Skip Navigation
small NCES header image
Table 33. Gross domestic product, state and local expenditures, national income, personal income, disposable personal income, median family income, and population: Selected years, 1929 through 2010
Year Gross domestic product (in billions) State and local direct general expenditures (in millions)1 National income (in billions) Personal income (in billions) Disposable personal income (in billions of chained 2005 dollars)2 Disposable personal income per capita Median family income Population (in thousands)
Current dollars Chained 2005 dol- lars2 All direct general expendi- tures Education expendi-tures Current dollars Chained 2005 dollars2 Midyear data3 Resident as of July 14
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
1929 $103.6 $976.1 $93.9 $84.9 $791.6 $683.0 $6,495.0 121,878 121,767
1939 92.2 1,071.9 82.0 72.9 861.0 545.0 6,571.0 131,028 130,880
1940 101.4 1,165.9 $9,229 $2,638 90.9 78.4 918.2 581.0 6,950.0 132,122 132,122
1950 293.7 2,004.2 22,787 7,177 263.9 228.9 1,400.9 1,384.0 9,236.0 $3,319 151,684 152,271
1960 526.4 2,828.5 51,876 18,719 473.9 411.3 1,963.1 2,020.0 10,860.0 5,620 180,760 180,671
                         
1970 1,038.3 4,266.3 131,332 52,718 929.5 838.6 3,107.3 3,586.0 15,151.0 9,867 205,089 205,052
1971 1,126.8 4,409.5 150,674 59,413 1,005.6 903.1 3,247.7 3,859.0 15,637.0 10,285 207,692 207,661
1972 1,237.9 4,643.8 168,550 65,814 1,110.3 992.6 3,405.2 4,140.0 16,221.0 11,116 209,924 209,896
1973 1,382.3 4,912.8 181,357 69,714 1,246.1 1,110.5 3,636.6 4,615.0 17,159.0 12,051 211,939 211,909
1974 1,499.5 4,885.7 198,959 75,833 1,341.5 1,222.7 3,608.6 5,010.0 16,871.0 12,902 213,898 213,854
                         
1975 1,637.7 4,875.4 230,721 87,858 1,444.0 1,334.9 3,689.5 5,497.0 17,083.0 13,719 215,981 215,973
1976 1,824.6 5,136.9 256,731 97,216 1,609.8 1,474.7 3,836.6 5,972.0 17,592.0 14,958 218,086 218,035
1977 2,030.1 5,373.1 274,215 102,780 1,797.4 1,632.5 3,969.0 6,514.0 18,017.0 16,009 220,289 220,239
1978 2,293.8 5,672.8 296,984 110,758 2,027.9 1,836.7 4,154.6 7,220.0 18,662.0 17,640 222,629 222,585
1979 2,562.2 5,850.1 327,517 119,448 2,248.3 2,059.5 4,251.9 7,956.0 18,888.0 19,587 225,106 225,055
                         
1980 2,788.1 5,834.0 369,086 133,211 2,433.0 2,301.5 4,293.7 8,794.0 18,855.0 21,023 227,726 227,225
1981 3,126.8 5,982.1 407,449 145,784 2,729.8 2,582.3 4,407.9 9,726.0 19,164.0 22,388 230,008 229,466
1982 3,253.2 5,865.9 436,733 154,282 2,851.4 2,766.8 4,504.4 10,390.0 19,397.0 23,433 232,218 231,664
1983 3,534.6 6,130.9 466,516 163,876 3,070.9 2,952.2 4,653.5 11,095.0 19,859.0 24,674 234,333 233,792
1984 3,930.9 6,571.5 505,008 176,108 3,461.3 3,268.9 4,986.9 12,232.0 21,096.0 26,433 236,394 235,825
                         
1985 4,217.5 6,843.4 553,899 192,686 3,696.3 3,496.7 5,142.4 12,911.0 21,561.0 27,735 238,506 237,924
1986 4,460.1 7,080.5 605,623 210,819 3,871.5 3,696.0 5,312.6 13,540.0 22,073.0 29,458 240,683 240,133
1987 4,736.4 7,307.0 657,134 226,619 4,150.0 3,924.4 5,399.9 14,146.0 22,236.0 30,970 242,843 242,289
1988 5,100.4 7,607.4 704,921 242,683 4,522.3 4,231.2 5,633.0 15,206.0 22,986.0 32,191 245,061 244,499
1989 5,482.1 7,879.2 762,360 263,898 4,800.5 4,557.5 5,782.5 16,134.0 23,374.0 34,213 247,387 246,819
                         
