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Table 425. Public schools and instructional rooms with internet access, by selected school characteristics: Selected years, 1994 through 2005
Schools, computers, instructional rooms, and access All public schools Instructional level1 Size of school enrollment Metropolitan status Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch2
Elementary Secondary Less than 300 300 to 999 1,000 or more City Urban fringe Town Rural Less than 35 percent 35 to 49 percent 50 to 74 percent 75 percent or more
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Estimated total
   number of schools
                                                                   
1995 77,850   (—) 57,710   (—) 18,080   (—) 20,670 (—) 50,040   (—) 7,140 (—) 17,910 (—) 18,460   (—) 19,540 (—) 21,940   (—) 37,450 (—) 13,630 (—) 12,810 (—) 13,170 (—)
1997 79,130   (—) 59,690   (—) 19,430   (—) 20,540 (—) 51,170   (—) 7,420 (—) 21,070 (—) 23,420   (—) 12,640 (—) 22,000   (—) 37,530 (—) 12,250 (—) 16,300 (—) 12,860 (—)
1998 78,790   (333) 59,170   (293) 19,190   (220) 20,100 (479) 50,660   (467) 8,040 (165) 20,700 (88) 26,270   (98) 11,310 (182) 20,520   (273) 38,160 (1,530) 12,090 (1,185) 13,970 (991) 14,540 (1,263)
1999 78,400   (665) 59,580   (722) 17,110   (521) 20,020 (1,263) 50,390   (681) 7,990 (291) 21,030 (605) 26,250   (514) 11,240 (343) 19,890   (506) 35,650 (1,211) 13,910 (977) 16,100 (1,067) 11,990 (949)
2000 80,130   (650) 59,780   (569) 18,410   (359) 20,070 (697) 51,890   (206) 8,170 (217) 21,120 (1,380) 26,580   (1,746) 11,880 (1,323) 20,550   (1,478) 36,560 (1,215) 12,410 (792) 17,030 (1,071) 13,910 (923)
2001 81,070   (492) 61,640   (527) 17,630   (414) 20,670 (589) 51,970   (274) 8,430 (139) 18,000 (1,416) 26,260   (1,002) 10,180 (746) 26,630   (1,087) 34,930 (1,191) 14,750 (1,203) 16,630 (995) 14,710 (814)
2002 82,040   (780) 62,130   (647) 17,610   (371) 21,430 (761) 51,880   (253) 8,730 (145) 18,550 (963) 26,430   (922) 10,770 (1,080) 26,280   (1,289) 34,990 (1,194) 13,240 (1,050) 19,040 (1,134) 14,770 (862)
2003 82,230   (763) 62,300   (759) 17,890   (396) 21,620 (697) 51,950   (448) 8,660 (154) 18,800 (1,160) 26,490   (1,060) 10,600 (1,098) 26,350   (1,422) 32,500 (1,381) 14,870 (1,111) 18,580 (1,095) 16,290 (999)
2005 82,480   (484) 61,920   (457) 18,910   (332) 20,960 (534) 53,420   (599) 8,100 (398) 19,010 (1,094) 23,820   (1,546) 11,810 (939) 27,850   (1,288) 32,280 (1,158) 14,350 (924) 18,290 (1,268) 17,570 (956)
                                                                   
