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Table 143. Average mathematics scale score of 4th-grade public school students and percentages attaining mathematics achievement levels and having 5 or more hours of mathematics instruction per week, by state or jurisdiction: Selected years, 1992 through 2009
State or jurisdiction Average scale score1 Percent of students, 2009
1992 2000 2003 2005 2007 2009 Attaining mathematics achievement levels Having 5 or more hours of math in-struction each week
Below Basic At or above Basic2 At or above Profi-
cient
3
At Advanced4
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
United States 219 (0.8) 224 (1.0) 234 (0.2) 237 (0.2) 239 (0.2) 239 (0.2) 19 (0.3) 81 (0.3) 38 (0.3) 6 (0.2) 88 (0.4)
Alabama 208 (1.6) 217 (1.2) 223 (1.2) 225 (0.9) 229 (1.3) 228 (1.1) 30 (1.5) 70 (1.5) 24 (1.5) 2 (0.5) 91 (2.1)
Alaska (†)   (†) 233 (0.8) 236 (1.0) 237 (1.0) 237 (0.9) 22 (1.1) 78 (1.1) 38 (1.3) 6 (0.8) 88 (2.2)
Arizona 215 (1.1) 219 (1.3) 229 (1.1) 230 (1.1) 232 (1.0) 230 (1.1) 29 (1.4) 71 (1.4) 28 (1.6) 4 (0.6) 84 (2.1)
Arkansas 210 (0.9) 216 (1.1) 229 (0.9) 236 (0.9) 238 (1.1) 238 (0.9) 20 (1.0) 80 (1.0) 36 (1.4) 5 (0.5) 92 (1.7)
California5 208 (1.6) 213 (1.6) 227 (0.9) 230 (0.6) 230 (0.7) 232 (1.2) 28 (1.4) 72 (1.4) 30 (1.6) 5 (0.7) 89 (1.6)
                                             
Colorado 221 (1.0)   (†) 235 (1.0) 239 (1.1) 240 (1.0) 243 (1.0) 16 (1.2) 84 (1.2) 45 (1.6) 8 (0.9) 89 (1.6)
Connecticut 227 (1.1) 234 (1.1) 241 (0.8) 242 (0.8) 243 (1.1) 245 (1.0) 14 (1.1) 86 (1.1) 46 (1.6) 8 (0.8) 92 (1.6)
Delaware 218 (0.8)   (†) 236 (0.5) 240 (0.5) 242 (0.4) 239 (0.5) 16 (0.9) 84 (0.9) 36 (1.1) 5 (0.5) 86 (0.4)
District of Columbia 193 (0.5) 192 (1.1) 205 (0.7) 211 (0.8) 214 (0.8) 219 (0.7) 44 (1.3) 56 (1.3) 17 (0.8) 3 (0.4) 93 (0.5)
Florida 214 (1.5)   (†) 234 (1.1) 239 (0.7) 242 (0.8) 242 (1.0) 14 (1.2) 86 (1.2) 40 (1.5) 5 (0.8) 88 (1.7)
                                             
Georgia 216 (1.2) 219 (1.1) 230 (1.0) 234 (1.0) 235 (0.8) 236 (0.9) 22 (1.2) 78 (1.2) 34 (1.5) 5 (0.6) 91 (1.6)
Hawaii 214 (1.3) 216 (1.0) 227 (1.0) 230 (0.8) 234 (0.8) 236 (1.1) 23 (1.4) 77 (1.4) 37 (1.5) 5 (0.6) 92 (1.5)
Idaho5  222 (1.0) 224 (1.4) 235 (0.7) 242 (0.7) 241 (0.7) 241 (0.8) 15 (1.0) 85 (1.0) 41 (1.4) 5 (0.4) 89 (1.9)
Illinois5  (†) 223 (1.9) 233 (1.1) 233 (1.0) 237 (1.1) 238 (1.0) 20 (1.2) 80 (1.2) 38 (1.5) 7 (0.7) 83 (2.2)
Indiana5 221 (1.0) 233 (1.1) 238 (0.9) 240 (0.9) 245 (0.8) 243 (0.9) 13 (1.0) 87 (1.0) 42 (1.4) 5 (0.9) 83 (2.5)
                                             
