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Table 134. Average reading scale scores of 4th- and 8th-graders in public schools and percentage scoring at or above selected reading achievement levels, by English language learner (ELL) status and state: 2011
State 4th-graders 8th-graders
English language learners Not English language learners English language learners Not English language learners
Percent of all students assessed Average scale score1 Percent Average scale score1 Percent Percent of all students assessed Average scale score1 Percent Average scale score1 Percent
At or above Basic2 At or above Profi-cient3 At or above Basic2 At or above Profi-cient3 At or above Basic2 At or above Proficient3 At or above Basic2 At or above Profi-cient3
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
United States 11 (0.3) 188 (0.8) 30 (1.1) 7 (0.4) 224 (0.3) 70 (0.3) 35 (0.4) 5 (0.2) 223 (1.0) 29 (1.4) 3 (0.4) 266 (0.2) 77 (0.3) 33 (0.3)
                                                         
Alabama 2 (0.4) 189 (6.0) 32 (8.8) 5 (3.0) 221 (1.4) 68 (1.8) 32 (1.5) 1 (0.2) (†) (†) (†) 259 (1.5) 70 (1.8) 26 (1.6)
Alaska 13 (0.8) 153 (3.5) 9 (1.8) 2 (0.8) 216 (1.1) 63 (1.5) 29 (1.2) 10 (0.5) 215 (4.3) 22 (4.4) 5 (2.0) 267 (0.8) 79 (1.0) 34 (1.1)
Arizona 12 (1.0) 171 (2.8) 14 (2.6) 1 (1.0) 218 (1.0) 64 (1.3) 29 (1.3) 2 (0.2) (†) (†) (†) 261 (1.2) 72 (1.5) 29 (1.5)
Arkansas 8 (0.8) 197 (2.9) 41 (3.6) 14 (2.6) 218 (1.0) 65 (1.3) 31 (1.3) 5 (0.5) 239 (3.3) 47 (5.3) 8 (2.2) 260 (1.0) 72 (1.1) 29 (1.7)
California 31 (1.9) 186 (1.6) 27 (2.3) 5 (0.9) 223 (1.9) 70 (2.0) 33 (2.5) 17 (1.0) 220 (1.9) 26 (2.7) 3 (0.9) 262 (1.1) 73 (1.2) 28 (1.5)
                                                         
Colorado 16 (1.2) 184 (2.5) 28 (2.8) 5 (1.4) 231 (1.2) 79 (1.2) 45 (1.7) 7 (0.6) 224 (3.2) 28 (4.2) 2 (†) 274 (1.3) 85 (1.3) 43 (2.1)
Connecticut 5 (0.7) 178 (5.0) 22 (5.2) 3 (2.0) 230 (1.2) 76 (1.4) 44 (1.6) 4 (0.5) 224 (5.6) 24 (6.2) 3 (†) 277 (0.9) 85 (1.0) 46 (1.3)
Delaware 3 (0.3) 187 (4.1) 22 (5.6) 4 (2.6) 226 (0.7) 74 (0.9) 37 (1.2) 1 (0.2) (†) (†) (†) 266 (0.7) 78 (0.8) 33 (1.2)
District of Columbia 7 (0.4) 179 (3.9) 22 (4.6) 5 (2.6) 202 (0.9) 45 (1.0) 20 (0.9) 5 (0.3) 215 (3.4) 25 (5.1) 3 (1.7) 244 (0.9) 52 (1.0) 17 (1.0)
Florida 8 (0.6) 195 (2.0) 35 (3.3) 7 (1.8) 227 (1.1) 75 (1.4) 38 (1.5) 4 (0.3) 225 (3.9) 28 (5.8) 4 (1.7) 264 (1.0) 75 (1.4) 31 (1.5)
                                                         
