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Table 362. Federal on-budget funds for education, by level/educational purpose, agency, and program: Selected fiscal years, 1970 through 2007

[In thousands of current dollars]
Level/educational purpose, agency, and program 1970 1975 1980 1985 19901 19951 20001 20051 20061 20071,2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Total $12,526,499 $23,288,120 $34,493,502 $39,027,876 $51,624,342 $71,639,520 $85,944,203 $145,989,203 $166,486,253
Elementary/secondary education 5,830,442 10,617,195 16,027,686 16,901,334 21,984,361 33,623,809 43,790,783 68,957,711 70,948,229 $71,708,096
Department of Education3  2,719,204 4,132,742 6,629,095 7,296,702 9,681,313 14,029,000 20,039,563 37,477,594 38,863,442 39,245,707
Education for the disadvantaged 1,339,014 1,874,353 3,204,664 4,206,754 4,494,111 6,808,000 8,529,111 14,635,566 14,695,815 14,842,870
Impact aid program4  656,372 618,711 690,170 647,402 816,366 808,000 877,101 1,262,174 1,141,455 1,445,908
School improvement programs5  288,304 700,470 788,918 526,401 1,189,158 1,397,000 2,549,971 7,918,091 7,463,468 7,697,014
Indian education 40,036 93,365 82,328 69,451 71,000 65,285 121,911 120,360 120,874
English Language Acquisition 21,250 92,693 169,540 157,539 188,919 225,000 362,662 667,485 616,075 855,756
Special education 79,090 151,244 821,777 1,017,964 1,616,623 3,177,000 4,948,977 10,940,312 11,836,477 11,542,969
Vocational and adult education 335,174 655,235 860,661 658,314 1,306,685 1,482,000 1,462,977 1,967,086 1,987,455 2,091,564
Education Reform—Goals 20006  61,000 1,243,479 -35,031 16,540 16,540
Hurricane Education Recovery 985,797 632,212
                     
Department of Agriculture 760,477 1,884,345 4,064,497 4,134,906 5,528,950 8,201,294 10,051,278 12,577,265 13,412,550 14,102,596
Child nutrition programs7  299,131 1,452,267 3,377,056 3,664,561 4,977,075 7,644,789 9,554,028 11,901,943 12,660,758 13,345,596
McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child Nutrition Program8  86,000 98,000 103,000
Agricultural Marketing Service—commodities9  341,597 248,839 388,000 336,502 350,441 400,000 400,000 399,322 463,792 465,000
Special milk program 83,800 122,858 159,293 15,993 18,707 (7) (7) (7) (7) (7)
Estimated education share of Forest Service permanent appropriations 35,949 60,381 140,148 117,850 182,727 156,505 97,250 190,000 190,000 189,000
                     
Department of Commerce 54,816
Local public works program—school facilities10  54,816
                     
Department of Defense 143,100 264,500 370,846 831,625 1,097,876 1,295,547 1,485,611 1,786,253 1,755,924 1,684,801
Junior ROTC 12,100 12,500 32,000 55,600 39,300 155,600 210,432 315,122 308,208 322,507
Overseas dependents schools 131,000 252,000 338,846 613,437 864,958 855,772 904,829 1,060,920 1,063,908 1,001,650
Domestic schools4  162,588 193,618 284,175 370,350 410,211 383,808 360,644
                     
Department of Energy 200 300 77,633 23,031 15,563 12,646
Energy conservation for school buildings11  77,240 22,731 15,213 10,746
Pre-engineering program 200 300 393 300 350 1,900
                     
Department of Health and Human Services 167,333 683,885 1,077,000 1,531,059 2,396,793 5,116,559 6,011,036 8,003,348 8,118,935 8,057,600
Head Start12  403,900 735,000 1,075,059 1,447,758 3,534,000 5,267,000 6,842,348 6,851,235 6,900,000
Payments to states for AFDC work programs13  459,221 953,000 15,000
Social Security student benefits14  167,333 279,985 342,000 456,000 489,814 629,559 729,036 1,161,000 1,267,700 1,157,600
                     
