Skip Navigation
small NCES header image
Table 237. Full-time and part-time instructional faculty and staff in degree-granting institutions, by field and faculty characteristics: Fall 1992, fall 1998, and fall 2003 
Selected characteristic Number (in thousands) Fall 2003
1992 1998 2003 All fields Agriculture
and home economics
Business Education Engineering Fine arts Health Humanities1  Natural sciences2  Social sciences3  Other4 
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Full-time instructional
 faculty and staff
                                                 
                                                   
Number (in thousands) 528 560 682 681.8 (0.05) 16.9 (0.80) 43.2 (1.40) 50.9 (1.89) 33.4 (1.32) 43.3 (1.68) 93.9 (2.67) 58.8 (1.82) 127.2 (2.19) 88.7 (2.07) 125.5 (2.36)
Percentage distribution 100.0 (†) 2.5 (0.12) 6.3 (0.21) 7.5 (0.28) 4.9 (0.19) 6.3 (0.25) 13.8 (0.39) 8.6 (0.27) 18.7 (0.32) 13.0 (0.30) 18.4 (0.35)
        Percentage distribution of full-time instructional faculty and staff
                                                   
Total 528 560 682 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†)
Sex                                                  
Male 353 357 420 61.7 (0.35) 64.6 (2.88) 68.5 (1.61) 39.3 (1.57) 91.5 (1.06) 61.9 (1.38) 46.7 (1.32) 45.3 (1.47) 74.5 (0.88) 64.3 (1.13) 64.0 (0.94)
Female 176 203 261 38.3 (0.35) 35.4 (2.88) 31.5 (1.61) 60.7 (1.57) 8.5 (1.06) 38.1 (1.38) 53.3 (1.32) 54.7 (1.47) 25.5 (0.88) 35.7 (1.13) 36.0 (0.94)
                                                   
Race/ethnicity                                                  
White 457 477 548 80.3 (0.27) 87.8 (1.61) 79.5 (1.51) 80.5 (1.26) 70.9 (1.85) 86.4 (1.24) 79.7 (0.84) 80.7 (1.31) 77.8 (0.75) 81.4 (1.09) 82.0 (0.69)
Black 27 28 38 5.6 (0.17) 2.3 (0.76) 4.5 (0.79) 7.8 (1.01) 5.4 (0.99) 6.0 (0.88) 5.0 (0.50) 5.6 (0.58) 4.1 (0.48) 7.3 (0.72) 6.1 (0.44)
Hispanic 14 19 24 3.5 (0.10) 2.5 (0.76) 2.3 (0.51) 4.7 (0.63) 2.6 (0.47) 3.3 (0.75) 3.0 (0.32) 6.7 (0.53) 2.9 (0.30) 4.0 (0.47) 2.9 (0.33)
Asian/Pacific Islander 28 33 62 9.1 (0.16) 6.4 (1.34) 12.2 (1.22) 4.8 (0.70) 20.1 (1.64) 2.9 (0.74) 10.7 (0.79) 5.2 (0.94) 14.3 (0.69) 5.9 (0.71) 7.1 (0.49)
American Indian/Alaska Native 3 4 10 1.5 (0.11) 1.0 (0.49) 1.6 (0.37) 2.2 (0.40) 1.0 (0.57) 1.4 (0.38) 1.6 (0.33) 1.8 (0.35) 0.8 (0.17) 1.4 (0.22) 1.8 (0.32)
                                                   
