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Table 131. Average reading scale score and percentage of 4th-grade public school students, by race/ethnicity and state: 2011
State Average scale score1 Percent of students
White Black Hispanic Asian Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander American Indian/ Alaska Native White Black Hispanic Asian Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander American Indian/ Alaska Native
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
United States 230 (0.3) 205 (0.4) 205 (0.5) 236 (1.3) 214 (1.8) 204 (1.3) 52 (0.4) 16 (0.3) 23 (0.4) 5 (0.2) # (†) 1 (0.1)
                                                 
Alabama 230 (1.2) 204 (2.1) 205 (3.1) (†) (†) (†) 60 (1.9) 32 (1.9) 5 (0.7) 1 (0.2) # (†) 1 (0.4)
Alaska 223 (1.1) 206 (4.3) 212 (3.7) 199 (3.2) 192 (5.8) 175 (2.4) 50 (1.1) 4 (0.3) 6 (0.4) 6 (0.4) 2 (0.2) 23 (1.0)
Arizona 225 (1.6) 204 (4.7) 203 (1.3) 225 (5.1) (†) 185 (4.0) 43 (1.6) 5 (0.5) 43 (1.8) 3 (0.3) # (†) 5 (0.5)
Arkansas 224 (1.0) 197 (1.7) 204 (2.7) (†) (†) (†) 65 (1.2) 21 (1.3) 10 (0.8) 2 (0.2) # (†) # (†)
California 229 (2.3) 208 (3.5) 198 (1.3) 233 (4.0) (†) (†) 25 (1.7) 7 (1.1) 54 (2.2) 12 (1.7) 1 (0.2) # (†)
                                                 
Colorado 236 (1.1) 207 (3.3) 203 (1.9) 234 (4.3) (†) (†) 56 (1.3) 4 (0.4) 33 (1.3) 3 (0.3) # (†) # (†)
Connecticut 239 (1.1) 204 (2.7) 204 (2.9) 241 (3.4) (†) (†) 60 (1.9) 13 (1.6) 20 (1.2) 5 (0.5) # (†) # (†)
Delaware 234 (1.1) 215 (1.4) 214 (1.9) 240 (3.1) (†) (†) 49 (0.8) 32 (0.7) 12 (0.7) 4 (0.3) # (†) 1 (0.1)
District of Columbia 255 (2.8) 193 (1.1) 202 (2.8) (†) (†) (†) 8 (0.4) 77 (0.5) 12 (0.4) 2 (0.2) # (†) # (†)
Florida 235 (1.2) 209 (1.8) 220 (1.4) 246 (4.2) (†) (†) 40 (1.7) 25 (1.8) 29 (1.4) 2 (0.3) # (†) # (†)
                                                 
Georgia 231 (1.1) 208 (1.8) 214 (2.4) 242 (4.8) (†) (†) 45 (1.7) 36 (1.8) 12 (1.2) 4 (0.4) # (†) # (†)
Hawaii 226 (1.7) 215 (4.5) 209 (4.2) 221 (1.4) 201 (1.7) (†) 15 (1.0) 3 (0.4) 5 (0.3) 36 (1.1) 33 (1.2) 1 (0.1)
Idaho 225 (0.8) (†) 201 (1.8) 227 (5.9) (†) (†) 78 (0.9) 1 (0.2) 16 (0.8) 2 (0.2) # (†) 2 (0.6)
Illinois 231 (1.3) 198 (2.1) 204 (1.8) 237 (2.6) (†) (†) 53 (1.4) 20 (1.0) 19 (0.8) 4 (0.5) # (†) # (†)
Indiana 226 (0.9) 203 (2.4) 203 (2.1) (†) (†) (†) 72 (1.5) 12 (1.3) 10 (1.0) 1 (0.2) # (†) # (†)
                                                 
