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Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2012
NCES 2013-036
2013


Table 20.3.

Percentage of schools with one or more full-time or part-time security staff present at least once a week, and percentage of schools with security staff routinely carrying a firearm, by selected school characteristics: School years 2005–06, 2007–08, and 2009–10


School characteristic Percent with one or more security guards, security personnel, School Resource Officers (SRO), or sworn law enforcement officers1   Percent with security guards, security personnel, or sworn law enforcement officers routinely carrying a firearm2
Total   Full-time   Part-time only  
2005–06   2007–08   2009–10   2005–06   2007–08   2009–10   2005–06   2007–08   2009–10   2005–06   2007–08   2009–10  
All public schools 41.7   46.3   42.8   27.0   30.4   28.7   14.6   15.9   14.1   30.7   34.1   28.0  
Level3                                                
Primary school 26.2   33.1   27.7   12.5   17.8   15.7   13.7   15.3   12.1   15.7   20.1   12.5  
Middle school 63.7   65.5   66.4   44.5   44.9   45.8   19.2   20.7   20.6   51.8   54.2   51.0  
High school 75.2   79.6   76.4   64.0   66.1   62.0   11.2   13.5   14.5   64.0   67.5   63.3  
Combined school 43.5   39.9   36.6   26.8   26.2   24.0   16.7   13.6 ! 12.7   32.4   32.1   24.6  
Enrollment size                                                
Less than 300 22.7   27.6   25.6   10.8   15.1   15.1   11.9   12.5   10.5   16.2   16.1   13.5  
300–499 29.8   36.1   33.5   16.7   19.4   18.0   13.0   16.8   15.5   20.5   26.7   19.8  
500–999 50.5   52.7   47.3   31.0   34.0   31.2   19.5   18.8   16.1   36.9   39.5   30.3  
1,000 or more 86.9   90.6   90.0   77.3   79.5   79.3   9.7   11.1   10.7   70.3   73.5   74.6  
Locale                                                
City 49.1   57.3   50.9   37.7   45.3   39.7   11.4   12.0   11.2   30.5   33.1   27.6  
Suburb 42.7   45.4   45.4   27.1   30.0   31.3   15.6   15.4   14.1   32.2   33.7   29.6  
Town 44.4   51.1   39.0   26.3   26.9   21.2   18.1   24.2   17.8   38.1   45.0   31.6  
Rural 33.8   36.0   35.2   18.6   20.2   20.5   15.2   15.7   14.7   27.1   30.5   25.3  
Percent combined enrollment of
     Black,Hispanic,Asian/Pacific
     Islander, or American
     Indian/Alaska Native students
                                               
Less than 5 percent 28.3   35.6   30.4   12.4   16.9   13.6   16.0   18.7   16.8   22.9   27.1   21.9  
5 percent to less than 20 percent 38.9   42.9   36.5   23.9   23.1   19.9   15.0   19.9   16.6   30.2   37.7   27.6  
20 percent to less than 50
     percent
41.6   44.7   41.9   28.3   29.1   27.8   13.3   15.5   14.1   35.3   38.4   30.5  
50 percent or more 51.3   55.4   52.5   37.3   43.8   41.3   14.0   11.6   11.2   31.3   31.8   29.1  
Percent of students eligible for
     free or reduced-price lunch
                                               
0–25 percent 37.9   46.5   39.2   24.9   29.7   27.9   13.0   16.8   11.3   30.3   34.8   27.2  
26–50 percent 42.1   40.8   40.0   26.4   24.2   21.5   15.7   16.6   18.5   33.8   35.2   30.3  
51–75 percent 39.3   46.1   42.3   25.7   29.7   29.0   13.7   16.4   13.3   31.8   35.8   27.4  
76–100 percent 49.8   55.0   49.8   33.0   42.1   37.6   16.8   12.9   12.2   25.6   29.7   26.8  
! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
1 "Security guards" and "security personnel" does not include law enforcement. School Resource Officers include all career law enforcement officers with arrest authority, who have specialized training and are assigned to work in collaboration with school organizations. Sworn law enforcement includes sworn law enforcement officers who are not School Resource Officers.
2 The survey item about carrying firearms did not include the term "School Resource Officer" in the question text.
3 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
NOTE: Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2005–06, 2007–08, and 2009–10 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2006, 2008, and 2010.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education