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Table 358. Federal on-budget funds for education, by level/educational purpose, agency, and program: Selected fiscal years, 1970 through 2005

[In thousands of current dollars]
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Level/educational purpose, agency and program                |       1970|       1975|       1980|       1985|    1990\1\|    1995\2\|    2000\3\|     2003\4\|     2004\5\|    2005\6\
_____________________________________________________________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|____________|____________|____________
1                                                            |          2|         3 |         4 |         5 |         6 |         7 |         8 |           9|          10|          11
_____________________________________________________________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|____________|____________|____________
     Total ..................................................|$12,526,499|$23,288,120|$34,493,502|$39,027,876|$51,624,342|$71,631,845|$85,944,203|$124,374,489|$131,720,129|$141,788,214
                                                             |===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|============|============|============
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
Elementary/secondary education ..............................|  5,830,442| 10,617,195| 16,027,686| 16,901,334| 21,984,361| 33,616,134| 43,790,783|  59,274,219|  62,653,231|  67,959,233
                                                             |___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|____________|____________|____________
  Department of Education\7\ ................................|  2,719,204|  4,132,742|  6,629,095|  7,296,702|  9,681,313| 14,029,000| 20,039,563|  30,749,304|  33,689,396|  37,716,135
    Education for the disadvantaged .........................|  1,339,014|  1,874,353|  3,204,664|  4,206,754|  4,494,111|  6,808,000|  8,529,111|  11,253,024|  12,486,303|  14,638,210
    Impact aid program\8\ ...................................|    656,372|    618,711|    690,170|    647,402|    816,366|    808,000|    877,101|   1,097,047|   1,238,536|   1,329,712
    School improvement programs\9\ ..........................|    288,304|    700,470|    788,918|    526,401|  1,189,158|  1,397,000|  2,549,971|   6,752,890|   7,459,849|   8,419,049
    Indian education ........................................|         † |     40,036|     93,365|     82,328|     69,451|     71,000|     65,285|     115,864|     114,434|     129,891
    English Language Acquisition ............................|     21,250|     92,693|    169,540|    157,539|    188,919|    225,000|    362,662|     565,126|     644,956|     839,578
    Special education  ......................................|     79,090|    151,244|    821,777|  1,017,964|  1,616,623|  3,177,000|  4,948,977|   8,490,699|   9,749,398|  10,226,542
    Vocational and adult education ..........................|    335,174|    655,235|    860,661|    658,314|  1,306,685|  1,482,000|  1,462,977|   1,942,716|   1,945,155|   2,030,362
    Education Reform - Goals 2000\10\ .......................|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |     61,000|  1,243,479|     531,938|      50,765|     102,791
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of Agriculture .................................|    760,477|  1,884,345|  4,064,497|  4,134,906|  5,528,950|  8,201,294| 10,051,278|  11,215,285|  11,725,259|  12,643,027
    Child nutrition programs\11\ ............................|    299,131|  1,452,267|  3,377,056|  3,664,561|  4,977,075|  7,644,789|  9,554,028|  10,828,285|  11,206,422|  12,163,890
    McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and       |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
       Child Nutrition Program\12\ ..........................|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |          † |     150,000|      88,000
    Agricultural Marketing Service--commodities\13\ .........|    341,597|    248,839|    388,000|    336,502|    350,441|    400,000|    400,000|     200,000|     171,000|     188,000
    Special milk program ....................................|     83,800|    122,858|    159,293|     15,993|     18,707|    (\11\) |    (\11\) |     (\11\) |     (\11\) |     (\11\)
    Estimated education share of Forest Service              |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
       permanent appropriations .............................|     35,949|     60,381|    140,148|    117,850|    182,727|    156,505|     97,250|     187,000|     197,837|     203,137
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of Commerce ....................................|         † |         † |     54,816|         † |         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
    Local public works program--school facilities\14\ .......|         † |         † |     54,816|         † |         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of Defense .....................................|    143,100|    264,500|    370,846|    831,625|  1,097,876|  1,295,547|  1,485,611|   1,684,258|   1,642,139|   1,698,606
    Junior R.O.T.C. .........................................|     12,100|     12,500|     32,000|     55,600|     39,300|    155,600|    210,432|     252,058|     292,737|     307,051
    Overseas dependents schools .............................|    131,000|    252,000|    338,846|    613,437|    864,958|    855,772|    904,829|   1,056,100|     959,296|     995,965
    Domestic schools\8\ .....................................|         † |         † |         † |    162,588|    193,618|    284,175|    370,350|     376,100|     390,106|     395,590
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of Energy ......................................|        200|        300|     77,633|     23,031|     15,563|     12,646|         † |          † |          † |          †
    Energy conservation for school buildings\15\ ............|         † |         † |     77,240|     22,731|     15,213|     10,746|         † |          † |          † |          †
    Pre-engineering program .................................|        200|        300|        393|        300|        350|      1,900|         † |          † |          † |          †
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of Health and Human Services ...................|    167,333|    683,885|  1,077,000|  1,531,059|  2,396,793|  5,116,559|  6,011,036|   7,570,973|   7,727,454|   7,785,402
    Head Start\16\ ..........................................|         † |    403,900|    735,000|  1,075,059|  1,447,758|  3,534,000|  5,267,000|   6,666,783|   6,774,420|   6,843,230
    Payments to states for AFDC work programs\17\ ...........|         † |         † |         † |         † |    459,221|    953,000|     15,000|        --- |        --- |        ---
    Social Security student benefits\18\ ....................|    167,333|    279,985|    342,000|    456,000|    489,814|    629,559|    729,036|     904,190|     953,034|     942,172
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of Homeland Security............................|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         452|         500|         556
    Tuition assistance for educational accreditation         |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
       Coast Guard personnel\19\ ............................|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         452|         500|         556
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of the Interior ................................|    140,705|    220,392|    318,170|    389,810|    445,267|    493,124|    725,423|     962,995|     983,290|   1,024,510
    Mineral Leasing Act and other funds                      |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
      Payments to states--estimated education share .........|     12,294|     27,389|     62,636|    127,369|    123,811|     18,750|     24,610|      57,730|      65,090|      97,980
