Skip Navigation
small NCES header image
Table 26. Poverty rates for all persons and poverty status of 5- to 17-year-olds, by state: Selected years, 1990 through 2009
State Percent of persons in poverty Poverty status of related children 5 through 17 years old1 
19902  20003  20084  20094  1990,2  percent in poverty 2000,3  percent in poverty 20084  20094 
Number in poverty (in thousands) Percent in poverty Number in poverty (in thousands) Percent in poverty
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
United States 13.1 12.4 13.2 (0.06) 14.3 (0.06) 17.0 (0.02) 15.4 (0.01) 8,583 (61.4) 16.6 (0.11) 9,484 (72.0) 18.2 (0.14)
Alabama 18.3 16.1 15.8 (0.37) 17.3 (0.34) 23.2 (0.16) 20.3 (0.11) 159 (6.9) 19.7 (0.83) 176 (5.2) 22.0 (0.64)
Alaska 9.0 9.4 8.0 (0.60) 9.0 (0.62) 9.6 (0.27) 10.3 (0.18) 12 (1.9) 9.2 (1.46) 14 (1.9) 11.0 (1.51)
Arizona 15.7 13.9 14.6 (0.28) 16.5 (0.29) 20.3 (0.15) 17.8 (0.11) 226 (7.6) 19.2 (0.65) 251 (7.7) 21.2 (0.65)
Arkansas 19.1 15.8 17.1 (0.56) 18.4 (0.46) 23.8 (0.20) 20.1 (0.13) 112 (5.9) 22.7 (1.17) 121 (5.0) 24.5 (1.00)
California 12.5 14.2 13.3 (0.14) 14.2 (0.12) 17.2 (0.06) 18.5 (0.04) 1,127 (18.9) 17.3 (0.28) 1,214 (18.8) 18.5 (0.29)
                                     
Colorado 11.7 9.3 11.5 (0.34) 12.9 (0.32) 13.7 (0.13) 10.0 (0.08) 113 (6.5) 13.5 (0.77) 132 (6.0) 15.6 (0.70)
Connecticut 6.8 7.9 9.3 (0.32) 9.6 (0.33) 9.8 (0.15) 9.6 (0.10) 66 (4.6) 11.2 (0.77) 66 (3.8) 11.2 (0.65)
Delaware 8.7 9.2 11.1 (0.74) 11.1 (0.76) 11.0 (0.27) 10.9 (0.22) 23 (3.0) 15.8 (1.92) 21 (2.7) 14.3 (1.84)
District of Columbia 16.9 20.2 17.4 (0.99) 18.6 (1.07) 24.1 (0.59) 30.4 (0.44) 19 (2.5) 25.1 (3.29) 24 (2.7) 31.9 (3.67)
Florida 12.7 12.5 13.1 (0.15) 14.8 (0.15) 17.5 (0.10) 16.6 (0.07) 464 (9.7) 16.5 (0.35) 551 (12.1) 19.5 (0.43)
                                     
Georgia 14.7 13.0 14.6 (0.20) 16.1 (0.24) 18.9 (0.14) 16.1 (0.09) 320 (9.0) 18.0 (0.50) 362 (9.3) 20.1 (0.51)
Hawaii 8.3 10.7 9.0 (0.54) 10.2 (0.51) 10.5 (0.25) 12.9 (0.18) 15 (2.2) 7.6 (1.10) 24 (2.2) 12.3 (1.14)
Idaho 13.3 11.8 13.5 (0.66) 14.4 (0.63) 14.4 (0.23) 12.6 (0.14) 43 (3.4) 15.2 (1.20) 48 (3.5) 16.7 (1.20)
Illinois 11.9 10.7 12.2 (0.17) 13.3 (0.21) 15.9 (0.08) 13.4 (0.05) 349 (9.8) 15.5 (0.43) 394 (11.4) 17.6 (0.50)
Indiana 10.7 9.5 13.1 (0.27) 14.3 (0.29) 12.8 (0.10) 10.6 (0.08) 174 (6.9) 15.7 (0.61) 189 (6.8) 16.9 (0.63)
                                     