Age                                                  
Under 30 8 9 18 2.6 (0.16) 2.9 (0.83) 1.2 (0.38) 3.3 (0.77) 2.1 (0.64) 3.0 (0.54) 1.6 (0.37) 2.9 (0.45) 2.3 (0.28) 2.2 (0.33) 3.8 (0.48)
30 to 34 35 32 55 8.0 (0.26) 5.8 (1.27) 4.6 (0.78) 7.9 (0.98) 8.4 (1.01) 5.8 (0.79) 8.4 (0.72) 8.4 (0.66) 7.9 (0.51) 9.9 (0.58) 8.6 (0.63)
35 to 39 67 60 83 12.2 (0.30) 8.6 (1.25) 12.5 (1.20) 7.8 (0.83) 13.2 (1.54) 11.9 (1.17) 14.0 (0.82) 12.5 (0.82) 12.7 (0.72) 12.7 (0.94) 11.8 (0.81)
40 to 44 90 82 93 13.6 (0.34) 12.3 (1.69) 11.3 (1.41) 10.3 (0.99) 13.3 (1.22) 14.2 (1.88) 14.6 (0.87) 13.6 (1.08) 15.7 (0.87) 13.8 (0.82) 12.9 (0.68)
45 to 49 98 97 109 15.9 (0.36) 19.8 (2.03) 18.9 (1.49) 13.6 (1.05) 17.3 (1.76) 17.4 (1.80) 18.5 (1.12) 15.2 (1.07) 15.6 (0.83) 12.8 (0.82) 15.4 (0.69)
50 to 54 95 105 114 16.7 (0.38) 23.3 (2.11) 18.8 (1.15) 19.7 (1.57) 16.2 (1.78) 18.7 (1.26) 19.1 (0.95) 13.8 (1.02) 14.2 (0.59) 15.0 (1.02) 16.8 (0.88)
55 to 59 67 90 108 15.8 (0.38) 16.3 (1.81) 19.0 (1.38) 20.4 (1.39) 14.3 (2.18) 15.9 (1.32) 13.7 (0.86) 16.0 (0.93) 13.4 (0.81) 15.4 (0.87) 17.3 (0.84)
60 to 64 45 55 70 10.2 (0.27) 7.7 (1.15) 9.1 (1.08) 11.5 (1.21) 9.6 (1.28) 10.2 (1.05) 6.8 (0.55) 11.7 (1.16) 11.7 (0.63) 13.0 (0.87) 8.9 (0.69)
65 or older 24 31 33 4.9 (0.20) 3.2 (1.09) 4.5 (0.67) 5.5 (0.66) 5.7 (0.93) 3.0 (0.66) 3.2 (0.46) 5.8 (0.74) 6.6 (0.45) 5.2 (0.51) 4.4 (0.41)
                                                   
Highest degree                                                  
Less than bachelor's 6 7 10 1.5 (0.12) 1.0 (0.68) 0.2 (0.12) 1.7 (0.74) 2.6 (0.77) 1.4 (0.46) 1.7 (0.31) 0.2 (0.12) 0.1 (0.09) (†) 4.4 (0.54)
Bachelor's 21 23 29 4.3 (0.24) 6.4 (1.71) 4.0 (0.80) 4.0 (0.64) 6.5 (1.22) 9.1 (1.10) 5.5 (0.69) 1.1 (0.31) 1.4 (0.23) 1.0 (0.26) 7.9 (0.67)
Master's 156 156 180 26.4 (0.39) 29.2 (2.18) 31.8 (1.69) 35.5 (1.37) 13.2 (1.64) 53.9 (1.82) 22.9 (1.16) 35.1 (1.42) 14.9 (0.72) 12.5 (0.72) 34.4 (1.24)
First-professional 58 52 56 8.2 (0.30) 0.3 (0.31) 2.1 (0.45) 1.1 (0.35) 0.5 (0.30) 1.1 (0.41) 41.1 (1.32) 0.4 (0.18) 3.0 (0.35) 0.5 (0.19) 8.7 (0.76)
Doctor's 284 324 407 59.6 (0.48) 63.0 (2.74) 61.9 (1.73) 57.7 (1.53) 77.1 (2.08) 34.6 (1.96) 28.9 (1.06) 63.2 (1.43) 80.6 (0.67) 86.0 (0.74) 44.6 (1.23)
                                                   
