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Table 165. Summary of expenditures for public elementary and secondary education, by purpose: Selected years, 1919-20 through 2004-05
School year Total expenditures Current expenditures for public elementary and secondary education Other current expen-ditures2 Capital outlay3 Interest on school debt
Total Administration Instruction Plant operation Plant main-tenance Fixed charges Other school services1 
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  Amounts in thousands of current dollars
1919-20 $1,036,151 $861,120 $36,752   $632,556   $115,707   $30,432 $9,286 $36,387   $3,277 $153,543 $18,212
1929-30 2,316,790 1,843,552 78,680   1,317,727   216,072   78,810 50,270 101,993   9,825 370,878 92,536
1939-40 2,344,049 1,941,799 91,571   1,403,285   194,365   73,321 50,116 129,141   13,367 257,974 130,909
1949-50 5,837,643 4,687,274 220,050   3,112,340   427,587   214,164 261,469 451,663   35,614 1,014,176 100,578
1959-60 15,613,254 12,329,388 528,408   8,350,738   1,085,036   422,586 909,323 1,033,297   132,566 2,661,786 489,514
                               
1969-70 40,683,429 34,217,773 1,606,646   23,270,158   2,537,257   974,941 3,266,920 2,561,856   635,803 4,659,072 1,170,782
1979-80 95,961,561 86,984,142 4,263,757   53,257,937   9,744,785   (4) 11,793,934 7,923,729   597,585 6,506,167 1,873,666
1989-90 212,769,564 188,229,359 16,346,991 5  113,550,405 5  20,261,415 5  (4) 38,070,548 5  2,982,543 17,781,342 3,776,321
1994-95 279,000,318 243,877,582 19,877,848 5  150,556,118 5  24,542,922 5  (4) 48,900,694 5  5,148,505 24,456,100 5,518,131
1995-96 293,646,490 255,106,683 20,709,652 5  157,473,978 5  25,724,062 5  (4) 51,198,992 5  4,724,659 27,555,667 6,259,480
                               
1996-97 313,151,046 270,174,298 21,603,056 5  167,148,760 5  26,837,270 5  (4) 54,585,210 5  4,649,138 31,429,074 6,898,536
1997-98 334,315,020 285,485,370 22,043,101 5  176,521,719 5  27,952,899 5  (4) 58,967,649 5  4,884,115 36,168,090 7,777,445
1998-99 355,837,818 302,876,294 23,396,918 5  186,776,182 5  29,396,471 5  (4) 63,306,722 5  5,242,618 39,522,710 8,196,196
1999-2000 381,838,155 323,888,508 25,079,298 5  199,968,138 5  31,190,295 5  (4) 67,650,776 5  5,457,015 43,357,186 9,135,445
2000-01 410,811,185 348,360,841 26,689,181 5  214,333,003 5  34,034,158 5  (4) 73,304,498 5  6,063,700 46,220,704 10,165,940
                               
2001-02 435,364,404 368,378,006 28,309,047 5  226,668,386 5  34,829,109 5  (4) 78,571,464 5  6,530,554 49,960,542 10,495,301
2002-03 454,906,912 387,593,617 29,751,958 5  237,731,734 5  36,830,517 5  (4) 83,279,408 5  6,873,762 48,940,374 11,499,160
2003-046  474,241,531 403,390,369 30,864,875 5  247,444,620 5  38,720,429 5  (4) 86,360,444 5  6,927,551 50,842,973 13,080,638
2004-05 499,068,816 424,562,095 32,648,224 5  259,614,068 5  40,893,529 5  (4) 91,406,274 5  7,664,672 53,540,727 13,301,322
  Amounts in thousands of constant 2006-07 dollars
1919-20 $11,098,635 $9,223,807 $393,666   $6,775,565   $1,239,385   $325,970 $99,466 $389,756   $35,101 $1,644,662 $195,076
1929-30 27,630,127 21,986,272 938,341   15,715,263   2,576,883   939,891 599,522 1,216,372   117,173 4,423,105 1,103,588
1939-40 34,240,392 28,364,577 1,337,612   20,498,304   2,839,162   1,071,027 732,063 1,886,410   195,257 3,768,322 1,912,236
1949-50 50,318,151 40,402,421 1,896,743   26,827,128   3,685,629   1,846,008 2,253,758 3,893,155   306,978 8,741,792 866,942
1959-60 108,472,874 85,658,258 3,671,108   58,016,641   7,538,273   2,935,911 6,317,509 7,178,817   921,001 18,492,723 3,400,892
                               
1969-70 219,855,297 184,914,593 8,682,396   125,753,104   13,711,464   5,268,630 17,654,600 13,844,399   3,435,911 25,177,859 6,326,965
1979-80 252,333,430 228,727,072 11,211,660   140,043,136   25,624,167   (4) 31,012,457 20,835,652   1,571,365 17,108,136 4,926,854
1989-90 342,070,118 302,616,774 26,281,095 5  182,555,248 5  32,574,324 5  (4) 61,206,108 5  4,795,041 28,587,104 6,071,200
1994-95 378,667,139 330,997,566 26,978,779 5  204,339,030 5  33,310,350 5  (4) 66,369,408 5  6,987,696 33,192,512 7,489,364
1995-96 387,989,691 337,067,755 27,363,281 5  208,067,462 5  33,988,728 5    67,648,284 5  6,242,605 36,408,795 8,270,536
                               
