Skip Navigation
small NCES header image
Table 27. Poverty status of all persons, persons in families, and related children under age 18, by race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1960 through 2010
Year and race/
ethnicity
Number below the poverty level (in thousands) Percent below the poverty level
All persons In all families In families with female householder, no husband present All persons In all families In families with female householder, no husband present
Total House-holder1 Related children under 18 Total Related children under 18 Total House-holder1 Related children under 18 Total Related children under 18
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Total                                                
1960 39,851 (644.0) 34,925 (493.6) 8,243 (177.2) 17,288 (290.6) 7,247 (163.6) 4,095 (116.6) 22.2 (0.34) 20.7 (0.17) 18.1 (0.30) 26.5 (0.29) 48.9 (0.69) 68.4 (1.01)
1965 33,185 (595.4) 28,358 (419.2) 6,721 (156.2) 14,388 (255.6) 7,524 (167.4) 4,562 (124.1) 17.3 (0.30) 15.8 (0.14) 13.9 (0.26) 20.7 (0.26) 46.0 (0.66) 64.2 (0.96)
1970 25,420 (431.8) 20,330 (266.6) 5,260 (110.1) 10,235 (166.2) 7,503 (136.5) 4,689 (102.9) 12.6 (0.21) 10.9 (0.10) 10.1 (0.18) 14.9 (0.19) 38.1 (0.48) 53.0 (0.73)
1975 25,877 (435.2) 20,789 (271.0) 5,450 (112.4) 10,882 (173.0) 8,846 (151.3) 5,597 (114.2) 12.3 (0.20) 10.9 (0.10) 9.7 (0.17) 16.8 (0.20) 37.5 (0.43) 52.7 (0.67)
1980 29,272 (460.0) 22,601 (288.2) 6,217 (121.7) 11,114 (175.4) 10,120 (165.0) 5,866 (117.5) 13.0 (0.20) 11.5 (0.10) 10.3 (0.17) 17.9 (0.21) 36.7 (0.40) 50.8 (0.64)
                                                 
1985 33,064 (513.3) 25,729 (336.0) 7,223 (141.0) 12,483 (200.4) 11,600 (190.8) 6,716 (134.8) 14.0 (0.21) 12.6 (0.11) 11.4 (0.18) 20.1 (0.23) 37.6 (0.40) 53.6 (0.65)
1986 32,370 (508.5) 24,754 (326.3) 7,023 (138.6) 12,257 (197.9) 11,944 (194.6) 6,943 (137.6) 13.6 (0.21) 12.0 (0.10) 10.9 (0.18) 19.8 (0.23) 38.3 (0.40) 54.4 (0.64)
1987 32,221 (507.5) 24,725 (326.0) 7,005 (138.3) 12,275 (198.1) 12,148 (196.8) 7,074 (139.2) 13.4 (0.21) 12.0 (0.10) 10.7 (0.18) 19.7 (0.23) 38.1 (0.40) 54.7 (0.64)
1988 31,745 (504.2) 24,048 (319.3) 6,876 (136.8) 11,935 (194.5) 11,972 (194.9) 6,742 (135.1) 13.0 (0.20) 11.6 (0.10) 10.4 (0.17) 19.0 (0.23) 37.2 (0.39) 50.6 (0.63)
1989 31,528 (548.0) 24,066 (348.2) 6,784 (147.9) 12,001 (212.7) 11,668 (208.8) 6,808 (148.2) 12.8 (0.22) 11.5 (0.11) 10.3 (0.19) 19.0 (0.25) 35.9 (0.42) 51.1 (0.69)
                                                 
