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Table 3. Enrollment in educational institutions, by level and control of institution: Selected years, 1869–70 through fall 2015 

[In thousands]
Year Total enrollment, all levels Elementary and secondary, total Public elementary and secondary schools Private elementary and secondary schools1   Postsecondary degree-granting institutions2  
Total Prekinder- garten through grade 8 Grades 9 through 12 Total Prekinder-garten through grade 8 Grades 9 through 12 Total Public Private
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
1869–70 6,872 6,792 80       52      
1879–80 9,868 9,757 110       116      
1889–90 14,491 14,334 12,723 12,520 203 1,611   1,516   95   157      
1899–1900 17,092 16,855 15,503 14,984 519 1,352   1,241   111   238      
1909–10 19,728 19,372 17,814 16,899 915 1,558   1,441   117   355      
                                   
1919–20 23,876 23,278 21,578 19,378 2,200 1,699   1,486   214   598      
1929–30 29,430 28,329 25,678 21,279 4,399 2,651   2,310   341   1,101      
1939–40 29,539 28,045 25,434 18,832 6,601 2,611   2,153   458   1,494   797   698  
1949–50 31,151 28,492 25,111 19,387 5,725 3,380   2,708   672   2,659   1,355   1,304  
Fall 1959 44,497 40,857 35,182 26,911 8,271 5,675   4,640   1,035   3,640   2,181   1,459  
                                   
Fall 1969 59,055 51,050 45,550 32,513 13,037 5,500 3   4,200 3   1,300 3   8,005   5,897   2,108  
Fall 1970 59,838 51,257 45,894 32,558 13,336 5,363   4,052   1,311   8,581   6,428   2,153  
Fall 1971 60,220 51,271 46,071 32,318 13,753 5,200 3   3,900 3   1,300 3   8,949   6,804   2,144  
Fall 1972 59,941 50,726 45,726 31,879 13,848 5,000 3   3,700 3   1,300 3   9,215   7,071   2,144  
Fall 1973 60,047 50,445 45,445 31,401 14,044 5,000 3   3,700 3   1,300 3   9,602   7,420   2,183  
                                   
Fall 1974 60,297 50,073 45,073 30,971 14,103 5,000 3   3,700 3   1,300 3   10,224   7,989   2,235  
Fall 1975 61,004 49,819 44,819 30,515 14,304 5,000 3   3,700 3   1,300 3   11,185   8,835   2,350  
Fall 1976 60,490 49,478 44,311 29,997 14,314 5,167   3,825   1,342   11,012   8,653   2,359  
Fall 1977 60,003 48,717 43,577 29,375 14,203 5,140   3,797   1,343   11,286   8,847   2,439  
Fall 1978 58,897 47,637 42,551 28,463 14,088 5,086   3,732   1,353   11,260   8,786   2,474  
                                   
Fall 1979 58,221 46,651 41,651 28,034 13,616 5,000 3   3,700 3   1,300 3   11,570   9,037   2,533  
Fall 1980 58,305 46,208 40,877 27,647 13,231 5,331   3,992   1,339   12,097   9,457   2,640  
Fall 1981 57,916 45,544 40,044 27,280 12,764 5,500 3   4,100 3   1,400 3   12,372   9,647   2,725  
Fall 1982 57,591 45,166 39,566 27,161 12,405 5,600 3   4,200 3   1,400 3   12,426   9,696   2,730  
Fall 1983 57,432 44,967 39,252 26,981 12,271 5,715   4,315   1,400   12,465   9,683   2,782  
                                   
Fall 1984 57,150 44,908 39,208 26,905 12,304 5,700 3   4,300 3   1,400 3   12,242   9,477   2,765  
Fall 1985 57,226 44,979 39,422 27,034 12,388 5,557   4,195   1,362   12,247   9,479   2,768  
Fall 1986 57,709 45,205 39,753 27,420 12,333 5,452 3   4,116 3   1,336 3   12,504   9,714   2,790  
Fall 1987 58,253 45,487 40,008 27,933 12,076 5,479   4,232   1,247   12,767   9,973   2,793  
Fall 1988 58,485 45,430 40,189 28,501 11,687 5,242 3   4,036 3   1,206 3   13,055   10,161   2,894  
                                   
Fall 1989 59,680 46,141 40,543 29,152 11,390 5,599 3   4,470 3   1,128 3   13,539   10,578   2,961  
Fall 1990 60,683 46,864 41,217 29,878 11,338 5,648   4,514   1,134   13,819   10,845   2,974  
Fall 1991 62,087 47,728 42,047 30,506 11,541 5,681 3   4,552 3   1,129 3   14,359   11,310   3,049  
Fall 1992 62,987 48,500 42,823 31,088 11,735 5,677 3   4,560 3   1,117 3   14,487   11,385   3,103  
Fall 1993 63,439 49,134 43,465 31,504 11,961 5,669 3   4,564 3   1,104 3   14,305   11,189   3,116  
                                   
