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Table 7. Percentage of the population 3 to 34 years old enrolled in school, by age group: Selected years, 1940 through 2005 
Year Total, 3 to 34 years 3 and 4 years 5 and 6 years 7 to 13 years 14 to 17 years 18 and 19 years old 20 to 24 years old 25 to 29 years 30 to 34 years
Total In elementary and secondary In higher education Total 20 and 21 years 22 to 24 years
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
1940 (†) (†)   (†) 95.0 (—) 79.3 (—) 28.9 (—) (†) (†) 6.6 (—) (†) (†) (†) (†)
1945 (†) (†)   (†) 98.1 (—) 78.4 (—) 20.7 (—) (†) (†) 3.9 (—) (†) (†) (†) (†)
1947 (†) (†)   73.8 (—) 98.5 (—) 79.3 (—) 24.3 (—) (†) (†) 10.2 (—) (†) (†) 3.0 (—) (†)
1948 (†) (†)   74.7 (—) 98.1 (—) 81.8 (—) 26.9 (—) (†) (†) 9.7 (—) (†) (†) 2.6 (—) (†)
1949 (†) (†)   76.2 (—) 98.6 (—) 81.6 (—) 25.3 (—) (†) (†) 9.2 (—) (†) (†) 3.8 (—) (†)
                                                       
1950 (†) (†)   74.4 (—) 98.7 (—) 83.7 (—) 29.4 (—) (†) (†) 9.0 (—) (†) (†) 3.0 (—) 0.9 (—)
1951 (†) (†)   73.6 (—) 99.1 (—) 85.2 (—) 26.2 (—) (†) (†) 8.6 (—) (†) (†) 2.5 (—) (†)
1952 (†) (†)   75.2 (—) 98.8 (—) 85.2 (—) 28.8 (—) (†) (†) 9.7 (—) (†) (†) 2.6 (—) 1.2 (—)
1953 (†) (†)   78.6 (—) 99.4 (—) 85.9 (—) 31.2 (—) (†) (†) 11.1 (—) (†) (†) 2.9 (—) 1.7 (—)
1954 (†) (†)   77.3 (—) 99.4 (—) 87.1 (—) 32.4 (—) (†) (†) 11.2 (—) (†) (†) 4.1 (—) 1.5 (—)
                                                       
1955 (†) (†)   78.1 (—) 99.2 (—) 86.9 (—) 31.5 (—) (†) (†) 11.1 (—) (†) (†) 4.2 (—) 1.6 (—)
1956 (†) (†)   77.6 (—) 99.3 (—) 88.2 (—) 35.4 (—) (†) (†) 12.8 (—) (†) (†) 5.1 (—) 1.9 (—)
1957 (†) (†)   78.6 (—) 99.5 (—) 89.5 (—) 34.9 (—) (†) (†) 14.0 (—) (†) (†) (†) (†)
1958 (†) (†)   80.4 (—) 99.5 (—) 89.2 (—) 37.6 (—) (†) (†) 13.4 (—) (†) (†) (†) (†)
1959 (†) (†)   80.0 (—) 99.4 (—) 90.2 (—) 36.8 (—) (†) (†) 12.7 (—) (†) (†) (†) (†)
                                                       
1960 (†) (†)   80.7 (—) 99.5 (—) 90.3 (—) 38.4 (—) (†) (†) 13.1 (—) (†) (†) 4.9 (—) 2.4 (—)
1961 (†) (†)   81.7 (—) 99.3 (—) 91.4 (—) 38.0 (—) (†) (†) 13.7 (—) (†) (†) (†) (†)
1962 (†) (†)   82.2 (—) 99.3 (—) 92.0 (—) 41.8 (—) (†) (†) 15.6 (—) (†) (†) (†) (†)
1963 (†) (†)   82.7 (—) 99.3 (—) 92.9 (—) 40.9 (—) (†) (†) 17.3 (—) (†) (†) (†) (†)
1964 (†) (†)   83.3 (—) 99.0 (—) 93.1 (—) 41.6 (—) (†) (†) 16.8 (—) (†) (†) 5.2 (—) 2.6 (—)
                                                       
