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Table 12. Percentage of persons age 25 and over with high school completion or higher and a bachelor's or higher degree, by race/ethnicity and state: 2007-09
State Percent with high school completion or higher Percent with bachelor's degree or higher
Total White Black Hispanic Asian Native Hawaiian/
Pacific Islander
American Indian/ Alaska Native Two or more races Total White Black Hispanic Asian Native Hawaiian/
Pacific Islander
American Indian/ Alaska Native Two or more races
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
United States 85.0 (0.03) 90.0 (0.03) 80.8 (0.06) 60.7 (0.11) 85.6 (0.09) 86.1 (0.50) 79.6 (0.25) 88.0 (0.17) 27.8 (0.04) 30.9 (0.04) 17.5   (0.07) 12.7   (0.07) 50.0   (0.14) 14.9   (0.62) 13.5   (0.20) 25.5   (0.23)
Alabama 81.5 (0.18) 83.8 (0.19) 76.6 (0.35) 57.3 (1.65) 86.1 (1.28) (†) 76.2 (2.32) 81.2 (1.29) 21.9 (0.17) 24.3 (0.21) 14.5   (0.31) 11.6   (1.03) 49.3   (1.97)   (†) 13.4   (1.63) 17.5   (1.52)
Alaska 91.4 (0.33) 94.7 (0.27) 90.3 (2.50) 81.1 (3.19) 85.7 (2.04) 86.9 (5.72) 80.0 (1.01) 87.8 (1.87) 26.6 (0.49) 32.2 (0.63) 14.9   (3.40) 15.9   (2.00) 24.1   (2.50)   (†) 5.0   (0.61) 20.8   (2.49)
Arizona 83.8 (0.12) 92.5 (0.12) 87.3 (0.80) 60.5 (0.38) 88.1 (0.81) 89.0 (1.95) 71.7 (0.87) 90.8 (1.03) 25.5 (0.13) 31.3 (0.19) 23.2   (0.85) 9.8   (0.24) 53.0   (1.03) 13.1   (2.87) 8.0   (0.52) 23.0   (1.35)
Arkansas 81.9 (0.20) 84.4 (0.20) 77.3 (0.57) 48.5 (1.74) 79.1 (2.12) 59.8 (7.61) 83.8 (2.61) 80.0 (1.94) 19.0 (0.21) 20.5 (0.23) 12.4   (0.57) 8.5   (0.73) 34.7   (2.81)   (†) 18.4   (2.77) 13.5   (1.45)
California 80.6 (0.07) 93.2 (0.06) 87.2 (0.23) 56.5 (0.18) 85.7 (0.14) 84.3 (0.96) 84.0 (0.80) 90.1 (0.40) 29.9 (0.07) 38.6 (0.10) 21.2   (0.22) 10.0   (0.09) 47.9   (0.21) 15.4   (1.10) 16.3   (0.80) 31.0   (0.52)
                                                                             
Colorado 89.1 (0.12) 94.7 (0.09) 87.4 (0.74) 63.1 (0.54) 85.5 (0.98) 79.6 (5.70) 85.8 (2.32) 92.4 (0.92) 35.7 (0.19) 41.1 (0.21) 21.8   (0.97) 12.0   (0.34) 48.1   (1.10) 18.3   (4.55) 17.9   (1.75) 32.0   (1.70)
Connecticut 88.5 (0.16) 91.9 (0.14) 81.1 (0.58) 66.9 (0.73) 89.2 (1.03) (†) 73.5 (5.50) 90.4 (1.34) 35.4 (0.23) 38.7 (0.25) 18.6   (0.58) 14.7   (0.49) 63.0   (1.51)   (†) 18.1   (3.30) 32.4   (2.14)
Delaware 87.2 (0.35) 90.0 (0.32) 83.9 (0.83) 57.7 (2.85) 89.8 (1.68) (†) 77.5 (6.18) 89.6 (3.26) 26.9 (0.41) 29.1 (0.43) 17.3   (0.98) 12.9   (1.58) 62.4   (2.42)   (†) 10.0 ! (3.95) 22.8   (3.73)
District of Columbia 86.5 (0.43) 98.9 (0.18) 81.2 (0.69) 60.7 (2.69) 92.0 (1.59) (†) 89.2 (7.41) 97.7 (1.12) 48.4 (0.41) 87.6 (0.64) 21.3   (0.61) 34.9   (2.59) 75.3   (2.77)   (†)   (†) 57.8   (4.72)
Florida 85.2 (0.07) 90.2 (0.07) 77.4 (0.23) 73.5 (0.22) 85.7 (0.45) 86.1 (4.73) 81.8 (1.53) 86.1 (0.80) 25.7 (0.08) 28.4 (0.09) 15.9   (0.24) 20.8   (0.20) 46.2   (0.68) 18.1   (5.38) 18.7   (1.56) 25.3   (0.89)
                                                                             