Academic rank                                                  
Professor 161 172 194 28.5 (0.54) 33.0 (2.71) 29.1 (1.66) 21.9 (1.41) 37.6 (1.69) 28.4 (1.85) 20.1 (0.93) 26.2 (1.46) 35.5 (0.87) 35.4 (1.20) 23.5 (1.09)
Associate professor 124 132 150 21.9 (0.37) 21.0 (2.55) 22.6 (1.32) 17.6 (1.07) 25.3 (1.77) 23.7 (1.64) 23.5 (0.96) 20.0 (1.27) 23.4 (0.93) 22.8 (0.97) 19.9 (1.08)
Assistant professor 124 125 158 23.2 (0.41) 19.2 (1.79) 23.4 (1.51) 23.8 (1.56) 19.6 (1.67) 23.2 (1.75) 32.2 (1.12) 21.7 (1.30) 21.1 (0.82) 24.8 (1.22) 19.2 (0.73)
Instructor 74 75 83 12.1 (0.42) 9.9 (1.60) 13.4 (1.37) 12.6 (1.18) 9.1 (1.39) 9.7 (1.01) 15.3 (0.90) 14.9 (1.17) 7.7 (0.56) 5.7 (0.53) 18.7 (1.02)
Lecturer 12 14 22 3.2 (0.22) 3.4 (1.50) 3.6 (0.68) 3.0 (0.60) 2.0 (0.52) 4.3 (0.64) 1.9 (0.37) 7.9 (0.78) 2.1 (0.25) 2.3 (0.42) 3.6 (0.57)
Other 17 26 57 8.3 (0.32) 11.8 (2.16) 4.9 (0.64) 18.2 (1.57) 5.4 (0.82) 7.1 (1.03) 5.5 (0.50) 5.7 (0.69) 6.7 (0.48) 6.4 (0.67) 12.4 (0.76)
No rank 17 16 19 2.7 (0.19) 1.8 (1.37) 3.0 (0.68) 2.9 (1.05) 0.9 (0.38) 3.6 (1.24) 1.5 (0.27) 3.6 (0.67) 3.5 (0.48) 2.6 (0.47) 2.7 (0.36)
Part-time instructional
 faculty and staff
                                                 
Number (in thousands) 377 416 530 530.0 (0.02) 7.3 (0.97) 44.9 (2.98) 63.5 (2.57) 14.0 (1.49) 47.8 (3.65) 57.8 (3.06) 58.9 (2.05) 63.7 (2.46) 53.0 (2.39) 119.2 (3.48)
Percentage distribution 100.0 (†) 1.4 (0.18) 8.5 (0.56) 12.0 (0.48) 2.7 (0.28) 9.0 (0.69) 10.9 (0.58) 11.1 (0.39) 12.0 (0.46) 10.0 (0.45) 22.5 (0.66)
        Percentage distribution of part-time instructional faculty and staff
Total 377 416 530 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†)
Sex                                                  
Male 209 217 276 52.1 (0.45) 32.0 (6.05) 69.6 (1.89) 29.1 (1.71) 90.8 (2.68) 51.4 (2.26) 34.5 (1.60) 31.6 (1.86) 58.2 (2.22) 60.5 (1.90) 66.2 (1.41)
Female 168 199 254 47.9 (0.45) 68.0 (6.05) 30.4 (1.89) 70.9 (1.71) 9.2 (2.68) 48.6 (2.26) 65.5 (1.60) 68.4 (1.86) 41.8 (2.22) 39.5 (1.90) 33.8 (1.41)
                                                   
