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Table 235. Total fall enrollment in degree-granting institutions, by race/ethnicity, sex, attendance status, and level of student: Selected years, 1976 through 2009
Race/ethnicity, sex, attendance status, and level of student Fall enrollment (in thousands) Percentage distribution of students
1976 1980 1990 2000 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 1976 1980 1990 2000 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23
All students, total 10,985.6 12,086.8 13,818.6 15,312.3 16,911.5 17,272.0 17,487.5 17,758.9 18,248.1 19,102.8 20,427.7 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
White 9,076.1 9,833.0 10,722.5 10,462.1 11,280.9 11,422.8 11,495.4 11,572.4 11,756.2 12,088.8 12,730.8 82.6 81.4 77.6 68.3 66.7 66.1 65.7 65.2 64.4 63.3 62.3
Total, selected races/ethnicities 1,690.8 1,948.8 2,704.7 4,321.5 5,032.9 5,259.1 5,407.2 5,590.6 5,867.4 6,353.5 7,012.1 15.4 16.1 19.6 28.2 29.8 30.4 30.9 31.5 32.2 33.3 34.3
Black 1,033.0 1,106.8 1,247.0 1,730.3 2,068.4 2,164.7 2,214.6 2,279.6 2,383.4 2,584.5 2,919.8 9.4 9.2 9.0 11.3 12.2 12.5 12.7 12.8 13.1 13.5 14.3
Hispanic 383.8 471.7 782.4 1,461.8 1,716.3 1,809.6 1,882.0 1,964.3 2,076.2 2,272.9 2,546.7 3.5 3.9 5.7 9.5 10.1 10.5 10.8 11.1 11.4 11.9 12.5
Asian/Pacific Islander 197.9 286.4 572.4 978.2 1,075.6 1,108.7 1,134.4 1,165.5 1,217.9 1,302.8 1,337.7 1.8 2.4 4.1 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.5
American Indian/Alaska Native 76.1 83.9 102.8 151.2 172.6 176.1 176.3 181.1 190.0 193.3 207.9 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Nonresident alien 218.7 305.0 391.5 528.7 597.7 590.2 584.8 595.9 624.5 660.6 684.8 2.0 2.5 2.8 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.4
                                             
Male 5,794.4 5,868.1 6,283.9 6,721.8 7,260.3 7,387.3 7,455.9 7,574.8 7,815.9 8,188.9 8,769.5 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
White 4,813.7 4,772.9 4,861.0 4,634.6 4,929.8 4,988.0 5,007.2 5,046.2 5,146.1 5,302.9 5,594.4 83.1 81.3 77.4 68.9 67.9 67.5 67.2 66.6 65.8 64.8 63.8
Total, selected races/ethnicities 826.6 884.4 1,176.6 1,789.8 2,005.3 2,083.7 2,139.2 2,212.6 2,336.6 2,532.8 2,808.4 14.3 15.1 18.7 26.6 27.6 28.2 28.7 29.2 29.9 30.9 32.0
Black 469.9 463.7 484.7 635.3 730.7 758.4 774.1 795.4 838.1 911.8 1,037.1 8.1 7.9 7.7 9.5 10.1 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.7 11.1 11.8
Hispanic 209.7 231.6 353.9 627.1 709.3 745.1 774.6 810.0 861.6 946.7 1,066.3 3.6 3.9 5.6 9.3 9.8 10.1 10.4 10.7 11.0 11.6 12.2
Asian/Pacific Islander 108.4 151.3 294.9 465.9 498.2 511.6 522.0 536.0 562.5 597.4 621.5 1.9 2.6 4.7 6.9 6.9 6.9 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.1
American Indian/Alaska Native 38.5 37.8 43.1 61.4 67.1 68.6 68.4 71.2 74.4 76.9 83.4 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0
Nonresident alien 154.1 210.8 246.3 297.3 325.2 315.6 309.5 316.1 333.2 353.3 366.7 2.7 3.6 3.9 4.4 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.2
                                             