Iowa 11.5 9.1 11.7 (0.44) 11.8 (0.35) 12.6 (0.14) 9.5 (0.09) 64 (5.3) 13.0 (1.05) 66 (4.4) 13.3 (0.88)
Kansas 11.5 9.9 11.1 (0.39) 12.8 (0.45) 12.8 (0.15) 10.4 (0.10) 59 (4.6) 12.3 (0.92) 73 (5.1) 15.1 (1.07)
Kentucky 19.0 15.8 17.5 (0.41) 18.6 (0.40) 23.2 (0.16) 19.4 (0.10) 148 (5.9) 21.3 (0.80) 164 (6.2) 23.1 (0.84)
Louisiana 23.6 19.6 17.0 (0.39) 17.4 (0.36) 30.4 (0.19) 25.3 (0.11) 169 (7.3) 21.6 (0.90) 178 (6.6) 22.5 (0.82)
Maine 10.8 10.9 12.8 (0.63) 12.3 (0.61) 12.3 (0.20) 12.0 (0.15) 31 (3.2) 16.0 (1.51) 30 (2.7) 15.2 (1.39)
                                     
Maryland 8.3 8.5 8.2 (0.22) 9.1 (0.23) 10.5 (0.12) 9.8 (0.09) 91 (5.5) 9.6 (0.58) 92 (4.5) 9.7 (0.46)
Massachusetts 8.9 9.3 9.9 (0.22) 10.3 (0.20) 12.2 (0.12) 11.4 (0.08) 109 (4.8) 10.6 (0.46) 126 (5.0) 12.3 (0.49)
Michigan 13.1 10.5 14.5 (0.25) 15.9 (0.28) 16.7 (0.09) 12.7 (0.05) 303 (10.0) 17.6 (0.53) 340 (11.2) 20.0 (0.66)
Minnesota 10.2 7.9 9.8 (0.29) 11.0 (0.31) 11.4 (0.10) 8.7 (0.06) 84 (5.3) 9.6 (0.58) 109 (5.4) 12.5 (0.63)
Mississippi 25.2 19.9 20.8 (0.54) 21.7 (0.45) 32.6 (0.21) 26.0 (0.13) 155 (5.6) 28.7 (1.03) 154 (5.7) 28.9 (1.04)
                                     
Missouri 13.3 11.7 13.5 (0.29) 14.5 (0.32) 16.2 (0.12) 14.4 (0.08) 165 (7.0) 16.6 (0.69) 182 (7.4) 18.2 (0.75)
Montana 16.1 14.6 14.7 (0.73) 14.9 (0.85) 18.4 (0.30) 17.1 (0.20) 26 (2.7) 16.4 (1.55) 25 (3.2) 16.5 (2.04)
Nebraska 11.1 9.7 11.2 (0.52) 11.9 (0.46) 12.0 (0.18) 11.1 (0.12) 40 (4.4) 12.5 (1.34) 39 (3.4) 12.8 (1.11)
Nevada 10.2 10.5 11.3 (0.39) 12.4 (0.44) 11.7 (0.26) 12.3 (0.16) 61 (4.4) 13.2 (0.94) 73 (4.6) 15.7 (1.00)
New Hampshire 6.4 6.5 7.6 (0.48) 8.6 (0.46) 6.4 (0.16) 6.7 (0.12) 16 (2.2) 7.6 (1.01) 18 (2.6) 8.9 (1.24)
                                     
New Jersey 7.6 8.5 8.6 (0.20) 9.5 (0.21) 10.8 (0.10) 10.5 (0.07) 163 (6.4) 11.1 (0.43) 181 (7.4) 12.3 (0.50)
New Mexico 20.6 18.4 17.2 (0.54) 18.2 (0.70) 26.3 (0.25) 23.6 (0.17) 78 (4.9) 22.7 (1.42) 89 (5.6) 25.2 (1.57)
New York 13.0 14.6 13.6 (0.15) 14.1 (0.16) 18.1 (0.09) 19.1 (0.06) 571 (11.4) 18.2 (0.34) 579 (10.9) 18.5 (0.35)
North Carolina 13.0 12.3 14.5 (0.25) 16.2 (0.24) 16.0 (0.11) 14.9 (0.07) 286 (9.4) 18.4 (0.58) 319 (9.7) 20.2 (0.61)
North Dakota 14.4 11.9 11.5 (0.84) 11.0 (0.72) 15.9 (0.30) 12.2 (0.17) 11 (2.0) 11.8 (1.96) 11 (1.8) 11.4 (1.82)
                                     