      Payments to counties--estimated education share .......|     16,359|     29,494|     48,953|     59,016|    102,522|     37,490|     53,500|      81,000|      85,000|     128,000
    Indian Education                                         |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
      Bureau of Indian Affairs schools ......................|     95,850|    141,056|    178,112|    177,265|    192,841|    411,524|    466,905|     512,562|     520,611|     517,647
      Johnson-O'Malley assistance\20\ .......................|     16,080|     22,251|     28,081|     25,675|     25,556|     24,359|     17,387|      16,908|      16,666|      16,510
      Education construction ................................|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |    161,021|     293,795|     294,923|     263,373
    Education expenses for children of employees,            |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
       Yellowstone National Park ............................|        122|        202|        388|        485|        538|      1,000|      2,000|       1,000|       1,000|       1,000
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of Justice .....................................|      8,237|      9,822|     23,890|     36,117|     65,997|    128,850|    224,800|     445,400|     482,500|     506,100
    Vocational training expenses for prisoners in            |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
       federal prisons ......................................|      2,720|      3,039|      4,966|      8,292|      2,066|      3,000|      1,000|       8,000|       4,000|        ---
    Inmate programs\21\ .....................................|      5,517|      6,783|     18,924|     27,825|     63,931|    125,850|    223,800|     437,400|     478,500|     506,100
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of Labor .......................................|    420,927|  1,097,811|  1,849,800|  1,945,268|  2,505,487|  3,957,800|  4,683,200|   5,972,000|   5,675,000|   5,778,000
    Job Corps ...............................................|         † |    175,000|    469,800|    604,748|    739,376|  1,029,000|  1,256,000|   1,423,000|   1,438,000|   1,688,000
    Training programs--estimated funds for                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
       education programs\22\ ...............................|    420,927|    922,811|  1,380,000|  1,340,520|  1,766,111|  2,928,800|  3,427,200|   4,549,000|   4,237,000|   4,090,000
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of Transportation ..............................|         45|         50|         60|         60|         46|         62|        188|          † |          † |          †
    Tuition assistance for educational accreditation--       |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
       Coast Guard personnel\19\ ............................|         45|         50|         60|         60|         46|         62|        188|          † |          † |          †
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of the Treasury ................................|         † |    847,139|    935,903|    273,728|         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
    Estimated education share of general                     |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
       revenue sharing\23\                                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
      State\24\ .............................................|         † |    475,224|    525,019|         † |         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
      Local .................................................|         † |    371,915|    410,884|    273,728|         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of Veterans Affairs\............................|    338,910|  1,371,500|    545,786|    344,758|    155,351|    304,093|    445,052|     514,578|     551,000|     604,000
    Noncollegiate and job training programs\25\ .............|    281,640|  1,249,410|    439,993|    224,035|     12,848|         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
    Vocational rehabilitation for                            |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
       disabled veterans\26\ ................................|     41,700|     73,100|     87,980|    107,480|    136,780|    298,132|    438,635|     514,578|     551,000|     604,000
    Dependents' education\27\ ...............................|     15,570|     48,990|     17,813|     13,243|      5,723|      5,961|      6,417|        --- |        --- |        ---
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Other agencies                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
      Appalachian Regional Commission .......................|     33,161|     41,667|      9,157|      4,632|         93|      2,173|      2,588|       2,019|       2,495|       2,500
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
      National Endowment for the Arts .......................|         † |      3,686|      4,989|      4,399|      4,641|      7,117|      6,002|       9,035|       8,951|       9,469
      Arts in education .....................................|         † |      3,686|      4,989|      4,399|      4,641|      7,117|      6,002|       9,035|       8,951|       9,469
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
      National Endowment for the Humanities..................|         20|        149|        330|        321|        404|        997|        812|         203|         326|         325
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
      Office of Economic Opportunity.........................|  1,072,375|     16,619|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
        Head Start\28\ ......................................|    325,700|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
        Other elementary and secondary programs\29\ .........|     42,809|     16,612|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
        Job Corps\30\ .......................................|    144,000|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
        Youth Corps and other training programs\31\ .........|    553,368|          7|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
        Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA)\32\ ........|      6,498|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Other programs                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
    Estimated education share of federal aid to the          |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
       District of Columbia .................................|     25,748|     42,588|     65,714|     84,918|     86,579|     66,871|    115,230|     147,717|     164,921|     190,603
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
                                                             |===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|============|============|============
Postsecondary education......................................| $3,447,697| $7,644,037|$11,115,882|$11,174,379|$13,650,915|$17,618,137|$15,008,715| $29,499,694| $32,432,975| $36,405,123
                                                             |___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|____________|____________|____________
  Department of Education\7\ ................................|  1,187,962|  2,089,184|  5,682,242|  8,202,499| 11,175,978| 14,234,000| 10,727,315|  22,706,436|  25,340,999|  28,769,589
    Student financial assistance ............................|         † |         † |  3,682,789|  4,162,695|  5,920,328|  7,047,000|  9,060,317|  14,092,384|  14,968,595|  14,667,843
    Federal Direct Student Loan Program\33\ .................|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |    840,000| -2,862,240|   5,115,949|   3,246,326|   1,333,342
    Federal Family Education Loan Program\33\ ...............|      2,323|    111,087|  1,407,977|  3,534,795|  4,372,446|  5,190,000|  2,707,473|   1,216,003|   4,661,638|  10,210,063
    Higher education ........................................|  1,029,131|  1,838,066|    399,787|    404,511|    659,492|    871,000|  1,530,779|   1,930,342|   2,041,113|   2,205,433
    Facilities--loans and insurance\33\ .....................|    114,199|     16,292|    -19,031|      5,307|     19,219|     -6,000|     -2,174|      -5,702|      -4,859|        -567
    College housing loans\33,34\ ............................|         † |         † |     14,082|   -164,061|    -57,167|    -46,000|    -41,886|     -31,590|      31,691|     -24,335
    Educational activities overseas .........................|        774|      1,881|      3,561|      1,838|         82|         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
    Historically Black Colleges and Universities             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
      Capital Financing, Program Account ....................|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |        150|         133|         151|         292
    Gallaudet College and Howard University .................|     38,559|    111,971|    176,829|    229,938|    230,327|    292,000|    291,060|     336,261|     342,593|     326,085
    National Technical Institute for the Deaf ...............|      2,976|      9,887|     16,248|     27,476|     31,251|     46,000|     43,836|      52,656|      53,751|      51,433
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of Agriculture .................................|         † |      6,450|     10,453|     17,741|     31,273|     33,373|     30,676|      93,626|      93,831|      98,661
    Agriculture Extension Service, Second Morrill Act        |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
      payments to agricultural and mechanical colleges       |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
      and Tuskegee Institute ................................|         † |      6,450|     10,453|     17,741|     31,273|     33,373|     30,676|      93,626|      93,831|      98,661
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of Commerce ....................................|      8,277|     14,973|     29,971|      2,163|      3,312|      3,487|      3,800|       4,200|       4,000|       4,000
    Sea Grant Program\35\ ...................................|         † |      1,886|      3,123|      2,163|      3,312|      3,487|      3,800|       4,200|       4,000|       4,000
    Merchant Marine Academy\36\ .............................|      6,160|     10,152|     14,809|         † |         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
    State marine schools\36\ ................................|      2,117|      2,935|     12,039|         † |         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of Defense .....................................|    322,100|    379,800|    545,000|  1,041,700|    635,769|    729,500|  1,147,759|   1,673,399|   1,780,339|   1,907,602
    Tuition assistance for military personnel ...............|     57,500|     86,800|       --- |     77,100|     95,300|    127,000|    263,303|     548,599|     594,350|     645,026
    Service academies........................................|     78,700|     86,200|    106,100|    196,400|    120,613|    163,300|    212,678|     268,708|     286,222|     292,774
    Senior R.O.T.C. .........................................|    108,100|    116,500|       --- |    354,000|    193,056|    219,400|    363,461|     521,221|     525,239|     577,500
    Professional development education\37\ ..................|     77,800|     90,300|       --- |    414,200|    226,800|    219,800|    308,317|     334,871|     374,528|     392,302
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of Energy ......................................|      3,000|      3,000|     57,701|     19,475|     25,502|     28,027|         † |          † |          † |          †
    University laboratory cooperative program ...............|      3,000|      3,000|      2,800|      6,500|      9,402|      8,552|         † |          † |          † |          †
    Teacher development projects ............................|         † |         † |      1,400|         † |         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
    Energy conservation for buildings--higher education\15\ .|         † |         † |     53,501|     12,705|      7,459|      7,381|         † |          † |          † |          †
    Minority honors vocational training......................|         † |         † |         † |        150|         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
    Honors research program .................................|         † |         † |         † |        120|      6,472|      2,221|         † |          † |          † |          †
    Students and teachers ...................................|         † |         † |         † |         † |      2,169|      9,873|         † |          † |          † |          †
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of Health and Human Services ...................|    981,483|  1,686,650|  2,412,058|    516,088|    578,542|    796,035|    954,190|   1,692,847|   1,535,283|   1,559,247
    Health professions training programs\38\ ................|    353,029|    599,350|    460,736|    212,200|    230,600|    298,302|    340,361|     882,396|     698,256|     700,000
    Indian health manpower ..................................|         † |         † |      7,187|      5,577|      9,508|     27,000|     16,000|      31,000|      29,000|      30,000
    National Health Service Corps scholarships ..............|         † |      1,206|     70,667|      2,268|      4,759|     78,206|     33,300|      46,300|      45,000|      45,000
    National Institutes of Health training grants\39\ .......|         † |    154,875|    176,388|    217,927|    241,356|    380,502|    550,220|     711,441|     740,506|     762,247
    National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health     |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
      training grants .......................................|      8,088|      7,182|     12,899|      8,760|     10,461|     11,660|     14,198|      21,666|      22,521|      22,000
    Alcohol, drug abuse, and mental health                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
      training programs\40\ .................................|    118,366|     83,727|    122,103|     43,617|     81,353|         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
    Health teaching facilities\41\ ..........................|         † |        353|      3,078|        739|        505|        365|        110|          44|          † |          †
    Social Security postsecondary students' benefits\42\ ....|    502,000|    839,957|  1,559,000|     25,000|         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of Homeland Security............................|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |      33,900|      41,100|      42,500
    Coast Guard Academy\19\ .................................|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |      22,000|      22,300|      22,900
    Postgraduate training for Coast Guard officers\43\ ......|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |       8,700|       8,300|       8,600
    Tuition assistance to Coast Guard                        |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
       military personnel\19\ ...............................|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |       3,200|      10,500|      11,000
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of Housing and Urban Development\34\ ...........|    114,199|    -55,418|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
