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Table 60. Percentage of kindergartners through fifth-graders whose parents reported doing education-related activities with their children in the past month, by selected child, parent, and school characteristics: 1999, 2003, and 2007
Child, parent, and school characteristic Visited a library Went to a play, concert, or other live show Visited an art gallery, museum, or historical site Visited a zoo or aquarium Attended an event sponsored by a community, religious, or ethnic group1
1999 2003 2007 1999 2003 2007 1999 2003 2007 1999 2003 2007 1999 2003 2007
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Total 48.6 (0.64) 50.2 (0.80) 48.8 (1.12) 32.1 (0.55) 35.5 (0.87) 31.4 (0.87) 22.2 (0.67) 22.2 (0.83) 26.3 (1.09) 14.1 (0.47) 16.5 (0.69) 19.0 (0.80) 52.8 (0.63) 62.0 (0.80) 58.9 (1.14)
                                                             
Sex of child                                                            
Male 47.2 (0.91) 47.3 (1.08) 46.8 (1.66) 30.5 (0.84) 33.6 (1.09) 28.7 (1.06) 22.3 (0.93) 23.1 (1.12) 27.1 (1.80) 13.9 (0.70) 16.3 (0.88) 18.5 (0.95) 50.9 (0.89) 61.0 (1.08) 57.3 (1.48)
Female 50.1 (1.02) 53.1 (1.11) 50.9 (1.52) 33.7 (0.81) 37.5 (1.09) 34.5 (1.57) 22.1 (0.89) 21.2 (1.07) 25.4 (1.30) 14.3 (0.70) 16.7 (0.87) 19.6 (1.41) 54.8 (0.95) 63.0 (1.09) 60.6 (1.49)
                                                             
Race/ethnicity of child                                                            
White 48.9 (0.85) 49.1 (1.03) 48.5 (1.22) 33.9 (0.72) 37.2 (1.26) 32.8 (1.13) 22.3 (0.76) 21.2 (1.09) 25.4 (1.18) 12.0 (0.54) 13.6 (0.85) 15.3 (0.85) 54.6 (0.81) 64.6 (1.12) 63.1 (1.19)
Black 47.8 (1.76) 52.3 (2.50) 56.1 (3.95) 31.3 (1.60) 36.7 (2.23) 34.5 (3.02) 21.0 (1.52) 24.4 (1.97) 32.7 (5.13) 15.7 (1.24) 18.9 (1.55) 24.2 (2.72) 53.0 (1.40) 66.3 (2.35) 61.7 (4.59)
Hispanic 43.9 (1.65) 48.2 (1.77) 44.6 (2.14) 24.4 (1.10) 28.0 (1.53) 25.1 (1.67) 20.6 (1.26) 20.8 (1.38) 23.5 (2.13) 19.7 (1.02) 23.7 (1.32) 25.4 (1.97) 45.8 (1.32) 49.3 (1.75) 44.9 (2.17)
Asian (†) (†) 60.3 (5.29) (†) (†) 29.2 (4.76) (†) (†) 27.9 (4.22) (†) (†) 23.7 (3.61) (†) (†) 58.6 (5.15)
                                                             
Highest education level
   of parents/guardians
   in the household
                                                           
Less than high school 34.5 (2.33) 36.1 (3.39) 37.3 (3.49) 17.5 (1.63) 20.0 (3.10) 20.2 (2.66) 12.1 (1.64) 9.3 (1.75) 17.8 (2.25) 15.2 (1.65) 15.3 (2.05) 17.3 (2.22) 36.7 (2.32) 34.3 (3.06) 35.5 (3.86)
High school/GED2  40.3 (1.42) 44.5 (1.64) 41.5 (3.52) 25.9 (1.13) 28.6 (1.83) 22.0 (2.31) 16.0 (1.04) 17.8 (1.73) 22.2 (3.58) 12.8 (0.98) 16.5 (1.18) 17.6 (2.21) 42.6 (1.23) 50.5 (1.81) 46.0 (3.23)
Vocational/technical
     or some college
47.2 (1.41) 44.3 (2.04) 43.5 (2.46) 30.2 (1.30) 32.8 (1.89) 29.6 (2.15) 20.4 (1.21) 19.1 (1.32) 18.6 (2.00) 11.9 (0.90) 15.2 (1.29) 16.4 (1.95) 53.7 (1.43) 62.1 (1.64) 58.2 (2.61)
Associate's degree 50.4 (2.12) 47.4 (3.04) 46.6 (2.74) 35.5 (2.10) 41.1 (3.24) 31.0 (2.46) 22.0 (1.77) 22.0 (2.40) 22.3 (2.72) 14.3 (1.42) 15.4 (2.09) 19.3 (2.56) 53.6 (2.26) 67.0 (2.85) 58.7 (2.84)
Bachelor's degree/some
     graduate school
57.6 (1.52) 57.7 (1.74) 51.9 (1.89) 40.0 (1.24) 40.1 (1.61) 37.1 (1.85) 29.1 (1.37) 27.6 (1.70) 32.1 (2.07) 15.2 (1.03) 16.0 (1.32) 21.1 (1.79) 64.6 (1.22) 71.3 (1.63) 66.7 (2.07)
Graduate/professional
     degree
62.9 (1.53) 65.2 (2.04) 62.2 (1.86) 43.3 (1.77) 47.2 (2.53) 40.0 (2.20) 34.7 (1.73) 31.7 (2.02) 34.7 (1.96) 17.9 (1.33) 20.7 (1.82) 20.3 (1.61) 65.3 (1.68) 75.6 (1.55) 72.3 (1.63)
                                                             
Family income (in
   current dollars)
                                                           