1990 33,585 (534.7) 25,232 (342.5) 7,098 (144.3) 12,715 (209.9) 12,578 (208.4) 7,363 (147.6) 13.5 (0.21) 12.0 (0.11) 10.7 (0.18) 19.9 (0.24) 37.2 (0.40) 53.4 (0.64)
1991 35,708 (549.1) 27,143 (362.1) 7,712 (151.9) 13,658 (220.3) 13,824 (222.2) 8,065 (156.2) 14.2 (0.22) 12.8 (0.11) 11.5 (0.19) 21.1 (0.24) 39.7 (0.39) 55.5 (0.62)
1992 38,014 (564.0) 28,961 (380.7) 7,960 (154.9) 14,521 (229.8) 14,205 (226.3) 8,032 (155.8) 14.8 (0.22) 13.3 (0.11) 11.7 (0.19) 21.6 (0.24) 39.0 (0.38) 54.3 (0.62)
1993 39,265 (571.8) 29,927 (390.5) 8,393 (160.2) 14,961 (234.6) 14,636 (231.0) 8,503 (161.5) 15.1 (0.22) 13.6 (0.11) 12.3 (0.19) 22.0 (0.24) 38.7 (0.38) 53.7 (0.60)
1994 38,059 (564.3) 28,985 (380.9) 8,053 (156.1) 14,610 (230.8) 14,380 (228.3) 8,427 (160.6) 14.5 (0.21) 13.1 (0.11) 11.6 (0.18) 21.2 (0.23) 38.6 (0.38) 52.9 (0.59)
                                                 
1995 36,425 (553.8) 27,501 (365.8) 7,532 (149.7) 13,999 (224.1) 14,205 (226.3) 8,364 (159.8) 13.8 (0.21) 12.3 (0.10) 10.8 (0.18) 20.2 (0.23) 36.5 (0.37) 50.3 (0.58)
1996 36,529 (572.0) 27,376 (378.5) 7,708 (157.7) 13,764 (230.1) 13,796 (230.4) 7,990 (161.3) 13.7 (0.21) 12.2 (0.11) 11.0 (0.18) 19.8 (0.24) 35.8 (0.38) 49.3 (0.61)
1997 35,574 (565.6) 26,217 (366.2) 7,324 (152.8) 13,422 (226.2) 13,494 (227.0) 7,928 (160.5) 13.3 (0.21) 11.6 (0.11) 10.3 (0.18) 19.2 (0.23) 35.1 (0.38) 49.0 (0.61)
1998 34,476 (558.1) 25,370 (357.2) 7,186 (151.0) 12,845 (219.5) 12,907 (220.3) 7,627 (156.7) 12.7 (0.21) 11.2 (0.10) 10.0 (0.17) 18.3 (0.23) 33.1 (0.37) 46.1 (0.61)
1999 32,791 (547.3) 23,830 (340.8) 6,676 (144.4) 11,678 (206.0) 11,764 (207.0) 6,602 (143.4) 11.9 (0.20) 10.3 (0.10) 9.3 (0.17) 16.6 (0.22) 30.5 (0.37) 41.9 (0.61)
                                                 
2000 31,581 (538.4) 22,347 (324.8) 6,222 (138.4) 11,005 (198.1) 10,926 (197.1) 6,116 (136.9) 11.3 (0.19) 9.6 (0.10) 8.6 (0.16) 15.6 (0.21) 28.5 (0.36) 39.8 (0.62)
2001 32,907 (548.1) 23,215 (334.2) 6,813 (146.2) 11,175 (200.1) 11,223 (200.6) 6,341 (139.9) 11.7 (0.20) 9.9 (0.10) 9.2 (0.17) 15.8 (0.21) 28.6 (0.36) 39.3 (0.60)
2002 34,570 (399.9) 24,534 (248.6) 7,229 (108.2) 11,646 (146.7) 11,657 (146.8) 6,564 (102.0) 12.1 (0.14) 10.4 (0.07) 9.6 (0.12) 16.3 (0.15) 28.8 (0.25) 39.6 (0.42)
2003 35,861 (407.8) 25,684 (257.3) 7,607 (111.6) 12,340 (152.5) 12,413 (153.1) 7,085 (106.8) 12.5 (0.14) 10.8 (0.07) 10.0 (0.12) 17.2 (0.16) 30.0 (0.25) 41.8 (0.42)
2004 37,040 (413.5) 26,544 (263.9) 7,854 (113.9) 12,473 (153.6) 12,823 (156.5) 7,132 (107.3) 12.7 (0.14) 11.0 (0.07) 10.2 (0.12) 17.3 (0.16) 30.5 (0.25) 41.9 (0.42)
                                                 