Georgia 4 (0.5) 191 (3.2) 31 (4.4) 5 (3.4) 222 (1.0) 68 (1.4) 34 (1.3) 1 (0.3) (†) (†) (†) 263 (1.1) 75 (1.3) 28 (1.5)
Hawaii 10 (0.7) 180 (2.4) 21 (3.4) 3 (1.4) 217 (1.0) 64 (1.3) 30 (1.2) 8 (0.3) 220 (3.1) 26 (3.6) 3 (1.3) 260 (0.7) 72 (1.2) 28 (1.1)
Idaho 4 (0.4) 166 (3.1) 12 (3.1) 2 (†) 223 (0.7) 71 (1.2) 34 (1.0) 3 (0.2) 231 (2.9) 39 (5.8) 2 (†) 269 (0.7) 82 (1.1) 35 (1.1)
Illinois 7 (0.7) 180 (3.0) 23 (3.9) 5 (1.6) 223 (1.1) 69 (1.2) 36 (1.3) 4 (0.4) 224 (3.3) 32 (5.9) 2 (†) 267 (0.9) 78 (1.1) 35 (1.4)
Indiana 7 (1.0) 197 (3.2) 42 (4.1) 14 (3.7) 223 (0.9) 70 (1.2) 34 (1.1) 3 (0.5) 235 (4.6) 45 (7.5) 6 (4.1) 266 (1.0) 79 (1.0) 33 (1.6)
                                                         
Iowa 5 (0.6) 189 (3.7) 35 (4.3) 7 (2.3) 223 (0.8) 71 (1.0) 35 (1.0) 3 (0.5) 231 (4.3) 39 (6.7) 6 (2.9) 266 (1.0) 78 (1.1) 34 (1.5)
Kansas 11 (1.3) 203 (2.2) 48 (2.9) 16 (2.1) 226 (1.1) 73 (1.2) 39 (1.6) 6 (0.7) 242 (3.0) 49 (4.3) 11 (3.5) 269 (0.9) 81 (0.9) 37 (1.4)
Kentucky 1 (0.2) (†) (†) (†) 225 (1.0) 72 (1.3) 36 (1.5) 1 (0.2) (†) (†) (†) 269 (0.8) 80 (1.0) 37 (1.2)
Louisiana 2 (0.4) 197 (6.1) 44 (7.0) 9 (5.1) 211 (1.4) 56 (1.8) 23 (1.5) 1 (0.3) (†) (†) (†) 255 (1.6) 66 (2.2) 22 (1.4)
Maine 3 (0.5) 186 (5.1) 34 (6.7) 7 (†) 223 (0.7) 71 (1.0) 33 (1.3) 2 (0.2) (†) (†) (†) 271 (0.8) 81 (0.9) 39 (1.4)
                                                         
Maryland 3 (0.4) 205 (3.2) 47 (5.6) 15 (4.4) 232 (0.9) 76 (1.0) 44 (1.2) 1 (0.3) (†) (†) (†) 272 (1.1) 81 (1.1) 40 (1.6)
Massachusetts 7 (0.7) 204 (2.4) 46 (4.6) 12 (2.6) 239 (1.0) 86 (1.1) 53 (1.5) 3 (0.3) 211 (3.9) 17 (3.9) 1 (†) 277 (1.0) 87 (0.9) 48 (1.5)
Michigan 3 (0.5) 192 (2.9) 33 (5.0) 7 (3.4) 220 (1.2) 67 (1.4) 32 (1.4) 2 (0.3) 237 (4.8) 48 (10.0) 8 (4.2) 266 (0.9) 78 (1.2) 33 (1.3)
Minnesota 10 (1.3) 187 (3.1) 30 (3.2) 5 (1.6) 226 (1.1) 74 (1.3) 39 (1.5) 5 (0.5) 233 (3.7) 38 (5.6) 6 (2.2) 272 (1.0) 83 (1.2) 41 (1.3)
Mississippi 2 (0.4) (†) (†) (†) 210 (1.2) 55 (1.4) 22 (1.2) 1 (0.2) (†) (†) (†) 254 (1.2) 65 (1.6) 21 (1.4)
                                                         
