Skip Navigation
small NCES header image
Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2012
NCES 2013-036
2013


Table 8.1.

Percentage of students ages 12–18 who reported that gangs were present at school, during the school year, by urbanicity and selected student or school characteristics: Various years, 2001–2011


Student or school characteristic 2001   2003   2005   20071   20091   20111  
Total   Urban   Suburban   Rural   Total   Urban   Suburban   Rural   Total   Urban   Suburban   Rural   Total   Urban   Suburban   Rural   Total   Urban   Suburban   Rural   Total   Urban   Suburban   Rural  
Total 20.1   28.9   18.3   13.3   20.9   30.9   18.4   12.3   24.2   36.2   20.8   16.4   23.2   32.3   21.0   15.5   20.4   30.7   16.6   16.0   17.5   22.8   16.1   12.1  
Sex                                                                                                
Male 21.4   31.9   18.9   14.0   22.3   32.1   20.5   12.2   25.3   37.4   22.4   16.1   25.1   35.3   23.1   14.9   20.9   32.8   17.2   13.7   17.5   23.0   16.5   10.2  
Female 18.8   25.9   17.5   12.5   19.5   29.7   16.3   12.4   22.9   35.0   19.1   16.7   21.3   29.2   18.9   16.1   19.9   28.6   16.0   18.1   17.5   22.6   15.6   14.1  
Race/ethnicity2                                                                                                
White 15.5   20.5   15.4   12.1   14.2   19.8   13.8   10.7   16.8   23.7   16.0   14.1   16.0   23.4   15.9   10.9   14.1   19.4   13.5   11.8   11.1   13.9   11.3   7.7  
Black 28.6   32.4   25.4   22.5   29.5   32.8   28.3   21.8 ! 37.6   41.8   36.2   24.4   37.6   39.7   35.5   36.8   31.4   40.0   20.2   35.4   32.7   31.6   33.5   34.5  
Hispanic 32.0   40.3   27.1   16.8 ! 37.2   42.6   34.6   12.7 ! 38.9   48.9   32.1   26.2   36.1   40.4   33.3   27.5 ! 33.0   38.9   28.3   27.3 ! 26.4   31.0   23.2   22.1 !
Asian                 20.2   25.0   18.1   19.0 ! 17.4   18.4   16.3     17.2   18.9   14.5     9.9   7.6 ! 12.0 !  
Other 21.4   27.0   20.0     22.0   30.6   18.2     27.7   33.9   29.0     26.4   31.9   29.0   14.3 ! 15.3   23.2 ! 14.8 !   9.9   12.3   10.4 !  
Grade                                                                                                
6th 11.2   14.9   9.0   11.0   10.9   21.6   7.5     12.1   19.9   8.9   8.3 ! 15.3   17.8   14.0   15.6 ! 11.0   14.5   9.7   8.3 ! 8.2   5.4 ! 8.6   11.1  
7th 15.7   23.7   13.7   8.9   16.3   25.5   13.2   9.4   17.3   24.2   14.9   15.2   17.4   24.1   15.4   13.1   14.8   21.0   11.2   16.5   10.2   11.7   9.3   10.1  
8th 17.3   24.0   16.6   10.1   17.9   25.2   16.2   10.9 ! 19.1   30.5   14.6   14.7   20.6   25.9   19.6   14.7   15.9   24.4   11.8   14.2 ! 11.3   16.2   9.0   9.6 !
9th 24.3   35.3   20.8   18.9   26.1   38.2   24.3   13.8   28.3   40.3   24.8   21.0   28.0   41.1   23.1   21.7   24.9   34.2   22.4   18.8   21.7   27.5   18.9   19.3  
10th 23.6   33.1   22.3   14.4   26.3   35.3   24.1   18.0   32.6   50.6   27.9   22.0   28.1   38.6   26.6   15.2   27.7   44.8   21.0   19.6   23.0   31.1   21.5   13.9  
11th 24.2   34.2   22.7   15.8   23.4   34.6   20.4   15.0   28.0   44.3   25.5   13.3 ! 25.9   34.7   23.6   18.7   22.6   34.9   19.4   13.4   23.2   28.1   23.7   10.6 !
12th 21.1   34.1   18.6   11.5 ! 22.2   34.8   19.3   13.3   27.9   39.5   25.1   15.8 ! 24.4   38.4   22.4   7.6 ! 21.9   36.0   17.6   17.3 ! 21.3   32.9   18.5   9.2 !
Sector                                                                                                
Public 21.6   31.9   19.5   13.7   22.5   33.7   19.9   12.8   25.8   39.1   22.3   17.2   24.9   35.6   22.7   15.6   22.0   33.7   18.1   16.2   18.9   25.7   17.1   12.5  
Private 4.9   5.0   4.3 !   3.9   6.0   2.4 !   4.2   7.7   3.0 !   5.2   7.3   2.8 ! 11.8 ! 2.3 ! 4.1 !     1.9 !   2.9 !  
— Not available.
! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡ Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the CV is 50 percent or greater.
1 Starting in 2007, the reference period was the school year, whereas in prior survey years the reference period was the previous 6 months. Cognitive testing showed that estimates from 2007 onward are comparable to previous years.
2 Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. "Other" includes American Indian, Alaska Native, Asian (prior to 2005), Pacific Islander, and, from 2003 onward, two or more races. Due to changes in racial/ethnic categories, comparisons of race/ethnicity across years should be made with caution.
NOTE: Urbanicity refers to the Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) status of the respondent's household as defined in 2000 by the U.S. Census Bureau. Categories include "central city of an MSA (Urban)," "in MSA but not in central city (Suburban)," and "not MSA (Rural)." All gangs, whether or not they are involved in violent or illegal activity, are included. "At school" includes the school building, on school property, on a school bus, or going to and from school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, School Crime Supplement (SCS) to the National Crime Victimization Survey, various years, 2001–2011.
Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.
National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education