Percent of schools
   with internet
   access3 
                                                                   
1994 35   (1.5) 30   (1.9) 49   (2.4) 30 (3.4) 35   (2.0) 58 (3.0) 40 (3.1) 38   (2.9) 29 (2.3) 35   (2.7) 39 (2.3) 35 (4.6) 32 (5.0) 18 (4.6)
1995 50   (1.8) 46   (2.4) 65   (2.7) 39 (3.9) 52   (2.2) 69 (4.1) 47 (4.3) 59   (3.8) 47 (3.7) 48   (3.8) 60 (2.4) 48 (3.9) 41 (4.6) 31 (4.4)
1996 65   (1.8) 61   (2.1) 77   (1.8) 57 (4.4) 66   (2.0) 80 (3.4) 64 (4.5) 75   (3.3) 61 (4.0) 60   (3.3) 74 (2.2) 59 (4.8) 53 (5.1) 53 (5.4)
1997 78   (1.5) 75   (2.0) 89   (1.7) 75 (3.8) 78   (2.0) 89 (2.5) 74 (3.8) 78   (2.8) 84 (4.6) 79   (3.2) 86 (1.8) 81 (3.9) 71 (4.0) 62 (5.3)
1998 89   (1.3) 88   (1.6) 94   (2.1) 87 (3.4) 89   (1.4) 95 (2.4) 92 (2.1) 85   (2.8) 90 (3.2) 92   (3.4) 92 (2.0) 93 (2.2) 88 (3.0) 79 (3.7)
1999 95   (0.8) 94   (1.0) 98   (0.8) 96 (1.5) 94   (1.0) 96 (1.7) 93 (1.5) 96   (1.2) 94 (2.5) 96   (1.4) 95 (1.1) 98 (0.9) 96 (1.7) 89 (3.1)
2000 98   (0.5) 97   (0.7) 100 4  (†) 96 (1.7) 98   (0.5) 99 (0.6) 96 (1.1) 98   (1.2) 98 (1.2) 99   (0.9) 99 (0.7) 99 (0.7) 97 (1.3) 94 (1.7)
2001 99   (0.3) 99   (0.4) 100 4  (†) 99 (1.0) 99   (0.4) 100 (†) 97 (1.4) 99   (0.5) 100 (†) 100 4  (†) 99 (0.6) 100 (†) 99 (0.5) 97 (1.1)
2002 99   (0.5) 99   (0.6) 100 4  (†) 96 (1.7) 100 4  (†) 100 (†) 99 (0.7) 100   (†) 98 (2.2) 98   (1.0) 98 (1.0) 100 (†) 100 (†) 99 (0.9)
2003 100 4  (†) 100 4  (†) 100   (†) 100 (†) 100 4  (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 4  (†) 100 (†) 100   (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 99 (0.8)
2005 100 4  (†) 100 4  (†) 100   (†) 100 (†) 99   (0.4) 100 (†) 99 (0.6) 99   (0.6) 100 (†) 100   (†) 99 (0.5) 100 (†) 100 (†) 99 (0.7)
                                                                   
Number of computers
   for instructional
   purposes (in
   thousands)
                                                                   
19955 5,621   (—) 3,453   (—) 2,021   (—) 850 (—) 3,600   (—) 1,171 (—) 1,497 (—) 1,526   (—) 1,404 (—) 1,195   (—) 2,905 (—) 806 (—) 950 (—) 882 (—)
1997 5,959   (—) 3,701   (—) 2,258   (—) 839 (—) 3,767   (—) 1,353 (—) 1,727 (—) 2,084   (—) 934 (—) 1,214   (—) 3,154 (—) 886 (—) 1,013 (—) 890 (—)
1998 7,111   (183) 4,519   (145) 2,549   (94) 952 (53) 4,414   (136) 1,744 (106) 2,148 (74) 2,606   (129) 1,047 (58) 1,311   (77) 3,630 (198) 1,105 (114) 1,127 (89) 1,235 (155)
1999 7,806   (147) 4,923   (114) 2,728   (103) 1,021 (76) 4,952   (127) 1,834 (101) 2,320 (113) 2,975   (121) 1,022 (50) 1,489   (75) 3,900 (152) 1,245 (115) 1,429 (116) 1,170 (98)
2000 8,776   (174) 5,296   (149) 3,271   (113) 1,135 (73) 5,524   (121) 2,117 (103) 2,537 (179) 3,396   (213) 1,155 (132) 1,689   (131) 4,394 (147) 1,373 (93) 1,606 (112) 1,384 (107)
2001 10,058   (180) 6,165   (165) 3,654   (98) 1,085 (57) 6,273   (140) 2,700 (85) 2,685 (192) 3,791   (168) 1,134 (78) 2,448   (142) 4,781 (206) 1,707 (120) 1,862 (132) 1,698 (117)
2002 10,711   (237) 6,775   (187) 3,705   (105) 1,347 (101) 6,533   (181) 2,831 (101) 2,662 (158) 4,043   (173) 1,320 (172) 2,686   (164) 4,982 (170) 1,673 (172) 2,265 (137) 1,792 (136)
2003 11,180   (265) 6,879   (234) 4,087   (115) 1,275 (77) 6,709   (179) 3,196 (118) 2,825 (163) 4,188   (177) 1,357 (139) 2,810   (220) 5,049 (252) 1,923 (165) 2,248 (139) 1,960 (110)
2005 12,672   (281) 7,701   (251) 4,783   (148) 1,566 (98) 7,966   (243) 3,139 (163) 3,132 (177) 4,058   (242) 1,819 (193) 3,663   (255) 5,352 (261) 2,193 (185) 2,687 (244) 2,440 (152)
                                                                   