Department of Homeland Security 500 511 560
Tuition assistance for educational accreditation—Coast Guard personnel15  500 511 560
                     
Department of the Interior 140,705 220,392 318,170 389,810 445,267 493,124 725,423 938,506 928,637 845,932
Mineral Leasing Act and other funds                    
Payments to states—estimated education share 12,294 27,389 62,636 127,369 123,811 18,750 24,610 60,290 56,806 34,270
Payments to counties—estimated education share 16,359 29,494 48,953 59,016 102,522 37,490 53,500 79,686 124,000 75,000
Indian Education                    
Bureau of Indian Education schools 95,850 141,056 178,112 177,265 192,841 411,524 466,905 517,647 523,673 518,700
Johnson-O'Malley assistance16  16,080 22,251 28,081 25,675 25,556 24,359 17,387 16,510 16,371 12,000
Education construction 161,021 263,373 206,787 204,962
Education expenses for children of employees, Yellowstone National Park 122 202 388 485 538 1,000 2,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
                     
Department of Justice 8,237 9,822 23,890 36,117 65,997 128,850 224,800 554,500 514,300 527,300
Vocational training expenses for prisoners in federal prisons 2,720 3,039 4,966 8,292 2,066 3,000 1,000 1,000 2,000
Inmate programs17  5,517 6,783 18,924 27,825 63,931 125,850 223,800 554,500 513,300 525,300
                     
Department of Labor 420,927 1,097,811 1,849,800 1,945,268 2,505,487 3,957,800 4,683,200 5,654,000 5,355,000 5,378,000
Job Corps 175,000 469,800 604,748 739,376 1,029,000 1,256,000 1,521,000 1,599,000 1,606,000
Training programs—estimated funds for education programs18  420,927 922,811 1,380,000 1,340,520 1,766,111 2,928,800 3,427,200 4,133,000 3,756,000 3,772,000
                     
Department of Transportation 45 50 60 60 46 62 188
Tuition assistance for educational accreditation—Coast Guard personnel15  45 50 60 60 46 62 188
                     
Department of the Treasury 847,139 935,903 273,728
Estimated education share of general revenue sharing19                     
State20  475,224 525,019
Local 371,915 410,884 273,728
                     
Department of Veterans Affairs 338,910 1,371,500 545,786 344,758 155,351 311,768 445,052 1,815,000 1,866,000 1,736,000
Noncollegiate and job training programs21  281,640 1,249,410 439,993 224,035 12,848
Vocational rehabilitation for disabled veterans22  41,700 73,100 87,980 107,480 136,780 298,132 438,635 1,815,000 1,866,000 1,736,000
Dependents' education23  15,570 48,990 17,813 13,243 5,723 5,961 6,417
Service members occupational conversion training act of 1992 7,675
                     
Other agencies                    
Appalachian Regional Commission 33,161 41,667 9,157 4,632 93 2,173 2,588 2,962 1,218 2,400
National Endowment for the Arts 3,686 4,989 4,399 4,641 7,117 6,002 8,470 8,058 8,000
Arts in education 3,686 4,989 4,399 4,641 7,117 6,002 8,470 8,058 8,000
National Endowment for the Humanities 20 149 330 321 404 997 812 603 0 200
Office of Economic Opportunity 1,072,375 16,619
Head Start24  325,700
Other elementary and secondary programs25  42,809 16,612
Job Corps26  144,000
Youth Corps and other training programs26  553,368 7
Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA)27  6,498
                     