Iowa5  230 (1.0) 231 (1.2) 238 (0.7) 240 (0.7) 243 (0.8) 243 (0.8) 13 (0.8) 87 (0.8) 41 (1.8) 5 (0.5) 76 (2.7)
Kansas5  (†) 232 (1.6) 242 (1.0) 246 (1.0) 248 (0.9) 245 (1.0) 11 (1.1) 89 (1.1) 46 (1.9) 6 (0.7) 93 (1.6)
Kentucky 215 (1.0) 219 (1.4) 229 (1.1) 232 (0.9) 235 (0.9) 239 (1.1) 19 (1.0) 81 (1.0) 37 (1.7) 6 (0.8) 85 (2.3)
Louisiana 204 (1.5) 218 (1.4) 226 (1.0) 230 (0.9) 230 (1.0) 229 (1.0) 28 (1.3) 72 (1.3) 23 (1.4) 2 (0.4) 91 (1.9)
Maine5 232 (1.0) 230 (1.0) 238 (0.7) 241 (0.8) 242 (0.8) 244 (0.8) 13 (0.8) 87 (0.8) 45 (1.4) 7 (0.7) 89 (1.9)
                                             
Maryland 217 (1.3) 222 (1.2) 233 (1.3) 238 (1.0) 240 (0.9) 244 (0.9) 15 (1.0) 85 (1.0) 44 (1.5) 9 (0.8) 96 (1.2)
Massachusetts 227 (1.2) 233 (1.2) 242 (0.8) 247 (0.8) 252 (0.8) 252 (0.9) 8 (0.8) 92 (0.8) 57 (1.4) 12 (1.0) 96 (1.3)
Michigan5  220 (1.7) 229 (1.6) 236 (0.9) 238 (1.2) 238 (1.3) 236 (1.0) 22 (1.2) 78 (1.2) 35 (1.3) 5 (0.7) 83 (2.6)
Minnesota5 228 (0.9) 234 (1.3) 242 (0.9) 246 (1.0) 247 (1.0) 249 (1.1) 11 (1.0) 89 (1.0) 54 (1.8) 11 (1.0) 91 (1.6)
Mississippi 202 (1.1) 211 (1.1) 223 (1.0) 227 (0.9) 228 (1.0) 227 (1.0) 31 (1.3) 69 (1.3) 22 (1.4) 2 (0.3) 92 (1.7)
                                             
Missouri 222 (1.2) 228 (1.2) 235 (0.9) 235 (0.9) 239 (0.9) 241 (1.2) 17 (1.2) 83 (1.2) 41 (1.8) 6 (0.7) 88 (2.3)
Montana5  (†) 228 (1.7) 236 (0.8) 241 (0.8) 244 (0.8) 244 (0.7) 12 (0.9) 88 (0.9) 45 (1.3) 6 (0.5) 91 (1.4)
Nebraska 225 (1.2) 225 (1.8) 236 (0.8) 238 (0.9) 238 (1.1) 239 (1.0) 18 (1.3) 82 (1.3) 38 (1.5) 4 (0.5) 84 (2.6)
Nevada (†) 220 (1.0) 228 (0.8) 230 (0.8) 232 (0.9) 235 (0.9) 21 (1.1) 79 (1.1) 32 (1.4) 3 (0.4) 95 (1.3)
New Hampshire 230 (1.2)   (†) 243 (0.9) 246 (0.9) 249 (0.8) 251 (0.8) 8 (0.8) 92 (0.8) 56 (1.7) 10 (0.7) 89 (1.5)
                                             
New Jersey 227 (1.5)   (†) 239 (1.1) 244 (1.1) 249 (1.1) 247 (1.0) 12 (1.1) 88 (1.1) 49 (1.5) 9 (0.8) 88 (2.0)
New Mexico 213 (1.4) 213 (1.5) 223 (1.1) 224 (0.8) 228 (0.9) 230 (1.0) 28 (1.6) 72 (1.6) 26 (1.4) 3 (0.5) 91 (1.4)
New York5 218 (1.2) 225 (1.4) 236 (0.9) 238 (0.9) 243 (0.8) 241 (0.7) 17 (0.8) 83 (0.8) 40 (1.3) 5 (0.7) 78 (2.5)
North Carolina 213 (1.1) 230 (1.1) 242 (0.8) 241 (0.9) 242 (0.8) 244 (0.8) 13 (1.0) 87 (1.0) 43 (1.4) 8 (0.8) 91 (1.6)
North Dakota 229 (0.8) 230 (1.2) 238 (0.7) 243 (0.5) 245 (0.5) 245 (0.6) 9 (0.6) 91 (0.6) 45 (1.3) 5 (0.7) 78 (0.5)
                                             
Ohio5  219 (1.2) 230 (1.5) 238 (1.0) 242 (1.0) 245 (1.0) 244 (1.1) 15 (1.0) 85 (1.0) 45 (1.9) 8 (0.8) 81 (3.4)
Oklahoma 220 (1.0) 224 (1.0) 229 (1.0) 234 (1.0) 237 (0.8) 237 (0.9) 18 (1.2) 82 (1.2) 33 (1.6) 3 (0.4) 86 (2.2)
Oregon5 (†) 224 (1.8) 236 (0.9) 238 (0.8) 236 (1.0) 238 (0.9) 20 (1.0) 80 (1.0) 37 (1.5) 5 (0.6) 79 (2.5)
Pennsylvania 224 (1.3)   (†) 236 (1.1) 241 (1.2) 244 (0.8) 244 (1.1) 16 (1.0) 84 (1.0) 46 (1.8) 8 (0.8) 90 (2.1)
Rhode Island 215 (1.5) 224 (1.1) 230 (1.0) 233 (0.9) 236 (0.9) 239 (0.8) 19 (1.0) 81 (1.0) 39 (1.3) 5 (0.6) 93 (1.2)
                                             