1996-97 402,283,260 347,074,035 27,751,936 5  214,724,328 5  34,475,965 5  (4) 70,121,804 5  5,972,423 40,374,735 8,862,067
1997-98 421,946,059 360,317,124 27,821,064 5  222,791,796 5  35,279,946 5  (4) 74,424,317 5  6,164,345 45,648,511 9,816,078
1998-99 441,467,956 375,761,573 29,027,240 5  231,722,699 5  36,470,548 5  (4) 78,541,087 5  6,504,221 49,033,603 10,168,560
1999-2000 460,433,318 390,555,681 30,241,463 5  241,128,321 5  37,610,309 5  (4) 81,575,586 5  6,580,253 52,281,557 11,015,828
2000-01 478,960,625 406,150,397 31,116,647 5  249,888,691 5  39,680,083 5  (4) 85,464,976 5  7,069,607 53,888,254 11,852,367
                               
2001-02 498,756,503 422,016,417 32,431,042 5  259,672,886 5  39,900,470 5  (4) 90,012,018 5  7,481,449 57,235,146 12,023,491
2002-03 509,937,988 434,481,658 33,351,117 5  266,490,658 5  41,285,984 5  (4) 93,353,898 5  7,705,295 54,860,797 12,890,238
2003-046  520,230,411 442,508,561 33,857,952 5  271,440,201 5  42,475,286 5  (4) 94,735,122 5  7,599,340 55,773,396 14,349,114
2004-05 531,471,892 452,127,668 34,767,977 5  276,470,049 5  43,548,626 5  (4) 97,341,016 5  8,162,317 57,016,970 14,164,937
  Percentage distribution
1919-20 100.0 83.1 3.5   61.0   11.2   2.9 0.9 3.5   0.3 14.8 1.8
1929-30 100.0 79.6 3.4   56.9   9.3   3.4 2.2 4.4   0.4 16.0 4.0
1939-40 100.0 82.8 3.9   59.9   8.3   3.1 2.1 5.5   0.6 11.0 5.6
1949-50 100.0 80.3 3.8   53.3   7.3   3.7 4.5 7.7   0.6 17.4 1.7
1959-60 100.0 79.0 3.4   53.5   6.9   2.7 5.8 6.6   0.8 17.0 3.1
                               
1969-70 100.0 84.1 3.9   57.2   6.2   2.4 8.0 6.3   1.6 11.5 2.9
1979-80 100.0 90.6 4.4   55.5   10.2   (4) 12.3 8.3   0.6 6.8 2.0
1989-90 100.0 88.5 7.7 5  53.4 5  9.5   (4) 17.9 5  1.4 8.4 1.8
1994-95 100.0 87.4 7.1 5  54.0 5  8.8   (4) 17.5 5  1.8 8.8 2.0
1995-96 100.0 86.9 7.1 5  53.6 5  8.8   (4) 17.4 5  1.6 9.4 2.1
                               
1996-97 100.0 86.3 6.9 5  53.4 5  8.6   (4) 17.4 5  1.5 10.0 2.2
1997-98 100.0 85.4 6.6 5  52.8 5  8.4   (4) 17.6 5  1.5 10.8 2.3
1998-99 100.0 85.1 6.6 5  52.5 5  8.3   (4) 17.8 5  1.5 11.1 2.3
1999-2000 100.0 84.8 6.6 5  52.4 5  8.2   (4) 17.7 5  1.4 11.4 2.4
2000-01 100.0 84.8 6.5 5  52.2 5  8.3   (4) 17.8 5  1.5 11.3 2.5
                               
2001-02 100.0 84.6 6.5 5  52.1 5  8.0   (4) 18.0 5  1.5 11.5 2.4
2002-03 100.0 85.2 6.5 5  52.3 5  8.1   (4) 18.3 5  1.5 10.8 2.5
2003-046  100.0 85.1 6.5 5  52.2 5  8.2   (4) 18.2 5  1.5 10.7 2.8
2004-05 100.0 85.1 6.5 5  52.0 5  8.2   (4) 18.3 5  1.5 10.7 2.7
— Not available.
1 Prior to 1959-60, items included under "other school services" were listed under "auxiliary services," a more comprehensive classification that also included community services.
2 Includes expenditures for summer schools, adult education, community colleges, and community services.
3 Prior to 1969-70, excludes capital outlay by state and local school housing authorities.
4 Plant operation also includes plant maintenance.
5 Data not comparable to figures prior to 1989-90.
6 Data have been revised from previously published figures.
NOTE: Beginning in 1959-60, includes Alaska and Hawaii. Beginning in 1989-90, state administration expenditures were excluded from both "total" and "current" expenditures. Beginning in 1989-90, extensive changes were made in the data collection procedures. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Biennial Survey of Education in the United States, 1919-20 through 1949-50; Statistics of State School Systems, 1959-60 and 1969-70; Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education, 1979-80; and Common Core of Data (CCD), "National Public Education Financial Survey," 1989-90 through 2004-05. (This table was prepared April 2007.)
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