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Table 61. Public and private elementary and secondary teachers, enrollment, and pupil/teacher ratios: Selected years, fall 1955 through fall 2016
Year Teachers (in thousands) Enrollment (in thousands) Pupil/teacher ratio
Total Public Private Total Public Private Total Public Private
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
1955 1,286 1,141 145 1  35,280 30,680 4,600 1  27.4 26.9 31.7 1 
1960 1,600 1,408 192 1  42,181 36,281 5,900 1  26.4 25.8 30.7 1 
1965 1,933 1,710 223   48,473 42,173 6,300   25.1 24.7 28.3  
1970 2,292 2,059 233   51,257 45,894 5,363   22.4 22.3 23.0  
                         
1971 2,293 2,063 230 1  51,271 46,071 5,200 1  22.4 22.3 22.6 1 
1972 2,337 2,106 231 1  50,726 45,726 5,000 1  21.7 21.7 21.6 1 
1973 2,372 2,136 236 1  50,446 45,445 5,000 1  21.3 21.3 21.2 1 
1974 2,410 2,165 245 1  50,073 45,073 5,000 1  20.8 20.8 20.4 1 
1975 2,453 2,198 255 1  49,819 44,819 5,000 1  20.3 20.4 19.6 1 
                         
1976 2,457 2,189 268   49,478 44,311 5,167   20.1 20.2 19.3  
1977 2,488 2,209 279   48,717 43,577 5,140   19.6 19.7 18.4  
1978 2,479 2,207 272   47,637 42,551 5,086   19.2 19.3 18.7  
1979 2,461 2,185 276 1  46,651 41,651 5,000 1  19.0 19.1 18.1 1 
1980 2,485 2,184 301   46,208 40,877 5,331   18.6 18.7 17.7  
                         
1981 2,440 2,127 313 1  45,544 40,044 5,500 1  18.7 18.8 17.6 1 
1982 2,458 2,133 325 1  45,166 39,566 5,600 1  18.4 18.6 17.2 1 
1983 2,476 2,139 337   44,967 39,252 5,715   18.2 18.4 17.0  
1984 2,508 2,168 340 1  44,908 39,208 5,700 1  17.9 18.1 16.8 1 
1985 2,549 2,206 343   44,979 39,422 5,557   17.6 17.9 16.2  
                         
1986 2,592 2,244 348 1  45,205 39,753 5,452 1  17.4 17.7 15.7 1 
1987 2,631 2,279 352   45,488 40,008 5,479   17.3 17.6 15.6  
1988 2,668 2,323 345   45,430 40,189 5,242 1  17.0 17.3 15.2 1 
1989 2,713 2,357 356   46,141 40,543 5,599   17.0 17.2 15.7  
1990 2,759 2,398 361 1  46,864 41,217 5,648 1  17.0 17.2 15.6 1 
                         
1991 2,797 2,432 365   47,728 42,047 5,681   17.1 17.3 15.6  
1992 2,827 2,459 368 1  48,500 42,823 5,677 1  17.2 17.4 15.4 1 
1993 2,874 2,504 370   49,133 43,465 5,668   17.1 17.4 15.3  
1994 2,925 2,552 373 1  49,898 44,111 5,787 1  17.1 17.3 15.5 1 
1995 2,974 2,598 376   50,759 44,840 5,918   17.1 17.3 15.7  
                         
1996 3,051 2,667 384 1  51,544 45,611 5,933 1  16.9 17.1 15.5 1 
1997 3,138 2,746 391   52,071 46,127 5,944   16.6 16.8 15.2  
1998 3,230 2,830 400 1  52,526 46,539 5,988 1  16.3 16.4 15.0 1 
1999 3,319 2,911 408   52,875 46,857 6,018   15.9 16.1 14.7  
2000 3,366 2,941 424 1  53,373 47,204 6,169 1  15.9 16.0 14.5 1 
                         
2001 3,440 3,000 441   53,992 47,672 6,320   15.7 15.9 14.3  
2002 3,476 3,034 442 1  54,403 48,183 6,220 1  15.7 15.9 14.1 1 
2003 3,490 3,049 441   54,639 48,540 6,099   15.7 15.9 13.8  
2004 3,537 3,090 447 2  54,928 48,795 6,133 2  15.5 15.8 13.7 2 
2005 3,588 3,137 451 2  55,224 49,113 6,111 2  15.4 15.7 13.5 2 
                         
20062  3,637 3,177 460   55,524 49,370 6,155   15.3 15.5 13.4  
20072  3,679 3,213 466   55,762 49,610 6,152   15.2 15.4 13.2  
20082  3,725 3,252 473   55,966 49,812 6,154   15.0 15.3 13.0  
20092  3,770 3,289 480   56,186 50,028 6,158   14.9 15.2 12.8  
20102  3,812 3,325 487   56,480 50,303 6,177   14.8 15.1 12.7  
                         
20112  3,857 3,363 494   56,857 50,653 6,204   14.7 15.1 12.6  
20122  3,913 3,410 502   57,338 51,093 6,245   14.7 15.0 12.4  
20132  3,971 3,461 511   57,872 51,579 6,293   14.6 14.9 12.3  
20142  4,038 3,518 520   58,486 52,135 6,350   14.5 14.8 12.2  
20152  4,107 3,578 529   59,147 52,733 6,414   14.4 14.7 12.1  
20162  4,180 3,642 538   59,780 53,300 6,481   14.3 14.6 12.0  
1 Estimated.
2 Projected.
NOTE: Data for teachers are expressed in full-time equivalents (FTE). Counts of private school teachers and enrollment include prekindergarten through grade 12 in schools offering kindergarten or higher grades. Counts of public school teachers and enrollment include kindergarten through grade 12. The pupil/teacher ratio includes teachers for students with disabilities and other special teachers, while these teachers are generally excluded from class size calculations. Ratios for public schools reflect totals reported by states and differ from totals reported for schools or school districts. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Statistics of Public Elementary and Secondary Day Schools, 1955-56 through 1984-85; Com­mon Core of Data (CCD), "State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary Education," 1985-86 through 2005-06; Private School Universe Survey (PSS), 1989-90 through 2003-04; Projections of Education Statistics to 2016; and unpublished data. (This table was prepared August 2007.)
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