2005 36,950 (413.0) 26,068 (260.3) 7,657 (112.1) 12,335 (152.5) 13,153 (159.2) 7,210 (108.0) 12.6 (0.14) 10.8 (0.07) 9.9 (0.12) 17.1 (0.16) 31.1 (0.25) 42.8 (0.43)
2006 36,460 (410.7) 25,915 (259.1) 7,668 (112.2) 12,299 (152.2) 13,199 (159.6) 7,341 (109.2) 12.3 (0.14) 10.6 (0.07) 9.8 (0.12) 16.9 (0.15) 30.5 (0.25) 42.1 (0.42)
2007 37,276 (414.6) 26,509 (263.6) 7,623 (111.8) 12,802 (156.3) 13,478 (161.9) 7,546 (111.1) 12.5 (0.14) 10.8 (0.07) 9.8 (0.12) 17.6 (0.16) 30.7 (0.25) 43.0 (0.42)
2008 39,829 (426.4) 28,564 (279.2) 8,147 (116.5) 13,507 (162.1) 13,812 (164.6) 7,587 (111.5) 13.2 (0.14) 11.5 (0.07) 10.3 (0.12) 18.5 (0.16) 31.4 (0.25) 43.5 (0.42)
2009 43,569 (444.8) 31,197 (299.0) 8,792 (122.3) 14,774 (172.4) 14,746 (172.2) 7,942 (114.7) 14.3 (0.15) 12.5 (0.07) 11.1 (0.12) 20.1 (0.16) 32.5 (0.25) 44.4 (0.41)
2010 46,180 (455.7) 33,007 (312.5) 9,221 (126.0) 15,730 (180.1) 15,895 (181.4) 8,648 (121.0) 15.1 (0.15) 13.2 (0.08) 11.7 (0.13) 21.5 (0.17) 34.2 (0.25) 46.9 (0.41)
                                                 
White                                                
19702  17,484 (363.3) 13,323 (198.0) 3,708 (90.0) 6,138 (120.7) 3,761 (90.7) 2,247 (68.2) 9.9 (0.20) 8.1 (0.09) 8.0 (0.17) 10.5 (0.17) 28.4 (0.54) 43.1 (0.94)
19752  17,770 (366.1) 13,799 (202.8) 3,838 (91.7) 6,748 (127.9) 4,577 (101.5) 2,813 (77.1) 9.7 (0.20) 8.3 (0.09) 7.7 (0.16) 12.5 (0.20) 29.4 (0.50) 44.2 (0.86)
19802 19,699 (384.1) 14,587 (210.7) 4,195 (96.5) 6,817 (128.7) 4,940 (106.1) 2,813 (77.1) 10.2 (0.20) 8.6 (0.09) 8.0 (0.16) 13.4 (0.21) 28.0 (0.46) 41.6 (0.82)
19852 . 22,860 (435.1) 17,125 (249.2) 4,983 (112.8) 7,838 (148.3) 5,990 (125.8) 3,372 (90.2) 11.4 (0.21) 9.9 (0.10) 9.1 (0.18) 15.6 (0.24) 29.8 (0.47) 45.2 (0.84)
19902 22,326 (445.3) 15,916 (244.9) 4,622 (111.7) 7,696 (151.7) 6,210 (133.0) 3,597 (96.8) 10.7 (0.21) 9.0 (0.10) 8.1 (0.17) 15.1 (0.24) 29.8 (0.48) 45.9 (0.85)
                                                 
19952  24,423 (463.9) 17,593 (262.9) 4,994 (116.9) 8,474 (161.1) 7,047 (143.7) 4,051 (103.5) 11.2 (0.21) 9.6 (0.10) 8.5 (0.17) 15.5 (0.23) 29.7 (0.45) 42.5 (0.76)
19962  24,650 (481.8) 17,621 (273.3) 5,059 (122.3) 8,488 (167.6) 7,073 (149.6) 4,029 (107.2) 11.2 (0.22) 9.6 (0.11) 8.6 (0.18) 15.5 (0.24) 29.8 (0.46) 43.1 (0.80)
19972  24,396 (479.6) 17,258 (269.3) 4,990 (121.3) 8,441 (167.0) 7,296 (152.5) 4,186 (109.6) 11.0 (0.21) 9.3 (0.11) 8.4 (0.18) 15.4 (0.24) 30.7 (0.47) 44.3 (0.80)
19982  23,454 (471.2) 16,549 (261.4) 4,829 (119.0) 7,935 (160.6) 6,674 (144.4) 3,875 (104.9) 10.5 (0.21) 8.9 (0.10) 8.0 (0.17) 14.4 (0.23) 27.6 (0.45) 40.0 (0.78)
19992  22,169 (459.8) 15,353 (248.1) 4,377 (112.4) 7,194 (151.2) 5,947 (134.6) 3,266 (95.2) 9.8 (0.20) 8.2 (0.10) 7.3 (0.17) 12.9 (0.22) 24.9 (0.44) 35.5 (0.78)
                                                 