1965 55.5 (—) 10.6 (—)   84.9 (—) 99.4 (—) 93.2 (—) 46.3 (—) (†) (†) 19.0 (—) 27.6 (—) 13.2 (—) 6.1 (—) 3.2 (—)
1966 56.1 (—) 12.5 (—)   85.8 (—) 99.3 (—) 93.7 (—) 47.2 (—) (†) (†) 19.9 (—) 29.9 (—) 13.2 (—) 6.5 (—) 2.7 (—)
1967 56.6 (—) 14.2 (—)   87.4 (—) 99.3 (—) 93.7 (—) 47.6 (—) (†) (†) 22.0 (—) 33.3 (—) 13.6 (—) 6.6 (—) 4.0 (—)
1968 56.7 (—) 15.7 (—)   87.6 (—) 99.1 (—) 94.2 (—) 50.4 (—) (†) (†) 21.4 (—) 31.2 (—) 13.8 (—) 7.0 (—) 3.9 (—)
1969 57.0 (—) 16.1 (—)   88.4 (—) 99.2 (—) 94.0 (—) 50.2 (—) (†) (†) 23.0 (—) 34.1 (—) 15.4 (—) 7.9 (—) 4.8 (—)
                                                       
1970 56.4 (0.22) 20.5 (0.73)   89.5 (0.53) 99.2 (0.08) 94.1 (0.27) 47.7 (0.85) 10.5 (0.52) 37.3 (0.83) 21.5 (0.47) 31.9 (0.85) 14.9 (0.52) 7.5 (0.33) 4.2 (0.27)
1971 56.2 (0.21) 21.2 (0.75)   91.6 (0.49) 99.1 (0.08) 94.5 (0.26) 49.2 (0.84) 11.5 (0.54) 37.7 (0.81) 21.9 (0.46) 32.2 (0.83) 15.4 (0.51) 8.0 (0.33) 4.9 (0.29)
1972 54.9 (0.21) 24.4 (0.80)   91.9 (0.50) 99.2 (0.08) 93.3 (0.28) 46.3 (0.82) 10.4 (0.50) 35.9 (0.79) 21.6 (0.45) 31.4 (0.79) 14.8 (0.50) 8.6 (0.33) 4.6 (0.27)
1973 53.5 (0.21) 24.2 (0.78)   92.5 (0.49) 99.2 (0.08) 92.9 (0.28) 42.9 (0.81) 10.0 (0.49) 32.9 (0.77) 20.8 (0.44) 30.1 (0.78) 14.5 (0.49) 8.5 (0.32) 4.5 (0.26)
1974 53.6 (0.21) 28.8 (0.83)   94.2 (0.43) 99.3 (0.08) 92.9 (0.28) 43.1 (0.80) 9.9 (0.48) 33.2 (0.76) 21.4 (0.44) 30.2 (0.76) 15.1 (0.50) 9.6 (0.33) 5.7 (0.29)
                                                       
1975 53.7 (0.21) 31.5 (0.87)   94.7 (0.41) 99.3 (0.08) 93.6 (0.27) 46.9 (0.80) 10.2 (0.48) 36.7 (0.77) 22.4 (0.44) 31.2 (0.76) 16.2 (0.51) 10.1 (0.33) 6.6 (0.30)
1976 53.1 (0.21) 31.3 (0.90)   95.5 (0.38) 99.2 (0.09) 93.7 (0.27) 46.2 (0.79) 10.2 (0.48) 36.0 (0.76) 23.3 (0.44) 32.0 (0.75) 17.1 (0.51) 10.0 (0.33) 6.0 (0.28)
1977 52.5 (0.21) 32.0 (0.93)   95.8 (0.38) 99.4 (0.07) 93.7 (0.27) 46.2 (0.80) 10.4 (0.49) 35.7 (0.77) 22.9 (0.44) 31.8 (0.75) 16.5 (0.51) 10.8 (0.34) 6.9 (0.30)
1978 51.2 (0.21) 34.2 (0.94)   95.3 (0.41) 99.1 (0.09) 93.7 (0.27) 45.4 (0.80) 9.8 (0.48) 35.6 (0.77) 21.8 (0.43) 29.5 (0.73) 16.3 (0.50) 9.4 (0.31) 6.4 (0.28)
1979 50.3 (0.21) 35.1 (0.95)   95.8 (0.40) 99.2 (0.09) 93.6 (0.28) 45.0 (0.79) 10.3 (0.48) 34.6 (0.76) 21.7 (0.42) 30.2 (0.74) 15.8 (0.49) 9.6 (0.31) 6.4 (0.28)
                                                       
