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Table 370. Participation of employed persons, 17 years old and over, in career-related adult education during the previous 12 months, by selected characteristics of participants: Various years, 1995 through 2005
Characteristic of employed person 1995 1999 2003 2005
Percent of adults participating in career or job-related courses Number of career or job-related courses taken, per employee Percent of adults participating in career or job- related courses Number of career or job-related courses taken, per employee Percent of adults participating in career or job-related courses1  Number of career or job-related courses taken, per employee1  Employed persons, in thousands Percent of adults participating Number of career or job-related courses taken (in thou-sands) Number of career or job-related courses taken, per employee
In career or job-related courses In apprentice programs In personal
interest courses
In informal learning activities for personal interest
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Total 31.1 0.8 30.5 (1.14) 0.7 (0.03) 46.0 (0.70) 0.9 (0.02) 133,386 (1,508.1) 38.8 (0.83) 1.4 (0.24) 21.8 (0.94) 73.5 (1.01) 108,443 0.8 (0.03)
Sex                                              
Male 29.0 0.7 28.3 (1.15) 0.6 (0.03) 42.7 (1.15) 0.8 (0.03) 71,754 (934.7) 31.7 (1.22) 2.0 (0.37) 18.5 (1.30) 73.4 (1.52) 44,512 0.6 (0.03)
Female 33.4 0.9 32.9 (1.14) 0.8 (0.03) 49.4 (0.99) 1.0 (0.03) 61,632 (1,219.3) 47.1 (1.43) 0.8 (0.23) 25.8 (1.23) 73.6 (1.37) 63,931 1.0 (0.05)
                                               
Age                                              
17 through 24 years 18.6 0.4 19.1 (1.91) 0.4 (0.06) 33.9 (2.31) 0.5 (0.06) 15,027 (1,030.4) 26.4 (3.01) 3.0 (1.03) 25.2 (3.37) 71.4 (3.15) 8,024 0.5 (0.09)
25 through 29 years 31.2 0.8 34.3 (2.44) 0.8 (0.08) 49.7 (2.62) 0.9 (0.05) 14,555 (918.4) 36.1 (2.94) 3.1 (1.12) 24.5 (3.66) 70.9 (4.49) 9,493 0.7 (0.06)
30 through 34 years 31.6 0.8 34.4 (2.50) 0.8 (0.08) 48.4 (2.50) 0.9 (0.06) 15,250 (977.2) 41.0 (3.06) 2.7 (1.10) 23.7 (2.63) 74.0 (2.54) 12,681 0.8 (0.07)
35 through 39 years 35.1 0.9 29.2 (2.15) 0.7 (0.07) 48.8 (2.32) 1.0 (0.06) 15,286 (922.4) 41.7 (4.16) 1.0 (0.46) 21.6 (3.15) 77.7 (3.00) 13,807 0.9 (0.14)
40 through 44 years 36.6 0.9 36.4 (2.44) 0.8 (0.07) 46.1 (2.23) 0.9 (0.06) 18,141 (946.3) 39.8 (2.73) 0.9 (0.48) 23.3 (2.60) 71.2 (3.15) 15,586 0.9 (0.07)
45 through 49 years 39.6 1.0 30.4 (2.42) 0.7 (0.06) 50.8 (2.15) 1.1 (0.06) 18,149 (842.5) 45.0 (2.15) 0.7 (0.29) 19.0 (2.09) 73.5 (2.68) 16,809 0.9 (0.06)
50 through 54 years 34.4 0.9 34.7 (2.57) 0.8 (0.07) 52.5 (2.21) 1.2 (0.08) 14,624 (732.1) 42.6 (2.49) 0.7 (0.32) 19.5 (1.92) 76.3 (2.27) 14,881 1.0 (0.10)
