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Table 138. Percent of high school sophomores who say they engage in various activities, by selected student and school characteristics: 1990 and 2002

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                              |          |          Sex        |                       Race/ethnicity                    |        Socioeconomic status\1\ |    Control of school attended
Activity                      |     Total|_____________________|_________________________________________________________|________________________________|________________________________
                              |          |          |          |    White,|    Black,|  Hispanic|    Asian/| American In-|          |          |          |          |          |
                              |          |      Male|    Female|     non- |     non- |          |   Pacific|  dian/Alaska|      Low |    Middle|      High|    Public|  Catholic|    Other
                              |          |          |          |  Hispanic|  Hispanic|          |  Islander|       Native|          |          |          |          |          |  private
______________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|_____________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________
1                             |        2 |        3 |        4 |         5|         6|         7|         8|            9|        10|        11|        12|        13|        14|       15
______________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|_____________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________
1990                          |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |             |          |          |          |          |          |
At least once a week          |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |             |          |          |          |          |          |
  Use personal computer\2\ ...|12.7(0.46)|16.5(0.80)| 8.8(0.47)|13.8(0.53)|10.4(1.73)| 7.3(0.88)|13.0(1.71)|  17.3 (6.14)| 6.1(0.73)|12.2(0.61)|16.6(0.93)|12.5(0.49)|23.0(2.40)| 8.3(1.27)
  Work on hobbies ............|33.4(0.72)|37.5(1.17)|29.4(0.86)|36.0(0.77)|26.9(2.80)|26.6(1.93)|24.3(2.58)|  34.7 (6.71)|27.1(1.35)|35.2(1.10)|34.8(1.27)|34.2(0.79)|41.1(2.75)|21.6(2.16)
  Perform community service ..| 6.0(0.35)| 4.9(0.51)| 7.0(0.47)| 6.0(0.43)| 6.5(1.08)| 5.7(0.79)| 5.8(1.18)|   3.9 (2.73)| 4.7(0.67)| 5.8(0.38)| 6.8(0.74)| 6.0(0.39)| 9.7(1.38)| 3.5(0.83)
  Driving or riding around ...|44.7(0.80)|45.1(1.27)|44.3(0.99)|48.4(0.82)|37.3(3.50)|34.3(2.27)|26.1(2.93)|  41.1 (7.62)|41.3(1.61)|49.8(1.31)|40.7(1.34)|47.7(0.90)|47.4(2.62)|14.7(1.73)
  Do things with friends .....|64.9(0.84)|57.2(1.31)|72.7(1.03)|68.6(0.86)|62.5(3.61)|50.1(2.55)|54.3(3.56)|  39.5 (7.16)|55.0(1.78)|71.0(1.17)|63.3(1.44)|67.8(0.90)|82.0(2.18)|28.2(2.05)
  Take music, art, or dance   |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |             |          |          |          |          |          |
    class ....................|16.8(0.52)|12.0(0.71)|21.8(0.74)|18.0(0.59)|13.2(1.80)|13.2(1.33)|18.5(2.08)|  13.8 (4.64)|10.4(0.75)|17.9(0.78)|19.1(0.98)|16.9(0.57)|25.7(2.38)|11.5(1.32)
  Take sports lessons ........|10.6(0.42)|12.5(0.69)| 8.7(0.48)|10.8(0.43)| 9.2(1.79)|10.3(1.41)|13.1(1.82)|  11.6 (4.28)| 6.9(0.75)|10.3(0.59)|12.9(0.80)|10.5(0.45)|14.5(1.64)| 9.1(1.49)
  Play ball or other sport ...|39.3(0.83)|52.6(1.32)|26.0(0.83)|38.8(0.77)|45.0(4.17)|35.6(2.33)|41.7(3.45)|  47.5 (8.31)|32.1(1.46)|42.0(1.36)|40.2(1.35)|40.3(0.92)|48.5(2.65)|24.8(2.30)
                              |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |             |          |          |          |          |          |
More than an hour a day       |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |             |          |          |          |          |          |
  Reading for pleasure .......|14.5(0.49)|11.2(0.64)|17.9(0.70)|15.8(0.55)|10.8(1.61)|11.5(1.38)|12.5(1.86)|  10.7 (4.06)|11.3(0.89)|15.8(0.78)|14.8(0.83)|14.7(0.52)|16.2(2.00)|11.6(1.67)
  Plays video games ..........|10.1(0.45)|14.7(0.78)| 5.5(0.44)| 9.4(0.43)|15.1(2.14)|10.0(1.61)| 7.9(2.03)|   8.1 (2.29)| 9.9(0.89)|11.0(0.64)| 9.1(0.82)|10.4(0.49)|10.6(1.82)| 6.9(1.40)
                              |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |             |          |          |          |          |          |
Five or more hours on         |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |             |          |          |          |          |          |