Other programs                    
Estimated education share of federal aid to the District of Columbia 25,748 42,588 65,714 84,918 86,579 66,871 115,230 138,710 123,653 119,000
Postsecondary education $3,447,697 $7,644,037 $11,115,882 $11,174,379 $13,650,915 $17,618,137 $15,008,715 $38,587,287 $57,738,268 $36,623,267
Department of Education3  1,187,962 2,089,184 5,682,242 8,202,499 11,175,978 14,234,000 10,727,315 31,420,023 50,624,621 28,879,037
Student financial assistance 3,682,789 4,162,695 5,920,328 7,047,000 9,060,317 15,209,515 14,864,129 15,723,289
Federal Direct Student Loan Program 840,000 -2,862,240 3,020,992 6,842,092 5,528,412
Federal Family Education Loan Program 2,323 111,087 1,407,977 3,534,795 4,372,446 5,190,000 2,707,473 10,777,470 26,336,661 4,850,983
Higher education 1,029,131 1,838,066 399,787 404,511 659,492 871,000 1,530,779 2,053,288 2,058,920 2,104,337
Facilities—loans and insurance 114,199 16,292 -19,031 5,307 19,219 -6,000 -2,174 -1,464 -1,304 -1,366
College housing loans28  14,082 -164,061 -57,167 -46,000 -41,886 -33,521 -27,229 -20,796
Educational activities overseas 774 1,881 3,561 1,838 82
Historically Black Colleges and Universities Capital Financing, Program Account 150 169 165 193,595
Gallaudet College and Howard University 38,559 111,971 176,829 229,938 230,327 292,000 291,060 339,823 340,664 334,327
National Technical Institute for the Deaf 2,976 9,887 16,248 27,476 31,251 46,000 43,836 53,751 56,670 54,689
Hurricane Katrina, aid to institutions 153,853 111,567
                     
Department of Agriculture 6,450 10,453 17,741 31,273 33,373 30,676 61,957 62,327 64,357
Agriculture Extension Service, Second Morrill Act payments to agricultural and mechanical colleges and Tuskegee Institute 6,450 10,453 17,741 31,273 33,373 30,676 61,957 62,327 64,357
                     
Department of Commerce 8,277 14,973 29,971 2,163 3,312 3,487 3,800
Sea Grant Program29  1,886 3,123 2,163 3,312 3,487 3,800
Merchant Marine Academy30  6,160 10,152 14,809
State marine schools30  2,117 2,935 12,039
                     
Department of Defense 322,100 379,800 545,000 1,041,700 635,769 729,500 1,147,759 1,858,301 1,833,446 1,969,423
Tuition assistance for military personnel 57,500 86,800 77,100 95,300 127,000 263,303 608,109 563,961 624,306
Service academies 78,700 86,200 106,100 196,400 120,613 163,300 212,678 300,760 321,920 336,628
Senior R.O.T.C. 108,100 116,500 354,000 193,056 219,400 363,461 537,525 498,165 577,917
Professional development education31  77,800 90,300 414,200 226,800 219,800 308,317 411,907 449,400 430,572
                     
Department of Energy 3,000 3,000 57,701 19,475 25,502 28,027
University laboratory cooperative program 3,000 3,000 2,800 6,500 9,402 8,552
Teacher development projects 1,400
Energy conservation for buildings—higher education11  53,501 12,705 7,459 7,381
Minority honors vocational training 150
Honors research program 120 6,472 2,221
Students and teachers 2,169 9,873
                     
Department of Health and Human Services 981,483 1,686,650 2,412,058 516,088 578,542 796,035 954,190 1,433,516 1,264,585 1,325,698
Health professions training programs32  353,029 599,350 460,736 212,200 230,600 298,302 340,361 581,661 420,115 460,098
Indian health manpower 7,187 5,577 9,508 27,000 16,000 27,000 32,000 31,000
National Health Service Corps scholarships 1,206 70,667 2,268 4,759 78,206 33,300 45,000 40,000 40,000
National Institutes of Health training grants33  154,875 176,388 217,927 241,356 380,502 550,220 756,014 748,642 771,600
National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health training grants 8,088 7,182 12,899 8,760 10,461 11,660 14,198 23,841 23,828 23,000
Alcohol, drug abuse, and mental health training programs34  118,366 83,727 122,103 43,617 81,353
Health teaching facilities35  353 3,078 739 505 365 110
Social Security postsecondary students' benefits36  502,000 839,957 1,559,000 25,000
                     
Department of Homeland Security 36,400 44,000 45,400
Coast Guard Academy15  16,400 22,800 20,100
Postgraduate training for Coast Guard officers37  8,700 11,400 12,600
Tuition assistance to Coast Guard military personnel15  11,300 9,800 12,700
                     
Department of Housing and Urban Development28  114,199 -55,418
College housing loans28  114,199 -55,418
                     
Department of the Interior 31,749 50,844 80,202 125,247 135,480 159,054 187,179 249,227 165,313 162,326
Shared revenues, Mineral Leasing Act and other receipts—estimated education share 6,949 15,480 35,403 71,991 69,980 82,810 98,740 146,235 59,579 53,745
Indian programs                    
Continuing education 9,380 13,311 16,909 24,338 34,911 43,907 57,576 76,271 79,610 82,680
Higher education scholarships 15,420 22,053 27,890 28,918 30,589 32,337 30,863 26,721 26,124 25,901
                     
Department of State 30,850 50,347 2,167 3,000 319,000 424,000 443,000 434,000
Educational exchange38  30,850 50,347 319,000 424,000 443,000 434,000
Mutual educational and cultural exchange activities 30,454 50,300 303,000 402,000 423,000 431,000
International educational exchange activities 396 47 16,000 22,000 20,000 3,000
Russian, Eurasian, and East European Research and Training 2,167 3,000
                     
Department of Transportation 11,197 11,885 12,530 55,569 46,025 59,257 60,300 73,000 71,000 72,000
Merchant Marine Academy30  19,898 20,926 30,850 34,000 61,000 63,000 62,000
State marine schools30  19,777 8,269 8,980 7,000 12,000 8,000 10,000
Coast Guard Academy15  9,342 9,780 10,000 11,857 12,074 13,500 15,500
Postgraduate training for Coast Guard officers37  1,655 1,855 2,230 3,499 4,173 5,513 2,500
Tuition assistance to Coast Guard military personnel15  200 250 300 538 582 414 1,300
                     
Department of the Treasury 268,605 296,750
General revenue sharing—estimated state share to higher education19,20  268,605 296,750
                     
Department of Veterans Affairs 693,490 3,029,600 1,803,847 944,091 599,825 1,010,114 1,132,322 2,478,624 2,662,090 3,103,176
Vietnam-era veterans 638,260 2,840,600 1,579,974 694,217 46,998
College student support 1,560,081 679,953 39,458
Work-study 19,893 14,264 7,540
Service persons college support 18,900 74,690 46,617 35,630 8,911
Post-Vietnam veterans 922 82,554 161,475 33,596 3,958 1,136 1,275 1,253
All-volunteer-force educational assistance 196 269,947 868,394 984,068 2,070,996 2,230,022 2,632,689
Veterans 183,765 760,390 876,434 1,887,239 1,956,747 2,220,551
Reservists 196 86,182 108,004 107,634 183,757 273,275 412,138
Veteran dependents' education 36,330 114,310 176,334 131,494 100,494 95,124 131,296 388,719 413,136 450,234
Payments to state education agencies 12,000 13,000 13,000 17,773 17,657 19,000
                     
Other agencies                    
Appalachian Regional Commission 4,105 2,545 1,751 2,741 2,286 4,407 7,876 6,350
National Endowment for the Humanities 3,349 25,320 56,451 49,098 50,938 56,481 28,395 29,253 34,055 32,000
National Science Foundation 42,000 60,283 64,583 60,069 161,884 211,800 389,000 490,000 496,000 497,000
Science and engineering education programs 37,000 60,283 64,583 60,069 161,884 211,800 389,000 490,000 496,000 497,000
Sea Grant Program29  5,000
United States Information Agency39  8,423 9,405 51,095 124,041 181,172 260,800
Educational and cultural affairs38  49,546 21,079 35,862 13,600
Educational and cultural exchange programs40  101,529 145,307 247,200
Educational exchange activities, international 1,549 1,433 3
Information center and library activities 8,423 9,405
                     
Other programs                    
Barry Goldwater Scholarship and Excellence in Education Foundation 1,033 3,000 3,000 3,000 3,000 4,000
Estimated education share of federal aid to the District of Columbia 5,513 10,564 13,143 15,266 14,637 9,468 11,493 14,578 15,954 16,500
Harry S Truman Scholarship fund -1,895 1,332 2,883 3,000 3,000 3,000 3,000 3,000
Institute of American Indian and Alaska Native Culture and Arts Development 4,305 13,000 2,000 6,000 6,000 7,000
James Madison Memorial Fellowship Foundation 191 2,000 7,000 2,000 2,000 2,000
Other education $964,719 $1,608,478 $1,548,730 $2,107,588 $3,383,031 $4,719,655 $5,484,571 $6,908,504 $7,074,484 $7,584,101
                     
Department of Education3  630,235 1,045,659 747,706 1,173,055 2,251,801 2,861,000 3,223,355 3,538,862 3,692,930 4,171,360
Administration 47,456 108,372 187,317 284,900 328,293 404,000 458,054 548,842 557,837 537,521
Libraries41  108,284 225,810 129,127 85,650 137,264 117,000
Rehabilitative services and disability research 473,091 709,483 426,886 798,298 1,780,360 2,333,000 2,755,468 2,973,346 3,115,842 3,553,020
American Printing House for the Blind 1,404 1,994 4,349 4,230 5,736 7,000 9,368 16,538 18,901 20,266
Trust funds and contributions 0 0 27 -23 148 0 465 136 350 60,553
                     
Department of Agriculture 135,637 220,395 271,112 336,375 352,511 422,878 444,477 468,631 475,395 471,252
Extension Service 131,734 215,523 263,584 325,986 337,907 405,371 424,174 445,631 451,395 450,252
National Agricultural Library 3,903 4,872 7,528 10,389 14,604 17,507 20,303 23,000 24,000 21,000
                     
Department of Commerce 1,226 2,317 2,479
Maritime Administration Training for private sector employees30  1,226 2,317 2,479
                     
Department of Health and Human Services 24,273 31,653 37,819 47,195 77,962 138,000 214,000 313,000 312,000 315,000
National Library of Medicine 24,273 31,653 37,819 47,195 77,962 138,000 214,000 313,000 312,000 315,000
                     
Department of Homeland Security 278,243 194,744 223,000
Federal Law Enforcement Training Center42  159,000 180,000 209,000
Estimated disaster relief43  119,243 14,744 14,000
                     
Department of Justice 5,546 42,818 27,642 25,517 26,920 36,296 34,727 26,148 26,734 28,744
Federal Bureau of Investigation National Academy 2,066 5,100 7,234 4,189 6,028 12,831 22,479 15,619 15,931 17,524
Federal Bureau of Investigation Field Police Academy 2,500 5,254 7,715 10,220 10,548 11,140 11,962 10,456 10,770 11,200
Narcotics and dangerous drug training 980 1,152 2,416 83 850 325 286 73 33 20
National Institute of Corrections 31,312 10,277 11,025 9,494 12,000
                     
Department of State 20,672 28,113 25,000 23,791 47,539 51,648 69,349 109,309 112,014 117,198
Foreign Service Institute 15,857 20,750 25,000 23,791 47,539 51,648 69,349 109,309 112,014 117,198
Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange38  4,815 7,363
                     
Department of Transportation 3,964 11,877 10,212 3,785 1,507 650 700 1,100 700 750
Highways training and education grants 2,418 3,250 3,412 1,500
Maritime Administration Training for private sector employees30  1,135 1,507 650 700 1,100 700 750
Urban mass transportation— managerial training grants 1,546 2,627 500 1,150
Federal Aviation Administration Air traffic controllers second career program 6,000 6,300
                     
Department of the Treasury 18 3,096 14,584 16,160 41,488 48,000 83,000
Federal Law Enforcement Training Center42  18 3,096 14,584 16,160 41,488 48,000 83,000
                     
Other agencies                    
ACTION44  7,045 2,833 1,761 8,472
Estimated education funds 7,045 2,833 1,761 8,472
Agency for International Development 88,034 78,896 99,707 141,847 170,371 260,408 299,000 574,000 566,800 591,200
Education and human resources 61,570 58,349 80,518 115,104 142,801 248,408 299,000 574,000 566,800 591,200
American schools and hospitals abroad 26,464 20,547 19,189 26,743 27,570 12,000
Appalachian Regional Commission 572 1,574 8,124 113 5,709 2,369 1,173 1,933 1,500
Corporation for National and Community Service44  214,600 386,000 472,000 503,000 499,000
Estimated education funds 214,600 386,000 472,000 503,000 499,000
Federal Emergency Management Agency45  290 290 281 405 215 170,400 14,894
Estimated architect/engineer student development program 40 40 31 155 200
Estimated other training programs46  250 250 250 250 15
Estimated disaster relief43  170,400 14,894
General Services Administration Libraries and other archival activities47  14,775 22,532 34,800
Institute of Museum and Library Services41  166,000 250,000 241,000 284,000
Japanese-United States Friendship Commission 2,294 2,236 2,299 2,000 3,000 3,000 2,000 3,000
Library of Congress 29,478 63,766 151,871 169,310 189,827 241,000 299,000 430,000 435,000 428,000
Salaries and expenses 20,700 48,798 102,364 130,354 148,985 198,000 247,000 383,000 381,000 374,000
Books for the blind and the physically handicapped 6,195 11,908 31,436 32,954 37,473 39,000 46,000 47,000 54,000 54,000
Special foreign currency program 2,273 2,333 3,492 4,621 10
Furniture and furnishings 310 727 14,579 1,381 3,359 4,000 6,000
National Aeronautics and Space Administration Aerospace education services project 350 600 882 1,800 3,300 5,923 6,800
National Archives and Records Administration Libraries and other archival activities 52,118 77,397 105,172 121,879 276,000 276,000 291,000
National Commission on Libraries and Information Science 449 2,090 723 3,281 1,000 2,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
National Endowment for the Arts 340 1,068 231 1,137 936 2,304 4,046 2,506 2,503 2,707
National Endowment for the Humanities 5,090 38,486 85,805 76,252 89,706 94,249 70,807 87,969 86,250 84,000
Smithsonian Institution 2,461 5,509 5,153 7,886 5,779 9,961 25,764 45,890 42,092 43,090
Museum programs and related research 2,261 4,203 3,254 4,665 690 3,190 18,000 32,000 33,000 34.000
National Gallery of Art extension service 200 300 426 675 474 771 764 890 92 90
Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars 1,006 1,473 2,546 4,615 6,000 7,000 13,000 9,000 9,000
U.S. Information Agency— Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange38  15,115 18,966 20,375 34,000
U.S. Institute of Peace 7,621 12,000 13,000 28,000 101,000 27,000
                     