Iowa 225 (0.8) 193 (2.2) 201 (2.1) 227 (4.1) (†) (†) 80 (1.0) 6 (0.5) 9 (0.7) 2 (0.2) # (†) # (†)
Kansas 229 (1.1) 204 (2.8) 209 (1.8) 228 (4.4) (†) (†) 68 (1.3) 7 (0.6) 16 (1.2) 3 (0.4) # (†) 1 (0.2)
Kentucky 226 (1.0) 210 (2.0) 222 (4.4) 250 (4.8) (†) (†) 84 (0.9) 9 (0.7) 3 (0.3) 1 (0.3) # (†) # (†)
Louisiana 223 (1.5) 197 (1.7) 208 (4.4) (†) (†) (†) 47 (2.1) 46 (2.0) 3 (0.4) 1 (0.2) # (†) 1 (0.2)
Maine 223 (0.6) 192 (4.8) (†) 217 (5.5) (†) (†) 92 (0.7) 3 (0.5) 2 (0.2) 2 (0.2) # (†) # (†)
                                                 
Maryland 242 (1.3) 213 (1.1) 226 (2.1) 252 (3.0) (†) (†) 45 (1.3) 35 (1.0) 9 (0.7) 6 (0.8) # (†) # (†)
Massachusetts 243 (0.7) 216 (2.0) 216 (1.5) 243 (2.8) (†) (†) 68 (1.7) 9 (1.0) 14 (1.3) 6 (0.5) # (†) # (†)
Michigan 225 (1.0) 192 (2.4) 206 (3.1) 236 (6.1) (†) (†) 70 (1.4) 17 (1.2) 6 (0.6) 3 (0.6) # (†) 1 (0.5)
Minnesota 229 (1.0) 199 (2.8) 201 (3.0) 218 (5.7) (†) 195 (5.4) 73 (1.6) 9 (1.0) 9 (1.2) 5 (0.4) # (†) 2 (0.3)
Mississippi 220 (1.3) 198 (1.6) 203 (6.2) (†) (†) (†) 50 (1.8) 46 (1.9) 3 (0.4) 1 (0.2) # (†) # (†)
                                                 
Missouri 226 (1.0) 199 (1.9) 209 (3.5) 234 (6.6) (†) (†) 75 (1.1) 17 (1.2) 5 (0.7) 2 (0.3) # (†) # (†)
Montana 229 (0.7) (†) 217 (3.8) (†) (†) 200 (2.9) 82 (1.0) 1 (0.1) 3 (0.3) 1 (0.1) # (†) 11 (1.0)
Nebraska 230 (0.9) 199 (3.4) 208 (2.6) 234 (5.6) (†) (†) 70 (1.1) 8 (0.6) 15 (0.9) 2 (0.2) # (†) 1 (0.3)
Nevada 224 (1.3) 202 (2.2) 203 (1.5) 223 (2.6) (†) (†) 37 (1.0) 10 (0.6) 42 (1.2) 6 (0.5) 1 (0.2) 1 (0.3)
New Hampshire 231 (0.8) (†) 217 (4.0) 234 (3.9) (†) (†) 91 (0.4) 2 (0.2) 3 (0.3) 3 (0.2) # (†) # (†)
                                                 
New Jersey 239 (1.0) 216 (2.7) 216 (2.3) 248 (2.9) (†) (†) 54 (1.9) 14 (1.4) 22 (1.8) 9 (1.1) # (†) # (†)
New Mexico 225 (1.5) 208 (3.8) 202 (1.1) 222 (5.2) (†) 193 (2.8) 28 (1.1) 2 (0.2) 59 (1.2) 2 (0.2) # (†) 9 (0.9)
New York 232 (1.3) 208 (1.8) 209 (1.8) 235 (2.9) (†) (†) 48 (2.2) 20 (1.7) 20 (1.2) 10 (0.8) # (†) 1 (†)
North Carolina 232 (1.3) 206 (1.5) 207 (2.4) 236 (4.5) (†) 192 (4.3) 54 (1.3) 26 (1.1) 12 (0.8) 3 (0.4) # (†) 1 (0.1)
North Dakota 228 (0.5) 220 (4.3) 214 (3.8) (†) (†) 206 (2.5) 85 (0.4) 2 (0.2) 3 (0.2) 1 (0.2) # (†) 9 (0.3)
                                                 
