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Table 93. Public elementary and secondary students, schools, pupil/teacher ratios, and finances, by type of locale: 2007-08 and 2008-09
Selected characteristic Total City, large1 City, mid-size2 City, small3 Suburban, large4 Suburban, mid-size5 Suburban, small6 Town, fringe7 Town, distant8 Town,
remote9
Rural, fringe10 Rural, distant11 Rural, remote12
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Enrollment, schools, and pupil/teacher
 ratios, fall 2008
                         
Enrollment (in thousands) 49,054 7,425 3,146 3,752 14,438 1,590 1,019 2,087 2,325 1,586 6,933 3,554 1,197
Percentage distribution of enrollment,
   by race/ethnicity
100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
White 54.9 21.2 35.0 50.3 54.7 65.6 67.6 72.8 68.4 64.8 68.8 81.7 76.1
Black 16.9 30.0 29.3 19.0 15.6 10.8 10.7 8.6 13.7 10.9 12.3 8.4 7.6
Hispanic 21.5 39.6 28.2 22.9 22.0 17.7 16.4 15.5 14.6 17.3 13.9 6.9 7.7
Asian/Pacific Islander 5.0 7.9 6.1 6.2 6.6 4.2 3.6 1.7 1.2 3.1 3.3 0.8 0.7
American Indian/Alaska Native 1.2 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.9 3.7 1.2 2.1 7.8
Other 0.5 0.4 0.8 0.6 0.7 1.0 0.8 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.1
                           
Schools 98,706 12,927 5,780 6,968 22,482 2,786 1,900 4,258 5,639 4,331 12,625 11,792 7,218
Average school size13  517 588 575 566 662 591 558 512 443 396 579 311 171
Pupil/teacher ratio14 15.8 16.5 16.0 15.9 16.0 16.0 16.5 15.9 15.2 15.1 16.0 14.4 12.5
                           
Enrollment (percentage distribution) 100.0 15.1 6.4 7.6 29.4 3.2 2.1 4.3 4.7 3.2 14.1 7.2 2.4
Schools (percentage distribution) 100.0 13.1 5.9 7.1 22.8 2.8 1.9 4.3 5.7 4.4 12.8 11.9 7.3
                           
Revenues, 2007-08                          
Total revenue (in millions of dollars) $597,193 $102,104 $40,859 $46,151 $199,567 $18,784 $11,049 $21,596 $25,850 $17,903 $61,101 $37,241 $14,856
Federal 47,598 10,974 4,316 3,972 11,486 1,186 756 1,556 2,397 1,915 4,322 2,961 1,728
Title I 11,402 3,759 1,098 952 2,250 232 153 322 561 455 667 589 366
Child Nutrition Act 9,986 2,164 868 843 2,403 259 161 343 554 376 1,003 717 292
Children with disabilities (IDEA) 10,049 1,832 724 893 3,308 303 214 355 460 339 947 486 188
Impact aid 1,245 80 80 47 218 23 6 59 36 127 116 110 343
Bilingual education 310 79 28 37 76 6 5 10 12 11 15 17 15
Indian education 92 9 3 4 7 1 2 3 6 11 7 9 30
Math, science, and professional
    development
1,538 351 158 146 357 39 34 52 75 74 109 83 60
Safe and drug-free schools 261 62 20 25 60 5 5 12 15 12 20 16 10
Title V, Part A 105 21 9 7 20 2 2 3 6 7 11 11 7
Vocational and technical education 605 130 48 51 154 14 12 16 33 28 69 31 17
Other and unclassified 12,006 2,488 1,280 967 2,633 304 162 382 639 476 1,359 892 400
                           
State (in millions of dollars) 280,246 49,989 20,145 22,550 81,476 9,005 5,276 10,901 13,985 9,263 29,221 20,627 7,763
Special education programs 16,384 3,239 1,094 1,321 6,058 506 303 544 617 408 1,210 776 279
Compensatory and basic skills 6,927 1,630 452 827 2,645 192 90 154 203 86 320 229 100
Bilingual education 727 47 22 45 490 38 5 8 17 3 41 8 3
Gifted and talented 577 37 40 25 350 29 4 6 17 5 42 18 4
Vocational education 966 55 50 71 309 33 16 26 62 49 162 100 32
Other 254,666 44,981 18,487 20,261 71,624 8,207 4,857 10,163 13,069 8,712 27,445 19,496 7,346
                           
Local (in millions of dollars)15  269,349 41,140 16,398 19,629 106,605 8,593 5,017 9,139 9,469 6,725 27,558 13,654 5,365
Property tax16  161,859 20,424 9,085 11,734 68,436 4,678 3,204 5,829 5,957 4,471 16,209 8,353 3,478
Parent government contribution16  43,824 12,399 2,872 2,494 16,595 1,832 577 597 671 144 3,990 1,364 288
Private (fees from individuals) 13,253 1,112 687 933 4,850 652 262 545 621 446 1,750 1,024 360
Other15 50,413 7,205 3,754 4,469 16,724 1,431 974 2,167 2,220 1,664 5,608 2,912 1,238
                           
