Digest of Education Statistics
2010 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 29. Expenditures of educational institutions, by level and control of institution: Selected years, 1899-1900 through 2009-10
[In millions]  
School year Current dollars Constant 2008-09 dollars1
  Elementary and secondary schools Postsecondary degree-granting institutions Total Elementary and secondary schools Postsecond-ary degree-granting institutions
 
  Total Public Private2 Total Public Private Total Public
Total
1 2 3 4 5 6 7   8 9 10 11 12
1899-1900 $215        
1909-10 426        
1919-20 1,036       $11,671  
1929-30 2,317 $632 3  $292 3  $341 3  29,054 $7,929 3 
1939-40 2,344 758 3  392 3  367 3  36,005 11,650 3 
1949-50 $8,494 $6,249 5,838 $411 2,246   1,154   1,092   $76,991 $56,636 52,911 20,354  
1959-60 22,314 16,713 15,613 1,100 5,601   3,131   2,470   163,015 122,099 114,063 40,916  
                               
1969-70 64,227 43,183 40,683 2,500 21,043   13,250   7,794   364,970 245,392 231,185 119,578  
1970-71 71,575 48,200 45,500 2,700 23,375   14,996   8,379   386,763 260,453 245,863 126,310  
1971-72 76,510 50,950 48,050 2,900 25,560   16,484   9,075   399,112 265,781 250,653 133,331  
1972-73 82,908 54,952 51,852 3,100 27,956   18,204   9,752   415,736 275,555 260,010 140,182  
1973-74 91,084 60,370 56,970 3,400 30,714   20,336   10,377   419,344 277,941 262,287 141,403  
                               
1974-75 103,903 68,846 64,846 4,000 35,058   23,490   11,568   430,640 285,340 268,761 145,300  
1975-76 114,004 75,101 70,601 4,500 38,903   26,184   12,719   441,268 290,687 273,269 150,580  
1976-77 121,793 79,194 74,194 5,000 42,600   28,635   13,965   445,443 289,640 271,353 155,803  
1977-78 132,515 86,544 80,844 5,700 45,971   30,725   15,246   454,161 296,608 277,073 157,553  
1978-79 143,733 93,012 86,712 6,300 50,721   33,733   16,988   450,414 291,470 271,728 158,944  
                               
1979-80 160,075 103,162 95,962 7,200 56,914   37,768   19,146   442,613 285,245 265,337 157,368  
1980-81 176,378 112,325 104,125 8,200 64,053   42,280   21,773   437,067 278,343 258,023 158,724  
1981-82 190,825 120,486 111,186 9,300 70,339   46,219   24,120   435,268 274,826 253,612 160,443  
1982-83 204,661 128,725 118,425 10,300 75,936   49,573   26,363   447,601 281,527 259,000 166,075  
1983-84 220,993 139,000 127,500 11,500 81,993   53,087   28,907   466,070 293,148 268,895 172,922  
                               
1984-85 239,351 149,400 137,000 12,400 89,951   58,315   31,637   485,772 303,213 278,047 182,559  
1985-86 259,336 161,800 148,600 13,200 97,536   63,194   34,342   511,579 319,175 293,136 192,404  
1986-87 280,964 175,200 160,900 14,300 105,764   67,654   38,110   542,205 338,102 310,506 204,103  
1987-88 301,786 187,999 172,699 15,300 113,787   72,641   41,145   559,217 348,366 320,015 210,851  
1988-89 333,245 209,377 192,977 16,400 123,867   78,946   44,922   590,250 370,854 341,806 219,396  
                               
1989-90 365,825 231,170 212,770 18,400 134,656   85,771   48,885   618,447 390,804 359,698 227,642  
1990-91 395,318 249,230 229,430 19,800 146,088   92,961   53,127   633,662 399,495 367,757 234,167  
1991-92 417,944 261,755 241,055 20,700 156,189   98,847   57,342   649,130 406,545 374,395 242,585  
1992-93 439,676 274,435 252,935 21,500 165,241   104,570   60,671   662,199 413,328 380,947 248,871  
1993-94 460,757 287,407 265,307 22,100 173,351   109,310   64,041   676,428 421,935 389,491 254,492  
                               
1994-95 485,169 302,200 279,000 23,200 182,969   115,465   67,504   692,419 431,292 398,181 261,128  
1995-96 508,523 318,046 293,646 24,400 190,476   119,525   70,952   706,527 441,885 407,984 264,642  
1996-97 538,854 338,951 313,151 25,800 199,903 2  125,978   73,925 2  727,901 457,866 423,014 270,035 2 
1997-98 570,471 361,615 334,315 27,300 208,856 2  132,846   76,010 2  757,108 479,922 443,691 277,186 2 
1998-99 603,847 384,638 355,838 28,800 219,209   140,539   78,670   787,766 501,790 464,218 285,975  
                               
1999-2000 649,322 412,538 381,838 30,700 236,784   152,325   84,459   823,324 523,088 484,161 300,236  
2000-01 705,017 444,811 410,811 34,000 260,206   170,345   89,861   864,331 545,326 503,643 319,005  
2001-02 752,780 472,064 435,364 36,700 280,715   183,436   97,280   906,832 568,670 524,459 338,162  
2002-03 795,691 492,807 454,907 37,900 302,884   197,026   105,858   937,913 580,891 536,217 357,022  
2003-04 830,293 513,542 474,242 39,300 316,751   205,069   111,682   957,746 592,373 547,040 365,374  
                               
2004-05 875,988 540,969 499,569 41,400 335,019   215,794   119,225   980,937 605,780 559,420 375,157  
2005-06 925,712 572,135 528,735 43,400 353,577   226,550   127,027   998,590 617,177 570,360 381,413  
2006-07 984,034 608,495 562,195 46,300 375,539   238,829   136,710   1,034,745 639,853 591,167 394,892  
2007-08 1,054,200 645,710 596,610 49,100 408,490   261,046   147,444   1,068,920 654,726 604,941 414,194  
2008-092 1,080,000 649,000 600,000 49,000 431,000   273,000   158,000   1,080,000 649,000 600,000 431,000  
2009-102 1,111,000 650,000 602,000 48,000 461,000   289,000   172,000   1,100,000 644,000 596,000 457,000  
—Not available.
1 Constant dollars based on the Consumer Price Index, prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, adjusted to a school-year basis.
2 Estimated.
3 Data include current-fund expenditures and additions to plant value.
NOTE: Total expenditures for public elementary and secondary schools include current expenditures, interest on school debt, and capital outlay. Public and private degree-granting institutions data for 1929-30 through 1995-96 are for current-fund expenditures, except where noted. Data for private degree-granting institutions for 1996-97 and later years are for total expenditures. Data for public degree-granting institutions for 1996-97 through 2000-01 are for current expenditures; data for later years are for total expenditures. Postsecondary data through 1995-96 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. (See Appendix A: Guide to Sources for details.) Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Annual Report of the Commissioner of Education, 1899-1900 and 1909-10; Biennial Survey of Education in the United States, 1919-20 through 1949-50; Statistics of State School Systems, 1951-52 through 1969-70; Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education, 1970-71 through 1986-87; Common Core of Data (CCD), "National Public Education Financial Survey," 1987-88 through 2007-08; Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), Financial Statistics of Institutions of Higher Education, 1965-66 through 1985-86; 1986-87 through 2009-10 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, "Finance Survey," (IPEDS-F:FY87-99), and Spring 2001 through Spring 2010, and unpublished tabulations. (This table was prepared September 2010.)

2010 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest