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Table 167. Total and current expenditures per pupil in public elementary and secondary schools: Selected years, 1919–20 through 2003–04 
School year Expenditure per pupil in average daily attendance Expenditure per pupil in fall enrollment1 
Unadjusted dollars Constant 2005–06 dollars2  Unadjusted dollars Constant 2005–06 dollars2 
Total expenditure3  Current expenditure Total expenditure3  Current expenditure Total expenditure3  Current expenditure Total expenditure3  Current expenditure Annual percent change in current expenditure
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
1919–20 $64   $53 $668   $557 $48   $40 $500   $417
1929–30 108   87 1,261   1,008 90   72 1,044   835
1931–32 97   81 1,337   1,119 82   69 1,132   947
1933–34 76   67 1,145   1,014 65   57 973   862
1935–36 88   74 1,274   1,076 74   63 1,077   910
                           
1937–38 100   84 1,385   1,165 86   72 1,189   1,000
1939–40 106   88 1,506   1,254 92   76 1,305   1,087
1941–42 110   98 1,404   1,255 94   84 1,202   1,074
1943–44 125   117 1,424   1,336 105   99 1,200   1,126
1945–46 146   136 1,591   1,488 124   116 1,356   1,268
                           
1947–48 205   181 1,750   1,550 179   158 1,528   1,353
1949–50 260   210 2,188   1,767 231   187 1,941   1,568
1951–52 314   246 2,381   1,863 275   215 2,085   1,631
1953–54 351   265 2,597   1,960 312   236 2,310   1,743
1955–56 387   294 2,865   2,178 354   269 2,619   1,991
                           
1957–58 447   341 3,118   2,377 408   311 2,843   2,168
1959–60 471   375 3,190   2,541 440   350 2,980   2,373
1961–62 517   419 3,424   2,774 485   393 3,212   2,603
1963–64 559   460 3,605   2,970 520   428 3,355   2,764
1965–66 654   538 4,077   3,353 607   499 3,786   3,113
                           
1967–68 786   658 4,602   3,852 732   612 4,281   3,583
1969–70 955   816 5,031   4,298 879   751 4,631   3,957
1970–71 1,049   911 5,257   4,564 970   842 4,860   4,219 6.6
1971–72 1,128   990 5,454   4,786 1,034   908 5,002   4,389 4.0
1972–73 1,211   1,077 5,627   5,006 1,117   993 5,191   4,618 5.2
                           
1973–74 1,364   1,207 5,821   5,152 1,244   1,101 5,308   4,698 1.7
1974–75 1,545   1,365 5,935   5,243 1,423   1,257 5,468   4,830 2.8
1975–76 1,697   1,504 6,090   5,395 1,563   1,385 5,608   4,968 2.9
1976–77 1,816   1,638 6,158   5,552 1,674   1,509 5,674   5,116 3.0
1977–78 2,002   1,823 6,362   5,791 1,842   1,677 5,851   5,326 4.1
                           
1978–79 2,210   2,020 6,420   5,869 2,029   1,855 5,895   5,390 1.2
1979–80 2,491   2,272 6,384   5,823 2,290   2,088 5,869   5,353 –0.7
1980–81 2,742 4  2,502 6,300 4  5,747 2,529 4  2,307 5,810 4  5,301 –1.0
1981–82 2,973 4  2,726 6,287 4  5,763 2,754 4  2,525 5,824 4  5,339 0.7
1982–83 3,203 4  2,955 6,495 4  5,992 2,966 4  2,736 6,014 4  5,548 3.9
                           
1983–84 3,471 4  3,173 6,787 4  6,204 3,216 4  2,940 6,287 4  5,747 3.6
1984–85 3,722 4  3,470 7,002 4  6,529 3,456 4  3,222 6,502 4  6,062 5.5
1985–86 4,020 4  3,756 7,351 4  6,868 3,724 4  3,479 6,810 4  6,363 5.0
1986–87 4,308 4  3,970 7,707 4  7,103 3,995 4  3,682 7,147 4  6,587 3.5
1987–88 4,654 4  4,240 7,995 4  7,284 4,310 4  3,927 7,404 4  6,745 2.4
                           
1988–89 5,109   4,645 8,389   7,626 4,738   4,307 7,780   7,072 4.8
1989–90 5,550   4,980 8,698   7,804 5,174   4,643 8,109   7,276 2.9
1990–91 5,885   5,258 8,744   7,813 5,486   4,902 8,153   7,284 0.1
1991–92 6,074   5,421 8,746   7,805 5,629   5,023 8,104   7,232 –0.7
1992–93 6,281 5,584 8,770   7,796 5,804   5,160 8,104   7,204 –0.4
                           
1993–94 6,492 5,767 8,835   7,849 5,996   5,327 8,160   7,250 0.6
1994–95 6,725 5,989 8,897   7,924 6,208   5,529 8,214   7,315 0.9
1995–96 6,962 6,147 8,966   7,917 6,443   5,689 8,299   7,328 0.2
1996–97 7,300 6,393 9,141   8,005 6,764   5,923 8,470   7,418 1.2
1997–98 7,703 6,676 9,477   8,213 7,142   6,189 8,787   7,615 2.7
                           
1998–99 8,118 7,013 9,818   8,482 7,533   6,508 9,111   7,871 3.4
1999–2000 8,592 7,394 10,099   8,691 8,033   6,912 9,442   8,125 3.2
2000–01 9,183 7,904 10,436   8,982 8,575   7,380 9,745   8,387 3.2
2001–02 9,614 8,259 10,736   9,223 8,996   7,727 10,046   8,629 2.9
2002–03 9,952 8,610 10,875   9,408 9,299   8,044 10,161   8,790 1.9
2003–04 10,302 8,899 11,016   9,516 9,620   8,310 10,286   8,886 1.1
—Not available.
1 Data for 1919–20 to 1953–54 are based on school-year enrollment.
2 Constant dollars based on the Consumer Price Index, prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, adjusted to a school-year basis.
3 Excludes "Other current expenditures," such as community services, private school pro­grams, adult education, and other programs not allocable to expenditures per student at public schools.
4 Estimated.
NOTE: Beginning in 1980–81, state administration expenditures are excluded from both "total" and "current" expenditures. Current expenditures include instruction, student support services, food services, and enterprise operations. Total expenditures include current expenditures, capital outlay, and interest on debt. Beginning in 1988–89, extensive changes were made in the data collection procedures. Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Biennial Survey of Education in the United States, 1919–20 through 1955–56; Statistics of State School Systems, 1957–58 through 1969–70; Revenues and Expenditures for Public Ele­mentary and Secondary Education, 1970–71 through 1986–87; and Common Core of Data (CCD), "National Public Education Financial Survey," 1987–88 through 2003–04. (This table was prepared August 2006.)
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