Missouri 3 (0.8) 189 (5.5) 29 (5.7) 11 (3.3) 221 (1.0) 68 (1.3) 35 (1.1) 1 (0.2) (†) (†) (†) 267 (1.1) 79 (1.1) 35 (1.7)
Montana 2 (0.3) 174 (5.1) 18 (6.0) 4 (†) 226 (0.6) 75 (1.0) 36 (1.1) 1 (0.2) (†) (†) (†) 273 (0.6) 86 (0.8) 42 (1.0)
Nebraska 7 (0.8) 191 (4.4) 32 (4.4) 7 (2.4) 226 (0.8) 73 (1.1) 38 (1.4) 2 (0.3) (†) (†) (†) 268 (0.7) 82 (0.7) 36 (1.3)
Nevada 27 (1.0) 193 (1.8) 36 (2.0) 10 (1.0) 220 (1.1) 67 (1.4) 31 (1.4) 10 (0.4) 215 (2.8) 20 (3.1) 2 (1.0) 263 (0.8) 75 (1.2) 29 (1.3)
New Hampshire 2 (0.2) 203 (4.7) 45 (7.0) 14 (4.7) 231 (0.7) 79 (0.9) 44 (1.1) 1 (0.2) (†) (†) (†) 273 (0.8) 84 (1.1) 40 (1.3)
                                                         
New Jersey 2 (0.4) (†) (†) (†) 232 (1.2) 79 (1.4) 45 (1.4) 1 (0.3) (†) (†) (†) 276 (1.2) 85 (1.4) 45 (1.4)
New Mexico 15 (0.7) 171 (2.0) 14 (2.3) 2 (0.9) 214 (1.0) 60 (1.5) 24 (1.0) 10 (0.5) 218 (2.3) 22 (3.1) 1 (†) 260 (0.8) 73 (1.2) 25 (1.3)
New York 8 (0.6) 187 (3.2) 29 (4.5) 5 (2.2) 226 (1.0) 72 (1.2) 38 (1.4) 5 (0.4) 216 (2.6) 21 (2.9) 1 (0.8) 268 (1.2) 79 (1.2) 37 (1.6)
North Carolina 7 (0.6) 189 (3.4) 32 (4.0) 7 (2.0) 224 (1.1) 71 (1.2) 36 (1.4) 4 (0.3) 233 (3.4) 38 (5.0) 3 (†) 264 (1.0) 75 (1.2) 32 (1.6)
North Dakota 2 (0.2) 198 (4.1) 38 (6.8) 9 (4.0) 226 (0.5) 75 (1.0) 36 (0.9) 1 (0.2) (†) (†) (†) 269 (0.7) 84 (1.0) 34 (1.4)
                                                         
Ohio 3 (0.5) 206 (2.8) 53 (4.6) 14 (3.7) 224 (1.0) 72 (1.1) 34 (1.5) 1 (0.2) 224 (7.6) 27 (11.1) 5 (†) 269 (1.1) 80 (1.2) 37 (1.6)
Oklahoma 5 (0.7) 186 (4.7) 26 (4.8) 7 (2.7) 217 (1.1) 66 (1.5) 28 (1.3) 2 (0.4) (†) (†) (†) 261 (1.1) 74 (1.5) 27 (1.4)
Oregon 14 (0.8) 183 (2.0) 25 (2.2) 4 (0.9) 222 (1.1) 69 (1.3) 35 (1.5) 6 (0.6) 215 (3.5) 22 (5.0) 1 (†) 267 (0.9) 79 (1.1) 35 (1.4)
Pennsylvania 2 (0.3) 183 (4.7) 26 (7.2) 10 (3.7) 228 (1.2) 75 (1.3) 42 (1.4) 2 (0.3) 220 (6.0) 23 (6.9) 2 (1.1) 269 (1.2) 78 (1.5) 39 (1.5)
Rhode Island 6 (0.5) 180 (3.1) 20 (4.6) 3 (1.4) 225 (0.7) 73 (1.3) 37 (1.0) 3 (0.2) 219 (4.8) 30 (4.9) 3 (1.8) 267 (0.7) 77 (0.8) 34 (1.1)
                                                         