Other programs                    
Estimated education share of federal aid for the District of Columbia 1,758 2,335 2,990 7,156 3,724 2,457 404 1,674 1,389 1,300
Research programs at universities and related institutions48 $2,283,641 $3,418,410 $5,801,204 $8,844,575 $12,606,035 $15,677,919 $21,660,134 $31,535,702 $30,725,273
Department of Education49  87,823 82,770 78,742 28,809 89,483 279,000 116,464 456,822 390,548 774,455
Department of Agriculture 64,796 108,162 216,405 293,252 348,109 434,544 553,600 819,900 552,300
Department of Commerce 4,487 21,677 48,295 52,951 50,523 85,442 110,775 219,248 185,248
Department of Defense 356,188 364,929 644,455 1,245,888 1,871,864 1,853,955 1,891,710 2,880,801 2,312,701
Department of Energy 548,327 761,376 1,470,224 2,205,316 2,520,885 2,651,641 3,577,004 4,216,467 4,024,439
Department of Health and Human Services 623,765 1,273,037 2,087,053 3,228,014 4,902,714 6,418,969 10,491,641 16,121,662 16,220,135
Department of Homeland Security 135,186 135,508
Department of Housing and Urban Development 510 2,650 5,314 438 118 1,613 1,400 2,200 1,800
Department of the Interior 18,521 28,955 42,175 34,422 49,790 50,618 47,200 57,200 46,700
Department of Justice 1,945 8,902 9,189 5,168 6,858 7,204 19,400 19,300 19,400
Department of Labor 3,567 6,124 12,938 3,417 5,893 10,114 12,900 13,300 13,200
Department of State 8,220 10,973 188 29 1,519 23
Department of Transportation 12,328 28,478 31,910 22,621 28,608 75,847 55,866 66,800 67,900
Department of the Treasury 226 388 227 1,496
Department of Veterans Affairs 518 1,112 1,600 1,000 2,300 2,500
ACTION 36
Agency for International Development 77,063 56,960 79,415 30,172 33,500 29,500 29,500
Environmental Protection Agency 19,446 33,875 41,083 60,521 87,481 125,721 98,900 81,400 80,900
Federal Emergency Management Agency 1,665 1,423
National Aeronautics and Space Administration 258,016 197,301 254,629 485,824 1,090,003 1,751,977 2,071,030 2,867,179 3,010,619
National Science Foundation 253,628 475,011 743,809 1,087,046 1,427,007 1,874,395 2,566,244 3,521,737 3,610,928
Nuclear Regulatory Commission 7,093 32,590 30,261 42,328 22,188 12,200 12,000 8,000
Office of Economic Opportunity 20,035
U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency 100 661 395 25
Other agencies 1,421 5,949 990 432 885 500 300 15,000 15,447
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
1 Excludes federal support for medical education benefits under Medicare in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Benefits excluded from total because data before fiscal year (FY) 1990 are not available. This program existed since Medicare began, but was not available as a separate budget item until FY 1990. Excluded amounts are as follows: $4,440,000,000 in FY 1990, $7,510,000,000 in FY 1995, $8,020,000,000 in FY 2000, $8,400,000,000 in FY 2005, $8,400,000,000 in FY 2006, and an estimated $8,500,000,000 in FY 2007.
2 Estimated.
3 The U.S. Department of Education was created in May 1980. It formerly was the Office of Education in the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.
4 Arranges for the education of children who reside on federal property when no suitable local school district can or will provide for the education of these children.
5 Includes many programs, such as No Child Left Behind, 21st Century Community Learning Centers, Class Size Reduction, Charter Schools, Safe and Drug-Free Schools, and Innovative programs.
6 Included the School-To-Work Opportunities program, which initiated a national system to be administered jointly by the U.S. Departments of Education and Labor. Programs in the Education Reform program were transferred to the school improvement programs or dis­continued in FY 2002. Amounts after FY 2002 reflect balances that are spending out from prior-year appropriations.
7 Starting in FY 1994, the Special Milk Program has been included in the child nutrition programs.
8 The Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-171) carries out preschool and school feeding programs in foreign countries to help reduce the incidence of hunger and malnutrition, and improve literacy and primary education.
9 These commodities are purchased under Section 32 of the Act of August 24, 1935, for use in the child nutrition programs.
10 Assisted in the construction of public facilities, such as vocational schools, through grants or loans. No funds have been appropriated for this program since FY 1977, and it was completely phased out in FY 1984.
11 Established in 1979, with funds first appropriated in FY 1980.
12 Formerly in the Office of Economic Opportunity. In FY 1972, funds were transferred to the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Office of Child Development.
13 Created by the Family Support Act of 1988 to provide funds for the Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Training program. Replaced by Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program.
14 After age 18, benefits terminate at the end of the school term or in 3 months, whichever comes first.
15 Transferred from the U.S. Department of Transportation to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security in March of 2003.
16 Provides funding for supplemental programs for eligible American Indian students in public schools.
17 Finances the cost of academic, social, and occupational education courses for inmates in federal prisons.
18 Some of the work and training programs were in the Office of Economic Opportunity and were transferred to the U.S. Department of Labor in FYs 1971 and 1972. From FY 1994 through FY 2001, included the School-to-Work Opportunities program, which was administered jointly by the U.S. Departments of Education and Labor.