Female 5,191.2 6,218.7 7,534.7 8,590.5 9,651.2 9,884.8 10,031.6 10,184.1 10,432.2 10,913.9 11,658.2 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
White 4,262.4 5,060.1 5,861.5 5,827.5 6,351.2 6,434.8 6,488.2 6,526.2 6,610.1 6,785.9 7,136.4 82.1 81.4 77.8 67.8 65.8 65.1 64.7 64.1 63.4 62.2 61.2
Total, selected races/ethnicities 864.2 1,064.4 1,528.1 2,531.7 3,027.5 3,175.4 3,268.0 3,378.0 3,530.9 3,820.7 4,203.7 16.6 17.1 20.3 29.5 31.4 32.1 32.6 33.2 33.8 35.0 36.1
Black 563.1 643.0 762.3 1,095.0 1,337.7 1,406.3 1,440.4 1,484.2 1,545.3 1,672.7 1,882.7 10.8 10.3 10.1 12.7 13.9 14.2 14.4 14.6 14.8 15.3 16.1
Hispanic 174.1 240.1 428.5 834.7 1,006.9 1,064.5 1,107.3 1,154.3 1,214.5 1,326.1 1,480.4 3.4 3.9 5.7 9.7 10.4 10.8 11.0 11.3 11.6 12.2 12.7
Asian/Pacific Islander 89.4 135.2 277.5 512.3 577.4 597.1 612.4 629.5 655.4 705.4 716.1 1.7 2.2 3.7 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.5 6.1
American Indian/Alaska Native 37.6 46.1 59.7 89.7 105.5 107.5 107.9 110.0 115.6 116.4 124.5 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Nonresident alien 64.6 94.2 145.2 231.4 272.5 274.6 275.3 279.8 291.2 307.3 318.1 1.2 1.5 1.9 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.7
                                             
Full-time 6,703.6 7,088.9 7,821.0 9,009.6 10,326.1 10,610.2 10,797.0 10,957.3 11,269.9 11,747.7 12,722.8 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
White 5,512.6 5,717.0 6,016.5 6,231.1 6,982.0 7,129.1 7,220.5 7,267.3 7,394.2 7,593.5 8,078.8 82.2 80.6 76.9 69.2 67.6 67.2 66.9 66.3 65.6 64.6 63.5
Total, selected races/ethnicities 1,030.9 1,137.5 1,514.9 2,368.5 2,872.6 3,015.4 3,117.1 3,221.9 3,382.0 3,631.9 4,101.7 15.4 16.0 19.4 26.3 27.8 28.4 28.9 29.4 30.0 30.9 32.2
Black 659.2 685.6 718.3 982.6 1,218.4 1,282.8 1,321.7 1,354.8 1,416.1 1,530.7 1,763.7 9.8 9.7 9.2 10.9 11.8 12.1 12.2 12.4 12.6 13.0 13.9
Hispanic 211.1 247.0 394.7 710.3 882.2 936.6 979.7 1,023.8 1,082.9 1,177.2 1,362.4 3.1 3.5 5.0 7.9 8.5 8.8 9.1 9.3 9.6 10.0 10.7
Asian/Pacific Islander 117.7 162.0 347.4 591.2 670.5 691.4 710.1 735.4 770.0 808.9 848.6 1.8 2.3 4.4 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.7
American Indian/Alaska Native 43.0 43.0 54.4 84.4 101.4 104.6 105.6 107.9 113.0 115.1 127.0 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Nonresident alien 160.0 234.4 289.6 410.0 471.6 465.6 459.4 468.0 493.7 522.3 542.3 2.4 3.3 3.7 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.3
                                             
