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Table 68. Public elementary and secondary pupil/teacher ratios, by selected school characteristics: Fall 1989 through fall 2009
Selected school characteristic 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22
All schools 17.9 17.4 17.6 17.7 17.8 17.7 17.8 17.6 17.2 16.9 16.6 16.4 16.3 16.2 16.4 16.2 16.0 15.8 15.7 15.7 16.0
Enrollment size of school                                          
Under 300 14.6 14.0 14.1 14.1 14.3 14.1 14.1 14.0 13.7 13.6 13.3 13.1 12.9 12.8 13.0 12.8 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.5 12.6
300 to 499 17.6 17.0 17.1 17.0 17.3 17.2 17.1 16.9 16.5 16.2 15.8 15.5 15.4 15.3 15.5 15.2 15.0 14.9 15.0 14.8 15.2
500 to 999 18.5 18.0 18.1 18.1 18.2 18.1 18.2 17.9 17.5 17.1 16.8 16.7 16.5 16.5 16.6 16.4 16.2 15.9 15.9 15.9 16.3
1,000 to 1,499 18.5 17.9 18.2 18.6 18.5 18.6 18.7 18.5 18.1 17.7 17.6 17.4 17.4 17.4 17.6 17.3 16.9 16.7 16.5 16.5 16.9
1,500 or more 19.4 19.2 19.6 20.0 19.7 19.9 20.0 20.0 19.7 19.3 19.3 19.1 19.0 18.9 19.2 19.1 18.8 18.6 18.1 18.3 18.8
                                           
Type                                          
Regular schools 18.1 17.6 17.7 17.8 17.9 17.8 17.9 17.7 17.3 17.0 16.7 16.5 16.4 16.3 16.5 16.3 16.1 15.9 15.8 15.8 16.1
Alternative 16.0 14.2 15.8 16.5 17.4 18.0 16.6 16.6 16.5 16.4 15.8 15.2 14.9 14.9 15.0 14.4 14.0 14.7 13.5 14.2 14.3
Special education 6.2 6.5 6.8 7.0 7.4 6.9 7.2 7.4 7.6 7.3 7.2 7.0 6.4 7.0 7.3 7.4 6.2 6.6 7.1 6.8 7.1
Vocational 13.0 13.0 12.3 13.0 13.1 12.9 12.7 12.9 12.9 13.1 13.0 12.7 12.7 9.9 10.3 11.5 12.0 13.3 11.3 10.7 10.2
                                           
Percent of students eligible for                                          
free or reduced-price lunch                                          
25 percent or less 16.8 16.4 16.4 16.3 16.1 16.5
26 percent to 50 percent 16.2 16.1 15.8 15.7 15.7 16.1
51 percent to 75 percent 15.9 15.6 15.3 15.2 15.4 15.8
More than 75 percent 15.9 15.5 15.4 15.0 15.1 15.6
                                           
Type of locale                                          
City, large1  17.1 16.6 16.0 16.2 16.5
City, midsize2 16.2 16.2 15.9 15.9 16.4
City, small3  16.2 16.0 15.7 15.8 16.1
Suburban, large4 16.3 16.2 16.2 15.9 16.4
Suburban, midsize5  16.5 16.3 16.0 16.0 16.4
Suburban, small6 16.5 16.3 16.3 16.4 16.6
Town, fringe7  16.2 16.0 15.9 15.9 16.5
Town, distant8 15.4 15.0 15.2 15.2 15.5
Town, remote9  15.2 15.1 15.0 15.0 15.1
Rural, fringe10 16.1 15.8 16.0 15.9 16.2
Rural, distant11 14.7 14.3 14.5 14.4 14.5
Rural, remote12 12.8 12.6 12.5 12.4 12.5
                                           
                                           
Level and size                                          
Elementary schools 18.6 18.1 18.2 18.1 18.2 18.0 18.1 17.8 17.4 17.0 16.7 16.5 16.3 16.2 16.3 16.0 15.8 15.6 15.6 15.5 15.9
Regular 18.7 18.2 18.2 18.1 18.3 18.0 18.1 17.9 17.4 17.0 16.7 16.5 16.3 16.2 16.3 16.0 15.8 15.6 15.6 15.5 15.9
Under 300 16.6 16.0 16.1 15.9 16.0 15.7 15.7 15.6 15.3 15.1 14.6 14.4 14.1 13.9 14.0 13.7 13.6 13.5 13.7 13.5 13.7
300 to 499 18.3 17.6 17.6 17.5 17.7 17.5 17.5 17.2 16.8 16.4 16.1 15.8 15.6 15.5 15.6 15.3 15.2 15.1 15.2 15.0 15.4
500 to 999 19.4 18.8 18.8 18.7 18.8 18.5 18.6 18.3 17.8 17.4 17.1 16.9 16.8 16.7 16.8 16.5 16.3 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.5
1,000 to 1,499 20.1 19.5 19.6 19.7 19.7 19.6 19.7 19.4 18.8 18.4 18.3 18.1 18.0 18.0 18.1 17.7 17.2 17.0 16.7 16.8 17.2
1,500 or more 19.5 19.9 20.9 20.3 21.2 20.4 20.9 21.2 20.7 19.9 20.0 20.5 20.2 20.3 20.8 20.5 19.6 19.4 18.0 18.1 18.5
                                           