Average number of
   instructional
   computers per school
                                                                   
19955 72   (—) 60   (—) 112   (—) 41 (—) 72   (—) 164 (—) 84 (—) 83   (—) 72 (—) 54   (—) 78 (—) 59 (—) 74 (—) 67 (—)
1997 75   (—) 62   (—) 116   (—) 41 (—) 74   (—) 183 (—) 82 (—) 89   (—) 74 (—) 55   (—) 84 (—) 72 (—) 62 (—) 69 (—)
1998 90   (2.3) 76   (2.4) 133   (4.9) 47 (2.6) 87   (2.5) 217 (13.0) 104 (3.6) 99   (4.9) 93 (5.2) 64   (3.6) 95 (3.7) 91 (6.1) 81 (4.5) 85 (7.7)
1999 100   (2.2) 83   (2.2) 159   (6.4) 51 (2.5) 98   (2.3) 229 (10.7) 110 (4.7) 113   (4.2) 91 (4.2) 75   (3.6) 109 (2.8) 90 (6.8) 89 (5.6) 98 (5.2)
2000 110   (2.0) 89   (2.4) 178   (5.3) 57 (3.1) 106   (2.3) 259 (9.0) 120 (4.9) 128   (4.3) 97 (5.6) 82   (3.6) 120 (3.4) 111 (5.9) 94 (5.7) 99 (5.5)
2001 124   (2.3) 100   (2.7) 207   (6.2) 52 (2.5) 121   (2.6) 320 (10.1) 149 (6.4) 144   (4.7) 111 (6.0) 92   (4.0) 137 (4.9) 116 (5.8) 112 (6.0) 115 (5.0)
2002 131   (2.8) 109   (2.9) 210   (6.4) 63 (4.1) 126   (3.5) 324 (10.8) 144 (6.4) 153   (5.2) 123 (9.3) 102   (4.5) 142 (4.7) 126 (8.5) 119 (5.3) 122 (5.9)
2003 136   (2.6) 110   (3.1) 228   (4.9) 59 (2.9) 129   (3.2) 369 (11.0) 150 (6.1) 158   (5.6) 128 (6.7) 107   (4.9) 155 (5.9) 129 (7.0) 121 (5.6) 120 (5.1)
2005 154   (3.4) 124   (3.8) 253   (6.8) 75 (4.2) 149   (4.2) 388 (13.5) 165 (7.2) 170   (6.3) 154 (13.4) 132   (5.9) 166 (5.5) 153 (9.3) 147 (6.9) 139 (7.4)
                                                                   
Number of instructional
   computers with
   internet access
   (in thousands)
                                                                   