20002 21,645 (454.8) 14,692 (240.6) 4,151 (109.1) 6,834 (146.5) 5,609 (130.0) 2,955 (90.0) 9.5 (0.20) 7.8 (0.10) 6.9 (0.16) 12.3 (0.22) 23.2 (0.42) 33.0 (0.78)
20012 22,739 (465.2) 15,369 (248.2) 4,579 (115.4) 7,086 (149.8) 5,972 (135.0) 3,291 (95.6) 9.9 (0.20) 8.1 (0.10) 7.4 (0.16) 12.8 (0.22) 24.3 (0.43) 34.7 (0.76)
20023 15,567 (278.6) 9,389 (127.5) 3,208 (67.3) 3,848 (74.5) 3,733 (73.2) 1,949 (51.2) 8.0 (0.14) 5.9 (0.07) 6.0 (0.11) 8.9 (0.15) 20.0 (0.33) 29.2 (0.62)
20033 15,902 (281.9) 9,658 (129.8) 3,270 (68.0) 3,957 (75.7) 3,959 (75.7) 2,033 (52.4) 8.2 (0.14) 6.1 (0.07) 6.1 (0.12) 9.3 (0.16) 21.1 (0.33) 30.7 (0.63)
20043 16,908 (290.1) 10,323 (135.5) 3,505 (70.7) 4,190 (78.2) 4,116 (77.4) 2,114 (53.5) 8.7 (0.15) 6.5 (0.07) 6.5 (0.12) 9.9 (0.16) 21.7 (0.33) 31.5 (0.63)
                                                 
20053 16,227 (284.6) 9,604 (129.4) 3,285 (68.1) 3,973 (75.9) 4,278 (79.2) 2,158 (54.1) 8.3 (0.14) 6.0 (0.07) 6.1 (0.11) 9.5 (0.16) 22.6 (0.34) 33.1 (0.65)
20063 16,013 (282.8) 9,676 (130.0) 3,372 (69.2) 3,930 (75.4) 4,353 (80.0) 2,206 (54.7) 8.2 (0.14) 6.1 (0.07) 6.2 (0.12) 9.5 (0.16) 22.5 (0.33) 32.9 (0.64)
20073 16,032 (282.9) 9,553 (128.9) 3,184 (67.0) 3,996 (76.1) 4,099 (77.3) 2,101 (53.3) 8.2 (0.14) 6.0 (0.07) 5.9 (0.11) 9.7 (0.16) 21.4 (0.33) 32.4 (0.65)
20083 17,024 (291.0) 10,138 (134.0) 3,383 (69.3) 4,059 (76.8) 4,046 (76.7) 1,985 (51.7) 8.6 (0.14) 6.4 (0.07) 6.2 (0.12) 10.0 (0.17) 21.5 (0.33) 31.7 (0.66)
20093 18,530 (303.4) 11,211 (143.1) 3,797 (74.0) 4,518 (81.7) 4,532 (81.9) 2,144 (53.9) 9.4 (0.15) 7.1 (0.07) 7.0 (0.12) 11.2 (0.18) 23.8 (0.34) 33.5 (0.66)
20103 19,599 (311.4) 11,740 (147.5) 3,922 (75.3) 4,675 (83.4) 4,802 (84.7) 2,269 (55.6) 9.9 (0.15) 7.4 (0.07) 7.3 (0.13) 11.7 (0.18) 24.8 (0.35) 34.8 (0.66)
                                                 