Part-time 4,282.1 4,997.9 5,997.7 6,302.7 6,585.3 6,661.9 6,690.5 6,801.6 6,978.2 7,355.1 7,704.9 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
White 3,563.5 4,116.0 4,706.0 4,231.0 4,298.9 4,293.6 4,274.9 4,305.1 4,362.1 4,495.3 4,651.9 83.2 82.4 78.5 67.1 65.3 64.5 63.9 63.3 62.5 61.1 60.4
Total, selected races/ethnicities 659.9 811.3 1,189.8 1,953.0 2,160.3 2,243.7 2,290.1 2,368.6 2,485.4 2,721.5 2,910.4 15.4 16.2 19.8 31.0 32.8 33.7 34.2 34.8 35.6 37.0 37.8
Black 373.8 421.2 528.7 747.7 849.9 881.8 892.9 924.8 967.2 1,053.7 1,156.2 8.7 8.4 8.8 11.9 12.9 13.2 13.3 13.6 13.9 14.3 15.0
Hispanic 172.7 224.8 387.7 751.5 834.0 873.0 902.2 940.5 993.2 1,095.7 1,184.3 4.0 4.5 6.5 11.9 12.7 13.1 13.5 13.8 14.2 14.9 15.4
Asian/Pacific Islander 80.2 124.4 225.1 387.1 405.1 417.3 424.3 430.1 447.9 493.9 489.1 1.9 2.5 3.8 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.7 6.3
American Indian/Alaska Native 33.1 40.9 48.4 66.8 71.3 71.6 70.7 73.2 77.0 78.2 80.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0
Nonresident alien 58.7 70.6 101.8 118.7 126.1 124.6 125.5 127.8 130.8 138.3 142.6 1.4 1.4 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
                                             
Undergraduate, total 9,419.0 10,469.1 11,959.1 13,155.4 14,480.4 14,780.6 14,964.0 15,184.3 15,603.8 16,365.7 17,565.3 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
White 7,740.5 8,480.7 9,272.6 8,983.5 9,664.6 9,771.3 9,828.6 9,885.4 10,046.6 10,339.2 10,915.3 82.2 81.0 77.5 68.3 66.7 66.1 65.7 65.1 64.4 63.2 62.1
Total, selected races/ethnicities 1,535.3 1,778.5 2,467.7 3,884.0 4,498.4 4,695.5 4,820.7 4,977.9 5,221.9 5,666.2 6,271.6 16.3 17.0 20.6 29.5 31.1 31.8 32.2 32.8 33.5 34.6 35.7
Black 943.4 1,018.8 1,147.2 1,548.9 1,838.0 1,918.5 1,955.4 2,005.7 2,092.6 2,269.3 2,577.4 10.0 9.7 9.6 11.8 12.7 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.4 13.9 14.7
Hispanic 352.9 433.1 724.6 1,351.0 1,579.8 1,666.9 1,733.6 1,810.1 1,915.9 2,103.5 2,362.5 3.7 4.1 6.1 10.3 10.9 11.3 11.6 11.9 12.3 12.9 13.4
Asian/Pacific Islander 169.3 248.7 500.5 845.5 922.7 949.9 971.4 997.9 1,042.1 1,117.9 1,142.3 1.8 2.4 4.2 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.5
American Indian/Alaska Native 69.7 77.9 95.5 138.5 157.8 160.3 160.4 164.2 171.3 175.6 189.4 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Nonresident alien 143.2 209.9 218.7 288.0 317.3 313.8 314.7 321.0 335.3 360.3 378.4 1.5 2.0 1.8 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2
                                             
Male 4,896.8 4,997.4 5,379.8 5,778.3 6,227.4 6,340.0 6,408.9 6,513.8 6,727.6 7,066.6 7,595.5 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
White 4,052.2 4,054.9 4,184.4 4,010.1 4,263.1 4,309.9 4,330.4 4,364.6 4,455.9 4,598.6 4,860.2 82.8 81.1 77.8 69.4 68.5 68.0 67.6 67.0 66.2 65.1 64.0
Total, selected races/ethnicities 748.2 802.7 1,069.3 1,618.0 1,806.5 1,877.0 1,926.6 1,993.3 2,107.5 2,290.3 2,546.2 15.3 16.1 19.9 28.0 29.0 29.6 30.1 30.6 31.3 32.4 33.5
Black 430.7 428.2 448.0 577.0 660.4 684.7 697.5 715.7 754.1 821.3 938.3 8.8 8.6 8.3 10.0 10.6 10.8 10.9 11.0 11.2 11.6 12.4
Hispanic 191.7 211.2 326.9 582.6 656.8 690.5 718.5 752.0 802.0 884.0 997.3 3.9 4.2 6.1 10.1 10.5 10.9 11.2 11.5 11.9 12.5 13.1
Asian/Pacific Islander 91.1 128.5 254.5 401.9 427.9 439.1 448.1 460.6 483.6 514.6 534.0 1.9 2.6 4.7 7.0 6.9 6.9 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.0
American Indian/Alaska Native 34.8 34.8 39.9 56.4 61.5 62.7 62.5 65.0 67.8 70.3 76.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Nonresident alien 96.4 139.8 126.1 150.2 157.7 153.1 151.8 155.9 164.2 177.7 189.1 2.0 2.8 2.3 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.5
                                             