   weekdays                   |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |             |          |          |          |          |          |
  Watches television .........|18.8(0.76)|18.8(1.31)|18.9(0.75)|17.9(0.59)|28.6(4.51)|15.7(1.33)|14.7(2.03)|  18.8 (4.27)|27.0(1.44)|23.8(1.46)| 8.8(0.58)|19.9(0.85)|16.7(1.71)|10.3(1.95)
                              |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |             |          |          |          |          |          |
2002                          |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |             |          |          |          |          |          |
At least once a week          |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |             |          |          |          |          |          |
  Use personal computer       |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |             |          |          |          |          |          |
     at home .................|71.2(0.44)|70.8(0.62)|71.6(0.62)|79.8(0.51)|53.5(1.29)|54.2(1.23)|80.1(1.38)|  57.2 (4.60)|51.4(0.97)|73.1(0.62)|87.1(0.64)|70.1(0.47)|89.6(0.73)|78.0(1.34)
  Work on hobbies ............|41.8(0.49)|42.6(0.69)|41.0(0.68)|42.3(0.63)|39.5(1.26)|40.0(1.21)|40.7(1.68)|  46.9 (3.84)|38.9(0.95)|42.5(0.69)|43.4(0.98)|41.9(0.52)|43.1(1.25)|38.9(1.60)
  Perform community service ..|10.6(0.30)| 8.6(0.39)|12.7(0.46)| 9.9(0.38)|11.8(0.84)|10.9(0.76)|13.8(1.08)|   8.9 (2.25)| 9.1(0.56)| 9.8(0.41)|13.7(0.67)|10.2(0.32)|18.0(0.96)|11.6(1.03)
  Driving or riding around ...|56.7(0.48)|57.5(0.69)|55.8(0.68)|61.3(0.62)|55.8(1.26)|44.3(1.23)|37.9(1.72)|  71.8 (3.32)|54.0(0.95)|58.8(0.68)|54.9(0.97)|56.9(0.52)|54.7(1.25)|51.9(1.62)
  Do things with friends .....|71.8(0.44)|62.5(0.68)|81.1(0.54)|73.5(0.57)|75.4(1.10)|64.6(1.20)|62.3(1.62)|  61.2 (4.39)|66.2(0.92)|73.6(0.62)|73.5(0.88)|71.4(0.48)|78.9(1.04)|71.8(1.49)
  Take music, art, or         |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |             |          |          |          |          |          |
     language class ..........|19.5(0.39)|13.4(0.48)|25.7(0.60)|20.0(0.51)|19.6(1.02)|15.6(0.91)|24.4(1.55)|  16.9 (3.51)|14.6(0.69)|18.6(0.54)|26.2(0.84)|18.9(0.41)|25.8(1.11)|27.4(1.51)
  Take sports lessons ........|22.6(0.41)|24.2(0.60)|21.1(0.56)|24.1(0.55)|22.5(1.07)|19.5(0.95)|17.8(1.34)|  17.0 (2.66)|16.2(0.73)|22.4(0.59)|29.5(0.88)|21.9(0.44)|34.4(1.20)|28.3(1.44)
  Play non-school sports .....|35.5(0.47)|44.5(0.70)|26.4(0.61)|36.6(0.62)|33.8(1.22)|33.5(1.16)|33.6(1.67)|  36.8 (3.92)|30.7(0.90)|35.5(0.68)|40.1(0.97)|35.3(0.51)|42.8(1.25)|31.1(1.49)
                              |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |             |          |          |          |          |          |
More than an hour a day       |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |             |          |          |          |          |          |
  Reading for pleasure .......|48.2(0.49)|43.2(0.70)|53.2(0.69)|46.7(0.63)|51.0(1.31)|49.4(1.26)|50.7(1.75)|  47.1 (4.02)|47.6(0.98)|46.4(0.70)|52.4(0.96)|48.2(0.53)|47.0(1.24)|51.2(1.62)
  Plays video/computer games .|25.2(0.43)|38.3(0.68)|11.9(0.46)|23.5(0.55)|29.2(1.15)|27.2(1.11)|22.6(1.50)|  26.6 (3.76)|28.5(0.88)|26.7(0.63)|18.7(0.78)|25.8(0.46)|20.0(1.00)|15.3(1.15)
                              |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |             |          |          |          |          |          |
Five or more hours on         |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |             |          |          |          |          |          |
   weekdays                   |          |          |          |          |          |          |          |             |          |          |          |          |          |
  Watches television .........|36.5(0.47)|38.2(0.68)|34.8(0.66)|31.4(0.60)|51.3(1.27)|41.8(1.22)|34.9(1.80)|  37.4 (4.14)|42.8(0.97)|38.1(0.68)|27.0(0.88)|37.4(0.51)|28.5(1.13)|22.4(1.36)
______________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|_____________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________

\1\Socioeconomic status (SES) was measured by a composite score on parental education and occupations, and family income. The "low" SES group is the lowest quartile; the "middle" SES group is the middle two quartiles; and the "high" SES group is the upper quartile.
\2\Question does not specify where computer is used.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, The National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88/90), "First Follow-up Student Survey, 1990;" and Education Longitudinal Study of 2002, Base Year (ELS:02). (This table was prepared May 2005.)

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