Black2                                                 
1970 7,548 (219.8) 6,683 (134.2) 1,481 (55.3) 3,922 (96.3) 3,656 (92.3) 2,383 (72.0) 33.5 (0.89) 32.2 (0.45) 29.5 (0.88) 41.5 (0.70) 58.7 (0.86) 67.7 (1.08)
1975 7,545 (219.8) 6,533 (132.3) 1,513 (56.0) 3,884 (95.7) 4,168 (99.9) 2,724 (77.7) 31.3 (0.85) 30.1 (0.43) 27.1 (0.82) 41.4 (0.70) 54.3 (0.78) 66.0 (1.01)
1980 8,579 (230.2) 7,190 (140.8) 1,826 (62.1) 3,906 (96.0) 4,984 (111.4) 2,944 (81.3) 32.5 (0.82) 31.1 (0.42) 28.9 (0.78) 42.1 (0.70) 53.4 (0.71) 64.8 (0.97)
1985 8,926 (246.7) 7,504 (153.2) 1,983 (68.7) 4,057 (103.9) 5,342 (123.1) 3,181 (89.9) 31.3 (0.82) 30.5 (0.43) 28.7 (0.79) 43.1 (0.74) 53.2 (0.72) 66.9 (0.99)
1990 9,837 (263.7) 8,160 (167.6) 2,193 (75.2) 4,412 (113.1) 6,005 (137.1) 3,543 (99.1) 31.9 (0.82) 31.0 (0.43) 29.3 (0.79) 44.2 (0.75) 50.6 (0.69) 64.7 (0.97)
                                                 
1995 9,872 (264.0) 8,189 (168.0) 2,127 (73.9) 4,644 (116.7) 6,553 (145.0) 3,954 (105.9) 29.3 (0.77) 28.5 (0.40) 26.4 (0.74) 41.5 (0.70) 48.2 (0.64) 61.6 (0.91)
1996 9,694 (267.9) 7,993 (161.4) 2,206 (76.7) 4,411 (112.9) 6,123 (137.0) 3,619 (100.9) 28.4 (0.79) 27.6 (0.41) 26.1 (0.75) 39.5 (0.72) 46.4 (0.68) 58.2 (0.98)
1997 9,116 (262.9) 7,386 (153.6) 1,985 (72.5) 4,116 (108.5) 5,654 (130.6) 3,402 (97.4) 26.5 (0.77) 25.5 (0.40) 23.6 (0.72) 36.8 (0.71) 42.8 (0.67) 55.3 (0.99)
1998 9,091 (263.6) 7,259 (152.0) 1,981 (72.4) 4,073 (107.9) 5,629 (130.3) 3,366 (96.8) 26.1 (0.76) 24.7 (0.39) 23.4 (0.72) 36.4 (0.71) 42.8 (0.67) 54.7 (0.99)
1999 8,441 (257.8) 6,758 (145.5) 1,898 (70.7) 3,698 (102.1) 5,232 (124.8) 2,997 (90.7) 23.6 (0.72) 22.7 (0.38) 21.9 (0.69) 32.8 (0.69) 40.8 (0.68) 51.7 (1.03)
                                                 
2000 7,982 (253.3) 6,221 (138.3) 1,685 (66.4) 3,495 (98.9) 4,774 (118.2) 2,830 (87.9) 22.5 (0.71) 21.2 (0.37) 19.1 (0.65) 30.9 (0.68) 38.6 (0.68) 49.4 (1.03)
2001 8,136 (255.5) 6,389 (140.6) 1,829 (69.3) 3,423 (97.7) 4,694 (117.1) 2,741 (86.4) 22.7 (0.71) 21.4 (0.37) 20.7 (0.67) 30.0 (0.67) 37.4 (0.67) 46.6 (1.02)
2002 8,602 (185.9) 6,761 (103.8) 1,923 (50.8) 3,570 (71.4) 4,980 (86.5) 2,855 (63.0) 24.1 (0.52) 22.8 (0.27) 21.5 (0.48) 32.1 (0.49) 38.2 (0.47) 47.5 (0.72)
2003 8,781 (197.6) 6,870 (104.9) 1,986 (51.7) 3,750 (73.4) 5,115 (87.9) 3,026 (65.1) 24.4 (0.52) 23.1 (0.27) 22.3 (0.49) 33.6 (0.50) 39.0 (0.47) 49.8 (0.72)
2004 9,014 (199.7) 7,153 (107.5) 2,035 (52.4) 3,702 (72.9) 5,247 (89.2) 2,963 (64.3) 24.7 (0.52) 23.8 (0.27) 22.8 (0.50) 33.4 (0.50) 39.6 (0.47) 49.2 (0.72)
                                                 
