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Table 89. Public elementary and secondary students, schools, pupil/teacher ratios, and finances, by type of locale: 2006-07 and 2007-08
Selected characteristic Total City, large1 City, mid-size2 City, small3 Subur- ban, large4 Subur- ban, mid-size5 Subur- ban, small6 Town, fringe7 Town, dis- tant8 Town,
 re- mote9
Rural, fringe10 Rural, distant11 Rural, remote12
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Enrollment, schools, and pupil/teacher
   ratios, fall 2007
                         
Enrollment (in thousands) 48,910 7,664 3,490 3,829 16,020 1,590 1,061 1,997 2,352 1,672 4,752 3,325 1,158
Percentage distribution of enrollment,
   by race/ethnicity
100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
White 55.8 22.4 38.5 53.8 55.9 70.2 68.4 74.8 69.9 66.9 73.7 81.4 76.8
Black 17.0 30.0 28.7 17.7 15.7 9.8 9.5 7.9 12.1 10.7 11.4 9.8 7.0
Hispanic 21.2 39.7 26.3 21.8 20.9 15.7 17.0 14.6 14.7 17.7 11.6 6.3 7.4
Asian/Pacific Islander 4.8 7.1 5.7 5.6 7.0 3.5 4.3 1.5 1.2 1.3 1.9 0.6 0.6
American Indian/Alaska Native 1.2 0.9 0.7 1.1 0.5 0.7 0.8 1.1 2.0 3.5 1.5 1.8 8.3
                         
Schools 98,916 13,055 6,264 7,225 24,982 2,829 1,973 4,293 5,867 4,916 9,738 10,859 6,915
Average school size13  516 604 581 553 665 580 557 484 423 366 519 321 174
Pupil/teacher ratio14 15.7 16.1 16.0 15.8 16.2 15.8 16.1 15.9 15.2 14.9 15.5 14.4 12.6
                         
Enrollment (percentage distribution) 100.0 15.7 7.1 7.8 32.8 3.3 2.2 4.1 4.8 3.4 9.7 6.8 2.4
Schools (percentage distribution) 100.0 13.2 6.3 7.3 25.3 2.9 2.0 4.3 5.9 5.0 9.8 11.0 7.0
                         
Revenues, 2006-07                          
Total revenue (in millions of dollars) $565,641 $96,092 $39,498 $43,448 $193,563 $17,794 $11,291 $21,482 $24,798 $17,129 $51,309 $35,110 $14,126
Federal 46,407 10,758 4,235 3,919 11,163 1,185 829 1,600 2,446 1,920 3,730 2,946 1,676
Title I 11,296 3,769 1,056 913 2,250 232 159 334 572 459 574 603 374
Child Nutrition Act 9,314 2,018 825 775 2,265 248 164 340 523 361 826 687 282
Children with disabilities (IDEA) 9,749 1,685 806 898 3,107 313 223 371 484 341 836 486 199
Impact aid 1,155 78 78 48 204 22 12 51 34 129 132 84 283
Bilingual education 480 94 28 65 74 24 7 23 38 20 34 49 23
Indian education 98 9 3 5 6 1 1 3 8 11 10 9 31
Math, science, and professional
       development
1,533 355 157 140 357 39 32 56 85 75 94 86 58
Safe and drug-free schools 275 70 22 28 59 5 6 12 16 14 17 17 10
Title V, Part A 138 38 9 9 29 2 2 4 7 7 9 12 7
Vocational and technical education 622 151 52 52 148 14 13 18 35 29 57 33 18
Other and unclassified 11,749 2,492 1,199 985 2,663 284 211 386 645 475 1,138 881 390
                         
State (in millions of dollars) 264,503 46,170 19,268 20,925 80,050 8,538 5,299 10,804 13,295 8,713 24,743 19,429 7,270
Special education programs 15,717 3,170 1,268 1,111 5,768 482 324 528 623 365 1,080 736 262
Compensatory and basic skills 6,344 1,575 405 758 2,328 174 83 149 180 74 314 205 98
Bilingual education 704 35 20 38 499 34 8 8 16 3 33 8 2
Gifted and talented 564 36 39 23 351 29 7 7 16 4 34 15 4
Vocational education 951 46 52 71 312 35 21 38 67 48 140 89 33
Other 240,223 41,308 17,483 18,925 70,792 7,784 4,856 10,074 12,393 8,219 23,142 18,376 6,872
                         
Local (in millions of dollars)15  254,731 39,163 15,996 18,605 102,350 8,072 5,163 9,078 9,057 6,495 22,837 12,735 5,179
Property tax16  155,320 19,558 9,069 11,286 67,273 4,465 3,287 5,897 5,932 4,446 12,977 7,731 3,398
Parent government contribution16  41,567 12,317 2,816 2,411 15,311 1,691 590 591 527 165 3,469 1,376 304
Private (fees from individuals) 13,661 1,149 755 1,001 5,195 482 324 578 674 460 1,641 1,037 364
Other15 44,184 6,139 3,355 3,907 14,571 1,434 961 2,013 1,924 1,424 4,750 2,592 1,113
                         