Georgia 83.5 (0.11) 87.3 (0.14) 81.3 (0.21) 54.6 (0.72) 85.7 (0.59) 92.3 (3.67) 85.0 (2.78) 87.1 (1.19) 27.3 (0.12) 31.3 (0.16) 19.1   (0.25) 13.6   (0.43) 51.1   (0.94) 8.4 ! (3.58) 21.5   (2.40) 28.0   (1.62)
Hawaii 90.2 (0.22) 95.5 (0.29) 97.4 (1.20) 88.4 (1.03) 86.8 (0.40) 85.4 (1.05) 94.8 (2.33) 92.3 (0.52) 29.3 (0.36) 41.3 (0.70) 31.2   (3.22) 18.6   (1.13) 29.8   (0.48) 12.2   (0.91) 24.1   (7.17) 18.9   (0.73)
Idaho 88.1 (0.23) 91.1 (0.23) 91.1 (3.20) 54.1 (1.48) 85.8 (2.01) (†) 84.4 (1.96) 85.9 (2.15) 24.2 (0.30) 25.6 (0.35) 22.9   (5.37) 8.2   (0.71) 39.9   (2.98)   (†) 11.5   (2.29) 20.6   (2.27)
Illinois 86.1 (0.09) 91.4 (0.09) 81.3 (0.27) 58.9 (0.44) 90.7 (0.38) 95.0 (4.75) 84.9 (2.11) 89.4 (0.86) 30.2 (0.12) 33.6 (0.14) 18.7   (0.30) 11.8   (0.27) 61.7   (0.55) 60.9   (9.81) 25.4   (3.28) 31.7   (1.34)
Indiana 86.2 (0.12) 87.8 (0.13) 81.4 (0.55) 61.6 (1.07) 87.3 (1.05) (†) 81.1 (2.69) 84.4 (1.14) 22.5 (0.13) 23.3 (0.15) 14.2   (0.50) 11.7   (0.59) 56.4   (1.52)   (†) 15.4   (2.95) 18.9   (1.49)
                                                                             
Iowa 90.2 (0.14) 91.6 (0.13) 78.8 (1.59) 58.3 (1.77) 83.2 (1.84) (†) 88.3 (3.17) 88.9 (1.73) 24.5 (0.23) 24.8 (0.24) 16.6   (1.53) 11.6   (1.13) 50.2   (2.52)   (†) 20.5   (5.26) 14.7   (2.10)
Kansas 89.4 (0.15) 92.4 (0.13) 86.7 (0.87) 57.5 (1.12) 82.6 (1.63) (†) 90.0 (1.63) 88.7 (1.39) 29.5 (0.24) 31.4 (0.26) 17.6   (1.20) 11.7   (0.63) 49.2   (2.00)   (†) 24.3   (2.23) 18.9   (1.55)
Kentucky 81.1 (0.18) 81.3 (0.19) 81.6 (0.75) 64.2 (2.14) 88.1 (1.55) (†) 78.8 (3.43) 79.4 (2.07) 20.3 (0.19) 20.5 (0.20) 13.8   (0.61) 14.1   (1.29) 56.6   (2.31)   (†) 14.0   (2.81) 18.7   (1.91)
Louisiana 81.2 (0.17) 84.9 (0.17) 74.1 (0.38) 71.6 (1.16) 73.2 (1.80) (†) 67.0 (3.08) 83.3 (1.54) 20.8 (0.18) 24.3 (0.18) 12.1   (0.31) 19.4   (1.05) 39.3   (1.91)   (†) 11.1   (1.86) 18.0   (1.64)
Maine 89.8 (0.23) 90.2 (0.22) 78.1 (4.61) 78.8 (4.10) 82.4 (3.44) (†) 79.0 (3.17) 80.2 (3.75) 26.0 (0.30) 26.2 (0.30) 11.6 ! (4.27) 21.4   (3.65) 37.3   (4.63)   (†) 11.6   (3.01) 14.8   (3.34)
                                                                             