2005 9,168 (201.5) 7,164 (107.6) 1,997 (51.9) 3,743 (73.4) 5,303 (89.7) 2,993 (64.7) 24.9 (0.52) 23.8 (0.27) 22.1 (0.49) 34.2 (0.51) 39.3 (0.47) 50.2 (0.72)
2006 9,048 (200.6) 7,072 (106.7) 2,007 (52.0) 3,690 (72.8) 5,180 (88.5) 2,971 (64.4) 24.3 (0.51) 23.1 (0.27) 21.6 (0.48) 33.0 (0.50) 39.1 (0.47) 49.7 (0.72)
2007 9,237 (203.0) 7,312 (108.9) 2,045 (52.5) 3,838 (74.4) 5,459 (91.3) 3,114 (66.1) 24.5 (0.51) 23.8 (0.27) 22.1 (0.48) 34.3 (0.50) 39.7 (0.47) 50.4 (0.71)
2008 9,379 (204.7) 7,339 (109.2) 2,055 (52.7) 3,781 (73.8) 5,533 (92.0) 3,123 (66.2) 24.7 (0.51) 23.7 (0.27) 22.0 (0.48) 34.4 (0.51) 40.5 (0.47) 51.9 (0.72)
2009 9,944 (209.8) 7,642 (112.0) 2,125 (53.6) 3,919 (75.3) 5,427 (91.0) 2,998 (64.8) 25.8 (0.51) 24.4 (0.27) 22.7 (0.48) 35.3 (0.51) 39.7 (0.47) 50.6 (0.72)
2010 10,675 (216.4) 8,140 (116.5) 2,279 (55.7) 4,282 (79.2) 5,830 (94.9) 3,272 (68.0) 27.4 (0.52) 26.0 (0.28) 24.2 (0.49) 39.2 (0.52) 41.0 (0.46) 53.4 (0.71)
                                                 
Hispanic                                                
1975 2,991 (176.8) 2,755 (90.2) 627 (41.3) 1,619 (67.7) 1,053 (54.0) 694 (43.5) 26.9 (1.41) 26.3 (0.70) 25.1 (1.41) 33.1 (1.09) 57.2 (1.88) 68.4 (2.37)
1980 3,491 (189.8) 3,143 (97.0) 751 (45.3) 1,718 (69.8) 1,319 (60.7) 809 (47.1) 25.7 (1.26) 25.1 (0.63) 23.2 (1.21) 33.0 (1.06) 54.5 (1.65) 65.0 (2.20)
1985 5,236 (202.8) 4,605 (107.7) 1,074 (48.7) 2,512 (76.6) 1,983 (67.4) 1,247 (52.7) 29.0 (1.01) 28.3 (0.51) 25.5 (0.98) 39.6 (0.89) 55.7 (1.21) 72.4 (1.57)
1990 6,006 (222.4) 5,091 (118.2) 1,244 (54.4) 2,750 (83.3) 2,115 (72.2) 1,314 (56.0) 28.1 (0.95) 26.9 (0.48) 25.0 (0.92) 37.7 (0.85) 53.0 (1.19) 68.4 (1.60)
                                                 
1995 8,574 (256.1) 7,341 (147.3) 1,695 (64.1) 3,938 (101.9) 3,053 (88.3) 1,872 (67.6) 30.3 (0.85) 29.2 (0.43) 27.0 (0.84) 39.3 (0.73) 52.8 (0.99) 65.7 (1.34)
1996 8,697 (250.2) 7,515 (155.3) 1,748 (67.7) 4,090 (108.1) 3,020 (91.1) 1,779 (68.3) 29.4 (0.85) 28.5 (0.43) 26.4 (0.85) 39.9 (0.76) 53.5 (1.04) 67.4 (1.43)
1997 8,308 (246.9) 7,198 (151.2) 1,721 (67.1) 3,865 (104.7) 2,911 (89.3) 1,758 (67.9) 27.1 (0.82) 26.2 (0.41) 24.7 (0.81) 36.4 (0.73) 50.9 (1.03) 62.8 (1.43)
1998 8,070 (248.5) 6,814 (146.2) 1,648 (65.6) 3,670 (101.7) 2,837 (88.0) 1,739 (67.5) 25.6 (0.79) 24.3 (0.40) 22.7 (0.77) 33.6 (0.71) 46.7 (1.00) 59.6 (1.42)
1999 7,876 (247.8) 6,702 (144.7) 1,525 (62.9) 3,561 (99.9) 2,642 (84.6) 1,471 (61.7) 22.7 (0.72) 21.7 (0.37) 20.2 (0.72) 29.9 (0.66) 40.5 (0.95) 52.4 (1.47)
                                                 