Fall 1994 64,177 49,898 44,111 31,898 12,213 5,787 3   4,656 3   1,131 3   14,279   11,134   3,145  
Fall 1995 65,020 50,759 44,840 32,341 12,500 5,918   4,756   1,163   14,262   11,092   3,169  
Fall 1996 65,911 51,544 45,611 32,764 12,847 5,933 3   4,755 3   1,178 3   14,368   11,120   3,247  
Fall 1997 66,574 52,071 46,127 33,073 13,054 5,944   4,759   1,185   14,502   11,196   3,306  
Fall 1998 67,033 52,526 46,539 33,346 13,193 5,988 3   4,776 3   1,212 3   14,507   11,138   3,369  
                                   
Fall 1999 67,667 52,876 46,857 33,488 13,369 6,018   4,789   1,229   14,791   11,309   3,482  
Fall 2000 68,685 53,373 47,204 33,688 13,515 6,169 3   4,906 3   1,264 3   15,312   11,753   3,560  
Fall 2001 69,920 53,992 47,672 33,938 13,734 6,320   5,023   1,296   15,928   12,233   3,695  
Fall 2002 71,015 54,403 48,183 34,116 14,067 6,220 3   4,915 3   1,306 3   16,612   12,752   3,860  
Fall 2003 71,540 54,639 48,540 34,202 14,338 6,099   4,788   1,311   16,900   12,857   4,043  
                                   
Fall 2004 72,218 54,946 48,795 34,178 14,617 6,151 4   4,812 4   1,338 4   17,272   12,980   4,292  
Fall 20054   72,260 54,772 48,710 33,823 14,887 6,062   4,702   1,360   17,487 5   13,022 5   4,466 5  
Fall 20064   72,723 55,075 48,948 33,906 15,042 6,127   4,752   1,375   17,648   13,360   4,288  
Fall 20074   73,154 55,238 49,091 33,990 15,101 6,147   4,765   1,382   17,916   13,555   4,361  
Fall 20084   73,535 55,333 49,167 34,154 15,013 6,166   4,791   1,374   18,202   13,765   4,437  
                                   
Fall 20094   73,933 55,453 49,267 34,350 14,917 6,186   4,821   1,365   18,480   13,968   4,511  
Fall 20104   74,376 55,630 49,415 34,618 14,797 6,215   4,860   1,355   18,746   14,159   4,587  
Fall 20114   74,842 55,886 49,637 34,907 14,730 6,249   4,901   1,348   18,956   14,311   4,645  
Fall 20124   75,414 56,232 49,938 35,297 14,641 6,294   4,954   1,341   19,182   14,473   4,709  
Fall 20134   76,077 56,638 50,294 35,724 14,569 6,344   5,010   1,334   19,439   14,659   4,780  
                                   
Fall 20144   76,819 57,137 50,735 36,143 14,593 6,402   5,066   1,335   19,682   14,835   4,847  
Fall 20154   77,555 57,681 51,220 36,439 14,780 6,461   5,110   1,351   19,874   14,974   4,900  
—Not available.
1 Beginning in fall 1980, data include estimates for an expanded universe of private schools. Therefore, direct comparisons with earlier years should be avoided.
2 Data for 1869–70 through 1949–50 include resident degree-credit students enrolled at any time during the academic year. Beginning in 1959, data include all resident and extension students enrolled at the beginning of the fall term.
3 Estimated.
4 Projected.
5 Actual data.
NOTE: Elementary and secondary enrollment includes students in local public school systems and in most private schools (religiously affiliated and nonsectarian), but generally excludes homeschooled children and students in subcollegiate departments of colleges and in federal schools. Based on the National Household Education Survey, the homeschooled children numbered approximately 1.1 million in 2003. Excludes preprimary pupils in private schools that do not offer kindergarten or above. Data through 1995 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate's or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. (See Guide to Sources for details.) Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Annual Report of the Commissioner of Education, 1870 to 1910; Biennial Survey of Education in the United States, 191920 through 194950; Statistics of Public Elementary and Secondary School Systems, 1959 through 1980; Common Core of Data (CCD), "State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary and Secondary Education," 1981–82 through 2004–05; Youth Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (Youth-NHES:1999); Private School Universe Survey (PSS), 1989–90 through 2003–04; Projections of Education Statistics to 2015; Opening (Fall) Enrollment in Higher Education, 1959 through 1962; Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Fall Enrollment in Institutions of Higher Education" surveys, 1966 through 1985; and 1986 through 2005 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Fall Enrollment Survey" (IPEDS-EF:86–99), and Spring 2001 through Spring 2006. (This table was prepared September 2006.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education