1990 5,800.5 8,027.1 834,818 288,148 5,059.5 4,846.7 5,893.6 17,004.0 23,557.0 35,353 250,181 249,623
1991 5,992.1 8,008.3 908,108 309,302 5,217.9 5,031.5 5,943.2 17,532.0 23,442.0 35,939 253,530 252,981
1992 6,342.3 8,280.0 981,253 324,652 5,517.1 5,347.3 6,152.5 18,436.0 23,947.0 36,573 256,922 256,514
1993 6,667.4 8,516.2 1,033,167 342,287 5,784.7 5,568.1 6,255.3 18,909.0 24,033.0 36,959 260,282 259,919
1994 7,085.2 8,863.1 1,077,665 353,287 6,181.3 5,874.8 6,456.0 19,678.0 24,505.0 38,782 263,455 263,126
                         
1995 7,414.7 9,086.0 1,146,188 378,273 6,522.3 6,200.9 6,648.6 20,470.0 24,939.0 40,611 266,588 266,278
1996 7,838.5 9,425.8 1,189,356 398,859 6,931.7 6,591.6 6,867.8 21,355.0 25,463.0 42,300 269,714 269,394
1997 8,332.4 9,845.9 1,247,436 419,053 7,406.0 7,000.7 7,110.4 22,255.0 26,049.0 44,568 272,958 272,647
1998 8,793.5 10,274.7 1,314,496 450,365 7,875.6 7,525.4 7,535.4 23,534.0 27,287.0 46,737 276,154 275,854
1999 9,353.5 10,770.7 1,398,533 483,259 8,358.0 7,910.8 7,763.1 24,356.0 27,792.0 48,950 279,328 279,040
                         
2000 9,951.5 11,216.4 1,502,768 521,612 8,938.9 8,559.4 8,157.8 25,944.0 28,886.0 50,732 282,418 282,162
2001 10,286.2 11,337.5 1,621,757 563,572 9,185.2 8,883.3 8,356.2 26,805.0 29,286.0 51,407 285,335 284,969
2002 10,642.3 11,543.1 1,732,478 594,694 9,408.5 9,060.1 8,633.2 27,799.0 29,962.0 51,680 288,133 287,625
2003 11,142.2 11,836.4 1,817,513 621,335 9,840.2 9,378.1 8,850.5 28,805.0 30,430.0 52,680 290,845 290,108
2004 11,853.3 12,246.9 1,903,915 655,182 10,534.0 9,937.2 9,152.9 30,287.0 31,185.0 54,061 293,502 292,805
                         
2005 12,623.0 12,623.0 2,007,490 688,314 11,273.8 10,485.9 9,277.3 31,318.0 31,318.0 56,194 296,229 295,517
2006 13,377.2 12,958.5 2,117,161 728,917 12,031.2 11,268.1 9,652.8 33,157.0 32,278.0 58,407 299,052 298,380
2007 14,028.7 13,206.4 2,255,229 773,676 12,396.4 11,912.3 9,880.3 34,512.0 32,713.0 61,355 302,025 301,231
2008 14,291.5 13,161.9 2,399,788 825,486 12,609.1 12,460.2 10,119.5 36,166.0 33,197.0 61,521 304,831 304,094
2009 13,939.0 12,703.1 2,475,076 850,674 12,147.6 11,930.2 9,882.7 35,088.0 32,141.0 60,088 307,483 306,772
2010 14,526.5 13,088.0 12,840.1 12,373.5 10,061.6 36,051.0 32,446.0 60,395 310,106 309,350
—Not available.
1 Data for years prior to 1963 include expenditures for government fiscal years ending during that particular calendar year. Data for 1963 and later years are the aggregations of expenditures for government fiscal years that ended on June 30 of the stated year. General expenditures exclude expenditures of publicly owned utilities and liquor stores, and of insurance-trust activities. Intergovernmental payments between state and local governments are excluded. Payments to the federal government are included.
2 Constant dollars based on a chain-price index, which uses the geometric mean of output weights of adjacent time periods compiled over a time series. Chain-price indexes reflect changes in prices, while implicit price deflators reflect both changes in prices and in the composition of output.
3 Population of the United States including Armed Forces overseas. Includes Alaska and Hawaii beginning in 1960.
4 Resident population of the United States. Includes Alaska and Hawaii beginning in 1958. Data for 1990 and later years include revisions based on the 2000 census. Excludes overseas armed forces personnel.
NOTE: Gross domestic product (GDP) data are adjusted by the GDP chained weight price deflator. Personal income data are adjusted by the personal consumption deflator. Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance in the United States, retrieved December 6, 2011, from http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/income/data/historical/families/; Population Estimates, retrieved December 6, 2011, from http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.html; and State and Local Government Finances, retrieved December 6, 2011, from http://www.census.gov/govs/www/estimate.html. U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts Tables, retrieved December 6, 2011, from http://www.bea.gov/iTable/index_nipa.cfm. (This table was prepared December 2011.)
Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.
National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education