Maryland 87.9 (0.13) 91.1 (0.13) 85.9 (0.26) 61.8 (0.82) 89.0 (0.53) (†) 84.2 (2.85) 90.8 (0.96) 35.4 (0.15) 39.8 (0.21) 24.4   (0.35) 20.7   (0.63) 60.1   (0.83)   (†) 20.4   (2.71) 31.8   (1.77)
Massachusetts 88.7 (0.11) 91.5 (0.11) 82.5 (0.62) 64.6 (0.69) 83.1 (0.54) (†) 79.9 (3.74) 86.3 (1.08) 38.2 (0.17) 40.2 (0.18) 22.8   (0.74) 15.8   (0.56) 56.4   (0.76)   (†) 24.5   (3.66) 32.6   (1.62)
Michigan 87.8 (0.10) 89.8 (0.10) 81.2 (0.37) 62.9 (0.92) 88.4 (0.73) 91.3 (7.31) 83.2 (1.30) 85.7 (0.90) 24.7 (0.12) 25.7 (0.13) 14.3   (0.29) 14.0   (0.60) 62.7   (1.05) 29.0 ! (9.91) 12.9   (1.32) 21.1   (1.17)
Minnesota 91.3 (0.12) 93.4 (0.10) 79.8 (1.40) 58.7 (1.43) 80.3 (1.19) (†) 80.4 (1.58) 87.8 (1.62) 31.6 (0.19) 32.5 (0.21) 19.8   (1.05) 15.1   (0.93) 43.8   (1.48)   (†) 13.7   (1.50) 24.4   (2.06)
Mississippi 80.0 (0.21) 84.6 (0.24) 72.3 (0.36) 59.4 (2.07) 75.4 (2.90) (†) 75.6 (3.14) 83.9 (2.54) 19.6 (0.19) 23.4 (0.25) 12.4   (0.28) 12.7   (1.44) 39.7   (3.02)   (†) 9.0   (1.88) 19.8   (3.11)
                                                                             
Missouri 86.3 (0.14) 87.6 (0.15) 80.6 (0.51) 66.1 (1.33) 86.3 (1.22) 85.2 (5.34) 83.3 (2.05) 83.1 (1.05) 25.2 (0.15) 26.2 (0.16) 15.6   (0.55) 16.7   (0.99) 56.7   (1.48) 5.1 ! (3.33) 15.6   (1.90) 18.9   (1.29)
Montana 90.9 (0.28) 91.9 (0.27) 89.3 (5.53) 82.1 (2.89) 79.7 (6.11) (†) 77.3 (1.83) 89.5 (2.72) 27.0 (0.41) 28.1 (0.45) 31.3 ! (9.82) 14.0   (2.72) 31.2   (5.76)   (†) 12.6   (1.36) 18.4   (2.84)
Nebraska 89.8 (0.22) 92.9 (0.20) 84.9 (1.60) 49.3 (1.69) 86.6 (2.05) (†) 84.4 (2.54) 89.1 (2.35) 27.0 (0.26) 28.6 (0.27) 16.3   (1.59) 6.8   (0.78) 47.5   (3.22)   (†) 12.2   (2.89) 23.5   (3.21)
Nevada 83.7 (0.20) 91.5 (0.19) 86.5 (0.76) 56.2 (0.74) 89.1 (0.65) 89.3 (2.12) 84.9 (1.43) 90.3 (1.14) 21.8 (0.22) 25.0 (0.28) 16.7   (0.83) 8.1   (0.34) 38.4   (0.91) 8.7   (2.30) 13.3   (1.74) 21.3   (1.65)
New Hampshire 90.7 (0.23) 91.1 (0.25) 87.1 (3.16) 75.3 (2.80) 91.7 (1.72) (†) 67.4 (7.60) 88.1 (2.20) 32.5 (0.35) 32.3 (0.36) 21.8   (3.74) 24.8   (2.69) 58.8   (2.87)   (†) 24.8   (7.24) 27.2   (3.26)
                                                                             