Total revenue (percentage distribution) 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Federal 8.2 11.2 10.7 9.0 5.8 6.7 7.3 7.4 9.9 11.2 7.3 8.4 11.9
State 46.8 48.0 48.8 48.2 41.4 48.0 46.9 50.3 53.6 50.9 48.2 55.3 51.5
Local 45.0 40.8 40.5 42.8 52.9 45.4 45.7 42.3 36.5 37.9 44.5 36.3 36.7
                         
Expenditures, 2006-07                          
Total expenditures (in millions of
   dollars)
$569,619 $97,597 $39,039 $43,368 $196,208 $17,990 $11,372 $21,393 $24,689 $17,088 $52,091 $34,938 $13,846
Current expenditures for schools 468,387 79,867 32,420 36,505 159,383 14,527 9,310 17,839 20,888 14,493 41,808 29,582 11,766
Instruction 288,108 50,248 19,539 22,440 98,353 8,895 5,678 10,924 12,701 8,797 25,470 18,016 7,047
Support services, students 24,307 3,441 1,848 2,087 9,001 759 493 907 1,065 765 2,211 1,272 458
Support services, instructional
       staff
22,441 4,321 1,846 1,859 7,367 667 443 763 976 635 1,923 1,209 436
Administration 34,144 5,073 2,313 2,530 11,387 1,055 688 1,365 1,667 1,222 3,208 2,526 1,109
Operation and maintenance 45,578 7,772 3,126 3,572 15,613 1,458 917 1,710 2,037 1,447 3,917 2,796 1,214
Transportation 20,123 3,131 1,197 1,286 6,995 590 396 810 851 557 2,061 1,621 627
Food service 17,591 2,801 1,277 1,391 5,219 547 352 723 955 655 1,731 1,391 549
Other 16,095 3,080 1,273 1,339 5,449 557 343 637 636 415 1,287 751 327
Other current expenditures 18,819 2,895 1,329 1,469 5,712 635 385 757 993 696 1,895 1,458 595
Interest on school debt 14,775 2,666 932 972 5,632 443 305 600 526 305 1,459 739 196
Capital outlay 64,061 11,045 4,178 4,286 23,728 2,350 1,341 2,203 2,186 1,648 6,654 3,213 1,230
                         
Current expenditures (percentage
   distribution)
100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Instruction 61.5 62.9 60.3 61.5 61.7 61.2 61.0 61.2 60.8 60.7 60.9 60.9 59.9
Support services 10.0 9.7 11.4 10.8 10.3 9.8 10.0 9.4 9.8 9.7 9.9 8.4 7.6
Administration 7.3 6.4 7.1 6.9 7.1 7.3 7.4 7.7 8.0 8.4 7.7 8.5 9.4
Operation and maintenance 9.7 9.7 9.6 9.8 9.8 10.0 9.9 9.6 9.8 10.0 9.4 9.5 10.3
Transportation 4.3 3.9 3.7 3.5 4.4 4.1 4.3 4.5 4.1 3.8 4.9 5.5 5.3
Food service and other 7.2 7.4 7.9 7.5 6.7 7.6 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.4 7.2 7.2 7.4
                         
Current expenditure per student
   (in dollars)
$9,677 $10,670 $9,399 $9,612 $10,037 $9,118 $8,866 $9,015 $8,875 $8,706 $8,976 $8,906 $10,022
Instruction expenditure per student
     (in dollars)
5,952 6,713 5,665 5,909 6,194 5,583 5,408 5,521 5,396 5,284 5,468 5,424 6,002
1 Located inside an urbanized area and inside a principal city with a population of at least 250,000.
2 Located inside an urbanized area and inside a principal city with a population of at least 100,000, but less than 250,000.
3 Located inside an urbanized area and inside a principal city with a population less than 100,000.
4 Located inside an urbanized area and outside a principal city with a population of 250,000 or more.
5 Located inside an urbanized area and outside a principal city with a population of at least 100,000, but less than 250,000.
6 Located inside an urbanized area and outside a principal city with a population less than 100,000.
7 Located inside an urban cluster that is 10 miles or less from an urbanized area.
8 Located inside an urban cluster that is more than 10 but less than or equal to 35 miles from an urbanized area.
9 Located inside an urban cluster that is more than 35 miles from an urbanized area.
10 Located outside any urbanized area or urban cluster, but 5 miles or less from an urbanized area or 2.5 miles or less from an urban cluster.
11 Located outside any urbanized area or urban cluster and more than 5 miles but less than or equal to 25 miles from an urbanized area, or more than 2.5 miles but less than or equal to 10 miles from an urban cluster.
12 Located outside any urbanized area or urban cluster, more than 25 miles from an urbanized area, and more than 10 miles from an urban cluster.
13 Average for schools reporting enrollment. Enrollment data were available for 94,775 out of 98,916 institutions in 2007-08.
14 Ratio for schools reporting both full-time-equivalent teachers and fall enrollment data.
15 Includes tuition and fee revenues from other in-state school systems, which are excluded from state data reported through the "National Public Education Financial Survey."
16 Property tax and parent government contributions are determined on the basis of independence or dependence of the local school system and are mutually exclusive.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey," 2007-08, and "Local Education Agency Universe Survey," 2006-07 and 2007-08; and "School District Finance Survey (Form F-33)," 2006-07. (This table was prepared September 2009.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education