19955 447   (—) 232   (—) 187   (—) 59 (—) 315   (—) 73 (—) 96 (—) 131   (—) 126 (—) 94   (—) 286 (—) 46 (—) 57 (—) 36 (—)
1998 3,569   (173) 2,100   (148) 1,450   (79) 407 (38) 2,276   (140) 887 (73) 1,026 (87) 1,334   (105) 481 (46) 727   (73) 2,064 (151) 608 (79) 439 (48) 458 (78)
1999 4,809   (145) 2,773   (111) 1,945   (89) 663 (60) 2,988   (132) 1,158 (68) 1,265 (94) 1,887   (93) 691 (50) 966   (70) 2,762 (140) 778 (59) 810 (79) 428 (55)
2000 6,759   (174) 3,813   (136) 2,779   (113) 882 (69) 4,191   (114) 1,686 (97) 1,782 (148) 2,688   (178) 955 (111) 1,335   (91) 3,608 (139) 1,064 (80) 1,215 (93) 858 (87)
2001 8,500   (176) 4,936   (144) 3,357   (92) 874 (61) 5,229   (139) 2,396 (89) 2,175 (164) 3,178   (150) 1,008 (74) 2,139   (137) 4,225 (196) 1,447 (105) 1,529 (114) 1,289 (101)
2002 9,658   (236) 5,912   (183) 3,525   (105) 1,214 (97) 5,827   (183) 2,618 (102) 2,329 (145) 3,677   (160) 1,222 (162) 2,431   (148) 4,586 (167) 1,474 (158) 2,049 (129) 1,549 (122)
2003 10,361   (270) 6,225   (237) 3,935   (117) 1,156 (71) 6,169   (186) 3,036 (122) 2,593 (160) 3,887   (168) 1,264 (128) 2,616   (217) 4,751 (244) 1,724 (158) 2,121 (134) 1,726 (107)
2005 12,245   (274) 7,361   (246) 4,706   (151) 1,515 (98) 7,642   (239) 3,089 (162) 3,009 (173) 3,912   (238) 1,784 (193) 3,541   (239) 5,239 (259) 2,090 (176) 2,583 (228) 2,332 (146)
                                                                   
Percent of instructional
   computers with
   internet access
                                                                   
19955 8   (—) 7   (—) 9   (—) 7 (—) 9   (—) 6 (—) 6 (—) 9   (—) 9 (—) 8   (—) 10 (—) 6 (—) 6 (—) 4 (—)
1998 50   (1.7) 46   (2.5) 57   (2.1) 43 (3.4) 52   (2.2) 51 (3.4) 48 (3.0) 51   (2.8) 46 (4.1) 55   (3.4) 57 (2.0) 55 (4.2) 39 (2.9) 37 (4.6)
1999 62   (1.4) 56   (1.6) 71   (2.4) 65 (3.0) 60   (1.7) 63 (3.6) 55 (2.6) 63   (2.4) 68 (3.1) 65   (2.7) 71 (2.2) 62 (3.6) 57 (2.8) 37 (3.6)
2000 77   (1.1) 72   (1.5) 85   (1.2) 78 (2.6) 76   (1.3) 80 (1.8) 70 (2.1) 79   (1.7) 83 (2.5) 79   (2.1) 82 (1.2) 77 (2.9) 76 (2.6) 62 (3.1)
2001 85   (0.8) 80   (1.2) 92   (0.8) 81 (2.8) 83   (1.2) 89 (1.4) 81 (2.1) 84   (1.5) 89 (2.1) 87   (1.3) 88 (1.2) 85 (2.0) 82 (2.5) 76 (2.2)
2002 90   (0.8) 87   (1.1) 95   (0.6) 90 (1.8) 89   (0.9) 92 (1.3) 87 (1.6) 91   (1.2) 93 (1.9) 90   (1.4) 92 (1.1) 88 (2.0) 90 (1.5) 86 (1.6)
2003 93   (0.6) 90   (0.8) 96   (0.8) 91 (1.9) 92   (0.8) 95 (1.0) 92 (1.0) 93   (1.1) 93 (1.6) 93   (1.3) 95 (0.8) 90 (2.3) 94 (1.0) 88 (1.5)
2005 97   (0.4) 96   (0.5) 98   (0.4) 97 (0.7) 96   (0.5) 98 (0.5) 96 (0.7) 96   (1.1) 98 (0.6) 97   (0.7) 98 (0.6) 95 (1.0) 96 (1.0) 96 (0.8)
                                                                   
Number of public school
   students per instruc-
   tional computer with
   internet access
                                                                   