New Jersey 87.4 (0.10) 91.4 (0.09) 83.8 (0.35) 69.3 (0.47) 92.2 (0.28) (†) 84.5 (2.58) 88.7 (1.11) 34.4 (0.13) 37.4 (0.17) 19.8   (0.42) 15.6   (0.29) 66.8   (0.46) 21.7 ! (8.42) 18.8   (2.73) 34.5   (1.42)
New Mexico 82.5 (0.27) 93.4 (0.22) 88.8 (1.66) 70.4 (0.53) 88.9 (1.36) (†) 74.5 (1.04) 93.9 (1.08) 24.8 (0.24) 37.0 (0.38) 23.1   (2.01) 12.6   (0.37) 46.5   (3.09)   (†) 9.2   (0.56) 30.4   (2.85)
New York 84.3 (0.07) 90.8 (0.06) 80.2 (0.20) 63.5 (0.28) 78.0 (0.34) 77.6 (5.85) 81.4 (1.63) 86.1 (0.74) 32.2 (0.09) 37.4 (0.12) 20.3   (0.22) 15.2   (0.22) 45.2   (0.42) 26.0   (7.34) 15.9   (1.51) 33.5   (0.95)
North Carolina 83.7 (0.10) 87.3 (0.11) 79.8 (0.26) 52.0 (0.72) 84.5 (0.85) 95.6 (2.47) 67.4 (1.27) 86.5 (1.18) 26.3 (0.13) 29.6 (0.13) 16.9   (0.28) 12.3   (0.41) 50.8   (1.12) 15.3 ! (6.91) 10.5   (0.83) 24.4   (1.24)
North Dakota 89.5 (0.31) 90.0 (0.32) 75.7 (9.55) 78.1 (3.82) 78.9 (5.82) (†) 84.8 (1.75) 93.6 (2.29) 26.1 (0.56) 26.4 (0.61) 11.5 ! (5.57) 16.8   (4.82) 52.3   (9.92)   (†) 19.1   (2.76) 34.6   (7.07)
                                                                             
Ohio 87.3 (0.08) 88.6 (0.09) 80.2 (0.33) 69.5 (0.95) 89.6 (0.72) 76.3 (9.14) 77.7 (2.79) 85.5 (0.99) 24.1 (0.12) 24.8 (0.13) 14.5   (0.29) 16.6   (0.80) 62.2   (1.10) 12.0 ! (5.48) 15.9   (2.16) 19.9   (0.96)
Oklahoma 85.3 (0.14) 87.8 (0.14) 84.8 (0.64) 54.2 (1.14) 83.9 (1.38) 89.0 (3.01) 83.3 (0.73) 85.9 (0.69) 22.5 (0.20) 24.3 (0.23) 16.8   (0.68) 10.3   (0.62) 40.8   (2.16) 12.8 ! (5.65) 15.2   (0.59) 18.2   (0.79)
Oregon 88.7 (0.14) 92.0 (0.13) 88.1 (1.13) 53.8 (1.11) 87.2 (0.78) 84.5 (4.06) 84.4 (1.41) 88.4 (0.77) 28.7 (0.21) 30.0 (0.23) 22.0   (1.69) 11.0   (0.51) 46.4   (1.15) 23.1   (4.78) 13.2   (1.52) 22.8   (1.18)
Pennsylvania 87.4 (0.09) 89.1 (0.08) 81.4 (0.38) 65.5 (0.78) 83.2 (0.69) 82.5 (4.79) 81.7 (2.85) 88.0 (1.07) 26.2 (0.12) 27.3 (0.12) 14.3   (0.38) 13.6   (0.55) 53.3   (1.00) 15.9 ! (6.04) 19.7   (2.88) 22.8   (1.29)
Rhode Island 83.7 (0.29) 86.9 (0.29) 77.7 (1.98) 58.3 (1.78) 79.3 (2.22) (†) 74.6 (7.13) 88.0 (2.15) 30.1 (0.37) 32.2 (0.43) 19.7   (1.67) 12.7   (0.96) 47.9   (2.70)   (†)   (†) 18.9   (3.40)
                                                                             