    College housing loans\33,34\ ............................|    114,199|    -55,418|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of the Interior ................................|     31,749|     50,844|     80,202|    125,247|    135,480|    159,054|    187,179|     234,197|     246,154|     269,640
    Shared revenues, Mineral Leasing Act and other           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
       receipts--estimated education share ..................|      6,949|     15,480|     35,403|     71,991|     69,980|     82,810|     98,740|     135,070|     142,300|     164,300
    Indian programs:                                         |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
       Continuing education..................................|      9,380|     13,311|     16,909|     24,338|     34,911|     43,907|     57,576|      71,356|      76,212|      78,619
       Higher education scholarships ........................|     15,420|     22,053|     27,890|     28,918|     30,589|     32,337|     30,863|      27,771|      27,642|      26,721
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of State .......................................|     30,850|     50,347|         † |         † |      2,167|      3,000|    319,000|     387,000|     399,600|     528,200
    Educational exchange\44\ ................................|     30,850|     50,347|         † |         † |        ---|         † |    319,000|     387,000|     399,600|     528,200
      Mutual educational and cultural exchange activities ...|     30,454|     50,300|         † |         † |        ---|         † |    303,000|     372,000|     381,600|     509,200
      International educational exchange activities .........|        396|         47|         † |         † |        ---|         † |     16,000|      15,000|      18,000|      19,000
    Russian, Eurasian, and East European Research and        |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
       Training .............................................|         † |         † |         † |         † |      2,167|      3,000|         † |          † |          † |          †
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of Transportation ..............................|     11,197|     11,885|     12,530|     55,569|     46,025|     59,257|     60,300|      65,000|      66,000|      66,000
    Merchant Marine Academy\36\ .............................|         † |         † |         † |     19,898|     20,926|     30,850|     34,000|      58,000|      56,000|      56,000
    State marine schools\36\ ................................|         † |         † |         † |     19,777|      8,269|      8,980|      7,000|       7,000|      10,000|      10,000
    Coast Guard Academy\19\ .................................|      9,342|      9,780|     10,000|     11,857|     12,074|     13,500|     15,500|          † |          † |          †
    Postgraduate training for Coast Guard officers\43\ ......|      1,655|      1,855|      2,230|      3,499|      4,173|      5,513|      2,500|          † |          † |          †
    Tuition assistance to Coast Guard                        |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
       military personnel\19\ ...............................|        200|        250|        300|        538|        582|        414|      1,300|          † |          † |          †
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of the Treasury ................................|         † |    268,605|    296,750|         † |         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
    General revenue sharing--estimated state share to        |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
       higher education\23,24\ ..............................|         † |    268,605|    296,750|         † |         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of Veterans Affairs ............................|    693,490|  3,029,600|  1,803,847|    944,091|    599,825|  1,010,114|  1,132,322|   2,005,318|   2,293,965|   2,533,329
    Vietnam-era veterans.....................................|    638,260|  2,840,600|  1,579,974|    694,217|     46,998|         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
      College student support ...............................|         † |         † |  1,560,081|    679,953|     39,458|         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
      Work-study ............................................|         † |         † |     19,893|     14,264|      7,540|         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
    Service persons college support .........................|     18,900|     74,690|     46,617|     35,630|      8,911|         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
    Post-Vietnam veterans ...................................|         † |         † |        922|     82,554|    161,475|     33,596|      3,958|       1,172|       1,044|         968
    All-volunteer-force educational assistance ..............|         † |         † |         † |        196|    269,947|    868,394|    984,068|   1,712,611|   1,942,781|   2,109,610
      Veterans ..............................................|         † |         † |         † |         † |    183,765|    760,390|    876,434|   1,548,421|   1,768,253|   1,905,181
      Reservists ............................................|         † |         † |         † |        196|     86,182|    108,004|    107,634|     164,190|     174,528|     204,429
    Veteran dependents' education ...........................|     36,330|    114,310|    176,334|    131,494|    100,494|     95,124|    131,296|     277,920|     332,140|     404,751
    Payments to state education agencies.....................|         † |         † |         † |         † |     12,000|     13,000|     13,000|      13,615|      18,000|      18,000
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Other agencies                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
    Appalachian Regional Commission .........................|      4,105|      2,545|      1,751|       --- |       --- |      2,741|      2,286|       9,045|       2,500|       2,600
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
    National Endowment for the Humanities....................|      3,349|     25,320|     56,451|     49,098|     50,938|     56,481|     28,395|      34,058|      29,824|      29,000
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
    National Science Foundation .............................|     42,000|     60,283|     64,583|     60,069|    161,884|    211,800|    389,000|     535,000|     566,000|     561,000
      Science and engineering education programs ............|     37,000|     60,283|     64,583|     60,069|    161,884|    211,800|    389,000|     535,000|     566,000|     561,000
      Sea Grant Program\35\ .................................|      5,000|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
    United States Information Agency\45\ ....................|      8,423|      9,405|     51,095|    124,041|    181,172|    260,800|         † |          † |          † |          †
      Educational and cultural affairs\44\ ..................|         † |         † |     49,546|     21,079|     35,862|     13,600|         † |          † |          † |          †
      Educational and cultural exchange programs\46\ ........|         † |         † |         † |    101,529|    145,307|    247,200|         † |          † |          † |          †
      Educational exchange activities, international ........|         † |         † |      1,549|      1,433|          3|         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
      Information center and library activities .............|      8,423|      9,405|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Other programs                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
    Barry Goldwater Scholarship and Excellence               |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