55 through 59 years 26.7 0.7 30.3 (2.83) 0.6 (0.08) 46.3 (2.49) 1.0 (0.06) 10,522 (676.0) 44.7 (2.98) 0.2 (0.12) 18.3 (1.93) 73.0 (2.95) 9,901 0.9 (0.09)
60 through 64 years 21.1 0.5 27.2 (3.80) 0.7 (0.15) 37.8 (2.63) 0.8 (0.08) 6,021 (498.8) 38.9 (3.97) 0.6 (0.43) 23.4 (3.52) 73.0 (4.22) 4,919 0.8 (0.10)
65 and over 13.7 0.4 20.3 (4.21) 0.4 (0.08) (†) (†) 5,812 (493.3) 21.6 (3.48) # (†) 17.4 (3.13) 74.2 (3.75) 2,343 0.4 (0.07)
65 through 69 years (†) (†) 33.5 (3.42) 0.7 (0.08) 3,385 (415.5) 19.1 (4.05) # (†) 20.9 (4.88) 75.4 (5.18) 1,102 0.3 (0.08)
70 years and over (†) (†) 22.3 (3.35) 0.5 (0.09) 2,427 (282.3) 25.1 (5.81) # (†) 12.6 (2.93) 72.6 (6.11) 1,241 0.5 (0.14)
                                               
Race/ethnicity                                              
White 33.2 0.8 32.8 (0.98) 0.6 (0.03) 48.5 (0.85) 1.0 (0.02) 94,881 (1,538.6) 41.3 (0.93) 1.2 (0.25) 22.2 (1.11) 75.3 (1.17) 82,511 0.9 (0.03)
Black 26.2 0.7 28.1 (2.34) 1.0 (0.07) 43.4 (2.19) 0.9 (0.06) 13,773 (533.2) 39.2 (3.82) 1.7 (0.83) 23.5 (3.04) 66.9 (3.02) 10,311 0.7 (0.11)
Hispanic 18.1 0.4 16.4 (1.83) 0.5 (0.05) 31.8 (2.32) 0.6 (0.06) 15,741 (681.1) 25.0 (2.66) 2.9 (0.85) 16.2 (2.31) 65.8 (3.39) 8,786 0.6 (0.11)
Asian (†) (†) (†) (†) 3,770 (520.7) 36.9 (7.00) 0.9 (0.90) 32.3 (7.26) 81.1 (5.88) 2,207 0.6 (0.12)
Pacific Islander (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
Asian/Pacific Islander 25.5 0.6 32.8 (4.84) 0.4 (0.15) 50.4 (4.77) 0.8 (0.09) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 34.0 0.9 29.5 (11.52) 0.7 (0.52) 40.0 (15.14) 0.7 (0.25) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
More than one race (†) (†) (†) (†) 3,786 (562.7) 39.1 (6.85) 1.4 (0.85) 22.6 (6.34) 77.6 (8.40) 3,083 0.8 (0.15)
Other races (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
                                               
Highest level of education completed                                              
Less than high school completion 8.8 0.1 7.9 (2.29) 0.4 (0.05) (†) (†) 16,627 (838.2) 10.4 (2.11) 2.4 (0.90) 8.80 (1.54) 57.0 (3.76) 2,592 0.2 (0.03)
Eighth grade or less (†) (†) 9.9 (3.11) 0.1 (0.05) 5,016 (599.7) 2.7 (1.12) 4.4 (2.43) 3.8 (1.71) 46.7 (7.11) 197 # (†)
9th through 12th grade, no completion (†) (†) 16.3 (2.32) 0.2 (0.04) 11,610 (792.8) 13.7 (2.99) 1.5 (0.78) 11.0 (2.06) 61.5 (4.05) 2,396 0.2 (0.04)
High school completion 20.9 0.4 21.4 (1.45) 0.8 (0.03) 33.2 (1.39) 0.6 (0.03) 34,121 (1,147.2) 24.7 (1.76) 1.3 (0.46) 17.1 (1.89) 63.4 (2.55) 16,640 0.5 (0.05)
Some vocational/technical 32.3 0.8 28.7 (5.76) 0.9 (0.17) 41.7 (3.26) 1.0 (0.11) 3,744 (393.1) 48.2 (5.92) 2.0 (1.56) 25.5 (4.61) 74.0 (5.54) 3,802 1.0 (0.17)