Female 4,522.1 5,471.7 6,579.3 7,377.1 8,253.0 8,440.6 8,555.1 8,670.5 8,876.2 9,299.1 9,969.8 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
White 3,688.3 4,425.8 5,088.2 4,973.3 5,401.5 5,461.4 5,498.2 5,520.9 5,590.6 5,740.6 6,055.0 81.6 80.9 77.3 67.4 65.4 64.7 64.3 63.7 63.0 61.7 60.7
Total, selected races/ethnicities 787.0 975.8 1,398.5 2,266.0 2,691.8 2,818.5 2,894.0 2,984.5 3,114.4 3,375.9 3,725.4 17.4 17.8 21.3 30.7 32.6 33.4 33.8 34.4 35.1 36.3 37.4
Black 512.7 590.6 699.2 971.9 1,177.7 1,233.8 1,257.8 1,290.0 1,338.5 1,448.0 1,639.1 11.3 10.8 10.6 13.2 14.3 14.6 14.7 14.9 15.1 15.6 16.4
Hispanic 161.2 221.8 397.6 768.4 923.0 976.3 1,015.0 1,058.1 1,113.9 1,219.5 1,365.2 3.6 4.1 6.0 10.4 11.2 11.6 11.9 12.2 12.5 13.1 13.7
Asian/Pacific Islander 78.2 120.2 246.0 443.6 494.8 510.8 523.2 537.3 558.5 603.2 608.3 1.7 2.2 3.7 6.0 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.5 6.1
American Indian/Alaska Native 34.9 43.1 55.5 82.1 96.3 97.6 98.0 99.2 103.6 105.2 112.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1
Nonresident alien 46.8 70.1 92.6 137.8 159.6 160.7 162.9 165.2 171.2 182.6 189.4 1.0 1.3 1.4 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.9
                                             
Postbaccalaureate, total 1,566.6 1,617.7 1,859.5 2,156.9 2,431.1 2,491.4 2,523.5 2,574.6 2,644.4 2,737.1 2,862.4 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
White 1,335.6 1,352.4 1,449.8 1,478.6 1,616.3 1,651.5 1,666.8 1,687.0 1,709.7 1,749.6 1,815.5 85.3 83.6 78.0 68.6 66.5 66.3 66.1 65.5 64.7 63.9 63.4
Total, selected races/ethnicities 155.5 170.3 237.0 437.5 534.5 563.6 586.6 612.7 645.5 687.2 740.5 9.9 10.5 12.7 20.3 22.0 22.6 23.2 23.8 24.4 25.1 25.9
Black 89.7 87.9 99.8 181.4 230.3 246.2 259.2 273.9 290.8 315.2 342.4 5.7 5.4 5.4 8.4 9.5 9.9 10.3 10.6 11.0 11.5 12.0
Hispanic 30.9 38.6 57.9 110.8 136.5 142.7 148.4 154.2 160.3 169.4 184.2 2.0 2.4 3.1 5.1 5.6 5.7 5.9 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.4
Asian/Pacific Islander 28.6 37.7 72.0 132.7 152.8 158.8 163.0 167.6 175.8 184.9 195.4 1.8 2.3 3.9 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.5 6.6 6.8 6.8
American Indian/Alaska Native 6.4 6.0 7.3 12.6 14.8 15.8 15.9 17.0 18.7 17.7 18.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Nonresident alien 75.5 95.1 172.7 240.7 280.4 276.3 270.1 274.8 289.1 300.3 306.4 4.8 5.9 9.3 11.2 11.5 11.1 10.7 10.7 10.9 11.0 10.7
                                             