Ohio 229 (1.1) 204 (1.9) 211 (3.3) (†) (†) (†) 72 (1.6) 18 (1.7) 4 (0.6) 2 (0.3) # (†) # (†)
Oklahoma 221 (1.3) 199 (3.9) 207 (3.2) 228 (6.1) (†) 212 (2.2) 56 (1.2) 11 (0.8) 12 (1.1) 2 (0.2) # (†) 18 (0.8)
Oregon 222 (1.2) 202 (5.3) 196 (1.8) 233 (5.5) (†) 213 (5.7) 65 (1.0) 3 (0.4) 21 (0.9) 4 (0.5) 1 (0.1) 2 (0.2)
Pennsylvania 233 (1.1) 204 (2.2) 202 (2.8) 244 (3.8) (†) (†) 74 (1.7) 13 (1.4) 8 (1.0) 3 (0.4) # (†) # (†)
Rhode Island 230 (0.9) 208 (2.7) 204 (1.8) 233 (3.9) (†) (†) 64 (0.9) 8 (0.5) 22 (0.9) 3 (0.3) # (†) # (†)
                                                 
South Carolina 226 (1.2) 199 (1.7) 208 (2.8) (†) (†) (†) 54 (1.4) 36 (1.5) 6 (0.5) 1 (0.1) # (†) # (†)
South Dakota 225 (0.8) 204 (4.3) 207 (4.1) (†) (†) 197 (3.0) 78 (0.8) 3 (0.3) 3 (0.3) 1 (0.1) # (†) 14 (0.7)
Tennessee 221 (1.3) 198 (1.6) 201 (3.1) (†) (†) (†) 68 (1.5) 23 (1.6) 7 (0.7) 2 (0.3) # (†) # (†)
Texas 233 (2.2) 210 (1.6) 210 (1.4) 247 (6.1) (†) (†) 31 (1.8) 14 (1.1) 51 (2.1) 3 (0.7) # (†) # (†)
Utah 226 (1.0) (†) 196 (2.1) 226 (6.9) 206 (4.3) 187 (6.3) 79 (1.1) 1 (0.2) 14 (1.0) 2 (0.2) 2 (0.2) 1 (0.2)
                                                 
Vermont 228 (0.7) 205 (5.6) (†) (†) (†) (†) 92 (0.3) 2 (0.2) 1 (0.2) 2 (0.2) # (†) # (†)
Virginia 235 (1.2) 210 (1.6) 209 (2.8) 236 (4.1) (†) (†) 56 (1.6) 21 (1.1) 11 (1.0) 7 (0.7) # (†) # (†)
Washington 229 (1.3) 209 (2.7) 199 (2.3) 230 (3.7) (†) 202 (4.1) 58 (1.4) 5 (0.6) 21 (1.4) 7 (0.6) 1 (0.2) 2 (0.2)
West Virginia 216 (0.8) 196 (3.0) (†) (†) (†) (†) 92 (0.7) 5 (0.6) 1 (0.2) 1 (0.2) # (†) # (†)
Wisconsin 227 (0.9) 196 (1.8) 202 (1.9) 224 (2.9) (†) (†) 75 (1.3) 9 (0.7) 10 (0.9) 4 (0.4) # (†) 2 (0.8)
Wyoming 227 (0.8) (†) 213 (1.9) (†) (†) 192 (3.6) 80 (0.5) 1 (0.2) 14 (0.4) 1 (0.2) # (†) 3 (0.2)
                                                 
Department of Defense
   dependents
   schools
233 (0.8) 222 (1.7) 226 (1.6) 233 (2.3) (†) (†) 48 (0.6) 16 (0.4) 17 (0.5) 6 (0.3) 1 (0.2) 1 (0.2)
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases).
1 Scale ranges from 0 to 500.
NOTE: Includes public school students who were tested with accommodations; excludes only those students with disabilities (SD) and English language learners (ELL) who were unable to be tested even with accommodations. SD and ELL populations, accommodation rates, and exclusion rates vary from state to state. Race/ethnicity based on school records. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and because table does not include students classified as “Two or more races.” Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2011 Reading Assessment, retrieved November 22, 2011, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared November 2011.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education