1998 12.1   (0.6) 13.6   (0.9) 9.9   (0.4) 9.1 (0.7) 12.3   (0.7) 13.0 (1.0) 14.1 (1.2) 12.4   (0.9) 12.2 (1.2) 8.6   (0.8) 10.6 (0.6) 10.9 (1.2) 15.8 (1.4) 16.8 (2.5)
1999 9.1   (0.3) 10.6   (0.4) 7.0   (0.3) 5.7 (0.4) 9.4   (0.4) 10.0 (0.6) 11.4 (0.8) 9.1   (0.4) 8.2 (0.6) 6.6   (0.4) 7.6 (0.3) 9.0 (0.4) 10.0 (0.8) 16.8 (2.2)
2000 6.6   (0.1) 7.8   (0.2) 5.2   (0.2) 3.9 (0.3) 7.0   (0.2) 7.2 (0.3) 8.2 (0.4) 6.6   (0.2) 6.2 (0.3) 5.0   (0.3) 6.0 (0.2) 6.3 (0.4) 7.2 (0.4) 9.1 (0.7)
2001 5.4   (0.1) 6.1   (0.2) 4.3   (0.1) 4.1 (0.3) 5.6   (0.1) 5.4 (0.2) 5.9 (0.2) 5.7   (0.2) 5.0 (0.3) 4.6   (0.1) 4.9 (0.2) 5.2 (0.2) 5.6 (0.3) 6.8 (0.3)
2002 4.8   (0.1) 5.2   (0.2) 4.1   (0.1) 3.1 (0.2) 5.0   (0.2) 5.1 (0.2) 5.5 (0.2) 4.9   (0.2) 4.4 (0.4) 4.0   (0.2) 4.6 (0.1) 4.5 (0.3) 4.7 (0.2) 5.5 (0.3)
2003 4.4   (0.1) 4.9   (0.2) 3.8   (0.1) 3.2 (0.2) 4.7   (0.1) 4.3 (0.2) 5.0 (0.2) 4.6   (0.2) 4.1 (0.2) 3.8   (0.2) 4.2 (0.1) 4.4 (0.3) 4.4 (0.2) 5.1 (0.2)
2005 3.8   (0.1) 4.1   (0.1) 3.3   (0.1) 2.4 (0.1) 3.9   (0.1) 4.0 (0.1) 4.2 (0.2) 4.1   (0.1) 3.4 (0.2) 3.0   (0.1) 3.8 (0.1) 3.4 (0.2) 3.6 (0.2) 4.0 (0.2)
                                                                   
Number of instructional
    rooms6  (in
    thousands)
                                                                   
1997 2,625   (—) 1,720   (—) 906   (—) 335 (—) 1,725   (—) 566 (—) 830 (—) 902   (—) 388 (—) 505   (—) 1,336 (—) 375 (—) 462 (—) 447 (—)
1998 2,709   (41) 1,772   (29) 916   (25) 349 (15) 1,740   (34) 620 (21) 839 (22) 981   (24) 390 (14) 498   (17) 1,372 (60) 413 (39) 451 (29) 471 (42)
1999 2,811   (36) 1,830   (33) 926   (29) 360 (26) 1,805   (39) 645 (30) 857 (29) 1,049   (33) 375 (16) 530   (23) 1,325 (46) 477 (34) 541 (42) 437 (34)
2000 2,905   (35) 1,864   (28) 972   (24) 377 (22) 1,871   (23) 657 (23) 866 (56) 1,086   (61) 413 (47) 541   (39) 1,380 (46) 465 (28) 570 (36) 482 (29)
2001 2,851   (31) 1,854   (30) 929   (18) 332 (17) 1,829   (23) 690 (15) 726 (49) 1,068   (46) 339 (24) 718   (36) 1,299 (48) 486 (34) 551 (35) 510 (29)
2002 2,988   (37) 2,006   (30) 919   (19) 396 (25) 1,896   (20) 696 (16) 748 (36) 1,101   (39) 378 (40) 761   (48) 1,368 (45) 451 (38) 648 (38) 520 (33)
2003 3,004   (47) 1,998   (44) 952   (20) 378 (18) 1,919   (33) 707 (16) 777 (45) 1,104   (51) 375 (38) 748   (54) 1,281 (51) 524 (39) 626 (38) 512 (34)
2005 3,283   (71) 2,152   (70) 1,078   (27) 426 (23) 2,152   (70) 705 (30) 849 (62) 1,050   (61) 439 (41) 945   (67) 1,339 (50) 593 (51) 695 (56) 655 (39)
                                                                   
