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Table 254. Total and full-time-equivalent staff in degree-granting institutions, by employment status, control of institution, and occupation: Fall 1976, fall 1999, and fall 2009
Control of institution and primary occupation Fall 1976 Fall 1999 Fall 2009
Total Full-time-equivalent (FTE) Total Full-time-equivalent (FTE) Total Full-time-equivalent (FTE)
Number Per-
cent
Full-time Total FTE stu-
dents per FTE staff
Number Per-
cent
Total FTE stu-
dents per FTE staff
Number Per-
cent
Total FTE stu-
dents per FTE staff
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
All institutions 1,863,790 100.0 1,339,911 1,541,339 5.4 2,883,175 100.0 2,285,525 4.8 3,723,419 100.0 2,884,785 5.4
Professional staff 1,073,119 57.6 709,400 845,456 9.8 1,950,861 67.7 1,467,852 7.5 2,782,149 74.7 2,049,529 7.6
Executive/administrative/managerial 101,263 5.4 97,003 98,972 84.0 159,888 5.5 156,571 69.9 230,579 6.2 226,095 68.5
Faculty (instruction/research/public
    service)
633,210 34.0 434,071 500,533 16.6 1,027,830 35.6 736,584 14.9 1,439,144 38.7 966,852 16.0
Graduate assistants 160,086 8.6 28,007 82,684 100.5 239,738 8.3 99,133 110.4 342,393 9.2 141,977 109.1
Other professionals 178,560 9.6 150,319 163,267 50.9 523,405 18.2 475,564 23.0 770,033 20.7 714,605 21.7
Nonprofessional staff 790,671 42.4 630,511 695,883 11.9 932,314 32.3 817,674 13.4 941,270 25.3 835,256 18.6
                           
Public 1,329,122 100.0 946,354 1,092,558 5.8 1,988,809 100.0 1,550,190 5.2 2,442,076 100.0 1,868,956 5.8
Professional staff 769,836 57.9 502,325 601,942 10.5 1,352,325 68.0 994,132 8.1 1,804,718 73.9 1,309,452 8.2
Executive/administrative/managerial 60,733 4.6 58,649 59,579 106.6 85,795 4.3 84,110 95.4 112,182 4.6 109,543 98.1
Faculty (instruction/research/public
    service)
448,733 33.8 313,367 357,761 17.7 713,325 35.9 507,630 15.8 913,679 37.4 621,181 17.3
Graduate assistants 127,925 9.6 19,076 63,420 100.1 200,563 10.1 81,707 98.2 275,872 11.3 112,388 95.7
Other professionals 132,445 10.0 111,233 121,182 52.4 352,642 17.7 320,684 25.0 502,985 20.6 466,340 23.1
Nonprofessional staff 559,286 42.1 444,029 490,616 12.9 636,484 32.0 556,058 14.4 637,358 26.1 559,504 19.2
                           
Private 534,668 100.0 393,557 448,781 4.4 894,366 100.0 735,335 4.0 1,281,343 100.0 1,015,829 4.7
Professional staff 303,283 56.7 207,075 243,514 8.1 598,536 66.9 473,720 6.2 977,431 76.3 740,077 6.4
Executive/administrative/managerial 40,530 7.6 38,354 39,393 49.8 74,093 8.3 72,461 40.3 118,397 9.2 116,551 40.7
Faculty (instruction/research/public
    service)
184,477 34.5 120,704 142,772 13.7 314,505 35.2 228,954 12.8 525,465 41.0 345,671 13.7
Graduate assistants 32,161 6.0 8,931 19,264 101.9 39,175 4.4 17,426 167.8 66,521 5.2 29,589 160.4
Other professionals 46,115 8.6 39,086 42,085 46.6 170,763 19.1 154,879 18.9 267,048 20.8 248,265 19.1
Nonprofessional staff 231,385 43.3 186,482 205,267 9.6 295,830 33.1 261,615 11.2 303,912 23.7 275,752 17.2
NOTE: Full-time-equivalent staff is the full-time staff, plus the full-time equivalent of the part-time staff. Data for 1976 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. (See Appendix A: Guide to Sources for details.) Beginning in 2007, includes institutions with fewer than 15 full-time employees; these institutions did not report staff data prior to 2007. By definition, all graduate assistants are part time in 1999 and 2009. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Staff Survey" 1976; and 1999 and 2009 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, "Fall Staff Survey" (IPEDS-S:99), and Winter 2009-10. (This table was prepared August 2010.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education