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Table 129. Average mathematics scale score and percentage attaining mathematics achievement levels of 8th-graders in public schools, by level of parental education and state or jurisdiction: Selected years, 1990 through 2007
State or jurisdiction Average scale score1 Percent attaining mathematics achievement levels, 2007 Average scale score, by highest level
of education attained by parents, 20072
1990 1992 1996 2000 2003 2005 2007 Below Basic At or above Basic3 At or above Proficient4 At Advanced5 Did not finish high school Graduated high school Some education after high school Graduated college
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
United States6  262 (1.4) 267 (1.0) 271 (1.2) 272 (0.9) 276 (0.3) 278 (0.2) 280 (0.3) 30 (0.3) 70 (0.3) 31 (0.3) 7 (0.2) 263 (0.5) 270 (0.4) 283 (0.4) 291 (0.3)
Alabama 253 (1.1) 252 (1.7) 257 (2.1) 264 (1.8) 262 (1.5) 262 (1.5) 266 (1.5) 45 (1.7) 55 (1.7) 18 (1.5) 2 (0.4) 256 (1.9) 254 (2.2) 271 (1.6) 275 (2.0)
Alaska (†) (†) 278 (1.8) (†) 279 (0.9) 279 (0.8) 283 (1.1) 27 (1.3) 73 (1.3) 32 (1.4) 7 (0.6) (†) (†) (†)
Arizona7  260 (1.3) 265 (1.3) 268 (1.6) 269 (1.8) 271 (1.2) 274 (1.1) 276 (1.2) 34 (1.5) 66 (1.5) 26 (1.2) 5 (0.7) 261 (2.5) 267 (2.3) 282 (1.9) 287 (1.5)
Arkansas 256 (0.9) 256 (1.2) 262 (1.5) 257 (1.5) 266 (1.2) 272 (1.2) 274 (1.1) 35 (1.3) 65 (1.3) 24 (1.1) 4 (0.5) 260 (3.0) 268 (1.7) 280 (1.9) 282 (1.5)
California7  256 (1.3) 261 (1.7) 263 (1.9) 260 (2.1) 267 (1.2) 269 (0.7) 270 (0.8) 41 (1.0) 59 (1.0) 24 (0.8) 5 (0.4) 255 (1.1) 262 (1.2) 277 (1.4) 286 (1.2)
                                                             
Colorado 267 (0.9) 272 (1.0) 276 (1.1) (†) 283 (1.1) 281 (1.2) 286 (0.9) 25 (1.0) 75 (1.0) 37 (1.2) 10 (0.7) 262 (2.4) 273 (2.1) 290 (2.0) 298 (1.2)
Connecticut 270 (1.0) 274 (1.1) 280 (1.1) 281 (1.3) 284 (1.2) 281 (1.4) 282 (1.5) 27 (1.6) 73 (1.6) 35 (1.6) 8 (0.7) 254 (3.6) 265 (2.2) 280 (2.5) 295 (1.3)
Delaware 261 (0.9) 263 (1.0) 267 (0.9) (†) 277 (0.7) 281 (0.6) 283 (0.6) 26 (1.1) 74 (1.1) 31 (1.1) 7 (0.7) 271 (2.2) 274 (1.6) 284 (1.5) 292 (1.0)
District of Columbia 231 (0.9) 235 (0.9) 233 (1.3) 235 (1.1) 243 (0.8) 245 (0.9) 248 (0.9) 66 (1.2) 34 (1.2) 8 (0.6) 1 (0.3) 244 (3.1) 239 (1.7) 261 (2.1) 255 (1.4)
Florida 255 (1.2) 260 (1.5) 264 (1.8) (†) 271 (1.5) 274 (1.1) 277 (1.3) 32 (1.4) 68 (1.4) 27 (1.4) 5 (0.7) 264 (2.0) 268 (1.5) 284 (1.8) 286 (1.6)
                                                             
