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Table 5. Number of educational institutions, by level and control of institution: Selected years, 1980–81 through 2004–05
Level and control of institution 1980–81 1990–91 1993–94 1994–95 1995–96 1996–97 1997–98 1998–99 1999–2000 2000–01 2001–02 2002–03 2003–04 2004–05
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
All institutions 123,504 125,642 129,843 130,522
Elementary and secondary schools 106,746 109,228 111,486 114,811 116,910 119,235 123,385 124,110
Elementary 72,659 74,716 75,591 77,909 79,362 80,661 82,655 82,955
Secondary 24,856 23,602 23,256 23,530 24,169 24,903 24,884 25,476
Combined 5,202 8,847 10,678 11,205 11,412 12,197 14,430 13,931
Other1  4,029 2,063 1,962 2,167 1,967 1,474 1,416 1,749
                             
Public schools 85,982 84,538 85,393 86,221 87,125 88,223 89,508 90,874 92,012 93,273 94,112 95,615 95,726 96,513
Elementary 59,326 59,015 60,052 60,808 61,165 61,805 62,739 63,462 64,131 64,601 65,228 65,718 65,758 65,984
Secondary 22,619 21,135 20,705 20,904 20,997 21,307 21,682 22,076 22,365 21,994 22,180 22,599 22,782 23,445
Combined 1,743 2,325 2,674 2,764 2,796 2,980 3,120 3,721 4,042 5,096 5,288 5,552 5,437 5,572
Other1  2,294 2,063 1,962 1,745 2,167 2,131 1,967 1,615 1,474 1,582 1,416 1,746 1,749 1,512
                             
Private schools 20,764 24,690 26,093 27,686 27,402 27,223 29,273 28,384
Elementary 13,333 15,701 15,539 16,744 16,623 16,530 17,427 17,197
Secondary 2,237 2,467 2,551 2,533 2,487 2,538 2,704 2,694
Combined 3,459 6,522 8,004 8,409 8,292 8,155 9,142 8,494
Other1  1,735 (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2)
Postsecondary Title IV institutions 6,669 6,594 6,431 6,407 6,479 6,458 6,354 6,412 6,383
Public 2,069 2,163 2,090 2,078 2,084 2,099 2,051 2,047 2,027
Private 4,600 4,431 4,341 4,329 4,395 4,359 4,303 4,365 4,356
Not-for-profit 2,027 2,007 1,986 1,936 1,950 1,941 1,921 1,913 1,875
For-profit 2,573 2,424 2,355 2,393 2,445 2,418 2,382 2,452 2,481
                             
Title IV non-degree-granting institutions 2,660 2,530 2,383 2,323 2,297 2,261 2,186 2,176 2,167
Public 367 456 409 396 386 386 339 327 327
Private 2,293 2,074 1,974 1,927 1,911 1,875 1,847 1,849 1,840
Not-for-profit 334 300 291 255 255 265 256 249 238
For-profit 1,959 1,774 1,683 1,672 1,656 1,610 1,591 1,600 1,602
                             
Title IV degree-granting institutions 3,231 3,559 3,632 3,688 3,706 4,009 4,064 4,048 4,084 4,182 4,197 4,168 4,236 4,216
2-year colleges 1,274 1,418 1,442 1,473 1,462 1,742 1,755 1,713 1,721 1,732 1,710 1,702 1,706 1,683
Public 945 972 1,021 1,036 1,047 1,088 1,092 1,069 1,068 1,076 1,085 1,081 1,086 1,061
Private 329 446 421 437 415 654 663 644 653 656 625 621 620 622
Not-for-profit 182 167 181 192 187 184 179 164 150 144 135 127 118 112
For-profit 147 279 240 245 228 470 484 480 503 512 490 494 502 510
                             
4-year colleges 1,957 2,141 2,190 2,215 2,244 2,267 2,309 2,335 2,363 2,450 2,487 2,466 2,530 2,533
Public 552 595 604 605 608 614 615 612 614 622 628 631 634 639
Private 1,405 1,546 1,586 1,610 1,636 1,653 1,694 1,723 1,749 1,828 1,859 1,835 1,896 1,894
Not-for-profit 1,387 1,482 1,506 1,510 1,519 1,509 1,528 1,531 1,531 1,551 1,541 1,538 1,546 1,525
For-profit 18 64 80 100 117 144 166 192 218 277 318 297 350 369
—Not available.
1 Includes special education, alternative, and other schools not classified by grade span. Because of changes in survey definitions, figures for "other"" schools are not comparable from year to year.
2 Included in other private school categories.
NOTE: Postsecondary data through 1994–95 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for Title IV degree-granting and non-degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate's or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. (See Guide to Sources for details.)
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey," 1989–90 through 2004–05; Private Schools in American Education; Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public School Questionnaire," 1990–91; Private School Universe Survey (PSS), 1993–94 through 2003–04; Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Institutional Characteristics of Colleges and Universities" survey, 1980–81; and 1990–91 through 2004–05 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Institutional Characteristics Survey" (IPEDS-IC:90–99), and Fall 2001 through Fall 2004. (This table was prepared August 2006.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
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