       in Education Foundation ..............................|         † |         † |         † |        ---|      1,033|      3,000|      3,000|       3,000|       3,000|       5,000
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
    Estimated education share of federal aid to the          |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
       District of Columbia .................................|      5,513|     10,564|     13,143|     15,266|     14,637|      9,468|     11,493|      12,668|      18,380|      17,755
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
    Harry S Truman Scholarship fund\33\ .....................|         † |         † |     -1,895|      1,332|      2,883|      3,000|      3,000|       3,000|       4,000|       3,000
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
    Institute of American Indian and Alaskan Native          |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
       Culture and Arts Development .........................|         † |         † |         † |        ---|      4,305|     13,000|      2,000|       5,000|       6,000|       6,000
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
    James Madison Memorial Fellowship Foundation ............|         † |         † |         † |        ---|        191|      2,000|      7,000|       2,000|       2,000|       2,000
                                                             |===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|============|============|============
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
Other education .............................................|   $964,719| $1,608,478| $1,548,730| $2,107,588| $3,383,031| $4,719,6550 $5,484,571|  $6,532,5020  $6,576,8200  $7,207,515
                                                             |___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|____________|____________|____________
  Department of Education\7\ ................................|    630,235|  1,045,659|    747,706|  1,173,055|  2,251,801|  2,861,000|  3,223,355|   3,435,182|   3,437,807|   3,896,802
    Administration ..........................................|     47,456|    108,372|    187,317|    284,900|    328,293|    404,000|    458,054|     548,318|     525,188|     525,452
    Libraries\47\ ...........................................|    108,284|    225,810|    129,127|     85,650|    137,264|    117,000|         † |          † |          † |          †
    Rehabilitative services and disability research .........|    473,091|    709,483|    426,886|    798,298|  1,780,360|  2,333,000|  2,755,468|   2,871,797|   2,893,992|   3,350,748
    American Printing House for the Blind ...................|      1,404|      1,994|      4,349|      4,230|      5,736|      7,000|      9,368|      14,875|      18,627|      20,602
    Trust funds and contributions\33\ .......................|         † |         † |         27|        -23|        148|         † |        465|         192|           0|           0
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of Agriculture .................................|    135,637|    220,395|    271,112|    336,375|    352,511|    422,878|    444,477|     473,620|     462,125|     467,631
    Extension Service .......................................|    131,734|    215,523|    263,584|    325,986|    337,907|    405,371|    424,174|     450,520|     439,125|     445,631
    National Agricultural Library ...........................|      3,903|      4,872|      7,528|     10,389|     14,604|     17,507|     20,303|      23,100|      23,000|      22,000
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of Commerce ....................................|      1,226|      2,317|      2,479|         † |         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
    Maritime Administration                                  |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
       Training for private sector employees\36\ ............|      1,226|      2,317|      2,479|         † |         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of Health and Human Services ...................|     24,273|     31,653|     37,819|     47,195|     77,962|    138,000|    214,000|     299,950|     310,000|     325,000
    National Library of Medicine ............................|     24,273|     31,653|     37,819|     47,195|     77,962|    138,000|    214,000|     299,950|     310,000|     325,000
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of Homeland Security ...........................|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |     192,370|     205,370|     183,000
    Federal Law Enforcement Training Center\48\ .............|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |     185,000|     147,000|     171,000
    Estimated disaster relief\49\ ...........................|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |       7,370|      58,370|      12,000
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of Justice .....................................|      5,546|     42,818|     27,642|     25,517|     26,920|     36,296|     34,727|      19,589|      25,170|      25,816
    Federal Bureau of Investigation National Academy ........|      2,066|      5,100|      7,234|      4,189|      6,028|     12,831|     22,479|      17,630|      15,072|      15,464
    Federal Bureau of Investigation Field Police Academy ....|      2,500|      5,254|      7,715|     10,220|     10,548|     11,140|     11,962|       1,959|      10,051|      10,352
    Narcotics and dangerous drug training ...................|        980|      1,152|      2,416|         83|        850|        325|        286|        --- |          47|           0
    National Institute of Corrections .......................|         † |     31,312|     10,277|     11,025|      9,494|     12,000|         † |          † |          † |          †
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of State .......................................|     20,672|     28,113|     25,000|     23,791|     47,539|     51,648|     69,349|     107,747|      90,417|      92,515
    Foreign Service Institute ...............................|     15,857|     20,750|     25,000|     23,791|     47,539|     51,648|     69,349|     107,747|      90,417|      92,515
    Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange\44\ .......|      4,815|      7,363|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of Transportation ..............................|      3,964|     11,877|     10,212|      3,785|      1,507|        650|        700|         600|         890|         900
    Highways training and education grants ..................|      2,418|      3,250|      3,412|      1,500|       --- |       --- |       --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
    Maritime Administration                                  |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
      Training for private sector employees\36\ .............|         † |         † |         † |      1,135|      1,507|        650|        700|         600|         890|         900
    Urban mass transportation--managerial                    |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
       training grants\50\ ..................................|      1,546|      2,627|        500|      1,150|         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
    Federal Aviation Administration\51\                      |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
      Air traffic controllers second career program..........|       --- |      6,000|      6,300|       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Department of the Treasury ................................|         18|      3,096|     14,584|     16,160|     41,488|     48,000|     83,000|          † |          † |          †
    Federal Law Enforcement Training Center\48\ .............|         18|      3,096|     14,584|     16,160|     41,488|     48,000|     83,000|          † |          † |          †