Georgia 259 (1.3) 259 (1.2) 262 (1.6) 265 (1.2) 270 (1.2) 272 (1.1) 275 (1.0) 36 (1.5) 64 (1.5) 25 (1.0) 4 (0.6) 262 (2.6) 263 (1.7) 279 (1.5) 284 (1.3)
Hawaii 251 (0.8) 257 (0.9) 262 (1.0) 262 (1.4) 266 (0.8) 266 (0.7) 269 (0.8) 41 (1.0) 59 (1.0) 21 (0.7) 3 (0.3) 257 (4.5) 258 (1.5) 274 (1.6) 279 (1.2)
Idaho7  271 (0.8) 275 (0.7) (†) 277 (1.0) 280 (0.9) 281 (0.9) 284 (0.9) 25 (1.1) 75 (1.1) 34 (1.3) 6 (0.6) 262 (2.8) 271 (1.5) 290 (1.3) 294 (1.1)
Illinois7  261 (1.7) (†) (†) 275 (1.7) 277 (1.2) 278 (1.1) 280 (1.1) 30 (1.6) 70 (1.6) 31 (1.5) 7 (0.8) 262 (1.9) 267 (1.9) 282 (1.4) 293 (1.6)
Indiana7  267 (1.2) 270 (1.1) 276 (1.4) 281 (1.4) 281 (1.1) 282 (1.0) 285 (1.1) 24 (1.4) 76 (1.4) 35 (1.4) 7 (0.7) 271 (2.3) 276 (1.7) 284 (2.1) 296 (1.4)
                                                             
Iowa 278 (1.1) 283 (1.0) 284 (1.3) (†) 284 (0.8) 284 (0.9) 285 (0.9) 23 (1.1) 77 (1.1) 35 (1.4) 7 (0.6) 262 (2.5) 274 (1.4) 287 (1.6) 295 (1.0)
Kansas7  (†) (†) (†) 283 (1.7) 284 (1.3) 284 (1.0) 290 (1.1) 19 (1.1) 81 (1.1) 40 (1.5) 9 (0.7) 271 (3.1) 278 (1.9) 291 (1.9) 299 (1.1)
Kentucky 257 (1.2) 262 (1.1) 267 (1.1) 270 (1.3) 274 (1.2) 274 (1.2) 279 (1.1) 31 (1.5) 69 (1.5) 27 (1.2) 5 (0.6) 265 (2.4) 272 (1.7) 283 (1.7) 288 (1.6)
Louisiana 246 (1.2) 250 (1.7) 252 (1.6) 259 (1.5) 266 (1.5) 268 (1.4) 272 (1.1) 36 (1.8) 64 (1.8) 19 (1.2) 2 (0.4) 265 (2.7) 266 (1.6) 275 (1.5) 279 (1.6)
Maine6  (†) 279 (1.0) 284 (1.3) 281 (1.1) 282 (0.9) 281 (0.8) 286 (0.8) 22 (1.1) 78 (1.1) 34 (1.2) 7 (0.7) 267 (4.0) 277 (1.5) 284 (1.7) 295 (1.0)
                                                             
Maryland 261 (1.4) 265 (1.3) 270 (2.1) 272 (1.7) 278 (1.0) 278 (1.1) 286 (1.2) 26 (1.2) 74 (1.2) 37 (1.4) 10 (1.0) 268 (3.6) 273 (1.9) 283 (1.8) 295 (1.6)
Massachusetts (†) 273 (1.0) 278 (1.7) 279 (1.5) 287 (0.9) 292 (0.9) 298 (1.3) 15 (1.1) 85 (1.1) 51 (1.7) 15 (1.0) 277 (3.0) 284 (2.4) 294 (2.2) 307 (1.3)
Michigan7  264 (1.2) 267 (1.4) 277 (1.8) 277 (1.9) 276 (2.0) 277 (1.5) 277 (1.4) 34 (1.7) 66 (1.7) 29 (1.4) 6 (0.7) 258 (4.0) 265 (2.1) 279 (1.8) 287 (1.7)
Minnesota 275 (0.9) 282 (1.0) 284 (1.3) 287 (1.4) 291 (1.1) 290 (1.2) 292 (1.0) 19 (0.8) 81 (0.8) 43 (1.6) 11 (0.8) 264 (3.8) 278 (2.3) 290 (2.0) 301 (1.1)
Mississippi (†) 246 (1.2) 250 (1.2) 254 (1.1) 261 (1.1) 263 (1.2) 265 (0.8) 46 (1.3) 54 (1.3) 14 (1.0) 2 (0.3) 256 (2.3) 255 (1.4) 272 (1.4) 271 (1.2)
                                                             