Percent of instruc-
   tional rooms6  with
   internet access3 
                                                                   
1994 3   (0.3) 3   (0.4) 4   (0.6) 3 (0.7) 3   (0.5) 3 (0.6) 4 (0.8) 4   (0.8) 3 (0.6) 3   (0.4) 3 (0.5) 2 (0.4) 4 (1.8) 2 (0.9)
1995 8   (0.7) 8   (1.0) 8   (1.0) 9 (1.6) 8   (1.0) 4 (1.0) 6 (1.3) 8   (1.4) 8 (2.0) 8   (1.5) 10 (1.2) 6 (1.4) 6 (1.9) 3 (1.0)
1996 14   (1.0) 13   (1.5) 16   (1.5) 15 (2.9) 13   (1.2) 16 (2.1) 12 (1.6) 16   (2.2) 14 (1.9) 14   (2.2) 17 (1.6) 12 (2.2) 11 (2.8) 5 (1.8)
1997 27   (1.6) 24   (1.9) 32   (1.9) 27 (4.3) 28   (2.0) 25 (2.4) 20 (2.2) 29   (2.9) 34 (3.9) 30   (3.6) 33 (2.0) 33 (4.3) 20 (3.7) 14 (2.4)
1998 51   (1.8) 51   (2.3) 52   (2.1) 54 (3.7) 53   (2.2) 45 (3.9) 47 (3.2) 50   (2.9) 55 (4.0) 57   (3.6) 57 (2.4) 60 (5.1) 41 (3.9) 38 (4.3)
1999 64   (1.6) 62   (1.8) 67   (2.6) 71 (3.2) 64   (1.9) 58 (3.0) 52 (2.6) 67   (2.5) 72 (3.4) 71   (3.0) 73 (2.3) 69 (3.4) 61 (3.1) 38 (4.4)
2000 77   (1.1) 76   (1.5) 79   (1.6) 83 (2.8) 78   (1.5) 70 (2.2) 66 (2.2) 78   (2.0) 87 (2.6) 85   (1.7) 82 (1.5) 81 (2.9) 77 (2.8) 60 (3.3)
2001 87   (0.9) 86   (1.1) 88   (1.2) 87 (2.1) 87   (1.1) 86 (1.7) 82 (2.1) 87   (1.3) 91 (2.2) 89   (1.3) 90 (1.2) 89 (2.2) 87 (2.4) 79 (2.4)
2002 92   (0.6) 92   (0.8) 91   (1.0) 91 (1.9) 93   (0.7) 89 (1.7) 88 (1.6) 92   (0.9) 96 (1.1) 93   (1.0) 93 (0.8) 90 (2.1) 91 (1.4) 89 (1.9)
2003 93   (0.5) 93   (0.7) 94   (0.9) 93 (1.6) 93   (0.7) 94 (1.1) 90 (1.0) 94   (0.9) 97 (0.9) 94   (1.2) 95 (1.0) 93 (1.4) 94 (1.1) 90 (1.5)
2005 94   (1.3) 93   (1.9) 95   (0.9) 92 (1.9) 94   (1.9) 94 (1.5) 88 (3.7) 96   (0.8) 98 (0.7) 95   (1.8) 96 (0.8) 88 (4.3) 96 (0.8) 91 (2.5)
—Not available
†Not applicable.
1 Data for combined schools are included in the totals and in analyses by other school characteristics, but are not shown separately.
2 Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch was not available for some schools. In the 1994 survey, free and reduced-price lunch data came from the Common Core of Data (CCD) only and were missing for 430 schools (percentages presented in this table are based on cases for which data were available). In subsequent years, free and reduced-price lunch information was obtained on the questionnaire, supplemented, if necessary, with CCD data. Missing data ranged from 0 schools (2002, 2003, and 2005) to 10 schools (1999).
3 Some data differ slightly (e.g., by 1 percent) from previously published figures.
4 This estimate fell between 99.5 percent and 100.0 percent and therefore was rounded to 100 percent.
5 Includes computers used for instructional or administrative purposes.
6 Includes all classrooms, computer labs, and library/media centers.
NOTE: For estimates that are 100 percent, the event defined could have been reported by fewer schools had a different sample been drawn. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Fast Response Survey System (FRSS), Internet Access in U.S. Public Schools and Classrooms: 1994-2005; and unpublished tabulations. (This table was prepared July 2007.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education