Ohio 12.5 10.6 13.4 (0.20) 15.2 (0.24) 16.2 (0.08) 12.9 (0.05) 321 (9.6) 16.5 (0.47) 375 (11.0) 19.4 (0.57)
Oklahoma 16.7 14.7 15.8 (0.42) 16.4 (0.35) 19.9 (0.16) 17.7 (0.11) 127 (5.8) 20.5 (0.92) 135 (5.7) 21.3 (0.88)
Oregon 12.4 11.6 13.6 (0.38) 14.5 (0.39) 13.4 (0.15) 12.8 (0.11) 96 (5.6) 15.8 (0.90) 110 (6.1) 18.0 (0.98)
Pennsylvania 11.1 11.0 12.0 (0.22) 12.5 (0.17) 14.5 (0.08) 13.6 (0.05) 300 (9.6) 15.1 (0.47) 318 (9.2) 16.1 (0.45)
Rhode Island 9.6 11.9 11.4 (0.55) 11.3 (0.62) 12.3 (0.30) 15.6 (0.25) 22 (2.2) 13.6 (1.29) 26 (2.4) 15.8 (1.46)
                                     
South Carolina 15.4 14.1 15.7 (0.39) 17.1 (0.33) 20.0 (0.19) 17.9 (0.12) 147 (6.7) 19.5 (0.85) 165 (5.6) 22.1 (0.75)
South Dakota 15.9 13.2 12.9 (0.85) 14.0 (0.88) 18.7 (0.33) 15.5 (0.21) 24 (3.0) 17.5 (2.12) 22 (2.8) 16.1 (2.05)
Tennessee 15.7 13.5 15.3 (0.29) 16.9 (0.25) 19.5 (0.13) 16.6 (0.10) 198 (7.5) 19.2 (0.70) 214 (6.4) 20.5 (0.61)
Texas 18.1 15.4 15.9 (0.16) 17.2 (0.17) 23.4 (0.09) 19.3 (0.06) 960 (14.5) 20.7 (0.30) 1,066 (17.5) 22.5 (0.36)
Utah 11.4 9.4 9.5 (0.38) 11.6 (0.42) 10.9 (0.16) 8.9 (0.09) 53 (3.9) 9.2 (0.67) 67 (5.3) 11.4 (0.90)
                                     
Vermont 9.9 9.4 10.8 (0.94) 10.8 (0.75) 10.7 (0.26) 9.9 (0.16) 10 (2.1) 10.9 (2.20) 9 (1.4) 10.0 (1.55)
Virginia 10.2 9.6 10.3 (0.22) 10.6 (0.24) 12.4 (0.12) 11.4 (0.08) 165 (6.8) 12.9 (0.52) 163 (7.0) 12.6 (0.53)
Washington 10.9 10.6 11.3 (0.23) 12.3 (0.25) 12.8 (0.10) 12.2 (0.09) 141 (6.5) 13.0 (0.60) 164 (7.2) 15.0 (0.66)
West Virginia 19.7 17.9 16.7 (0.58) 17.4 (0.51) 24.0 (0.23) 22.9 (0.17) 51 (3.9) 18.7 (1.35) 57 (3.1) 21.2 (1.14)
Wisconsin 10.7 8.7 10.4 (0.29) 12.7 (0.29) 13.3 (0.10) 10.0 (0.07) 112 (6.6) 12.0 (0.68) 147 (7.2) 15.9 (0.77)
Wyoming 11.9 11.4 10.0 (0.73) 9.7 (0.71) 12.6 (0.33) 12.5 (0.24) 10 (1.7) 11.3 (1.92) 9 (1.6) 9.9 (1.82)
1 Related children in a family include own children and all other children in the household who are related to the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption.
2 Based on 1989 incomes collected in the 1990 census. May differ from Current Population Survey data that are shown in other tables.
3 Based on 1999 incomes collected in the 2000 census. May differ from Current Population Survey data that are shown in other tables.
4 Based on income data from the American Community Survey (ACS). May differ from Current Population Survey data that are shown in other tables. ACS respondents were interviewed throughout the given year and reported the income they received during the previous 12 months.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, 1990 Summary Tape File 3 (STF 3), "Median Household Income in 1989" and "Poverty Status in 1989 by Family Type and Age," retrieved May 12, 2005, from http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DTGeoSearchByListServlet?ds_name=DEC_1990_STF3_&_lang=en&_ts=134048804959; Decennial Census, 1990, Minority Economic Profiles, unpublished data; Decennial Census, 2000, Summary Social, Economic, and Housing Characteristics; Census 2000 Summary File 4 (SF 4), "Poverty Status in 1999 of Related Children Under 18 Years by Family Type and Age," retrieved March 28, 2005, from http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DTGeoSearchByListServlet?ds_name=DEC_2000_SF4_U&_lang=en&_ts=134049420077; and American Community Survey, 2008 and 2009. (This table was prepared March 2013.)
Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.
National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education