Missouri (†) 271 (1.2) 273 (1.4) 271 (1.5) 279 (1.1) 276 (1.3) 281 (1.0) 28 (1.5) 72 (1.5) 30 (1.3) 5 (0.7) 263 (3.0) 270 (1.6) 285 (1.7) 289 (1.3)
Montana7  280 (0.9) (†) 283 (1.3) 285 (1.4) 286 (0.8) 286 (0.7) 287 (0.7) 21 (1.0) 79 (1.0) 38 (1.1) 7 (0.5) 265 (3.3) 278 (2.1) 286 (1.6) 296 (0.9)
Nebraska 276 (1.0) 278 (1.1) 283 (1.0) 280 (1.2) 282 (0.9) 284 (1.0) 284 (1.0) 26 (1.2) 74 (1.2) 35 (1.4) 8 (0.7) 260 (3.1) 272 (2.2) 288 (1.9) 292 (1.3)
Nevada (†) (†) (†) 265 (0.8) 268 (0.8) 270 (0.8) 271 (0.8) 40 (1.2) 60 (1.2) 23 (1.0) 4 (0.6) 254 (1.7) 267 (1.9) 281 (1.8) 283 (1.3)
New Hampshire 273 (0.9) 278 (1.0) (†) (†) 286 (0.8) 285 (0.8) 288 (0.7) 22 (1.0) 78 (1.0) 38 (1.1) 8 (0.6) 269 (2.7) 276 (1.6) 285 (1.9) 295 (0.9)
                                                             
New Jersey 270 (1.1) 272 (1.6) (†) (†) 281 (1.1) 284 (1.4) 289 (1.2) 23 (1.4) 77 (1.4) 40 (1.6) 10 (0.7) 270 (3.2) 276 (2.3) 288 (1.8) 298 (1.2)
New Mexico 256 (0.7) 260 (0.9) 262 (1.2) 259 (1.3) 263 (1.0) 263 (0.9) 268 (0.9) 43 (1.6) 57 (1.6) 17 (1.1) 3 (0.5) 254 (1.8) 260 (1.6) 272 (1.5) 280 (1.5)
New York7  261 (1.4) 266 (2.1) 270 (1.7) 271 (2.2) 280 (1.1) 280 (0.9) 280 (1.2) 30 (1.4) 70 (1.4) 30 (1.2) 7 (0.8) 265 (2.2) 270 (1.9) 283 (1.7) 290 (1.6)
North Carolina 250 (1.1) 258 (1.2) 268 (1.4) 276 (1.3) 281 (1.0) 282 (0.9) 284 (1.1) 277 (1.4) 73 (1.4) 34 (1.3) 8 (0.9) 268 (2.1) 271 (1.8) 287 (1.7) 295 (1.3)
North Dakota 281 (1.2) 283 (1.1) 284 (0.9) 282 (1.1) 287 (0.8) 287 (0.6) 292 (0.7) 14 (0.9) 86 (0.9) 41 (1.2) 7 (0.7) (†) 277 (1.6) 292 (1.8) 297 (0.8)
                                                             
Ohio 264 (1.0) 268 (1.5) (†) 281 (1.6) 282 (1.3) 283 (1.1) 285 (1.2) 24 (1.4) 76 (1.4) 35 (1.5) 7 (0.7) 266 (2.6) 274 (1.8) 285 (1.8) 295 (1.5)
Oklahoma 263 (1.3) 268 (1.1) (†) 270 (1.3) 272 (1.1) 271 (1.0) 275 (0.9) 34 (1.5) 66 (1.5) 21 (1.2) 3 (0.4) 258 (2.6) 268 (1.6) 276 (1.4) 284 (1.2)
Oregon7  271 (1.0) (†) 276 (1.5) 280 (1.5) 281 (1.3) 282 (1.0) 284 (1.1) 27 (1.1) 73 (1.1) 35 (1.3) 9 (0.7) 267 (2.7) 275 (1.8) 285 (1.5) 295 (1.5)
Pennsylvania 266 (1.6) 271 (1.5) (†) (†) 279 (1.1) 281 (1.5) 286 (1.1) 23 (1.3) 77 (1.3) 38 (1.3) 8 (0.6) 271 (3.4) 273 (1.9) 288 (1.7) 296 (1.3)
Rhode Island 260 (0.6) 266 (0.7) 269 (0.9) 269 (1.3) 272 (0.7) 272 (0.8) 275 (0.7) 35 (1.1) 65 (1.1) 28 (1.0) 5 (0.5) 255 (3.2) 259 (1.9) 276 (1.6) 288 (1.1)
                                                             