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Other agencies                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
    ACTION\52\ ..............................................|         † |      7,045|      2,833|      1,761|      8,472|         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
      Estimated education funds .............................|         † |      7,045|      2,833|      1,761|      8,472|         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
    Agency for International Development ....................|     88,034|     78,896|     99,707|    141,847|    170,371|    260,408|    299,000|     489,200|     536,000|     513,200
      Education and human resources .........................|     61,570|     58,349|     80,518|    115,104|    142,801|    248,408|    299,000|     489,200|     536,000|     513,200
      American schools and hospitals abroad .................|     26,464|     20,547|     19,189|     26,743|     27,570|     12,000|         † |          † |          † |          †
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
    Appalachian Regional Commission .........................|        572|      1,574|      8,124|        113|         † |      5,709|      2,369|       2,140|       3,242|       3,000
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
    Corporation for National and Community Service\52\ ......|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |    214,600|    386,000|     498,000|     493,000|     569,000
      Estimated education funds .............................|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |    214,600|    386,000|     498,000|     493,000|     569,000
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
    Federal Emergency Management Agency\53\ .................|        290|        290|        281|        405|        215|    170,400|     14,894|          † |          † |          †
      Estimated architect/engineer student                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
         development program.................................|         40|         40|         31|        155|        200|       --- |       --- |          † |          † |          †
      Estimated other training programs\54\ .................|        250|        250|        250|        250|         15|       --- |       --- |          † |          † |          †
      Estimated disaster relief\49\ .........................|       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |    170,400|     14,894|          † |          † |          †
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
    General Services Administration                          |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
      Libraries and other archival activities\55\ ...........|     14,775|     22,532|     34,800|         † |         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
      Institute of Museum and Library Services\47\ ..........|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |    166,000|     249,000|     207,000|     290,000
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
      Japanese-United States Friendship Commission...........|         † |         † |      2,294|      2,236|      2,299|      2,000|      3,000|       3,000|       3,000|       3,000
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
      Library of Congress ...................................|     29,478|     63,766|    151,871|    169,310|    189,827|    241,000|    299,000|     389,000|     402,000|     405,000
        Salaries and expenses ...............................|     20,700|     48,798|    102,364|    130,354|    148,985|    198,000|    247,000|     334,000|     352,000|     353,000
        Books for the blind and the physically handicapped ..|      6,195|     11,908|     31,436|     32,954|     37,473|     39,000|     46,000|      48,000|      49,000|      52,000
        Special foreign currency program ....................|      2,273|      2,333|      3,492|      4,621|         10|         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
        Furniture and furnishings ...........................|        310|        727|     14,579|      1,381|      3,359|      4,000|      6,000|       7,000|       1,000|           0
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
      National Aeronautics and Space Administration          |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
        Aerospace education services project ................|        350|        600|        882|      1,800|      3,300|      5,923|      6,800|        --- |        --- |        ---
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
      National Archives and Records Administration           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
        Libraries and other archival activities .............|         † |         † |         † |     52,118|     77,397|    105,172|    121,879|     243,000|     244,000|     260,000
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
      National Commission on Libraries and                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
         Information Science ................................|         † |        449|      2,090|        723|      3,281|      1,000|      2,000|       2,000|       1,000|       1,000
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
      National Endowment for the Arts........................|        340|      1,068|        231|      1,137|        936|      2,304|      4,046|       2,548|       1,580|       1,670
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
      National Endowment for the Humanities .................|      5,090|     38,486|     85,805|     76,252|     89,706|     94,249|     70,807|      66,673|      94,920|      90,000
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
      Smithsonian Institution ...............................|      2,461|      5,509|      5,153|      7,886|      5,779|      9,961|     25,764|      40,799|      41,850|      49,826
        Museum programs and related research ................|      2,261|      4,203|      3,254|      4,665|        690|      3,190|     18,000|      35,000|      34,000|      40,000
        National Gallery of Art extension service ...........|        200|        300|        426|        675|        474|        771|        764|         799|         850|         826
        Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars ....|         † |      1,006|      1,473|      2,546|      4,615|      6,000|      7,000|       5,000|       7,000|       9,000
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
      U.S. Information Agency--Center for                    |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
         Cultural and Technical Interchange\44\ .............|         † |         † |     15,115|     18,966|     20,375|     34,000|         † |          † |          † |          †
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
      U.S. Institute of Peace ...............................|         † |         † |         † |        ---|      7,621|     12,000|     13,000|      17,000|      16,000|      28,000
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Other programs                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
      Estimated education share of federal aid for the       |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
        District of Columbia ................................|      1,758|      2,335|      2,990|      7,156|      3,724|      2,457|        404|       1,085|       1,449|       2,154
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
                                                             |===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|============|============|============
Research programs at universities and related                |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
