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Table 97. Number and enrollment of traditional public and public charter elementary and secondary schools and percentages of students, teachers, and schools, by selected characteristics: 2003–04 
Selected characteristic Total elementary and secondary schools Elementary schools Secondary schools Combined elementary/secondary schools
Total, all schools Traditional (non-charter) schools Public
charter schools
Total, all schools Traditional (non-charter) schools Public
charter schools
Total, all schools Traditional (non-charter) schools Public
charter schools
Total, all schools Traditional (non-charter) schools Public
charter schools
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Number of schools 88,113 (282.8) 85,934 (284.7) 2,179 (41.9) 61,572 (387.9) 60,419 (375.6) 1,152 (88.2) 19,886 (305.4) 19,365 (297.0) 521 (71.1) 6,655 (292.3) 6,150 (275.5) 505 (70.6)
Enrollment (in thousands) 47,316 (497.8) 46,689 (507.2) 627 (42.1) 29,954 (307.7) 29,588 (304.4) 366 (32.6) 15,301 (443.3) 15,186 (443.9) 116 (20.4) 2,060 (124.5) 1,915 (124.1) 145 (22.8)

Percentage distribution of students
                                               
Race/ethnicity 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†)
White 60.3 (0.48) 60.6 (0.49) 43.4 (3.24) 57.8 (0.63) 58.0 (0.63) 42.9 (4.30) 63.4 (1.00) 63.6 (1.00) 34.5 (6.01) 74.2 (1.57) 75.9 (1.55) 51.8 (5.77)
Black 16.8 (0.35) 16.6 (0.35) 29.7 (3.06) 17.7 (0.46) 17.5 (0.47) 31.3 (3.96) 15.7 (0.52) 15.6 (0.52) 28.2 (7.72) 11.6 (1.12) 10.5 (0.97) 26.8 (6.60)
Hispanic 17.7 (0.49) 17.6 (0.49) 21.7 (2.29) 19.6 (0.69) 19.6 (0.70) 20.6 (3.55) 15.0 (0.81) 14.9 (0.82) 32.7 (4.85) 9.0 (1.10) 8.5 (1.18) 15.8 (3.27)
Asian/Pacific Islander 3.9 (0.19) 3.9 (0.19) 3.8 (0.81) 3.8 (0.14) 3.7 (0.14) 4.5 (1.12) 4.6 (0.43) 4.7 (0.43) 1.5 (0.35) 1.6 (0.30) 1.4 (0.31) 4.0 (1.90)
American Indian/Alaska Native 1.3 (0.04) 1.3 (0.04) 1.4 (0.24) 1.2 (0.05) 1.2 (0.05) 0.7 (0.12) 1.2 (0.06) 1.2 (0.06) 3.2 (1.13) 3.6 (0.29) 3.7 (0.32) 1.7 (0.54)

Percentage distribution of teachers
                                               
Race/ethnicity1  100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†)
White 84.4 (0.33) 84.5 (0.33) 71.1 (2.51) 83.4 (0.44) 83.5 (0.45) 72.4 (3.31) 85.4 (0.48) 85.5 (0.48) 62.4 (5.35) 90.1 (0.69) 91.3 (0.65) 73.2 (3.57)
Black 8.3 (0.22) 8.2 (0.22) 16.4 (2.14) 8.6 (0.28) 8.5 (0.29) 15.5 (2.98) 8.0 (0.37) 7.9 (0.36) 21.4 (4.72) 5.9 (0.57) 5.2 (0.53) 15.3 (3.55)
Hispanic 5.7 (0.28) 5.7 (0.29) 8.8 (1.34) 6.4 (0.42) 6.3 (0.43) 8.8 (2.05) 4.9 (0.30) 4.8 (0.30) 10.7 (2.87) 2.1 (0.27) 1.7 (0.26) 7.7 (1.83)
Asian/Pacific Islander 1.3 (0.05) 1.3 (0.05) 2.6 (0.46) 1.3 (0.06) 1.3 (0.06) 3.0 (0.72) 1.4 (0.10) 1.4 (0.10) 2.3 (0.93) 0.6 (0.12) 0.5 (0.12) 1.7 (0.66)
American Indian/Alaska Native 0.4 (0.02) 0.4 (0.02) 1.2 (0.39) 0.3 (0.02) 0.3 (0.02) 0.3 (0.13) 0.4 (0.03) 0.4 (0.03) 3.1 (1.81) 1.3 (0.18) 1.2 (0.18) 2.1 (0.99)
                                                 