South Carolina (†) 261 (1.0) 261 (1.5) 265 (1.5) 277 (1.3) 281 (0.9) 282 (1.0) 29 (1.1) 71 (1.1) 32 (1.4) 8 (0.8) 270 (2.7) 270 (1.6) 282 (2.0) 291 (1.4)
South Dakota (†) (†) (†) (†) 285 (0.8) 287 (0.6) 288 (0.8) 19 (1.0) 81 (1.0) 39 (1.5) 7 (0.6) 267 (2.8) 278 (1.9) 291 (1.5) 295 (0.9)
Tennessee (†) 259 (1.4) 263 (1.4) 262 (1.5) 268 (1.8) 271 (1.1) 274 (1.1) 36 (1.4) 64 (1.4) 23 (1.4) 7 (0.6) 260 (3.0) 265 (1.6) 278 (1.7) 283 (1.5)
Texas 258 (1.4) 265 (1.3) 270 (1.4) 273 (1.6) 277 (1.1) 281 (0.6) 286 (1.0) 226 (1.1) 78 (1.1) 35 (1.3) 3 (0.7) 272 (1.5) 279 (1.6) 289 (1.4) 297 (1.3)
Utah (†) 274 (0.7) 277 (1.0) 274 (1.2) 281 (1.0) 279 (0.7) 281 (0.9) 28 (1.1) 72 (1.1) 32 (1.2) 9 (0.6) 253 (3.5) 266 (1.7) 282 (1.8) 291 (1.0)
                                                             
Vermont7  (†) (†) 279 (1.0) 281 (1.5) 286 (0.8) 287 (0.8) 291 (0.7) 19 (1.0) 81 (1.0) 41 (1.3) 10 (0.8) 267 (3.8) 275 (1.9) 289 (1.6) 301 (1.0)
Virginia 264 (1.5) 268 (1.2) 270 (1.6) 275 (1.3) 282 (1.3) 284 (1.1) 288 (1.1) 23 (1.3) 77 (1.3) 37 (1.4) 9 (0.8) 264 (2.8) 274 (1.7) 288 (1.7) 298 (1.3)
Washington (†) (†) 276 (1.3) (†) 281 (0.9) 285 (1.0) 285 (1.0) 255 (1.3) 75 (1.3) 36 (1.2) 9 (0.8) 265 (2.6) 275 (2.0) 290 (1.8) 296 (1.2)
West Virginia 256 (1.0) 259 (1.0) 265 (1.0) 266 (1.2) 271 (1.2) 269 (1.0) 270 (1.0) 39 (1.4) 61 (1.4) 19 (0.9) 2 (0.3) 258 (2.3) 263 (1.4) 274 (1.3) 280 (1.2)
Wisconsin 274 (1.3) 278 (1.5) 283 (1.5) (†) 284 (1.3) 285 (1.2) 286 (1.1) 24 (1.4) 76 (1.4) 37 (1.3) 8 (0.7) 260 (3.3) 275 (1.8) 285 (2.0) 295 (1.2)
Wyoming 272 (0.7) 275 (0.9) 275 (0.9) 276 (1.0) 284 (0.7) 282 (0.8) 287 (0.7) 20 (1.1) 80 (1.1) 36 (1.6) 7 (0.7) 266 (3.8) 279 (1.5) 288 (1.6) 295 (1.2)
Department of Defense
   dependents schools8 
(†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 284 (0.7) 285 (0.8) 22 (1.2) 78 (1.2) 33 (1.2) 5 (0.7) (†) 274 (2.5) 286 (1.2) 290 (1.2)
Domestic schools (†) (†) 269 (2.3) 274 (1.8) 282 (1.5) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
Overseas schools (†) (†) 275 (0.9) 278 (1.1) 286 (0.7) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
Other jurisdictions                                                            
American Samoa (†) (†) (†) 192 (5.5) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
Guam 232 (0.7) 235 (1.0) 239 (1.7) 234 (2.6) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
Puerto Rico9  (†) (†) (†) (†) 212 (1.0) 218 (1.0) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
Virgin Islands 219 (0.9) 223 (1.1) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Scale ranges from 0 to 500.
2 Excludes students who responded "I don't know" to the question about educational level of parents.
3 Basic denotes partial mastery of prerequisite knowledge and skills that are fundamental for proficient work at the 8th-grade level.
4 Proficient represents solid academic performance for 8th-graders. Students reaching this level have demonstrated competency over challenging subject matter.
5 Advanced signifies superior performance. 6 Based on a nationally representative sample.
7 Did not meet one or more of the guidelines for school participation in 2000. Data are subject to appreciable nonresponse bias.
8 The definition of the national sample changed in 2005; it now includes all of the Department of Defense schools.
9 Because of modifications to the 2005 Puerto Rico administration, results from 2003 should not be compared to results from 2005. Although parallel changes were not made in the nation in 2005, within-year comparisons between Puerto Rico and the nation are valid.
NOTE: Excludes persons not enrolled in school and those who were unable to be tested due to limited proficiency in English or due to a disability. Data for 2000, 2003, 2005, and 2007 include students for whom accommodations were permitted. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), The Nation's Report Card: Mathematics, 2003, 2005, and 2007; and NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/nde/), retrieved October 2007. (This table was prepared October 2007.)
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