   institutions\56\ .........................................| $2,283,641| $3,418,410| $5,801,204| $8,844,575|$12,606,035|$15,677,919|$21,660,134| $29,068,074| $30,057,103| $30,216,343
                                                             |___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|____________|____________|____________
  Department of Education\57\ ...............................|     87,823|     82,770|     78,742|     28,809|     89,483|    279,000|    116,464|     551,932|     435,219|     630,902
  Department of Agriculture .................................|     64,796|    108,162|    216,405|    293,252|    348,109|    434,544|    553,600|     641,100|     728,400|     599,000
  Department of Commerce ....................................|      4,487|     21,677|     48,295|     52,951|     50,523|     85,442|    110,775|     161,800|     172,500|     151,800
  Department of Defense .....................................|    356,188|    364,929|    644,455|  1,245,888|  1,871,864|  1,853,955|  1,891,710|   2,282,200|   2,261,800|   1,893,800
  Department of Energy ......................................|    548,327|    761,376|  1,470,224|  2,205,316|  2,520,885|  2,651,641|  3,577,004|   4,053,579|   4,116,387|   4,145,927
  Department of Health and Human Services ...................|    623,765|  1,273,037|  2,087,053|  3,228,014|  4,902,714|  6,418,969| 10,491,641|  15,140,522|  15,854,108|  16,253,089
  Department of Homeland Security ...........................|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |        --- |        --- |        ---
  Department of Housing and Urban Development ...............|        510|      2,650|      5,314|        438|        118|      1,613|      1,400|       1,200|       1,500|       1,300
  Department of the Interior ................................|     18,521|     28,955|     42,175|     34,422|     49,790|     50,618|     47,200|      54,200|      45,900|      38,600
  Department of Justice .....................................|      1,945|      8,902|      9,189|      5,168|      6,858|      7,204|     19,400|      38,100|      17,600|      10,000
  Department of Labor .......................................|      3,567|      6,124|     12,938|      3,417|      5,893|     10,114|     12,900|       5,300|      12,600|      11,100
  Department of State .......................................|      8,220|     10,973|        188|         29|      1,519|         23|         † |          † |          † |          †
  Department of Transportation ..............................|     12,328|     28,478|     31,910|     22,621|     28,608|     75,847|     55,866|      64,700|      62,200|      57,900
  Department of the Treasury ................................|         † |         † |        226|        388|        227|      1,496|         † |         300|          † |          †
  Department of Veterans Affairs ............................|        518|      1,112|      1,600|      1,000|      2,300|      2,500|         † |          † |          † |          †
  ACTION ....................................................|         † |         36|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
  Agency for International Development ......................|         † |         † |     77,063|     56,960|     79,415|     30,172|     33,500|      36,200|      35,000|      36,900
  Environmental Protection Agency ...........................|     19,446|     33,875|     41,083|     60,521|     87,481|    125,721|     98,900|     115,400|     123,600|     175,200
  Federal Emergency Management Agency .......................|         † |         † |      1,665|      1,423|         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
  National Aeronautics and Space Administration .............|    258,016|    197,301|    254,629|    485,824|  1,090,003|  1,751,977|  2,071,030|   2,479,036|   2,629,900|   2,528,600
  National Science Foundation ...............................|    253,628|    475,011|    743,809|  1,087,046|  1,427,007|  1,874,395|  2,566,244|   3,419,505|   3,538,589|   3,663,180
  Nuclear Regulatory Commission .............................|         † |      7,093|     32,590|     30,261|     42,328|     22,188|     12,200|      13,400|      11,800|       8,600
  Office of Economic Opportunity ............................|     20,035|         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
  U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency ..................|        100|         † |        661|        395|         25|         † |         † |          † |          † |          †
                                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |            |            |
  Other agencies ............................................|      1,421|      5,949|        990|        432|        885|        500|        300|       9,600|      10,000|      10,445
_____________________________________________________________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|____________|____________|____________
---Not available.
†Not applicable.
\1\Excludes $4,440,000,000 for federal support for medical education benefits under Medicare in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Benefits excluded from total because data before fiscal year 1990 are not available. This program has existed since Medicare began, but was not available as a separate budget item until FY 1990.
\2\Excludes $7,510,000,000 for federal support for medical education benefits under Medicare. See footnote 1.
\3\Excludes $8,020,000,000 for federal support for medical education benefits under Medicare. See footnote 1.
\4\Excludes $8,000,000,000 for federal support for medical education benefits under Medicare. See footnote 1.
\5\Excludes $7,342,000,000 for federal support for medical education benefits under Medicare. See footnote 1.
\6\Estimated. Data for the U.S. Department of Education are actual numbers and those for the other agencies are estimates. Excludes $8,033,000,000 for federal support for medical education benefits under Medicare. See footnote 1.
\7\The U.S. Department of Education was created in May 1980. It formerly was the Office of Education in the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.
\8\This program allowed the Secretary to make arrangements for the education of children who resided on federal property when no suitable local school district could or would provide for the education of these children.
\9\School Improvement programs include many programs, such as No Child Left Behind, 21st Century Community Learning Centers, Class Size Reduction, Charter Schools, and Safe and Drug-Free Schools.
\10\ This program included the School-To-Work Opportunities program which initiated a national system to be administered jointly by the U.S. Departments of Education and Labor. Programs in the Education Reform program have been transferred to the School Improvement program or discontinued in FY 2002. Amounts in this program reflect balances that are spending out from prior-year appropriations.
\11\Starting in FY 1994, the Special Milk program was included in the Child Nutrition program.
\12\The Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-171) carries out preschool and school feeding programs in foreign countries to help reduce the incidence of hunger and malnutrition, and improve literacy and primary education.
\13\These commodities are purchased under Section 32 of the Act of August 24, 1935, for use in the child nutrition programs.
\14\This program assisted in the construction of public facilities, such as vocational schools, through grants or loans. No funds have been appropriated for this account since FY 1977, and it was completely phased out in FY 1984.
\15\This program was established in 1979. Funds were first appropriated for this program in FY 1980.
\16\The Head Start program was formerly in the Office of Economic Opportunity, and funds were appropriated to the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Office of Child Development, beginning in 1972.
