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Table 415. Percentage of graduate degrees awarded in mathematics and science, by field and country: Selected years, 1985 through 2006
Country All mathematics and science degrees1 Natural sciences2 Mathematics and computer science3 Engineering
1985 1990 1996 2000 2005 2006 1985 1990 1996 2000 2005 2006 1985 1990 1996 2000 2005 2006 1985 1990 1996 2000 2005 2006
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
OECD average4  27.5 24.5 23.5 10.8 8.7 7.9 5.1 5.0 4.9 12.2 11.8 11.5
Australia 14.0 15.2 20.0 21.4 5.4 4.0 3.1 2.7 3.8 4.9 8.7 10.6 4.7 6.3 8.1 8.0
Austria 43.3 37.7 38.8 39.2 38.6 43.0 14.2 12.3 17.5 16.7 15.0 14.4 7.3 4.6 4.7 4.7 6.6 12.0 21.7 20.8 16.6 17.7 16.9 16.6
Belgium (Flemish) 18.7 19.7 12.7 9.3 9.6 3.3 3.7 7.0 6.2 6.4
Canada 19.7 20.0 22.3 22.4 18.8 25.3 7.5 7.8 7.7 7.4 5.0 6.5 2.8 3.4 3.5 4.1 4.0 4.9 9.4 8.8 11.2 10.9 9.8 13.9
Czech Republic (5) (5) 21.0 26.1 16.4 (5) (5) 5.3 8.3 4.3 (5) (5) 7.9 5.6 3.3 (5) (5) 7.7 12.3 8.7
                                               
Denmark 16.0 22.2 12.3 27.8 23.4 22.2 4.1 5.8 3.1 9.8 7.5 6.9 2.7 4.8 1.5 2.5 9.2 8.0 9.2 11.6 7.8 15.4 6.7 7.2
Finland 47.6 30.6 28.3 28.7 30.5 33.8 24.0 14.7 11.6 11.3 11.6 12.4 6.3 5.4 4.0 2.4 4.1 4.5 17.2 10.5 12.7 14.9 14.8 16.9
France 26.4 28.4 26.6 13.5 12.5 10.1 5.6 7.0 6.5 7.3 8.9 10.1
Germany6 27.7 33.2 38.6 38.1 30.9 31.3 18.7 23.5 25.5 24.9 14.8 14.0 1.8 2.3 3.5 3.7 4.8 5.7 7.2 7.4 9.5 9.5 11.3 11.7
Greece 42.8 22.3 5.3 15.2
                                               
Hungary 9.9 6.4 6.1 1.7 1.8 1.7 0.7 1.7 1.2 7.5 2.9 3.2
Iceland 35.9 23.0 14.8 19.4 9.5 7.0 # 3.0 1.9 16.5 10.5 5.9
Ireland 31.4 34.5 23.1 28.1 16.8 18.9 19.5 10.9 6.9 4.1 2.6 5.8 3.0 15.2 6.3 9.9 9.3 9.2 6.0 6.4 6.1
Italy 11.7 15.9 18.2 0.3 3.5 4.8 5.8 3.5 2.0 5.7 8.9 11.3
Japan 9.5 9.5 10.2 40.5 45.1 44.4 41.9 38.0 36.9
                                               
Korea, Republic of 48.4 43.9 41.6 8.5 9.5 9.2 5.7 2.0 1.8 34.3 32.4 30.6
Mexico 31.4 14.7 14.0 18.9 3.3 3.2 4.1 3.2 3.6 8.4 8.2 7.2
Netherlands 28.9 18.6 18.2 14.7 20.6 17.7 4.4 4.1 3.2 1.5 3.7 2.3 2.5 7.5 9.7 10.6 1.2 11.9 8.9
New Zealand 45.1 22.6 16.7 20.5 16.6 15.0 24.6 13.8 12.7 11.6 7.2 7.7 5.4 4.7 1.1 1.4 5.2 4.0 15.1 4.0 3.0 7.5 4.2 3.3
Norway 40.1 33.4 38.3 22.0 25.8 26.1 17.9 8.0 8.7 14.9 7.8 8.2 3.5 2.1 1.9 4.6 11.9 11.7 18.7 23.3 27.7 2.5 6.1 6.2
                                               
Poland 3.3 8.7 9.8 0.7 1.5 2.6 0.7 3.7 3.1 1.9 3.5 4.1
Portugal 39.3 33.8 35.8 11.7 12.0 12.9 9.4 10.0 10.4 18.2 11.9 12.5
Slovak Republic (5) (5) 38.1 36.8 34.3 (5) (5) 12.6 10.8 9.2 (5) (5) 4.7 4.2 4.2 (5) (5) 20.9 21.8 21.0
Spain 35.6 26.9 36.0 36.1 37.5 26.1 28.6 19.7 24.8 23.9 23.8 17.8 1.8 1.4 4.1 5.4 4.6 3.2 5.1 5.7 7.1 6.8 9.1 5.1
Sweden 48.0 48.5 32.3 40.5 23.7 30.3 21.2 19.4 9.2 14.3 8.0 8.5 6.8 9.2 5.9 4.0 2.8 4.1 20.0 19.9 17.1 22.2 12.9 17.7
                                               
Switzerland 30.7 30.2 40.1 42.7 32.0 31.0 20.3 22.0 25.8 11.7 11.7 12.9 2.8 1.7 4.1 19.5 3.4 3.2 7.6 6.5 10.1 11.6 16.9 14.9
Turkey 35.8 24.0 25.7 21.4 20.1 6.6 7.6 7.6 6.7 5.9 2.8 3.3 3.0 3.4 3.2 26.3 13.2 15.2 11.2 11.0
United Kingdom 21.7 20.3 20.1 7.4 5.5 5.5 5.0 5.7 5.3 9.2 9.0 9.3
United States 13.5 14.5 13.8 13.0 13.5 13.1 4.5 4.2 4.0 3.4 3.3 3.4 2.8 3.4 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.3 6.3 6.9 6.7 6.2 6.7 6.4
                                               
Reporting partner
   countries
                                               
Brazil
Chile 8.5 8.7 2.2 3.2 1.6 1.2 4.6 4.2
Estonia (5) (5) 23.9 22.3 (5) (5) 10.0 10.3 (5) (5) 5.0 5.0 (5) (5) 8.9 7.0
Israel 18.1 17.9 19.5 9.2 8.9 9.6 2.8 3.2 3.5 6.1 5.9 6.5
Russian Federation (5) (5) (5) (5) (5) (5) (5) (5)
Slovenia (5) (5) 24.2 20.4 (5) (5) 6.4 5.6 (5) (5) 4.2 4.4 (5) (5) 13.6 10.5
—Not available.
#Rounds to zero.
1 Includes life sciences, physical sciences, mathematics/statistics, computer science, and engineering.
2 Includes life sciences and physical sciences.
3 Includes mathematics/statistics and computer science.
4 Refers to the mean of the data values for all reporting OECD countries, to which each country reporting data contributes equally. The average is omitted for years in which less than 75 percent of the countries reported data.
5 Country did not exist in its current form in the given year.
6 Data for 1985 are for the former West Germany.
NOTE: Data in this table refer to degrees classified by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) as International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) level 5A, second award, and as ISCED 6. ISCED 5A, second award, corresponds to master's and first-professional degrees in the United States, and ISCED 6 corresponds to doctor's degrees. Data for Luxembourg are not shown because tertiary students study for only 1 year in Luxembourg. Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Online Education Database. Retrieved July 27, 2009, from http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx. (This table was prepared July 2009.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education