South Carolina 212 (1.1) 220 (1.4) 236 (0.9) 238 (0.9) 237 (0.8) 236 (0.9) 22 (1.2) 78 (1.2) 34 (1.3) 5 (0.6) 87 (2.0)
South Dakota (†)   (†) 237 (0.7) 242 (0.5) 241 (0.7) 242 (0.5) 14 (0.9) 86 (0.9) 42 (1.1) 5 (0.5) 86 (0.5)
Tennessee 211 (1.4) 220 (1.4) 228 (1.0) 232 (1.2) 233 (0.9) 232 (1.1) 26 (1.4) 74 (1.4) 28 (1.5) 3 (0.5) 88 (2.5)
Texas 218 (1.2) 231 (1.1) 237 (0.9) 242 (0.6) 242 (0.7) 240 (0.7) 15 (0.9) 85 (0.9) 38 (1.4) 4 (0.5) 92 (1.8)
Utah 224 (1.0) 227 (1.3) 235 (0.8) 239 (0.8) 239 (0.9) 240 (1.0) 19 (1.0) 81 (1.0) 41 (1.4) 6 (0.7) 87 (1.8)
                                             
Vermont5  (†) 232 (1.6) 242 (0.8) 244 (0.5) 246 (0.5) 248 (0.4) 11 (0.8) 89 (0.8) 51 (1.0) 9 (0.7) 91 (0.3)
Virginia 221 (1.3) 230 (1.0) 239 (1.1) 241 (0.9) 244 (0.9) 243 (1.0) 15 (1.2) 85 (1.2) 43 (1.6) 7 (0.8) 91 (1.7)
Washington (†)   (†) 238 (1.0) 242 (0.9) 243 (1.0) 242 (0.8) 16 (1.0) 84 (1.0) 43 (1.2) 7 (1.0) 93 (1.5)
West Virginia 215 (1.1) 223 (1.3) 231 (0.8) 231 (0.7) 236 (0.9) 233 (0.8) 23 (1.3) 77 (1.3) 28 (1.2) 2 (0.3) 97 (0.9)
Wisconsin5 229 (1.1)   (†) 237 (0.9) 241 (0.9) 244 (0.9) 244 (0.9) 15 (1.0) 85 (1.0) 45 (1.6) 8 (0.8) 88 (1.9)
Wyoming 225 (0.9) 229 (1.1) 241 (0.6) 243 (0.6) 244 (0.5) 242 (0.6) 13 (0.9) 87 (0.9) 40 (1.2) 4 (0.5) 91 (0.5)
Department of Defense                                            
dependents schools6  (†) 227 (0.6) 237 (0.4) 239 (0.5) 240 (0.4) 240 (0.5) 14 (0.8) 86 (0.8) 38 (1.1) 4 (0.5) 86 (0.4)
Other jurisdictions                                            
American Samoa (†) 152 (2.5)   (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
Guam 193 (0.8) 184 (1.7)   (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
Puerto Rico7  (†)   (†) 179 (1.0) 183 (0.9) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
U.S. Virgin Islands (†) 181 (1.8)   (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
1 Scale ranges from 0 to 500.
2 Basic denotes partial mastery of prerequisite knowledge and skills that are fundamental for proficient work at the 4th-grade level.
3 Proficient represents solid academic performance for 4th-graders. Students reaching this level have demonstrated competency over challenging subject matter.
4 Advanced signifies superior performance.
5 Did not meet one or more of the guidelines for school participation in 2000. Data are subject to appreciable nonresponse bias.
6 Prior to 2005, NAEP divided the Department of Defense (DoD) schools into two jurisdictions, domestic and overseas. In 2005, NAEP began combining the DoD domestic and overseas schools into a single jurisdiction. Data shown in this table for years prior to 2005 were recalculated for comparability.
7 Because of modifications to the 2005 Puerto Rico administration, results from 2003 should not be compared to results from 2005. Although parallel changes were not made in the nation in 2005, within-year comparisons between Puerto Rico and the nation are valid.
NOTE: With the exception of 1992, includes students for whom accommodations were permitted. Excludes students unable to be tested (even with accommodations) due to limited proficiency in English or due to a disability. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 1992, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2007, and 2009 Mathematics Assessments, retrieved November 19, 2009, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared November 2009.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
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