2000 7,747 (247.8) 6,430 (141.1) 1,431 (60.9) 3,342 (96.4) 2,444 (81.1) 1,303 (57.9) 21.5 (0.70) 20.3 (0.35) 18.5 (0.69) 27.6 (0.63) 37.8 (0.94) 48.3 (1.50)
2001 7,997 (251.7) 6,674 (144.4) 1,649 (65.6) 3,433 (97.9) 2,585 (83.6) 1,508 (62.6) 21.4 (0.68) 20.2 (0.35) 19.4 (0.67) 27.4 (0.62) 37.8 (0.92) 49.3 (1.41)
2002 8,555 (186.7) 7,184 (107.8) 1,792 (48.9) 3,653 (72.4) 2,554 (59.3) 1,501 (44.5) 21.8 (0.48) 20.8 (0.24) 19.7 (0.46) 28.2 (0.44) 36.4 (0.64) 47.9 (0.99)
2003 9,051 (192.6) 7,637 (111.9) 1,925 (50.8) 3,982 (76.0) 2,861 (63.1) 1,727 (48.0) 22.5 (0.48) 21.5 (0.24) 20.8 (0.47) 29.5 (0.44) 38.4 (0.63) 50.6 (0.95)
2004 9,122 (193.1) 7,705 (112.5) 1,958 (51.3) 3,985 (76.0) 3,072 (65.6) 1,837 (49.6) 21.9 (0.47) 21.1 (0.24) 20.5 (0.46) 28.6 (0.43) 39.3 (0.62) 51.9 (0.94)
                                                 
2005 9,368 (196.0) 7,767 (113.1) 1,948 (51.2) 3,977 (75.9) 3,069 (65.6) 1,774 (48.7) 21.8 (0.46) 20.6 (0.23) 19.7 (0.45) 27.7 (0.42) 39.0 (0.61) 50.2 (0.94)
2006 9,243 (195.7) 7,650 (112.0) 1,922 (50.8) 3,959 (75.7) 3,189 (67.0) 1,848 (49.7) 20.6 (0.44) 19.5 (0.22) 18.9 (0.43) 26.6 (0.40) 36.9 (0.58) 47.2 (0.89)
2007 9,890 (202.5) 8,248 (117.4) 2,045 (52.5) 4,348 (79.9) 3,527 (70.9) 2,092 (53.2) 21.5 (0.44) 20.6 (0.23) 19.7 (0.44) 28.3 (0.41) 39.6 (0.58) 51.6 (0.88)
2008 10,987 (211.3) 9,303 (126.7) 2,239 (55.2) 4,888 (85.5) 3,751 (73.4) 2,218 (54.9) 23.2 (0.45) 22.3 (0.23) 21.3 (0.45) 30.3 (0.40) 40.5 (0.57) 51.9 (0.85)
2009 12,350 (220.8) 10,345 (135.7) 2,369 (56.9) 5,419 (90.9) 4,176 (78.1) 2,437 (57.8) 25.3 (0.45) 24.2 (0.23) 22.7 (0.46) 32.5 (0.40) 40.6 (0.54) 52.2 (0.82)
2010 13,243 (226.6) 11,188 (142.9) 2,557 (59.3) 5,881 (95.4) 4,643 (83.0) 2,715 (61.3) 26.6 (0.46) 25.6 (0.23) 24.0 (0.46) 34.5 (0.41) 44.5 (0.54) 57.0 (0.80)
                                                 
Asian2                                                 
19904  858 (88.9) 712 (40.7) (†) 356 (28.6) 132 (17.3) (†) 12.2 (1.21) 11.3 (0.60) (†) 17.0 (1.23) 20.7 (2.41) (†)
19954  1,411 (112.3) 1,112 (51.3) (†) 532 (35.1) 266 (24.7) (†) 14.6 (1.11) 13.0 (0.55) (†) 18.6 (1.09) 28.9 (2.25) (†)
19964  1,454 (118.5) 1,172 (54.9) (†) 553 (37.2) 300 (27.3) (†) 14.5 (1.13) 13.2 (0.56) (†) 19.1 (1.14) 29.5 (2.24) (†)
19974  1,468 (119.0) 1,116 (53.5) 244 (24.6) 608 (39.1) 313 (27.9) (†) 14.0 (1.09) 12.0 (0.53) 10.2 (0.97) 19.9 (1.13) 33.6 (2.42) (†)
19984  1,360 (114.9) 1,087 (52.8) 270 (25.9) 542 (36.8) 373 (30.5) (†) 12.5 (1.02) 11.4 (0.51) 11.0 (0.99) 17.5 (1.07) 33.2 (2.20) (†)
19994  1,285 (111.9) 1,010 (50.8) (†) 367 (30.2) 275 (26.1) (†) 10.7 (0.91) 9.6 (0.45) (†) 11.5 (0.88) 22.9 (1.90) (†)
                                                 