Some college 29.9 0.7 29.0 (1.78) 0.7 (0.06) 45.6 (1.83) 0.9 (0.05) 24,479 (1,067.7) 39.9 (2.36) 1.9 (0.69) 25.2 (2.50) 79.8 (2.04) 18,437 0.8 (0.05)
Associate's degree 39.2 1.0 39.7 (3.07) 0.9 (0.09) 54.5 (2.74) 1.1 (0.07) 9,943 (730.7) 50.4 (3.71) 2.3 (0.84) 19.1 (2.86) 78.4 (3.88) 14,224 1.4 (0.21)
Bachelor's degree 44.6 1.2 43.8 (2.01) 1.0 (0.06) 64.2 (1.42) 1.3 (0.05) 26,475 (902.7) 53.1 (1.88) 0.2 (0.12) 29.0 (1.77) 78.7 (1.94) 28,099 1.1 (0.06)
Some graduate work (or study) 50.2 1.4 46.8 (4.17) 1.2 (0.14) 71.5 (1.87) 1.7 (0.07) 17,998 (735.4) 61.1 (2.16) 1.5 (0.80) 28.6 (2.01) 88.8 (1.16) 24,649 1.4 (0.07)
No degree 44.3 1.2 54.2 (4.94) 1.2 (0.14) 68.3 (4.90) 1.6 (0.15) 2,125 (227.9) 53.8 (5.79) (†) 39.3 (6.05) 75.0 (5.64) 2,412 1.1 (0.16)
Master's 50.5 1.4 45.3 (2.97) 1.1 (0.11) 73.4 (2.44) 1.7 (0.09) 11,330 (614.7) 62.7 (2.98) (†) 28.2 (2.27) 90.5 (1.40) 15,394 1.4 (0.09)
Doctor's 40.4 1.0 34.4 (4.79) 0.7 (0.12) 58.9 (6.15) 1.4 (0.25) 1,600 (227.2) 49.0 (5.80) (†) 28.8 (4.76) 87.8 (4.35) 2,204 1.4 (0.36)
Professional 67.6 2.0 67.6 (6.98) 1.9 (0.31) 75.3 (4.63) 1.6 (0.16) 2,943 (382.7) 66.5 (6.39) (†) 22.1 (5.05) 92.9 (2.21) 4,639 1.6 (0.21)
                                               
Urbanicity                                              
Urban 32.4 0.8 31.5 (1.67) 0.7 (0.05) 48.0 (0.75) 1.0 (0.02) 105,542 (1,279.1) 39.8 (1.06) 1.4 (0.27) 22.6 (0.94) 74.0 (1.13) 88,140 0.8 (0.03)
Urban, inside urbanized area 33.3 0.8 31.2 (0.99) 0.7 (0.03) 47.7 (0.88) 1.0 (0.02) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
Urban, outside urbanized area 27.9 0.7 32.9 (2.48) 0.8 (0.08) 49.5 (2.19) 1.0 (0.06) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
Rural 26.9 0.7 27.1 (1.74) 0.6 (0.05) 38.2 (2.08) 0.8 (0.05) 27,845 (849.4) 34.9 (2.18) 1.4 (0.58) 19.1 (2.17) 71.7 (2.30) 20,303 0.7 (0.06)
                                               
Occupation                                              
Executive, administrative, or
  managerial occupations
42.9 1.2 40.6 (2.06) 1.0 (0.07) 61.7 (2.13) 1.3 (0.06) 14,596 (707.6) 53.6 (2.79) 0.4 (0.25) 29.5 (2.89) 77.7 (2.87) 16,567 1.1 (0.09)
Engineers, surveyors, and architects 44.2 1.1 52.1 (6.96) 1.0 (0.16) 66.8 (4.60) 1.3 (0.13) 1,987 (244.9) 56.3 (5.68) (†) 30.5 (6.36) 81.0 (4.73) 2,323 1.2 (0.16)
Natural scientists and mathematicians 59.7 1.7 46.0 (6.61) 0.8 (0.14) 60.7 (5.89) 1.2 (0.13) 4,130 (445.4) 51.5 (5.64) 2.1 (1.55) 31.2 (4.83) 85.3 (5.44) 3,693 0.9 (0.11)
Social scientists and workers, religious
  workers, and lawyers
59.5 1.8 56.9 (5.66) 1.7 (0.24) 77.7 (3.90) 1.9 (0.15) 4,697 (480.9) 66.8 (4.48) (†) 28.3 (3.81) 88.6 (2.95) 7,822 1.7 (0.29)