Secondary schools 17.2 16.6 16.9 17.3 17.3 17.5 17.6 17.5 17.3 17.0 16.8 16.6 16.6 16.7 16.9 16.8 16.6 16.4 16.3 16.2 16.4
Regular 17.3 16.7 17.0 17.4 17.4 17.6 17.7 17.6 17.4 17.1 16.9 16.7 16.7 16.8 17.0 16.9 16.8 16.6 16.4 16.3 16.6
Under 300 12.4 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.6 12.7 12.8 12.7 12.5 12.5 12.0 12.0 11.9 12.0 12.3 12.0 12.2 12.0 12.1 11.9 11.9
300 to 499 15.5 14.9 15.1 15.3 15.5 15.7 15.7 15.5 15.3 15.1 14.6 14.5 14.4 14.4 14.7 14.7 14.6 14.4 14.4 14.3 14.2
500 to 999 16.8 16.1 16.4 16.7 16.7 16.8 16.9 16.7 16.4 16.2 16.0 15.8 15.7 15.8 16.0 15.9 15.8 15.6 15.4 15.4 15.6
1,000 to 1,499 17.9 17.2 17.5 17.9 17.8 17.9 18.0 17.9 17.5 17.2 17.1 16.8 16.8 16.9 17.2 17.0 16.8 16.5 16.5 16.3 16.6
1,500 or more 19.5 19.3 19.6 20.0 19.6 19.9 20.0 20.0 19.7 19.3 19.2 18.9 18.8 18.8 19.0 19.0 18.8 18.5 18.2 18.2 18.7
                                           
Combined schools 15.5 14.5 15.0 14.8 15.3 15.1 15.0 14.7 14.4 13.4 13.4 13.7 13.4 13.5 13.8 13.9 14.1 14.7 13.4 13.9 14.1
Under 300 9.5 8.9 9.3 9.3 9.6 9.3 9.0 8.7 8.6 8.9 9.1 9.2 9.1 9.1 9.5 9.2 9.5 10.1 9.2 8.9 9.1
300 to 499 14.4 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.8 14.4 14.7 14.3 14.0 13.6 13.8 13.5 13.1 13.1 14.4 13.4 13.9 14.3 13.7 13.9 13.8
500 to 999 17.6 16.3 16.7 15.6 16.5 16.6 16.6 16.6 16.2 15.5 14.9 15.8 15.6 16.0 15.4 15.8 15.9 16.0 15.2 15.6 15.8
1,000 to 1,499 19.0 17.8 17.9 18.6 18.6 18.3 18.2 18.4 18.0 16.9 16.9 17.5 18.1 17.7 17.5 17.4 16.4 17.3 15.9 16.7 17.9
1,500 or more 18.8 17.7 18.6 18.9 18.8 19.5 19.6 19.3 19.3 18.7 19.2 18.6 18.9 19.1 19.2 18.7 20.0 20.3 18.0 21.7 21.7
                                           
Ungraded 5.9 6.4 6.5 6.9 7.1 6.7 6.9 5.9 6.2 5.9 5.3 7.0 6.3 6.8 9.6 8.0 7.7 7.2 7.3 5.5 8.5
                                           
Level, type, and percent of
   students eligible for
   free or reduced-price lunch
                                         
Elementary, regular                                          
25 percent or less 16.6 16.4 16.2 16.2 16.0 16.4
26 to 50 percent 16.0 15.8 15.5 15.6 15.6 16.0
51 to 75 percent 15.7 15.5 15.1 15.2 15.2 15.7
More than 75 percent 16.0 15.6 15.4 15.1 15.2 15.8
Secondary, regular                                          
25 percent or less 17.5 17.0 16.9 16.8 16.6 16.8
26 to 50 percent 16.9 16.8 16.4 16.4 16.2 16.5
51 to 75 percent 16.9 16.7 16.3 16.1 16.4 16.5
More than 75 percent 16.2 16.7 16.2 15.7 15.9 16.0
—Not available.
1 Located inside an urbanized area and inside a principal city with a population of at least 250,000.
2 Located inside an urbanized area and inside a principal city with a population of at least 100,000, but less than 250,000.
3 Located inside an urbanized area and inside a principal city with a population less than 100,000.
4 Located inside an urbanized area and outside a principal city with a population of 250,000 or more.
5 Located inside an urbanized area and outside a principal city with a population of at least 100,000, but less than 250,000.
6 Located inside an urbanized area and outside a principal city with a population less than 100,000.
7 Located inside an urban cluster that is 10 miles or less from an urbanized area.
8 Located inside an urban cluster that is more than 10 but less than or equal to 35 miles from an urbanized area.
9 Located inside an urban cluster that is more than 35 miles from an urbanized area.
10 Located outside any urbanized area or urban cluster, but 5 miles or less from an urbanized area or 2.5 miles or less from an urban cluster.
11 Located outside any urbanized area or urban cluster and more than 5 miles but less than or equal to 25 miles from an urbanized area, or more than 2.5 miles but less than or equal to 10 miles from an urban cluster.
12 Located outside any urbanized area or urban cluster, more than 25 miles from an urbanized area, and more than 10 miles from an urban cluster.
NOTE: Pupil/teacher ratios are based on data reported by types of schools rather than by instructional programs within schools. Only includes schools that reported both enrollment and teacher data. Ratios are based on data reported by schools and may differ from data reported in other tables that reflect aggregate totals reported by states.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey," 1989-90 through 2009-10. (This table was prepared August 2011.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education