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Table 188. Historical summary of faculty, students, degrees, and finances in degree-granting institutions: Selected years, 1869-70 through 2007-08
Selected characteristic 1869-70 1879-80 1889-90 1899-1900 1909-10 1919-20 1929-30 1939-40 1949-50 1959-60 1969-70 1979-80 1989-90 1999-2000 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Total institutions1  563   811   998   977   951   1,041   1,409   1,708   1,851   2,004   2,525   3,152   3,535   4,084   4,276   4,314 4,352  
                                                                 
Total faculty2 5,553 3  11,522 3  15,809   23,868   36,480   48,615   82,386   146,929   246,722   380,554   450,000 4  675,000 4  824,220 5  1,027,830 5  1,290,426 5  1,371,390 5 
Males 4,887 3  7,328 3  12,704 3  19,151   29,132   35,807   60,017   106,328   186,189   296,773   346,000 4  479,000 4  534,254 5  602,469 5  714,453 5  743,812 5 
Females 666 3  4,194 3  3,105 3  4,717   7,348   12,808   22,369   40,601   60,533   83,781   104,000 4  196,000 4  289,966 5  425,361 5  575,973 5  627,578 5 
                                                                 
Total fall enrollment6  52,286   115,817   156,756   237,592   355,213   597,880   1,100,737   1,494,203   2,444,900   3,639,847   8,004,660   11,569,899   13,538,560   14,791,224   17,487,475   17,758,870 18,248,128  
Males 41,160 3  77,972 3  100,453 3  152,254   214,648 3  314,938   619,935   893,250   1,721,572   2,332,617   4,746,201   5,682,877   6,190,015   6,490,646   7,455,925   7,574,815 7,815,914  
Females 11,126 3  37,845 3  56,303 3  85,338   140,565 3  282,942   480,802   600,953   723,328   1,307,230   3,258,459   5,887,022   7,348,545   8,300,578   10,031,550   10,184,055 10,432,214  
                                                                 
Earned degrees conferred                                                                  
                                                                 
Associate's, total                     206,023   400,910   455,102   564,933   713,066   728,114 750,164  
Males                     117,432   183,737   191,195   224,721   270,095   275,187 282,521  
Females                     88,591   217,173   263,907   340,212   442,971   452,927 467,643  
                                                                 
Bachelor's, total7  9,371   12,896   15,539   27,410   37,199   48,622   122,484   186,500   432,058   392,440   792,316   929,417   1,051,344   1,237,875   1,485,242   1,524,092 1,563,069  
Males 7,993   10,411   12,857   22,173   28,762   31,980   73,615   109,546   328,841   254,063   451,097   473,611   491,696   530,367   630,600   649,570 667,928  
Females 1,378   2,485   2,682   5,237   8,437   16,642   48,869   76,954   103,217   138,377   341,219   455,806   559,648   707,508   854,642   874,522 895,141  
                                                                 
Master's, total8  0   879   1,015   1,583   2,113   4,279   14,969   26,731   58,183   74,435   208,291   298,081   324,301   457,056   594,065   604,607 625,023  
Males 0   868   821   1,280   1,555   2,985   8,925   16,508   41,220   50,898   125,624   150,749   153,653   191,792   237,896   238,189 246,491  
Females 0   11   194   303   558   1,294   6,044   10,223   16,963   23,537   82,667   147,332   170,648   265,264   356,169   366,418 378,532  
                                                                 
First-professional, total7                      34,918   70,131   70,988   80,057   87,655   90,064 91,309  
Males                     33,077   52,716   43,961   44,239   44,038   45,057 45,916  
Females                     1,841   17,415   27,027   35,818   43,617   45,007 45,393  
                                                                 
Doctor's, total 1   54   149   382   443   615   2,299   3,290   6,420   9,829   29,866   32,615   38,371   44,808   56,067   60,616 63,712  
Males 1   51   147   359   399   522   1,946   2,861   5,804   8,801   25,890   22,943   24,401   25,028   28,634   30,251 31,215  
Females 0   3   2   23   44   93   353   429   616   1,028   3,976   9,672   13,970   19,780   27,433   30,365 32,497  
In thousands of current dollars
Finances                                                                  
                                                                 
Current-fund revenue         $76,883   $199,922   $554,511   $715,211   $2,374,645   $5,785,537   $21,515,242   $58,519,982   $139,635,477        
Educational and general
   income
    $21,464   $35,084   67,917   172,929   483,065   571,288   1,833,845   4,688,352   16,486,177            
Current-fund expenditures             507,142   674,688   2,245,661   5,601,376   21,043,113   56,913,588   134,655,571        
Educational and general
   expenditures
            377,903   521,990   1,706,444   4,685,258   16,845,212   44,542,843   105,585,076        
Value of physical property     95,426   253,599   457,594   747,333   2,065,049   2,753,780 9  4,799,964   13,548,548   42,093,580   83,733,387   164,635,000        
Market value of endowment
   funds
    78,788 10  194,998 10  323,661 10  569,071 10  1,372,068 10  1,686,283 10  2,601,223 10  5,322,080 10  11,206,632   20,743,045   67,978,726     $336,906,009   $409,710,539  
—Not available.
1 Prior to 1979-80, excludes branch campuses.
2 Total number of different individuals (not reduced to full-time equivalent). Beginning in 1959-60, data are for the first term of the academic year.
3 Estimated.
4 Estimated number of senior instructional staff based on actual enrollment data for the designated year and enrollment/staff ratios for the prior staff survey. Excludes graduate assistants.
5 Because of revised survey procedures, data may not be directly comparable with figures prior to 1989-90. Estimated number of senior instructional staff based on actual enrollment data for the designated year and enrollment/staff ratios for the prior staff survey. Excludes graduate assistants.
6 Data for 1869-70 to 1939-40 are for resident degree-credit students who enrolled at any time during the academic year.
7 From 1869-70 to 1959-60, first-professional degrees are included under bachelor's degrees.
8 Figures for years prior to 1969-70 are not precisely comparable with later data.
9 Includes unexpended plant funds.
10 Book value. Includes other nonexpendable funds.
NOTE: Data through 1989-90 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. (See Appendix A: Guide to Sources for details.) Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Biennial Survey of Education in the United States; Education Directory, Colleges and Universities; Faculty and Other Professional Staff in Institutions of Higher Education; Fall Enrollment in Colleges and Universities; Earned Degrees Conferred; Financial Statistics of Institutions of Higher Education; Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Fall Enrollment in Institutions of Higher Education," "Degrees and Other Formal Awards Conferred," and "Financial Statistics of Institutions of Higher Education" surveys; and 1989 through 2008 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, "Fall Enrollment Survey" (IPEDS-EF:89-99), "Fall Staff Survey" (IPEDS-S:89-99), "Finance Survey" (IPEDS-F:FY90-00), "Completions Survey" (IPEDS-C:90-00), "Institutional Characteristics Survey" (IPEDS-IC:89-99), Winter 2005-06, Winter 2007-08, Spring 2007, Spring 2008, Fall 2007, and Fall 2008. (This table was prepared July 2009.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education