Male 897.6 870.7 904.2 943.5 1,032.9 1,047.2 1,047.1 1,061.1 1,088.3 1,122.3 1,174.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
White 761.6 718.1 676.6 624.5 666.6 678.1 676.8 681.6 690.2 704.3 734.2 84.8 82.5 74.8 66.2 64.5 64.8 64.6 64.2 63.4 62.8 62.5
Total, selected races/ethnicities 78.4 81.7 107.4 171.9 198.8 206.7 212.5 219.2 229.1 242.5 262.2 8.7 9.4 11.9 18.2 19.2 19.7 20.3 20.7 21.0 21.6 22.3
Black 39.2 35.5 36.7 58.3 70.3 73.7 76.6 79.7 84.0 90.5 98.8 4.4 4.1 4.1 6.2 6.8 7.0 7.3 7.5 7.7 8.1 8.4
Hispanic 18.1 20.4 27.0 44.5 52.6 54.6 56.1 57.9 59.6 62.7 69.0 2.0 2.3 3.0 4.7 5.1 5.2 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.9
Asian/Pacific Islander 17.4 22.8 40.4 64.0 70.3 72.5 73.9 75.4 78.9 82.7 87.5 1.9 2.6 4.5 6.8 6.8 6.9 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.4 7.5
American Indian/Alaska Native 3.7 3.0 3.2 5.0 5.6 5.9 5.9 6.2 6.6 6.5 6.9 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Nonresident alien 57.7 71.0 120.2 147.1 167.5 162.4 157.7 160.2 169.1 175.5 177.7 6.4 8.1 13.3 15.6 16.2 15.5 15.1 15.1 15.5 15.6 15.1
                                             
Female 669.1 747.0 955.4 1,213.4 1,398.2 1,444.2 1,476.5 1,513.5 1,556.0 1,614.8 1,688.4 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
White 574.1 634.3 773.2 854.1 949.6 973.4 990.0 1,005.4 1,019.5 1,045.3 1,081.4 85.8 84.9 80.9 70.4 67.9 67.4 67.1 66.4 65.5 64.7 64.0
Total, selected races/ethnicities 77.2 88.6 129.6 265.7 335.7 356.9 374.0 393.5 416.5 444.8 478.3 11.5 11.9 13.6 21.9 24.0 24.7 25.3 26.0 26.8 27.5 28.3
Black 50.5 52.4 63.1 123.1 160.0 172.6 182.6 194.2 206.8 224.7 243.6 7.5 7.0 6.6 10.1 11.4 11.9 12.4 12.8 13.3 13.9 14.4
Hispanic 12.8 18.3 30.9 66.3 83.9 88.2 92.3 96.3 100.7 106.7 115.2 1.9 2.4 3.2 5.5 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.8
Asian/Pacific Islander 11.2 15.0 31.5 68.7 82.6 86.3 89.1 92.2 97.0 102.2 107.9 1.7 2.0 3.3 5.7 5.9 6.0 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4
American Indian/Alaska Native 2.7 3.0 4.1 7.6 9.2 9.9 10.0 10.8 12.1 11.2 11.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7
Nonresident alien 17.8 24.1 52.5 93.6 112.9 113.9 112.4 114.6 120.1 124.8 128.7 2.7 3.2 5.5 7.7 8.1 7.9 7.6 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.6
NOTE: Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Because of underreporting and nonreporting of racial/ethnic data, some figures are slightly lower than corresponding data in other tables. Data through 1990 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. (See Appendix A: Guide to Sources for details.) Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Fall Enrollment in Colleges and Universities" surveys, 1976 and 1980; and 1990 through 2009 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Fall Enrollment Survey" (IPEDS-EF:90), and Spring 2001 through Spring 2010. (This table was prepared October 2010.)
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