19 Established in FY 1972 and closed in FY 1986.
20 The states' share of revenue-sharing funds could not be spent on education in FYs 1981 through 1986.
21 Provided educational assistance allowances in order to restore lost educational opportunities to those individuals whose careers were interrupted or impeded by reason of active military service between January 31, 1955, and January 1, 1977.
22 This program is in "Readjustment Benefits" program, Chapter 31, and covers the costs of subsistence, tuition, books, supplies, and equipment for disabled veterans requiring vocational rehabilitation.
23 This program is in "Readjustment Benefits" program, Chapter 35, and provides benefits to children and spouses of veterans.
24 Head Start program funds were transferred to the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Office of Child Development, in FY 1972.
25 Most of these programs were transferred to the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Office of Education, in FY 1972.
26 Transferred to the U.S. Department of Labor in FYs 1971 and 1972.
27 Transferred to the ACTION Agency in FY 1972.
28 Transferred from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development to the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Office of Education, in FY 1979.
29 Transferred from the National Science Foundation to the U.S. Department of Commerce in October 1970.
30 Transferred from the U.S. Department of Commerce to the U.S. Department of Transportation in FY 1981.
31 Includes special education programs (military and civilian); legal education program; flight training; advanced degree program; college degree program (officers); and "Armed Forces Health Professions Scholarship" program.
32 Does not include higher education assistance loans.
33 Alcohol, drug abuse, and mental health training programs are included starting in FY 1992.
34 Beginning in FY 1992, data were included in the National Institutes of Health training grants program.
35 This program closed in FY 2004.
36 Postsecondary student benefits were ended by the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981 (Public Law 97-35) and were completely phased out by August 1985.
37 Includes flight training. Transferred to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security in March of 2003.
38 Transferred from the U.S. Department of State to the United States Information Agency in 1977, then transferred back to the U.S. Department of State in FY 1998.
39 Abolished in FY 1998, with functions transferred to the U.S. Department of State and the newly created Broadcasting Board of Governors.
40 Included in the "Educational and Cultural Affairs" program in FYs 1980 through 1983, and became an independent program in FY 1984.
41 Transferred from U.S. Department of Education to the Institute of Museum and Library Services in FY 1997.
42 Transferred to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security in FY 2003.
43 The disaster relief program repairs and replaces damaged and destroyed school buildings. In FY 1995, funds were for repairs due to the Northridge Earthquake in California. In FY 1995, $74.4 million was spent on school districts, $8.4 million on community colleges, and $87.6 million on colleges and universities. This program was transferred from the Federal Emergency Management Agency to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security in FY 2003.
44 The National Service Trust Act of 1993 established the Corporation for National and Community Service. In 1993, ACTION became part of this agency.
45 The Federal Emergency Management Agency was created in 1979, representing a combination of five existing agencies. The funds for the Federal Emergency Management Agency in FY 1970 to FY 1975 were in other agencies. This agency was transferred to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security in March of 2003.
46 These programs include the Fall-Out Shelter Analysis, Blast Protection Design through FY 1992. Starting in FY 1993, earthquake training and safety for teachers and administrators for grades 1 through 12 are included.
47 Transferred from the General Services Administration to the National Archives and Records Administration in April 1985.
48 Includes federal obligations for research and development centers and R&D plant administered by colleges and universities. FY 2006 data are estimated, except the U.S. Department of Education data, which are actual numbers.
49 FY 1970 includes outlays for the "Research and Training" program. FY 1975 includes the "National Institute of Education" program. FYs 1990 through 2007 include outlays for the Office of Educational Research and Improvement and Institute for Education Sciences.
NOTE: Some data have been revised from previously published figures. To the extent possible, amounts reported represent outlays rather than obligations. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Negative amounts occur when program receipts exceed outlays. Changes in total postsecondary expenditures between 2005 and 2007 resulted primarily from changes in accounting procedures in the Federal Family Education Loan Program.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Budget Service, unpublished tabulations. U.S. Office of Management and Budget, Budget of the U.S. Government, Appendix, fiscal years 1972 through 2008. National Science Foundation, Federal Funds for Research and Development, fiscal years 1970 through 2006. (This table was prepared August 2007.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education