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Table 127. Average reading scale score, by grade and selected student and school characteristics: Selected years, 1992 through 2011
Grade and selected student or
school characteristic
19921 19941 1998 2000 2002 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
4th grade, all students 217 (0.9) 214 (1.0) 215 (1.1) 213 (1.3) 219 (0.4) 218 (0.3) 219 (0.2) 221 (0.3) 221 (0.3) 221 (0.3)
Sex                                        
Male 213 (1.2) 209 (1.3) 212 (1.3) 208 (1.3) 215 (0.4) 215 (0.3) 216 (0.2) 218 (0.3) 218 (0.3) 218 (0.3)
Female 221 (1.0) 220 (1.1) 217 (1.3) 219 (1.4) 222 (0.5) 222 (0.3) 222 (0.3) 224 (0.3) 224 (0.3) 225 (0.3)
                                         
Eligibility for free or reduced-
   price lunch
                                       
Eligible (†) (†) 196 (1.7) 193 (1.7) 203 (0.7) 201 (0.3) 203 (0.3) 205 (0.3) 206 (0.3) 207 (0.3)
Not eligible (†) (†) 227 (0.9) 226 (1.2) 230 (0.4) 229 (0.3) 230 (0.2) 232 (0.3) 232 (0.3) 235 (0.3)
Unknown (†) (†) 223 (2.7) 225 (2.3) 226 (1.6) 230 (0.9) 232 (0.9) 233 (1.3) 236 (1.3) 235 (0.8)
                                         
Read for fun on own                                        
Almost every day 223 (1.2) 223 (1.2) 219 (1.5) 218 (1.7) 225 (0.5) 225 (0.3) 225 (0.3) 227 (0.3) 228 (0.4) 228 (0.4)
1-2 times a week 218 (1.2) 213 (1.1) 217 (1.2) 216 (1.2) 220 (0.5) 219 (0.3) 220 (0.3) 223 (0.3) 221 (0.4) 221 (0.4)
1-2 times a month 210 (1.6) 208 (2.1) 211 (1.9) 212 (1.6) 210 (0.8) 211 (0.5) 213 (0.4) 216 (0.4) 214 (0.4) 214 (0.4)
Never or hardly ever 199 (1.8) 197 (1.9) 202 (1.9) 201 (1.8) 208 (0.5) 207 (0.4) 208 (0.3) 211 (0.4) 210 (0.3) 210 (0.5)
                                         
Magazines in home                                        
Yes 221 (1.2) 220 (1.1) 221 (1.0) 219 (1.3) 223 (0.5) 223 (0.3) 223 (0.2) 225 (0.3) 224 (0.3) 226 (0.3)
No 207 (1.1) 201 (1.3) 202 (1.6) 203 (1.7) 209 (0.6) 209 (0.5) 210 (0.3) 213 (0.4) 215 (0.4) 216 (0.4)
Unknown 214 (2.1) 206 (2.1) 210 (1.9) 209 (2.4) 214 (0.6) 214 (0.4) 215 (0.4) 218 (0.4) 219 (0.4) 217 (0.4)
                                         
Control of school                                        
Public 215 (1.0) 212 (1.1) 213 (1.2) 211 (1.4) 217 (0.5) 216 (0.3) 217 (0.2) 220 (0.3) 220 (0.3) 220 (0.3)
Private 232 (1.7) 231 (2.5) (†) 231 (1.8) 234 (0.9) 235 (0.8) (†) 234 (1.1) 235 (1.0) 234 (0.8)
                                         
8th grade, all students 260 (0.9) 260 (0.8) 263 (0.8) (†) 264 (0.4) 263 (0.3) 262 (0.2) 263 (0.2) 264 (0.3) 265 (0.2)
Sex                                        
Male 254 (1.1) 252 (1.0) 256 (1.0) (†) 260 (0.5) 258 (0.3) 257 (0.2) 258 (0.3) 259 (0.3) 261 (0.3)
Female 267 (1.0) 267 (1.0) 270 (0.8) (†) 269 (0.5) 269 (0.3) 267 (0.2) 268 (0.3) 269 (0.3) 270 (0.2)
                                         
Eligibility for free or reduced-
   price lunch
                                       
Eligible (†) (†) 245 (1.0) (†) 249 (0.5) 247 (0.4) 247 (0.3) 247 (0.3) 249 (0.3) 252 (0.3)
Not eligible (†) (†) 269 (1.0) (†) 272 (0.4) 271 (0.3) 270 (0.2) 271 (0.3) 273 (0.3) 275 (0.3)
Unknown (†) (†) 272 (2.0) (†) 271 (1.4) 272 (1.0) 275 (1.1) 277 (1.3) 280 (1.3) 283 (0.9)
                                         
Read for fun on own                                        
Almost every day 277 (1.1) 277 (1.4) 277 (1.0) (†) 279 (0.6) 279 (0.4) 279 (0.3) 281 (0.4) 282 (0.4) 284 (0.4)
1-2 times a week 263 (1.0) 264 (1.1) 267 (1.1) (†) 266 (0.5) 265 (0.4) 265 (0.3) 265 (0.3) 267 (0.4) 268 (0.3)
1-2 times a month 258 (1.2) 257 (0.8) 263 (0.9) (†) 264 (0.6) 262 (0.3) 261 (0.3) 261 (0.4) 261 (0.4) 263 (0.3)
Never or hardly ever 246 (1.4) 246 (1.1) 251 (1.1) (†) 255 (0.4) 253 (0.3) 252 (0.3) 253 (0.3) 253 (0.4) 255 (0.3)
                                         