1980 49.7 (0.21) 36.7 (0.95)   95.7 (0.40) 99.3 (0.09) 93.4 (0.29) 46.4 (0.80) 10.5 (0.49) 35.9 (0.77) 22.3 (0.43) 31.0 (0.74) 16.3 (0.49) 9.3 (0.30) 6.4 (0.27)
1981 48.9 (0.21) 36.0 (0.92)   94.0 (0.46) 99.2 (0.09) 94.1 (0.27) 49.0 (0.80) 11.5 (0.51) 37.5 (0.78) 22.5 (0.42) 31.6 (0.73) 16.5 (0.48) 9.0 (0.29) 6.9 (0.27)
1982 48.6 (0.22) 36.4 (0.96)   95.0 (0.44) 99.2 (0.10) 94.4 (0.29) 47.8 (0.85) 11.3 (0.54) 36.5 (0.81) 23.5 (0.45) 34.0 (0.79) 16.8 (0.50) 9.6 (0.31) 6.3 (0.27)
1983 48.4 (0.22) 37.5 (0.94)   95.4 (0.42) 99.2 (0.09) 95.0 (0.27) 50.4 (0.86) 12.8 (0.57) 37.6 (0.83) 22.7 (0.44) 32.5 (0.79) 16.6 (0.50) 9.6 (0.31) 6.4 (0.27)
1984 47.9 (0.22) 36.3 (0.92)   94.5 (0.45) 99.2 (0.09) 94.7 (0.28) 50.1 (0.88) 11.5 (0.56) 38.6 (0.86) 23.7 (0.45) 33.9 (0.80) 17.3 (0.51) 9.1 (0.30) 6.3 (0.27)
                                                       
1985 48.3 (0.22) 38.9 (0.94)   96.1 (0.38) 99.2 (0.09) 94.9 (0.27) 51.6 (0.89) 11.2 (0.56) 40.4 (0.88) 24.0 (0.46) 35.3 (0.83) 16.9 (0.51) 9.2 (0.30) 6.1 (0.26)
1986 48.2 (0.22) 38.9 (0.93)   95.3 (0.40) 99.2 (0.10) 94.9 (0.28) 54.6 (0.90) 13.1 (0.61) 41.5 (0.89) 23.6 (0.46) 33.0 (0.83) 17.9 (0.53) 8.8 (0.29) 6.0 (0.25)
1987 48.6 (0.22) 38.3 (0.93)   95.1 (0.41) 99.5 (0.07) 95.0 (0.28) 55.6 (0.89) 13.1 (0.60) 42.5 (0.89) 25.5 (0.48) 38.7 (0.88) 17.5 (0.53) 9.0 (0.30) 5.8 (0.25)
1988 48.7 (0.24) 38.2 (1.01)   96.0 (0.41) 99.7 (0.07) 95.1 (0.30) 55.6 (0.96) 13.9 (0.67) 41.8 (0.95) 26.1 (0.53) 39.1 (0.96) 18.2 (0.60) 8.3 (0.31) 5.9 (0.27)
1989 49.0 (0.22) 39.1 (1.00)   95.2 (0.44) 99.3 (0.09) 95.7 (0.29) 56.0 (0.95) 14.4 (0.68) 41.6 (0.95) 27.0 (0.55) 38.5 (0.97) 19.9 (0.63) 9.3 (0.33) 5.7 (0.26)
                                                       
1990 50.2 (0.23) 44.4 (0.99)   96.5 (0.37) 99.6 (0.06) 95.8 (0.28) 57.2 (0.94) 14.5 (0.67) 42.7 (0.94) 28.6 (0.54) 39.7 (0.92) 21.0 (0.63) 9.7 (0.33) 5.8 (0.25)
1991 50.7 (0.22) 40.5 (0.96)   95.4 (0.41) 99.6 (0.06) 96.0 (0.27) 59.6 (0.96) 15.6 (0.71) 44.0 (0.97) 30.2 (0.55) 42.0 (0.92) 22.2 (0.64) 10.2 (0.34) 6.2 (0.26)
1992 51.4 (0.22) 39.7 (0.95)   95.5 (0.41) 99.4 (0.08) 96.7 (0.25) 61.4 (0.96) 17.1 (0.74) 44.3 (0.98) 31.6 (0.56) 44.0 (0.95) 23.7 (0.65) 9.8 (0.34) 6.1 (0.26)
1993 51.8 (0.22) 40.4 (0.93)   95.4 (0.41) 99.5 (0.07) 96.5 (0.25) 61.6 (0.95) 17.2 (0.74) 44.4 (0.97) 30.8 (0.56) 42.7 (0.97) 23.6 (0.65) 10.2 (0.35) 5.9 (0.25)
1994 53.3 (0.21) 47.3 (0.87) 1  96.7 (0.32) 99.4 (0.08) 96.6 (0.22) 60.2 (0.87) 16.2 (0.65) 43.9 (0.88) 32.0 (0.51) 44.9 (0.88) 24.0 (0.59) 10.8 (0.33) 6.7 (0.25)
                                                       