South Carolina 5 (0.5) 207 (3.5) 56 (4.9) 20 (3.8) 215 (1.2) 62 (1.3) 29 (1.6) 4 (0.4) 251 (3.5) 63 (5.0) 18 (4.2) 261 (0.9) 72 (1.2) 27 (1.4)
South Dakota 4 (0.4) 175 (4.8) 20 (4.0) 2 (1.5) 222 (0.8) 71 (0.9) 33 (1.0) 1 (0.2) (†) (†) (†) 270 (0.8) 83 (0.9) 36 (1.2)
Tennessee 3 (0.5) 177 (4.9) 21 (6.7) 5 (†) 216 (1.1) 62 (1.5) 26 (1.3) 1 (0.2) (†) (†) (†) 260 (1.0) 71 (1.2) 27 (1.3)
Texas 18 (1.2) 197 (2.0) 38 (2.9) 9 (1.4) 223 (1.5) 70 (1.8) 33 (2.0) 7 (0.9) 225 (3.0) 27 (5.1) 1 (0.6) 264 (0.9) 78 (1.3) 29 (1.4)
Utah 6 (0.5) 167 (3.5) 14 (2.7) 2 (1.2) 224 (0.9) 72 (1.2) 35 (1.3) 4 (0.3) 222 (2.5) 23 (4.1) 2 (†) 269 (0.8) 81 (1.1) 37 (1.6)
                                                         
Vermont 2 (0.2) 189 (6.4) 36 (7.0) 16 (5.9) 228 (0.6) 74 (1.0) 42 (0.9) 1 (0.2) (†) (†) (†) 274 (0.9) 83 (0.9) 45 (1.3)
Virginia 7 (0.8) 190 (2.8) 30 (3.9) 7 (2.2) 229 (1.0) 75 (1.3) 41 (1.4) 5 (0.5) 241 (5.3) 54 (7.2) 7 (2.9) 269 (1.1) 79 (1.2) 37 (1.7)
Washington 11 (0.9) 172 (2.9) 15 (2.7) 2 (0.9) 226 (1.0) 73 (1.2) 38 (1.4) 5 (0.5) 222 (3.5) 25 (4.3) 4 (1.6) 270 (0.9) 80 (1.0) 39 (1.2)
West Virginia 1 (0.1) (†) (†) (†) 214 (0.8) 61 (1.1) 27 (1.0) # (†) (†) (†) (†) 256 (0.9) 68 (1.1) 24 (1.2)
Wisconsin 8 (0.8) 195 (2.6) 39 (3.1) 10 (2.3) 223 (0.8) 70 (1.2) 36 (1.1) 5 (0.5) 240 (3.3) 47 (5.8) 9 (2.8) 269 (0.9) 80 (1.0) 36 (1.3)
Wyoming 3 (0.2) 190 (3.4) 32 (5.8) 5 (3.3) 225 (0.8) 73 (1.3) 35 (1.1) 1 (0.2) (†) (†) (†) 270 (1.0) 82 (1.0) 38 (1.6)
                                                         
Department of Defense
   dependents schools
5 (0.3) 211 (3.0) 53 (5.4) 17 (4.0) 230 (0.5) 81 (0.8) 40 (1.3) 4 (0.3) (†) (†) (†) 273 (0.8) 88 (1.0) 40 (1.2)
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases).
1 Scale ranges from 0 to 500.
2 Basic denotes partial mastery of the knowledge and skills that are fundamental for proficient work at a given grade.
3 Proficient represents solid academic performance. Students reaching this level have demonstrated competency over challenging subject matter.
NOTE: The results for English language learners are based on students who were assessed and cannot be generalized to the total population of such students. Although testing accommodations were permitted, some English language learners--making up about 1 percent of all public school students at both grade 4 and grade 8--did not have a sufficient level of English proficiency to participate in the 2011 Reading Assessment. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2011 Reading Assessment, retrieved November 2, 2011, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared November 2011.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
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