Race/ethnicity                                                  
White 333 364 452 85.2 (0.38) 91.4 (3.66) 86.8 (1.54) 85.1 (1.34) 85.4 (2.89) 88.7 (1.22) 85.0 (1.14) 83.0 (1.14) 83.4 (1.35) 84.2 (1.62) 85.5 (0.80)
Black 18 19 30 5.6 (0.20) 2.7 (1.61) 6.7 (0.96) 6.6 (0.98) 2.0 (1.26) 3.0 (0.70) 5.2 (0.68) 5.0 (0.71) 6.0 (0.66) 5.8 (0.75) 6.5 (0.57)
Hispanic 11 16 19 3.5 (0.13) 0.4 (0.38) 2.2 (0.79) 5.1 (0.71) 2.6 (0.64) 2.7 (0.52) 2.2 (0.47) 6.5 (0.81) 2.2 (0.40) 3.7 (0.61) 3.6 (0.39)
Asian/Pacific Islander 12 13 20 3.8 (0.22) 2.7 (1.99) 3.0 (0.80) 1.6 (0.43) 8.4 (2.11) 2.9 (0.70) 6.5 (1.17) 4.2 (0.71) 7.1 (0.89) 2.7 (1.04) 2.5 (0.34)
American Indian/Alaska Native 2 4 10 1.8 (0.22) 2.9 (2.62) 1.4 (0.54) 1.5 (0.37) 1.6 (1.03) 2.8 (0.84) 1.0 (0.35) 1.3 (0.38) 1.4 (0.60) 3.6 (0.91) 1.9 (0.36)
                                                   
Age                                                  
Under 30 20 15 30 5.7 (0.32) 8.0 (2.66) 3.0 (0.87) 3.5 (0.66) 2.8 (1.78) 6.2 (1.05) 5.3 (0.85) 7.4 (1.02) 8.6 (1.14) 5.5 (0.82) 5.6 (0.71)
30 to 34 36 37 46 8.7 (0.33) 10.3 (3.24) 7.6 (1.25) 7.9 (0.97) 2.0 (1.04) 10.2 (1.32) 9.4 (1.13) 9.8 (0.97) 8.0 (1.21) 10.2 (1.20) 8.5 (0.76)
35 to 39 59 47 57 10.8 (0.44) 2.5 (1.58) 9.8 (1.48) 9.0 (1.20) 13.8 (3.89) 11.2 (1.47) 11.5 (1.31) 8.4 (1.12) 10.9 (1.20) 10.8 (1.35) 13.1 (1.18)
40 to 44 70 60 60 11.3 (0.46) 9.6 (3.92) 10.5 (1.45) 7.7 (0.96) 15.7 (3.25) 12.7 (1.39) 13.0 (1.64) 10.3 (1.00) 9.2 (1.10) 10.9 (1.05) 13.4 (0.97)
45 to 49 68 72 82 15.5 (0.51) 14.6 (5.03) 15.7 (1.83) 12.9 (1.22) 13.5 (3.13) 18.2 (1.78) 21.9 (1.67) 14.6 (1.76) 10.4 (1.33) 12.6 (1.10) 17.6 (1.17)
50 to 54 45 70 80 15.2 (0.52) 19.7 (5.36) 14.5 (1.48) 16.3 (1.46) 19.1 (4.00) 16.9 (1.60) 14.4 (1.67) 13.8 (1.25) 12.3 (1.30) 13.5 (1.43) 16.7 (1.14)
55 to 59 29 47 75 14.1 (0.44) 23.1 (5.83) 18.8 (2.12) 17.6 (1.52) 11.8 (2.71) 12.0 (1.62) 10.2 (1.23) 14.9 (1.33) 15.1 (1.46) 15.1 (1.48) 11.3 (0.88)
60 to 64 23 29 46 8.8 (0.43) 7.6 (3.82) 8.7 (1.08) 11.5 (1.30) 6.0 (2.00) 6.7 (0.93) 5.7 (1.05) 10.6 (1.23) 12.8 (1.67) 11.1 (1.45) 5.9 (0.71)
65 or older 27 38 53 10.0 (0.45) 4.7 (2.09) 11.4 (1.64) 13.6 (1.24) 15.4 (3.16) 5.9 (1.21) 8.5 (1.16) 10.2 (1.51) 12.7 (1.82) 10.4 (1.33) 7.8 (0.80)
                                                   