$5,000 or less 42.7 (4.27) 38.2 (5.63) 46.5 (8.03) 24.9 (2.73) 25.7 (4.94) 18.6 (6.08) 16.5 (2.76) 13.2 (3.10) 21.4 (7.05) 16.6 (2.77) 18.7 (3.99) 12.3 (4.18) 37.3 (3.55) 52.9 (4.65) 43.5 (8.42)
$5,001 to 10,000 43.8 (2.86) 42.2 (4.99) 34.9 (5.37) 21.1 (2.34) 28.5 (4.74) 23.5 (5.99) 17.7 (2.07) 22.8 (4.79) 23.6 (5.63) 14.5 (1.65) 23.8 (4.05) 22.7 (5.16) 38.9 (2.62) 51.6 (4.74) 44.5 (6.75)
$10,001 to 15,000 44.8 (2.51) 49.1 (4.27) 35.6 (4.75) 24.5 (2.32) 27.3 (3.26) 21.0 (4.00) 18.2 (1.99) 20.7 (4.22) 10.6 (2.93) 15.3 (2.06) 20.9 (3.46) 17.6 (4.18) 45.5 (2.83) 49.1 (4.19) 51.0 (6.68)
$15,001 to 20,000 43.0 (3.07) 44.4 (3.95) 52.1 (9.98) 25.9 (2.37) 32.9 (3.75) 18.6 (3.76) 13.3 (1.74) 18.9 (2.83) 26.2 (11.91) 13.7 (1.61) 17.1 (2.61) 14.6 (3.78) 47.2 (2.78) 52.1 (4.19) 39.0 (7.73)
$20,001 to 25,000 38.9 (2.10) 48.4 (3.57) 45.3 (5.05) 26.3 (2.05) 26.0 (3.39) 30.1 (4.13) 18.7 (1.85) 16.3 (2.22) 21.2 (3.97) 14.7 (1.50) 16.4 (2.35) 20.4 (3.84) 47.7 (2.53) 57.8 (3.76) 52.6 (5.02)
$25,001 to 30,000 45.3 (2.27) 51.0 (3.71) 45.4 (5.59) 30.4 (2.35) 27.1 (3.35) 23.0 (3.90) 20.7 (1.97) 20.8 (3.12) 20.5 (5.61) 14.4 (1.70) 15.9 (2.50) 24.0 (6.29) 50.0 (2.30) 56.7 (3.96) 50.2 (5.60)
$30,001 to 35,000 49.2 (2.55) 44.9 (3.17) 45.9 (5.09) 31.3 (2.66) 33.2 (3.22) 30.4 (4.59) 21.4 (1.97) 18.3 (2.72) 23.7 (4.51) 11.9 (1.42) 17.1 (2.32) 20.4 (4.15) 53.7 (2.48) 59.7 (3.10) 65.5 (3.80)
$35,001 to 40,000 51.9 (2.30) 45.6 (4.30) 49.0 (3.80) 34.4 (2.60) 31.4 (3.79) 31.9 (3.85) 23.5 (2.18) 16.8 (2.99) 19.9 (4.22) 13.2 (1.48) 11.6 (2.92) 19.2 (3.80) 59.1 (2.45) 70.7 (3.70) 54.6 (4.46)
$40,001 to 50,000 52.1 (2.03) 52.2 (3.00) 47.0 (3.92) 32.5 (1.71) 35.8 (2.99) 31.8 (3.28) 22.5 (1.51) 20.9 (2.41) 26.9 (3.75) 13.1 (1.24) 14.8 (2.05) 20.9 (4.10) 58.5 (2.01) 63.1 (2.54) 56.4 (3.28)
$50,001 to 75,000 51.5 (1.67) 50.0 (1.65) 49.2 (2.28) 34.5 (1.47) 39.0 (1.59) 31.9 (1.80) 23.1 (1.37) 23.1 (1.42) 23.9 (1.64) 12.2 (0.86) 14.9 (1.27) 15.8 (1.50) 57.6 (1.72) 64.5 (1.42) 61.2 (2.02)
Over $75,000 55.5 (1.61) 55.8 (1.69) 53.5 (1.66) 44.5 (1.45) 42.6 (1.66) 38.1 (1.42) 31.6 (1.75) 27.3 (1.43) 33.1 (1.48) 15.8 (0.86) 16.9 (1.31) 20.3 (1.17) 61.9 (1.33) 67.9 (1.42) 67.6 (1.51)
                                                             
Child attending public
   school
47.5 (0.68) 49.2 (0.87) 47.6 (1.22) 30.4 (0.58) 34.9 (0.88) 31.0 (0.93) 21.0 (0.70) 21.2 (0.92) 24.9 (1.12) 13.7 (0.49) 16.3 (0.71) 19.1 (0.88) 51.2 (0.68) 60.6 (0.85) 56.9 (1.25)
Child attending private
   school
56.4 (1.78) 57.0 (2.31) 57.0 (2.86) 44.3 (1.80) 40.0 (2.55) 34.3 (2.65) 31.0 (1.55) 29.0 (2.04) 35.6 (2.82) 17.1 (1.28) 17.9 (1.85) 18.5 (2.05) 64.8 (1.92) 72.2 (2.15) 71.8 (2.77)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
1 In 1999 and 2007, a single item asked parents if they had attended an event sponsored by a community, ethnic, or religious group. In 2003, attendance at an event sponsored by a religious group was asked about separately from attendance at an event sponsored by a community or ethnic group.
2 GED = General Educational Development.
NOTE: The respondent was the parent most knowledgeable about the child's education. Responding parents reported on their own activities and the activities of their spouse/other adults in the household. Excludes homeschooled children. Totals include other racial/ethnic groups not separately shown. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Parent Survey (Parent:1999) and Parent and Family Involvement in Education Survey (PFI:2003 and 2007) of the National Household Education Surveys Program. (This table was prepared July 2009.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education