20004 1,258 (110.8) 895 (47.7) 235 (24.1) 407 (31.8) 289 (26.8) 128 (17.8) 9.9 (0.85) 8.1 (0.41) 8.8 (0.86) 12.5 (0.91) 23.4 (1.89) 32.3 (3.68)
20014 1,275 (111.5) 873 (47.1) 234 (24.1) 353 (29.6) 198 (22.1) 105 (16.1) 10.2 (0.87) 8.1 (0.41) 7.8 (0.77) 11.1 (0.87) 14.8 (1.52) 26.7 (3.49)
2002 1,161 (76.0) 763 (31.3) 210 (16.2) 302 (19.5) 155 (13.9) 85 (10.3) 10.1 (0.65) 7.7 (0.30) 7.4 (0.55) 11.4 (0.69) 15.2 (1.25) 29.8 (3.02)
2003 1,401 (82.9) 1,017 (36.3) 311 (19.8) 331 (20.4) 242 (17.4) 119 (12.2) 11.8 (0.68) 9.8 (0.33) 10.2 (0.61) 12.1 (0.70) 23.6 (1.48) 37.4 (3.02)
2004 1,201 (77.2) 812 (32.3) 232 (17.1) 265 (18.2) 135 (13.0) 55 (8.3) 9.8 (0.62) 7.6 (0.29) 7.4 (0.52) 9.4 (0.61) 13.2 (1.18) 18.7 (2.53)
                                                 
2005 1,402 (83.0) 970 (35.4) 289 (19.1) 312 (19.8) 189 (15.4) 68 (9.2) 11.1 (0.64) 8.9 (0.30) 9.0 (0.56) 11.0 (0.66) 17.8 (1.31) 25.6 (2.99)
2006 1,353 (81.7) 912 (34.3) 260 (18.1) 351 (21.0) 187 (15.3) 91 (10.7) 10.3 (0.61) 8.0 (0.28) 7.8 (0.52) 12.0 (0.67) 17.7 (1.31) 36.2 (3.38)
2007 1,349 (81.8) 930 (34.7) 261 (18.1) 345 (20.9) 217 (16.5) 100 (11.2) 10.2 (0.60) 8.1 (0.28) 7.9 (0.52) 11.8 (0.67) 17.3 (1.19) 32.3 (2.96)
2008 1,576 (88.0) 1,192 (39.4) 341 (20.7) 430 (23.3) 209 (16.2) 88 (10.5) 11.8 (0.64) 10.2 (0.31) 9.8 (0.56) 14.2 (0.71) 16.0 (1.13) 25.0 (2.57)
2009 1,746 (92.4) 1,244 (40.3) 337 (20.6) 444 (23.7) 250 (17.7) 90 (10.6) 12.5 (0.64) 10.1 (0.30) 9.4 (0.54) 13.6 (0.67) 18.5 (1.18) 25.6 (2.60)
2010 1,729 (92.0) 1,244 (40.3) 329 (20.4) 459 (24.1) 301 (19.5) 132 (12.8) 12.1 (0.63) 10.0 (0.30) 9.3 (0.54) 14.0 (0.68) 22.4 (1.27) 36.9 (2.84)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
1 Refers to the person who owns or rents (maintains) the housing unit.
2 Includes persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
3 Excludes persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
4 Includes Pacific Islanders as well as Asians.
NOTE: Data are from the Current Population Survey and may differ from data shown in other tables obtained from the Decennial Census and the American Community Survey. Poverty status was computed based on family income and number of individuals in the family. See source documents for additional information. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, Series P-60, Poverty in the United States, selected years, 1960 through 2002; and Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States, 2003 through 2009; Current Population Survey (CPS), Annual Social and Economic Supplement, retrieved September 19, 2011, from http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/cpstables/032011/pov/toc.htm. (This table was prepared September 2011.)
Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.
National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education