Highest degree                                                  
Less than bachelor's 17 20 41 7.8 (0.59) 5.5 (2.53) 1.8 (0.79) 3.7 (0.96) 17.1 (4.44) 9.1 (1.42) 17.3 (1.86) 1.1 (0.57) 0.9 (0.47) 0.5 (0.25) 16.2 (1.31)
Bachelor's 63 59 84 15.8 (0.55) 26.7 (5.80) 13.9 (1.84) 12.0 (1.25) 17.9 (3.50) 28.2 (2.09) 16.2 (1.61) 12.9 (1.65) 16.1 (1.46) 3.2 (0.82) 19.4 (1.11)
Master's 190 225 273 51.5 (0.80) 50.3 (6.09) 66.5 (2.34) 63.0 (1.84) 32.3 (4.61) 54.7 (2.95) 30.2 (1.86) 70.2 (2.33) 49.0 (1.94) 55.5 (1.83) 41.6 (1.56)
First-professional 40 36 39 7.3 (0.39) 2.0 (1.63) 6.3 (1.10) 1.9 (0.45) 1.5 (0.98) 0.9 (0.39) 25.2 (2.12) 2.3 (0.55) 4.3 (0.85) 3.1 (0.62) 11.2 (1.00)
Doctor's 59 76 94 17.6 (0.60) 15.5 (4.57) 11.5 (1.48) 19.4 (1.61) 31.2 (4.13) 7.1 (1.39) 11.1 (1.28) 13.4 (1.80) 29.7 (1.72) 37.7 (1.90) 11.7 (0.94)
                                                   
Academic rank                                                  
Professor 32 30 23 4.4 (0.30) 8.9 (4.03) 4.6 (1.06) 3.4 (0.55) 5.9 (2.27) 3.9 (1.05) 5.4 (0.84) 3.5 (0.75) 4.8 (0.82) 4.7 (1.01) 4.1 (0.63)
Associate professor 23 19 15 2.8 (0.22) 1.9 (1.37) 2.3 (0.74) 1.9 (0.47) 5.7 (2.24) 3.7 (0.92) 5.4 (0.89) 1.6 (0.35) 3.3 (0.63) 2.9 (0.60) 1.6 (0.30)
Assistant professor 24 23 20 3.7 (0.29) 2.8 (1.76) 1.5 (0.55) 2.0 (0.50) 3.3 (1.97) 3.6 (0.86) 15.1 (1.64) 1.7 (0.64) 2.8 (0.66) 3.7 (0.89) 1.7 (0.34)
Instructor 215 205 188 35.4 (0.83) 39.9 (5.70) 29.2 (2.00) 37.0 (2.11) 25.3 (4.10) 33.6 (2.12) 36.5 (2.40) 42.9 (2.29) 32.4 (2.05) 30.4 (1.85) 38.2 (1.54)
Lecturer 45 46 41 7.7 (0.41) 14.8 (4.39) 7.6 (1.52) 6.8 (0.97) 9.3 (2.49) 9.7 (1.16) 4.7 (0.93) 11.2 (1.10) 7.8 (1.02) 9.5 (1.20) 5.8 (0.67)
Other 28 75 231 43.6 (0.85) 30.8 (5.98) 51.8 (2.46) 46.6 (1.78) 49.4 (5.02) 42.4 (3.00) 30.5 (1.88) 37.4 (2.23) 45.8 (2.02) 46.0 (2.22) 46.6 (1.47)
No rank 9 16 13 2.4 (0.20) 1.1 (0.87) 3.0 (0.75) 2.1 (0.59) 1.2 (1.26) 3.2 (1.10) 2.4 (0.68) 1.7 (0.49) 3.1 (0.79) 2.8 (0.71) 2.1 (0.40)
† Not applicable.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Excludes history and philosophy.
2 Excludes computer sciences.
3 Includes history.
4 Includes philosophy, law, occupationally specific programs, computer sciences, and other.
NOTE: Totals may differ from figures reported in other tables because of varying survey methodologies. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic origin. Detail may not sum to totals because of survey item nonresponse and rounding. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 1993, 1999, and 2004 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty (NSOPF:93;99;04). (This table was prepared September 2005.)
Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.
National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education