1995 53.7 (0.21) 48.7 (0.87) 1  96.0 (0.34) 98.9 (0.10) 96.3 (0.23) 59.4 (0.85) 16.3 (0.64) 43.1 (0.86) 31.5 (0.52) 44.9 (0.89) 23.2 (0.60) 11.6 (0.34) 5.9 (0.24)
1996 54.1 (0.22) 48.3 (0.91) 1  94.0 (0.43) 97.7 (0.15) 95.4 (0.26) 61.5 (0.87) 16.7 (0.67) 44.9 (0.89) 32.5 (0.55) 44.4 (0.93) 24.8 (0.65) 11.9 (0.36) 6.1 (0.25)
1997 55.6 (0.22) 52.6 (0.92) 1  96.5 (0.33) 99.1 (0.09) 96.6 (0.22) 61.5 (0.86) 16.7 (0.66) 44.7 (0.88) 34.3 (0.55) 45.9 (0.91) 26.4 (0.66) 11.8 (0.36) 5.7 (0.25)
1998 55.8 (0.22) 52.1 (0.92) 1  95.6 (0.37) 98.9 (0.10) 96.1 (0.24) 62.2 (0.84) 15.7 (0.63) 46.4 (0.86) 33.0 (0.55) 44.8 (0.91) 24.9 (0.65) 11.9 (0.37) 6.6 (0.27)
1999 56.0 (0.22) 54.2 (0.93) 1  96.0 (0.36) 98.7 (0.11) 95.8 (0.24) 60.6 (0.84) 16.5 (0.64) 44.1 (0.85) 32.8 (0.54) 45.3 (0.90) 24.5 (0.64) 11.1 (0.36) 6.2 (0.27)
                                                       
2000 55.9 (0.22) 52.1 (0.93) 1  95.6 (0.38) 98.2 (0.13) 95.7 (0.25) 61.2 (0.84) 16.5 (0.64) 44.7 (0.85) 32.5 (0.53) 44.1 (0.88) 24.6 (0.63) 11.4 (0.37) 6.7 (0.28)
2001 56.4 (0.22) 52.4 (0.88) 1  95.3 (0.37) 98.3 (0.12) 95.8 (0.24) 61.1 (0.83) 17.1 (0.64) 44.0 (0.84) 34.1 (0.53) 46.1 (0.87) 25.5 (0.64) 11.8 (0.38) 6.9 (0.28)
2002 56.2 (0.21) 56.3 (0.89) 1  95.5 (0.37) 98.3 (0.12) 96.4 (0.22) 63.3 (0.83) 18.0 (0.67) 45.3 (0.86) 34.4 (0.52) 47.8 (0.87) 25.6 (0.62) 12.1 (0.37) 6.6 (0.27)
2003 56.2 (0.20) 55.1 (0.85) 1  94.5 (0.40) 98.3 (0.12) 96.2 (0.21) 64.5 (0.80) 17.9 (0.64) 46.6 (0.84) 35.6 (0.50) 48.3 (0.83) 27.8 (0.59) 11.8 (0.34) 6.8 (0.26)
2004 56.2 (0.20) 54.0 (0.85) 1  95.4 (0.37) 98.4 (0.12) 96.5 (0.21) 64.4 (0.80) 16.6 (0.62) 47.8 (0.83) 35.2 (0.49) 48.9 (0.82) 26.3 (0.58) 13.0 (0.35) 6.6 (0.26)
2005 56.5 (0.20) 53.6 (0.86) 1  95.4 (0.37) 98.6 (0.11) 96.5 (0.20) 67.6 (0.79) 18.3 (0.65) 49.3 (0.84) 36.1 (0.49) 48.7 (0.80) 27.3 (0.59) 11.9 (0.34) 6.9 (0.27)
—Not available.
† Not applicable.
1 Preprimary enrollment collected using new procedures. Data may not be comparable to figures for earlier years.
NOTE: Data for 1940 are for April. Data for all other years are as of October. Includes enrollment in any type of graded public, parochial, or other private schools. Includes nursery schools, kindergartens, elementary schools, high schools, colleges, universities, and professional schools. Attendance may be on either a full-time or part-time basis and during the day or night. Enrollments in "special" schools, such as trade schools, business colleges, or correspondence schools, are not included. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970; Current Population Reports, Series P-20, various years; and Current Population Survey, October, 1940 through 2005, unpublished tabulations. (This table was prepared May 2006.)
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