South Carolina 82.9 (0.14) 86.8 (0.17) 75.7 (0.35) 57.1 (1.11) 84.3 (1.14) 81.9 (7.76) 75.5 (3.26) 82.9 (1.73) 24.0 (0.17) 28.2 (0.20) 13.2   (0.29) 12.0   (0.68) 48.7   (1.65) 18.5 ! (10.93) 12.9   (2.39) 19.0   (2.13)
South Dakota 89.4 (0.33) 90.7 (0.38) 83.1 (8.82) 73.1 (4.74) 87.4 (5.35) (†) 76.6 (1.87) 88.3 (2.87) 24.8 (0.47) 25.9 (0.51) 17.3   (4.57) 16.9   (3.24) 45.7   (7.03)   (†) 10.4   (1.19) 16.0   (3.85)
Tennessee 82.6 (0.14) 84.1 (0.14) 79.4 (0.36) 54.9 (1.30) 86.5 (1.04) (†) 78.9 (3.12) 79.1 (1.37) 22.5 (0.15) 23.8 (0.15) 15.5   (0.36) 11.3   (0.61) 50.4   (1.69)   (†) 14.6   (2.14) 18.8   (1.46)
Texas 79.6 (0.07) 91.4 (0.07) 84.1 (0.19) 57.1 (0.18) 86.8 (0.29) 92.5 (1.77) 87.6 (0.97) 90.1 (0.55) 25.6 (0.08) 33.7 (0.11) 18.3   (0.26) 11.0   (0.10) 54.1   (0.51) 14.7   (2.72) 21.0   (1.17) 27.8   (0.86)
Utah 90.5 (0.18) 94.0 (0.16) 86.3 (1.89) 63.8 (1.06) 86.7 (1.30) 89.7 (2.79) 78.7 (2.35) 91.1 (2.42) 28.7 (0.28) 30.8 (0.30) 27.3   (3.84) 11.0   (0.56) 42.7   (1.99) 11.6   (2.28) 10.3   (1.55) 23.4   (3.07)
                                                                             
Vermont 90.4 (0.36) 90.6 (0.36) 89.3 (6.06) 90.2 (3.28) 80.1 (5.50) (†) 61.2 (8.24) 89.8 (3.37) 33.3 (0.71) 33.5 (0.68) 28.0 ! (10.71) 25.1   (5.25) 43.0   (6.06)   (†) 14.4 ! (7.65) 19.9   (4.99)
Virginia 86.1 (0.11) 89.1 (0.11) 79.3 (0.28) 67.3 (0.86) 88.7 (0.54) 89.0 (4.16) 83.2 (2.00) 90.0 (1.09) 33.7 (0.15) 37.1 (0.17) 17.9   (0.34) 22.8   (0.61) 56.8   (0.76) 24.8   (6.64) 18.4   (2.02) 36.5   (1.57)
Washington 89.7 (0.11) 93.0 (0.10) 86.6 (0.78) 58.5 (0.71) 85.5 (0.44) 85.7 (1.78) 81.4 (1.16) 91.5 (0.61) 30.7 (0.15) 32.0 (0.19) 19.2   (0.90) 12.3   (0.40) 45.8   (0.66) 8.5   (1.42) 14.1   (0.94) 26.2   (1.09)
West Virginia 81.9 (0.23) 81.7 (0.24) 86.1 (1.16) 78.7 (2.96) 89.9 (2.09) (†) 83.2 (5.97) 81.7 (2.48) 17.1 (0.24) 16.9 (0.25) 13.2   (1.18) 18.9   (2.48) 65.2   (3.34)   (†) 12.4 ! (4.42) 19.5   (2.56)
Wisconsin 89.5 (0.10) 91.6 (0.11) 78.2 (0.90) 59.9 (1.20) 81.2 (1.65) (†) 84.8 (1.60) 85.4 (1.73) 25.6 (0.18) 26.6 (0.18) 13.3   (0.78) 11.7   (0.57) 45.9   (2.24)   (†) 11.0   (1.30) 19.9   (2.05)
Wyoming 91.3 (0.43) 93.0 (0.36) 93.7 (3.61) 69.8 (4.06) 91.1 (5.07) (†) 84.5 (3.47) 89.4 (3.77) 23.6 (0.57) 24.8 (0.60) 17.4 ! (6.56) 9.7   (2.43) 42.8   (6.79)   (†) 6.2 ! (2.04) 21.4   (4.36)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is 30 percent or greater.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases).
NOTE: Estimates are 3-year averages of 2007–09 data. Use of a 3-year average increases the sample size, thereby reducing the size of sampling errors and producing more stable estimates. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, 2007-2009 American Community Survey (ACS) 3-Year Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) data. (This table was prepared July 2011.)
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