\17\This program was created by the Family Support Act of 1988. It provides funds for the Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Training program. This activity was replaced by Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program.
\18\After age 18, benefits terminate at the end of the school term or in 3 months, whichever is less.
\19\This program was transferred from the U.S. Department of the Treasury to the U.S. Department of Transportation in 1967. This program was transferred to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security in March of 2003.
\20\This program provides funding for supplemental programs for eligible American Indian students in public schools.
\21\This program finances the cost of academic, social, and occupational education courses for inmates in federal prisons.
\22\Some of the work and training programs included in this program were in the Office of Economic Opportunity and were transferred to the U.S. Department of Labor in 1971 and 1972. Beginning in FY 1994, the School-to-Work Opportunities program is included. This program is administered jointly by the U.S. Departments of Education and Labor.
\23\This program was established in FY 1972 and closed in FY 1986.
\24\The states' share of revenue-sharing funds could not be spent on education in FYs 1981 through 1986.
\25\This program provides educational assistance allowances in order to restore lost educational opportunities to those individuals whose careers were interrupted or impeded by reason of active military service between January 31, 1955, and January 1, 1977.
\26\This program is in "Readjustment Benefits" program, Chapter 31, and covers the costs of subsistence, tuition, books, supplies, and equipment for disabled veterans requiring vocational rehabilitation.
\27\This program is in the "Readjustment Benefits" program, Chapter 35, and provides benefits to children and spouses of veterans.
\28\Head Start program funds were transferred to the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Office of Child Development, in 1972.
\29\Most of these programs were transferred to the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Office of Education, in 1972.
\30\The Job Corps programs were transferred to the U.S. Department of Labor in 1971 and 1972.
\31\These programs were transferred to the U.S. Department of Labor in 1971 and 1972.
\32\These programs were transferred to the Action Agency in 1972.
\33\Negative amounts occur when program receipts exceed outlays.
\34\This program was transferred from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development to the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Office of Education, in FY 1979.
\35\This program was transferred from the National Science Foundation to the U.S. Department of Commerce, October 1970.
\36\This program was transferred to the U.S. Department of Transportation in FY 1981 by Public Law 97-31, from the U.S. Department of Commerce.
\37\Includes special education programs (military and civilian); legal education program; flight training; advanced degree program; college degree program (officers); and "Armed Forces Health Professions Scholarship" program.
\38\Does not include higher education assistance loans.
\39\Alcohol, drug abuse, and mental health training programs are included starting in FY 1992.
\40\Beginning in FY 1992, data were included in the National Institutes of Health training grants program.
\41\This program closed in FY 2004.
\42\Postsecondary student benefits were ended by the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981 (Public Law 97-35) and were completely phased out by August 1985.
\43\Includes flight training. This program was in the U.S. Department of the Treasury in 1965 and was transferred to the U.S. Department of Transportation in 1967. This program was transferred to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security in March of 2003.
\44\This program was transferred from the U.S. Department of State to the International Communication Agency (I.C.A.) in 1977. In FY 1998 pursuant to the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998, this program was transferred to the U.S. Department of State.
\45\This program was transferred from the U.S. Department of State to the International Communication Agency (I.C.A.) in 1977.
\46\This program was in the "Educational and Cultural Affairs" program in FYs 1980 through 1983, and became an independent program in FY 1984.
\47\This program was transferred to the Institute of Museum and Library Services in FY 1997. Program was formerly in the U.S. Department of Education.
\48\This program was transferred to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security in FY 2003.
\49\The disaster relief program repairs and replaces damaged and destroyed school buildings. In FY 1994 and FY 1995, funds were for repairs due to the Northridge Earthquake in California. In FY 1994, $37.2 million was spent on school districts; $4.2 million was spent on community colleges and $43.8 million spent on universities. In FY 1995, $74.4 million was spent on school districts; $8.4 million on community colleges and $87.6 million on colleges and universities. This program was transferred from the Federal Emergency Management Agency to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security in FY 2003.
\50\This program was transferred to the U.S. Department of Transportation in FY 1968 from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.
\51\The Federal Aviation Administration, an independent agency, was transferred to the U.S. Department of Transportation in FY 1967.
\52\The National Service Trust Act of 1993 established the Corporation for National and Community Service. In 1993, ACTION became part of this agency.
\53\The Federal Emergency Management Agency was created in 1979, representing a combination of five existing agencies. The funds for the Federal Emergency Management Agency in FY 1970 to FY 1975 were in the other agencies. This agency was transferred to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security in March of 2003.
\54\These programs include the Fall-Out Shelter Analysis, Blast Protection Design through 1992. Starting in FY 1993, earthquake training and safety for teachers and administrators for grades 1 through 12 are included.
\55\This program was transferred from the General Services Administration to the National Archives and Records Administration in April 1985.
\56\Includes federal obligations for research and development centers and R & D plant administered by colleges and universities. FY 2003 and FY 2004 are estimated.
\57\Total outlays for FYs 1965 and 1970 include the "Research and Training" program. FY 1975 includes the "National Institute of Education" program. FYs 1990 through 2005 include outlays for the Office of Educational Research and Improvement and Institute for Education Sciences.
NOTE: Some data have been revised from previously published figures. To the extent possible, amounts reported represent outlays rather than obligations. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Negative amounts occur when program receipts exceed outlays.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Budget Service, unpublished tabulations. U.S. Office of Management and Budget, Budget of the U.S. Government, Appendix, fiscal years 1972 through 2005; National Science Foundation, Federal Funds for Research and Development, fiscal years 1970 through 2004. (This table was prepared July 2004.)

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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education