Total revenue (percentage distribution) 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Federal 8.0 10.7 10.6 8.6 5.8 6.3 6.8 7.2 9.3 10.7 7.1 8.0 11.6
State 46.9 49.0 49.3 48.9 40.8 47.9 47.7 50.5 54.1 51.7 47.8 55.4 52.3
Local 45.1 40.3 40.1 42.5 53.4 45.7 45.4 42.3 36.6 37.6 45.1 36.7 36.1
                           
Expenditures, 2007-08                          
Total expenditures (in millions of                          
dollars) $609,820 $106,796 $40,919 $46,996 $204,007 $18,969 $11,256 $21,726 $25,884 $17,996 $63,038 $37,400 $14,688
Current expenditures for schools 489,006 84,116 32,666 37,941 163,157 14,907 8,948 17,961 21,474 15,251 49,002 31,078 12,427
Instruction 307,408 54,740 20,439 23,957 103,115 9,410 5,550 11,141 13,286 9,269 30,322 18,833 7,322
Support services, students 26,987 3,894 1,917 2,347 10,000 826 522 961 1,123 817 2,675 1,408 498
Support services, instructional
    staff
9,564 1,049 487 607 2,851 254 170 436 549 536 1,095 1,012 518
Administration 37,351 5,734 2,504 2,786 12,192 1,111 700 1,425 1,761 1,367 3,877 2,716 1,179
Operation and maintenance 49,018 8,626 3,315 3,796 16,384 1,514 913 1,743 2,137 1,522 4,776 2,998 1,293
Transportation 22,199 3,428 1,278 1,434 7,531 629 407 860 943 612 2,584 1,784 679
Food service 18,833 3,054 1,348 1,492 5,395 567 341 732 1,009 694 2,127 1,472 583
Other 17,645 3,592 1,377 1,521 5,688 596 345 664 666 434 1,547 856 356
Other current expenditures 20,124 3,188 1,386 1,580 5,899 659 380 763 1,043 727 2,305 1,543 630
Interest on school debt 16,080 3,014 1,009 1,085 5,775 464 286 601 574 332 1,889 841 209
Capital outlay 69,042 12,009 4,521 5,074 22,837 2,495 1,311 2,227 2,520 1,725 8,835 3,991 1,486
                           
Current expenditures (percentage                          
distribution) 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Instruction 62.9 65.1 62.6 63.1 63.2 63.1 62.0 62.0 61.9 60.8 61.9 60.6 58.9
Support services 7.5 5.9 7.4 7.8 7.9 7.2 7.7 7.8 7.8 8.9 7.7 7.8 8.2
Administration 7.6 6.8 7.7 7.3 7.5 7.5 7.8 7.9 8.2 9.0 7.9 8.7 9.5
Operation and maintenance 10.0 10.3 10.1 10.0 10.0 10.2 10.2 9.7 10.0 10.0 9.7 9.6 10.4
Transportation 4.5 4.1 3.9 3.8 4.6 4.2 4.6 4.8 4.4 4.0 5.3 5.7 5.5
Food service and other 7.5 7.9 8.3 7.9 6.8 7.8 7.7 7.8 7.8 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.6
                           
Current expenditure per student
   (in dollars)
$9,992 $10,894 $9,561 $9,825 $10,391 $9,608 $9,246 $9,364 $9,155 $9,180 $9,200 $9,401 $10,703
Instruction expenditure per student
    (in dollars)
6,282 7,090 5,982 6,204 6,567 6,066 5,735 5,809 5,665 5,579 5,693 5,697 6,307
1 Located inside an urbanized area and inside a principal city with a population of at least 250,000.
2 Located inside an urbanized area and inside a principal city with a population of at least 100,000, but less than 250,000.
3 Located inside an urbanized area and inside a principal city with a population less than 100,000.
4 Located inside an urbanized area and outside a principal city with a population of 250,000 or more.
5 Located inside an urbanized area and outside a principal city with a population of at least 100,000, but less than 250,000.
6 Located inside an urbanized area and outside a principal city with a population less than 100,000.
7 Located inside an urban cluster that is 10 miles or less from an urbanized area.
8 Located inside an urban cluster that is more than 10 but less than or equal to 35 miles from an urbanized area.
9 Located inside an urban cluster that is more than 35 miles from an urbanized area.
10 Located outside any urbanized area or urban cluster, but 5 miles or less from an urbanized area or 2.5 miles or less from an urban cluster.
11 Located outside any urbanized area or urban cluster and more than 5 miles but less than or equal to 25 miles from an urbanized area, or more than 2.5 miles but less than or equal to 10 miles from an urban cluster.
12 Located outside any urbanized area or urban cluster, more than 25 miles from an urbanized area, and more than 10 miles from an urban cluster.
13 Average for schools reporting enrollment. Enrollment data were available for 94,820 out of 98,706 institutions in 2008-09.
14 Ratio for schools reporting both full-time-equivalent teachers and fall enrollment data.
15 Includes tuition and fee revenues from other in-state school systems, which are excluded from state data reported through the "National Public Education Financial Survey."
16 Property tax and parent government contributions are determined on the basis of independence or dependence of the local school system and are mutually exclusive.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey," 2008-09, and "Local Education Agency Universe Survey," 2007-08 and 2008-09; and "School District Finance Survey (Form F-33)," 2007-08. (This table was prepared November 2010.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education