Teachers, elementary/secondary 53.9 1.5 52.1 (3.53) 1.2 (0.11) 76.5 (2.43) 1.5 (0.19) 7,085 (568.5) 67.7 (4.16) 0.6 (0.37) 31.5 (3.93) 83.0 (2.79) 12,233 1.7 (0.13)
Teachers, postsecondary and counselors,
  librarians, and archivists
41.6 1.0 35.6 (5.85) 0.7 (0.14) 65.7 (5.63) 1.8 (0.09) 2,393 (420.9) 53.1 (8.63) (†) 17.7 (4.91) 90.9 (3.97) 2,122 0.9 (0.09)
Health diagnosing and treating practitioners 68.6 2.0 65.2 (11.99) 1.5 (0.50) 88.5 (4.11) 2.0 (0.24) 978 (208.8) 78.9 (7.10) (†) 27.4 (9.60) 86.6 (5.37) 1,951 2.0 (0.25)
Registered nurses, pharmacists, dieticians,
  therapists, andphysician's assistants
72.8 2.2 72.2 (5.04) 1.8 (0.21) 84.9 (2.80) 1.9 (0.11) 2,794 (238.8) 79.7 (4.60) (†) 29.4 (4.17) 84.3 (3.70) 4,984 1.8 (0.15)
Writers, artists, entertainers, and athletes 23.4 0.5 30.6 (6.21) 0.6 (0.18) 35.1 (4.84) 0.6 (0.11) 2,969 (405.2) 29.9 (5.69) (†) 31.8 (6.15) 88.9 (4.39) 1,865 0.6 (0.15)
Health technologists and technicians 50.0 1.4 41.8 (6.00) 1.0 (0.19) 59.4 (6.12) 1.4 (0.21) 3,060 (436.7) 70.6 (7.31) 2.0 (1.50) 27.8 (6.48) 77.5 (6.40) 4,473 1.5 (0.18)
Technologists and technicians, except health 43.8 1.1 37.6 (4.87) 1.0 (0.15) 51.9 (3.47) 1.2 (0.14) 1,774 (336.5) 29.4 (8.10) (†) 5.3 (2.02) 75.2 (8.98) 1,015 0.6 (0.17)
Marketing and sales occupations 25.2 0.6 21.1 (2.27) 0.4 (0.06) 38.7 (2.36) 0.6 (0.05) 14,845 (971.9) 32.3 (3.17) 1.3 (0.92) 20.8 (2.64) 70.5 (3.53) 7,724 0.5 (0.05)
Administrative support occupations,
  including clerical
30.8 0.7 27.4 (2.02) 0.6 (0.05) 45.1 (2.20) 0.8 (0.04) 21,167 (1,179.4) 36.1 (2.95) 0.8 (0.40) 28.2 (2.28) 72.9 (2.37) 15,443 0.7 (0.10)
Service occupations 22.6 0.6 21.0 (2.15) 0.5 (0.07) 37.2 (2.04) 0.8 (0.06) 17,180 (1,033.7) 33.7 (3.13) 1.1 (0.36) 16.2 (2.31) 69.0 (2.74) 13,029 0.8 (0.10)
Agriculture, forestry, and fishing
  occupations
12.4 0.3 12.2 (4.09) 0.2 (0.07) 33.9 (6.19) 0.5 (0.09) 2,522 (423.8) 22.4 (7.61) 2.4 (1.69) 23.0 (11.03) 62.9 (11.04) 960 0.4 (0.12)
Mechanics and repairers 29.1 0.7 15.0 (3.40) 0.3 (0.09) 32.1 (3.84) 0.7 (0.11) 5,241 (521.6) 28.3 (4.47) 4.0 (1.44) 12.6 (3.24) 69.3 (4.36) 2,669 0.5 (0.09)
Construction and extrac-tive occupations 18.6 0.3 13.2 (3.16) 0.2 (0.06) 22.1 (2.87) 0.4 (0.06) 6,827 (647.1) 12.4 (3.04) 5.3 (2.26) 7.8 (1.88) 69.0 (5.25) 2,323 0.3 (0.13)
Precision production2  25.6 0.6 18.3 (6.52) 0.4 (0.12) 22.5 (6.15) 0.5 (0.13) 10,483 (839.3) 23.5 (3.79) 1.6 (0.90) 14.0 (3.34) 64.9 (3.74) 4,904 0.5 (0.07)
Production workers 14.8 0.3 23.0 (3.17) 0.5 (0.08) 27.6 (3.04) 0.5 (0.07) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
Transportation and material moving 15.8 0.3 18.4 (3.62) 0.3 (0.06) 25.8 (3.39) 0.4 (0.05) 7,858 (742.5) 15.2 (2.81) 3.4 (1.77) 10.5 (3.10) 62.5 (5.32) 1,935 0.2 (0.05)
Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers,
  and laborers
11.7 0.2 6.8 (3.45) 0.2 (0.12) 15.9 (4.27) 0.3 (0.11) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
Miscellaneous occupations 38.8 1.0 14.2 (4.62) 0.3 (0.08) 63.0 (21.53) 1.5 (0.61) 801 (189.4) 17.2 (6.87) (†) 8.7 (4.31) 48.3 (13.96) 409 0.5 (0.28)
                                               
Annual household income                                              
$10,000 or less 12.6 0.2 9.5 (3.09) 0.2 (0.05) (†) (†) 4,425 (444.8) 16.7 (4.35) 0.6 (0.48) 26.2 (7.96) 69.7 (5.72) 1,556 0.4 (0.12)
$5,000 or less (†) (†) 19.4 (4.50) 0.3 (0.09) 1,635 (252.7) 19.1 (6.52) (†) 22.9 (7.91) 60.9 (8.84) 850 0.5 (0.26)
$5,001 to $10,000 (†) (†) 17.5 (2.85) 0.3 (0.04) 2,791 (454.1) 15.3 (5.68) (†) 28.1 (12.27) 74.8 (6.88) 706 0.3 (0.10)
$10,001 to $15,000 15.1 0.4 8.3 (1.88) 0.1 (0.03) 20.1 (3.00) 0.3 (0.05) 4,814 (633.4) 22.2 (5.77) (†) 17.3 (5.25) 64.5 (7.57) 2,189 0.5 (0.12)
$15,001 to $20,000 20.1 0.4 16.3 (2.75) 0.3 (0.05) 22.7 (3.44) 0.4 (0.07) 4,515 (398.8) 18.2 (3.09) 5.7 (2.71) 11.5 (1.96) 60.4 (5.11) 1,322 0.3 (0.05)
$20,001 to $25,000 20.4 0.5 18.8 (2.79) 0.4 (0.08) 29.4 (2.73) 0.5 (0.07) 5,593 (490.2) 23.8 (4.02) 1.1 (0.51) 13.3 (3.21) 71.5 (4.11) 2,817 0.5 (0.10)
$25,001 to $30,000 24.7 0.5 22.2 (2.73) 0.5 (0.07) 27.7 (2.60) 0.5 (0.07) 7,444 (680.4) 31.4 (4.88) 0.7 (0.44) 16.7 (3.77) 73.5 (3.91) 4,322 0.6 (0.11)
$30,001 to $40,000 30.2 0.8 26.6 (2.82) 0.6 (0.07) 40.4 (2.43) 0.8 (0.06) 13,123 (928.5) 35.1 (3.45) 1.5 (0.65) 21.7 (3.71) 69.1 (3.55) 8,224 0.6 (0.06)
$40,001 to $50,000 34.7 0.8 32.3 (2.34) 0.7 (0.07) 47.9 (2.50) 1.0 (0.07) 13,647 (1,058.4) 31.5 (3.01) 1.8 (0.72) 20.1 (3.32) 73.5 (2.78) 10,072 0.7 (0.10)
$50,001 to $75,000 40.0 1.0 36.6 (1.86) 0.9 (0.06) 49.3 (1.57) 1.0 (0.04) 33,665 (1,430.4) 42.7 (1.80) 1.2 (0.51) 20.9 (2.10) 71.3 (2.55) 28,991 0.9 (0.06)
More than $75,000 45.2 1.3 42.5 (1.79) 1.0 (0.06) 60.5 (1.36) 1.3 (0.04) 46,160 (1,263.3) 48.1 (1.57) 1.3 (0.39) 26.0 (1.37) 79.2 (1.55) 48,951 1.1 (0.05)
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Estimates are not directly comparable to 1995, 1999, or 2005 estimates due to wording in questionnaire.
2 For 2005, figures include "Production workers" occupations data.
NOTE: Data do not include persons enrolled in high school or below. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Adult Education Survey (AE-NHES:1995, AE-NHES:1999, and AE-NHES:2005) and Adult Education for Work-Related Reasons Survey (AEWR-NHES:2003) of the National Household Education Surveys Program. (This table was prepared August 2006.)
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