Magazines in home                                        
Yes 265 (0.9) 264 (0.8) 267 (0.8) (†) 269 (0.4) 268 (0.3) 267 (0.2) 268 (0.2) 269 (0.3) 272 (0.2)
No 243 (1.3) 243 (1.5) 248 (1.1) (†) 254 (0.7) 252 (0.4) 252 (0.3) 255 (0.3) 257 (0.4) 261 (0.3)
Unknown 242 (2.0) 237 (2.5) 240 (2.2) (†) 246 (0.8) 245 (0.9) 247 (0.6) 248 (0.5) 252 (0.5) 253 (0.4)
                                         
Parents' highest level of education                                        
Did not finish high school 243 (1.4) 238 (1.9) 242 (1.6) (†) 248 (1.0) 245 (0.7) 244 (0.5) 245 (0.5) 248 (0.6) 248 (0.6)
Graduated high school 251 (1.4) 252 (1.2) 254 (1.3) (†) 257 (0.5) 254 (0.4) 252 (0.4) 253 (0.4) 254 (0.4) 254 (0.4)
Some education after high school 265 (1.1) 266 (1.3) 268 (1.1) (†) 268 (0.5) 267 (0.4) 265 (0.3) 266 (0.3) 267 (0.3) 267 (0.4)
Graduated college 271 (1.0) 270 (0.9) 273 (0.9) (†) 274 (0.4) 273 (0.3) 272 (0.2) 273 (0.2) 274 (0.3) 275 (0.3)
                                         
Control of school                                        
Public 258 (1.0) 257 (0.8) 261 (0.8) (†) 263 (0.5) 261 (0.2) 260 (0.2) 261 (0.2) 262 (0.3) 264 (0.2)
Private 278 (2.0) 279 (1.4) (†) (†) 281 (0.9) 282 (0.7) (†) 280 (0.9) 282 (0.9) 282 (0.7)
                                         
12th grade, all students 292 (0.6) 287 (0.7) 290 (0.6) (†) 287 (0.7) (†) 286 (0.6) (†) 288 (0.7) (†)
Sex                                        
Male 287 (0.7) 280 (0.8) 282 (0.8) (†) 279 (0.9) (†) 279 (0.8) (†) 282 (0.7) (†)
Female 297 (0.7) 294 (0.8) 298 (0.8) (†) 295 (0.7) (†) 292 (0.7) (†) 294 (0.8) (†)
                                         
Eligibility for free or reduced-
   price lunch
                                       
Eligible (†) (†) 270 (1.1) (†) 273 (1.4) (†) 271 (1.0) (†) 273 (0.7) (†)
Not eligible (†) (†) 293 (0.6) (†) 289 (0.9) (†) 290 (0.7) (†) 294 (0.8) (†)
Unknown (†) (†) 295 (1.6) (†) 294 (1.5) (†) 295 (1.9) (†) 296 (2.4) (†)
                                         
Read for fun on own                                        
Almost every day 304 (0.9) 302 (1.1) 304 (1.0) (†) 304 (1.1) (†) 302 (1.2) (†) 305 (0.9) (†)
1-2 times a week 296 (0.7) 294 (1.0) 298 (0.9) (†) 292 (1.1) (†) 292 (1.0) (†) 295 (1.0) (†)
1-2 times a month 290 (0.9) 285 (1.0) 289 (0.7) (†) 288 (0.9) (†) 285 (0.8) (†) 288 (0.8) (†)
Never or hardly ever 279 (1.0) 273 (1.1) 275 (1.0) (†) 275 (1.0) (†) 274 (0.8) (†) 275 (0.6) (†)
                                         
Magazines in home                                        
Yes 295 (0.6) 291 (0.7) 294 (0.6) (†) 292 (0.7) (†) 292 (0.6) (†) 294 (0.7) (†)
No 278 (1.2) 271 (1.2) 277 (1.2) (†) 277 (1.0) (†) 276 (1.0) (†) 281 (0.7) (†)
Unknown 264 (3.5) 256 (4.2) 247 (5.2) (†) 255 (3.4) (†) 260 (2.8) (†) 263 (1.6) (†)
                                         
Parents' highest level of education                                        
Did not finish high school 275 (1.4) 266 (1.5) 268 (1.8) (†) 268 (1.5) (†) 268 (1.7) (†) 269 (1.0) (†)
Graduated high school 283 (0.8) 277 (1.3) 279 (1.2) (†) 278 (1.1) (†) 274 (0.9) (†) 276 (0.7) (†)
Some education after high school 294 (0.8) 289 (1.0) 291 (1.0) (†) 289 (1.0) (†) 287 (0.8) (†) 287 (0.7) (†)
Graduated college 301 (0.8) 298 (1.0) 300 (0.7) (†) 296 (0.8) (†) 297 (0.7) (†) 299 (0.8) (†)
                                         
Control of school                                        
Public 290 (0.7) 286 (0.7) 289 (0.7) (†) 285 (0.7) (†) 285 (0.7) (†) 287 (0.8) (†)
Private 308 (1.3) 301 (1.9) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met. Participation rates fell below the required standards for reporting.
1 Accommodations were not permitted for this assessment.
NOTE: Scale ranges from 0 to 500. Includes public and private schools. For 1998 and later years, includes students tested with accommodations (1 to 10 percent of all students, depending on grade level and year); excludes only those students with disabilities and English language learners who were unable to be tested even with accommodations (2 to 6 percent of all students). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 1992, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, and 2011 Reading Assessments, retrieved November 2, 2011, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared November 2011.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education