Years of full-time teaching
 experience
100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†)
Less than 3 12.2 (1.23) 12.0 (1.30) 29.3 (1.67) 12.0 (1.63) 11.8 (1.64) 27.1 (2.27) 12.2 (0.66) 12.0 (0.67) 34.4 (2.90) 15.0 (1.35) 13.8 (1.36) 31.3 (3.80)
3 to 9 32.9 (0.34) 32.8 (0.38) 48.4 (1.89) 33.3 (0.52) 33.1 (0.53) 50.6 (2.97) 32.6 (0.52) 32.5 (0.52) 44.5 (3.22) 31.8 (1.26) 30.8 (1.20) 45.9 (3.77)
10 to 20 28.4 (0.59) 28.8 (0.62) 14.5 (1.58) 29.2 (0.88) 29.4 (0.89) 14.9 (2.43) 27.3 (0.45) 27.4 (0.45) 10.9 (2.96) 28.4 (1.27) 29.3 (1.35) 15.6 (2.53)
More than 20 26.5 (0.77) 26.4 (0.82) 7.7 (1.23) 25.5 (1.06) 25.7 (1.07) 7.4 (2.01) 28.0 (0.59) 28.1 (0.59) 10.2 (2.19) 24.8 (1.17) 26.1 (1.22) 7.3 (1.80)

Percentage distribution of schools
                                               
Size of enrollment 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†)
Less than 300 29.2 (0.70) 28.2 (0.73) 67.9 (2.91) 25.6 (0.89) 25.0 (0.89) 60.3 (4.60) 29.0 (1.42) 27.6 (1.47) 81.4 (4.59) 62.5 (2.07) 61.8 (2.28) 71.4 (5.67)
300 to 599 38.9 (0.76) 39.4 (0.79) 19.2 (2.35) 46.1 (1.08) 46.5 (1.10) 23.7 (3.92) 22.2 (0.94) 22.5 (0.95) 12.0 (3.17) 22.8 (1.82) 23.4 (1.97) 16.4 (3.92)
600 to 999 21.6 (0.62) 21.9 (0.63) 9.9 (1.58) 23.6 (0.82) 23.8 (0.83) 13.4 (2.86) 19.4 (0.87) 19.8 (0.88) 4.4 (3.32) 9.7 (1.22) 9.9 (1.32) 7.3 (3.43)
1,000 or more 10.3 (0.38) 10.5 (0.38) 3.0 (0.75) 4.7 (0.35) 4.8 (0.35) 2.6 (1.04) 29.3 (1.20) 30.0 (1.26) 2.1 (1.35) 4.9 (0.73) 4.9 (0.78) 4.9 (2.05)
                                                 
Percent minority enrollment 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†)
Less than 10.0 32.1 (0.58) 32.5 (0.59) 14.8 (3.96) 30.0 (0.69) 30.3 (0.71) 13.8 (4.54) 35.6 (1.31) 36.3 (1.31) 11.8 (11.16) 40.7 (2.04) 42.4 (2.12) 20.1 (7.08)
10.0 to 24.9 18.5 (0.65) 18.5 (0.65) 19.7 (3.64) 19.3 (0.85) 19.3 (0.85) 19.5 (4.68) 17.8 (1.22) 17.9 (1.26) 15.9 (4.19) 13.4 (1.86) 12.5 (1.80) 24.2 (7.19)
25.0 to 49.9 17.0 (0.49) 17.0 (0.49) 16.1 (2.69) 17.2 (0.64) 17.2 (0.64) 17.3 (4.10) 17.2 (0.81) 17.3 (0.84) 13.2 (4.30) 14.3 (1.48) 14.1 (1.60) 16.4 (5.54)
50.0 to 74.9 13.1 (0.59) 13.1 (0.60) 12.3 (2.45) 12.4 (0.68) 12.3 (0.69) 13.0 (3.60) 13.7 (1.21) 13.8 (1.22) 11.2 (3.72) 17.6 (2.23) 18.1 (2.35) 11.6 (5.40)
75.0 or more 19.4 (0.57) 18.9 (0.58) 37.1 (3.68) 21.2 (0.76) 20.9 (0.78) 36.4 (4.91) 15.6 (1.09) 14.7 (1.10) 47.9 (8.75) 14.0 (1.34) 12.9 (1.45) 27.7 (7.38)
                                                 
Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†)
Less than 15.0 22.0 (0.59) 21.6 (0.60) 38.9 (4.05) 19.4 (0.77) 19.1 (0.80) 33.5 (5.16) 30.7 (1.00) 30.1 (1.02) 55.6 (7.86) 19.9 (2.01) 18.7 (2.07) 33.9 (7.92)
15.0 to 29.9 16.8 (0.59) 17.0 (0.61) 9.7 (2.87) 16.0 (0.76) 16.2 (0.77) 10.1 (4.44) 21.0 (0.86) 21.4 (0.91) 6.7 (4.73) 11.1 (1.29) 11.0 (1.32) 11.7 (4.72)
30.0 to 49.9 22.3 (0.66) 22.4 (0.67) 16.4 (2.84) 22.3 (0.85) 22.4 (0.87) 18.0 (4.16) 21.3 (0.89) 21.5 (0.91) 13.0 (4.80) 25.0 (2.12) 25.7 (2.27) 16.2 (5.47)
50.0 to 74.9 21.0 (0.58) 21.3 (0.60) 12.5 (2.62) 22.3 (0.71) 22.5 (0.72) 13.7 (3.78) 15.4 (1.38) 15.4 (1.41) 12.8 (5.15) 25.9 (2.29) 27.2 (2.45) 9.6 (2.77)
75.0 or more 17.9 (0.65) 17.8 (0.66) 22.5 (3.35) 19.9 (0.68) 19.8 (0.69) 24.7 (4.63) 11.6 (1.50) 11.6 (1.53) 11.8 (5.37) 18.2 (1.79) 17.3 (1.77) 28.6 (8.45)

Percent of schools with selected programs
 and services
                                               
Programs with special instructional
 approaches
22.4 (0.65) 21.7 (0.67) 49.0 (3.90) 18.1 (0.74) 17.7 (0.76) 42.3 (5.04) 29.6 (1.62) 28.7 (1.73) 64.3 (7.05) 40.4 (2.69) 39.7 (2.89) 48.4 (8.68)
Talented/gifted program 68.9 (0.67) 69.6 (0.68) 38.9 (4.15) 70.3 (0.86) 71.0 (0.87) 38.4 (6.32) 71.7 (1.47) 72.4 (1.57) 42.8 (7.13) 47.0 (2.53) 47.9 (2.58) 35.9 (7.51)
Immersion in a foreign language
 program
4.0 (0.40) 4.1 (0.40) 2.5 (1.04) 4.7 (0.55) 4.7 (0.55) 4.2 (1.99) 3.0 (0.41) 3.0 (0.42) (†) 1.1 (0.29) 1.2 (0.31) (†)
A program for students with discipline
 or adjustment problems
31.9 (0.78) 32.3 (0.80) 17.8 (3.71) 26.7 (0.86) 27.0 (0.88) 11.9 (3.30) 46.9 (1.80) 47.5 (1.88) 24.4 (9.84) 35.7 (2.56) 36.6 (2.73) 24.4 (8.55)
Extended day program for students who
 need academic assistance
46.9 (0.72) 46.8 (0.76) 50.1 (3.98) 49.7 (0.83) 49.7 (0.86) 50.1 (6.11) 41.2 (1.33) 41.0 (1.36) 49.8 (7.22) 37.0 (2.30) 36.0 (2.42) 50.3 (8.26)
Before-school or after-school
 day care programs
33.1 (0.81) 32.9 (0.83) 40.4 (3.38) 44.1 (1.07) 43.8 (1.08) 61.4 (5.82) 5.4 (0.54) 5.3 (0.55) 8.4 (3.84) 13.8 (1.90) 12.8 (2.02) 25.4 (6.26)
Specialized career academy 6.4 (0.30) 6.4 (0.31) 6.5 (1.48) 0.8 (0.17) 0.8 (0.17) (†) 22.9 (1.08) 23.1 (1.14) 14.3 (4.10) 9.1 (1.18) 8.8 (1.08) 13.3 (5.95)
Advanced Placement (AP) courses 16.2 (0.40) 16.4 (0.41) 8.8 (1.78) 1.7 (0.32) 1.7 (0.33) (†) 56.0 (1.28) 57.1 (1.34) 14.5 (3.98) 31.9 (2.00) 32.6 (2.08) 22.8 (5.59)
International Baccalaureate 0.7 (0.11) 0.7 (0.11) 1.1 (0.67) 0.4 (0.13) 0.4 (0.13) (†) 2.0 (0.25) 2.0 (0.26) (†) 0.4 (0.21) (†) 4.4 (2.84)
Distance learning courses 12.2 (0.36) 12.2 (0.36) 8.4 (3.42) 2.6 (0.31) 2.7 (0.32) (†) 32.1 (1.15) 32.4 (1.12) 21.2 (9.75) 40.3 (2.25) 42.5 (2.52) 14.2 (5.58)
Entire school is for suspended
 students2 
3.5 (0.35) 3.4 (0.35) 8.0 (3.12) 0.4 (0.17) 0.5 (0.18) (†) 7.5 (1.30) 7.0 (1.31) 25.5 (9.54) 20.4 (0.05) 21.4 (0.15) 8.0 (3.92)
† Not applicable.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Based on data reported by schools.
2 Entire school specifically for students who have been suspended or expelled, who have dropped out, or who have been referred for behavioral or adjustment problems.
NOTE: Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic origin. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public School Questionnaire," 2003–04; and "Public Teacher Questionnaire," 2003–04. (This table was prepared June 2006.)
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