graduated high school [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 138 (1.1) (†) 142 (0.7) (†)
Some education after high school [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 148 (0.8) (†) 150 (0.7) (†)
Graduated college [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) (†) 161 (0.6) (†) 164 (0.8) (†)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases or participation rates fell below the required standards for reporting.
1 Accommodations were not permitted for this assessment.
2 For assessment years prior to 2011, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander students are included with Asian students.
3 Because of major changes to the framework and content of the grade 12 assessment, scores from 2005 and later assessment years cannot be compared with scores from earlier assessment years. Therefore, this table does not include scores from the earlier grade 12 assessment years (1990, 1992, 1996, and 2000). For data pertaining to comparisons between earlier years, see the Digest of Education Statistics 2009, table 138 (http://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d09/tables/dt09_138.asp).
NOTE: For the grade 4 and grade 8 assessments, scale ranges from 0 to 500. For the grade 12 assessment, scale ranges from 0 to 300. Includes public and private schools. For 1996 and later years, includes students tested with accommodations (1 to 12 percent of all students, depending on grade level and year); excludes only those students with disabilities and English language learners who were unable to be tested even with accommodations (2 to 4 percent of all students). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 1990, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, and 2011 Mathematics Assessments, retrieved November 2, 2011, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared November 2011.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education